• Title, Summary, Keyword: Positive Psychological Capital

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The Impact of the Middle Age's Positive Psychological Capital to Reemployment (신중년의 긍정심리자본이 재취업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Han-Seok;Lee, Young Gyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2019
  • It is important meaning that the middle ages are to reenter the labor market. The middle age's reemployment give an opportunity to provide mental health improvement and to get self-confidence in their life. If governments make full use of the middle age's capital, it bring about. having a good opportunity to reduce finance burden. In this respect, this study is to design for investigating the impact of the middle age's positive psychological capital to reemployment. Thus, this study has conducted the survey on a random sample of the middle age who has lived in Uijeongbu cities. The findings are the follows. (1) The middle age's educational level has positive relationship to reemployment will. To this, in order to revitalize the reemployment, we have to develop suitable occupational category and to operate educational program systematically. (2)The middle age's positive psychological capital has an effect on reemployment will positively. In this respect, in order to improve the middle age's reemployment we need to energize self-esteem, the effort of obtaining reemployment information, and social network.

The relationship between positive psychological capital and entrepreneurial intention among middle-aged and elderly individuals: Mediation of Risk Sensitivity and Moderating Effects of Asset Status (중·고령자의 긍정심리자본이 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 위험 감수성의 매개 및 자산상태의 조절 효과)

  • Choi, Ju-Choel
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.233-245
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to investigate the relationship between positive psychological capital and entrepreneurial intention among middle-aged and elderly individuals who are interested in starting their own business by focusing on the mediating effect of risk sensitivity and the moderating effect of asset status. To accomplish the study's objective, a questionnaire was administered to approximately 250 middle-aged and elderly people working in Seoul from December 1 to December 31, 2019. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 26.0. Specifically, frequency analysis and descriptive statistics were conducted, and reliability of the constructs was assessed. Factor analysis was used to measure the goodness of fit of the model developed. Finally, a structural equation model was established, and analysis was conducted on the test of the hypotheses about the mediating, moderating, and adjusting effects using the AMOS statistical package. The results revealed that positive psychological capital had a positive impact on risk sensitivity, and the path analysis of self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention as well as resilience and entrepreneurial intention showed results of 0.042 and 0.026, respectively, supporting mediating effects. In the causal relationship between positive psychological capital and entrepreneurial intention, asset status acted as a moderator given that the chi square difference between the models was 7.096. Thus, the findings provide implications for comprehensive training programs to boost positive psychological capital and asset status in middle-aged and elderly individuals who are preparing to establish their own business. Further studies are needed to cover broader geographic areas and compare/analyze other variables associated with business startups.

A Mediating Effect of Interpersonal Competence and Gratitude Disposition to the Influence of Positive Psychology Capital on Happiness in Childcare Teachers (보육교사의 긍정심리자본이 행복감에 미치는 영향: 대인관계유능성과 감사성향의 매개효과)

  • Cho, Han Suk;Lee, Sung Bok
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.69-82
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to explore mediating effects of interpersonal competence, gratitude disposition between childcare teachers positive psychological capital and happiness. The subjects of the study were a total 231 Childcare in Seoul. The statistics program used to achieve the purpose was SPSS/PC+18.0. The statistics methods applied were pearson correlation coefficient, simple linear regression, and multiple linear regression. The major results of this study were summarized as follows: First, Positive psychological capital and interpersonal competence, and gratitude disposition from happiness was found to be positively correlated. Second, interpersonal competence had an affect on childcare teachers happiness. These effects are mediated in part by the control interpersonal competence showed. Third, gratitude disposition affects childcare teachers happiness. These effects are mediated in part by the gratitude disposition showed. These results suggest that dispositional gratitude and cognitive flexibility play an important role in the development of happiness for childcare teachers.

Positive Psychological Capital, Start-Up Intention, Start-Up Behavior Option Network Analysis (네일아트 자격증 학습자의 긍정심리자본, 창업의도, 창업행동 간의 연결망 분석)

  • Seo, Ran-Sug
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2021
  • This study studied the network between positive psychology capital, intention of start-up, and start-up behavior for learners who are willing to start a business. The research targets were intended to study the impact of the connection relationship between each variable, targeting nail art certification learners who are willing to start their own businesses. For this study, the measurement variables of positive psychology capital, intention of start-up, and start-up behavior were set, and the collected data were analyzed for connection-centeredness and eigenvector after data collection. The findings are as follows. First, some variables affecting the intention of start-up showed optimism, resilience and hope of positive psychology capital. Second, the intention to start a business was shown to have a significant impact on the behavior of start-ups, which, unlike the preceding study, appeared to be almost outside the network structure, showing that the behavior of start-ups was not significantly affected by other variables. Third, it is important to increase self-efficacy in positive psychological capital in order to increase the behavior of start-ups. Fourth, the analysis of the eigenvactor among positive psychology capital, intention of start-up, and start-up behavior showed optimism as some of the most central variables. In other words, prospective start-ups were found to be aware of the hardships and expected positive results in the future. The implications of this study, along with the intention and behavior of prospective entrepreneurs, are important factors in positive psychology capital, and suggest the importance of various educational programs that can be enhanced by positive psychology capital in start-up education or training programs and what should be taught. In addition, this study analyzed the network by approaching it from the perspective of positive psychology capital of prospective entrepreneurs in order to enhance the effectiveness of support programs for start-ups by the government, public institutions or universities in the future.

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The Effects of the Psychological Capital on the Job Performance of Social Workers in Welfare Center for the Disabled (장애인복지관 사회복지사의 심리적 자본이 직무수행에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Woong;Shin, Eunkyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.259-266
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the relationