• Title, Summary, Keyword: Position Control

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Position Sensor Fault Tolerant Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (영구자석 동기발전기의 위치센서 고장 회피 제어)

  • Lee, Kwang-Woon
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.351-357
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    • 2011
  • Rotor position is essentially required for vector control of permanent magnet synchronous generator(PMSG) and position sensor such as encoder are generally used for the purpose of position sensing. However, the use of position sensor degrades reliability of PMSG control system. This paper presents position sensor fault tolerant control method for PMSG control system. Sensorless position estimator based on extended electromotive force(EMF) is operated in parallel with sensored vector control to provide rapid reconfiguration capability to sensorless vector control at the moment of position sensor fault detection. Experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed method.

A Position Sensorless Control System of SRM over Wide Speed Range

  • Baik, Won-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.66-73
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents a position sensorless control system of SRM over wide speed range. Due to the doubly salient structure of the SRM, the phase inductance varies along with the rotor position. Most of the sensorless control techniques are based on the fact that the magnetic status of the SRM is a function of the angular rotor position. The rotor position estimation of the SRM is somewhat difficult because of its highly nonlinear magnetizing characteristics. In order to estimate more accurate rotor position over wide speed range, Neural Network is used for this highly nonlinear function approximation. Magnetizing data patterns of the prototype 1-hp SRM are obtained from locked rotor test, and used for the Neural Network training data set. Through measurement of the flux-linkage and phase currents, rotor position is able to estimate from current-flux-rotor position lookup table which is constructed from trained Neural Network. Experimental results for a 1-hp SRM over 16:1 speed range are presented for the verification of the proposed sensorless control algorithm.

Position Control of a Pneumatic Cylinder with a Nonlinear Compensator and a Disturbance Observer (비선형 보상기와 외란관측기를 이용한 공기압 실리더의 위치제어)

  • Jang, Ji-Seong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.26 no.9
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    • pp.1795-1805
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    • 2002
  • A position controller which can achieve a specified dynamic performance irrespective of the different operating position of the pneumatic cylinder is proposed. The position controller developed in this paper is composed of a nonlinear compensator and a disturbance observer. The nonlinear compensator which feeds back position, velocity and acceleration is derived from the nonlinear dominating equations of the position control system to compensate for variation of dynamic characteristics of a pneumatic cylinder according to the change of the operating position. The disturbance observer including a simplified linear model is designed to reduce the effect of model discrepancy in the low frequency range which cannot be suppressed by the nonlinear compensator. The results of the experiments show that the position control performance maintains a designed performance regardless of the variations of an operating position of the pneumatic cylinder.

Synchronous Position Control of Pneumatic Cylinder Driving Apparatus (공기압 실린더 구동 장치의 위치 동기 제어)

  • Jang, Ji-Seong
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.762-767
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    • 2004
  • In this study, a position synchronous control algorithm being applied to two-axes pneumatic cylinder driving apparatus is proposed. The position synchronous control algorithm is composed of position controller and synchronous controller. The position controller is designed to minimize the effect of several nonlinear characteristics of the driving apparatus. The synchronous controller is designed to reduce the synchronous error. The effectiveness of the proposed controller is proved by simulation results.

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The Study on Position Control of Gantry Crane Spreader (갠트리 크레인 스프레더의 웨치제어에 관한 연구)

  • 이성섭;이형우;박찬훈;박경택;이만형
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.307-307
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    • 2000
  • The swing motion of the spreader during and after movement causes an efficiency problem of position control in unmaned gantry crane. The objective of this research is to design implementable stabilizing controllers that minimize the swing motion of spreader in precise position control. The dynamic equations related to trolley, rope, and spreader are derived. For constitute a similar actual system, we introduced a conception of spring and damper in the connector. It is located between the trolley and link that is used in stead of rope. We derived dynamic equation by appliance that friction and external disturbance are occurred to the connector. We constituted of position servo system and velocity servo system for the control of position and velocity of the trolley and constituted of lag compensator system for the control of sway of the spreader. And we will show an effect of the proposed system in this research finally.

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An Impact Position Control of the Ink Droplet of Inkjet Printer

  • Cho, Young-Wan
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2509-2512
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, a position control scheme of the ink droplet is presented for the high image quality and print speed inkjet printer. The proposed scheme estimates the impact position and compensates it by control of the fire strobe time based on the dynamic equations describing the moving trajectory of the ink droplet. Compared to the conventional fire strobe control which is based on the simple synchronization the fire strobe with the position signal of the inkjet nozzle, the proposed control scheme provides more accurate impact position control during the carrier is moving with accelerated or decelerated speed as well as constant speed. The availability of printing during the acceleration and deceleration states of the carrier moving enables the print speed up and the frame size down which means the cost down.

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A study on the hybrid position/force control of two cooperating arms with asymmetric kinematic structures (비대칭 구조를 갖는 두 협조 로봇의 하이브리드 위치/힘 제어에 관한 연구)

  • 여희주;서일홍;홍석규;김창호
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.743-746
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    • 1996
  • A hybrid control scheme to regulate the force and position by dual arms is proposed, where two arms are treated as one arm in a kinematic viewpoint. Our approach is different from other hybrid control approaches which consider robot dynamics, in the sense that we employ a purely kinematic based approach for hybrid control, with regard to the nature of position-controlled industrial robots. The proposed scheme is applied to sawing task. In the sawing task, the trajectory of the saw grasped by dual arms is planned in an offline fashion. When the trajectory of the saw is planned to follow a line in a horizontal plane, 3 position parameters are to be controlled(i.e, two translational positions and one rotational position). And a certain level of contact force has to be controlled along the vertical direction(i.e., minus z-direction) not to loose the contact with the object to be sawn. Typical feature of sawing task is that the contact position where the force control is to be performed is continuously changing. Therefore, the kinematic mapping between the force controlled position and the joint actuators has to be updated continuously. The effectiveness of the proposed control scheme is experimentally demonstrated. The proposed hybrid control scheme can be applied to arbitrary dual arm systems, regardless of their kinematic structure and the number of actuated joints.

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Control-performance Improvement of Dual EHAs (이중 EHA의 제어 특성 개선)

  • Lee, Seong Ryeol;Hong, Yeh Sun
    • Journal of Drive and Control
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2016
  • For this paper, the position-control performances of dual EHA(electro-hydrostatic actuator) systems were investigated according to two cases wherein the double-rod- and single-rod-type hydraulic cylinders were combined. Since the control performance is significantly dependent on the load conditions including external forces such as the inertia load, it is proposed here that the two sub-EHAs are driven by separate position and force controllers, instead of two identical position controllers. According to the simulation results, the best performance was achieved by the position-controlled single-rod-type EHA that was combined with a force-controlled double-rod-type EHA. As the force-controlled double-rod-type EHA compensated for the external loads on the position-controlled single-rod-type EHA, the position-control performance was not influenced by external forces including the inertia load. In addition, the position-controlled single-rod-type EHA contributed to the enhancement of the damping ratio by absorbing the pressure peaks through its internal accumulator. Due to the symmetrical piston areas, the double-rod-type EHA is more suitable for force control than the single-rod- type EHA.

Difference in the Lumbosacral Region Angle according to Working Posture of patients with Low Back Pain (요통환자의 작업자세에 따른 요천추부 각도의 비교)

  • Kim, Byung-Gon;Park, Rae-Joon;Yi, Seung-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.127-137
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    • 2001
  • Low back pain is significant problem in today's society, with lifetime incidence rate reported between 50% and 90%. Many factors associated with LBP are reported. The purpose of this studies were to be evaluated static standing posture aberrations in chronic LBP in comparison with healthy individuals. The samples including 80 subjects recruited to the following two groups:patients and control(normal) Questionnaires were completed by 40 LBP patients and 40 controls at the department of Physical Therapy, Saejong neurosurgical clinic in Taegu city from October 1, 1999 to March 30, 2000. The angle of lumbar lordosis was measured on lateral x-ray films with standing position. In LBP groups. the mean degree of lumbar lordosis, sacral inclination, and lumbosacral joint angle were 29.9 ${\pm}$ 9.3, 34.8 ${\pm}$ 8.2, and 12.7 ${\pm}$ 5.7 respectively. Control groups, the mean degree of lumbar lordosis, sacral inclination and lumbosacral joint angle were 35.3 ${\pm}$ 7.8, 34.9 ${\pm}$ 6.4 and 12.5 ${\pm}$ 4.3 respectively. there were significantly decreaseds in lumbar lordosis in Low back pain group. lumbar lordosis on the working posture had significant differences among groups(sitting position patients 31.4 ${\pm}$ 9.3, standing position patients 29.4 ${\pm}$ 9.3, sitting position control 35.0 ${\pm}$ 6.4, standing position control 35.5 ${\pm}$ 8.8, respectively) (p=0.034). sacral inclination on the working posture had differences among groups(sitting position patients 35.9 ${\pm}$ 8.7.standing position patients 33.6 ${\pm}$ 7.6, sitting position control 33.9 ${\pm}$ 5.9. standing position control 35.6 ${\pm}$ 6.8, respectively). lumbersacral joint angle on the working Posture had differences among groups(sitting position patients 12.0 ${\pm}$ 5.6, standing position patients 13.4 ${\pm}$ 5.9, sitting position control 11.2 ${\pm}$ 3.0. standing position control 13.4$^{\circ}$, respectively).

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Robust Tracking Control Based on Intelligent Sliding-Mode Model-Following Position Controllers for PMSM Servo Drives

  • El-Sousy Fayez F.M.
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.159-173
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, an intelligent sliding-mode position controller (ISMC) for achieving favorable decoupling control and high precision position tracking performance of permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) servo drives is proposed. The intelligent position controller consists of a sliding-mode position controller (SMC) in the position feed-back loop in addition to an on-line trained fuzzy-neural-network model-following controller (FNNMFC) in the feedforward loop. The intelligent position controller combines the merits of the SMC with robust characteristics and the FNNMFC with on-line learning ability for periodic command tracking of a PMSM servo drive. The theoretical analyses of the sliding-mode position controller are described with a second order switching surface (PID) which is insensitive to parameter uncertainties and external load disturbances. To realize high dynamic performance in disturbance rejection and tracking characteristics, an on-line trained FNNMFC is proposed. The connective weights and membership functions of the FNNMFC are trained on-line according to the model-following error between the outputs of the reference model and the PMSM servo drive system. The FNNMFC generates an adaptive control signal which is added to the SMC output to attain robust model-following characteristics under different operating conditions regardless of parameter uncertainties and load disturbances. A computer simulation is developed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed intelligent sliding mode position controller. The results confirm that the proposed ISMC grants robust performance and precise response to the reference model regardless of load disturbances and PMSM parameter uncertainties.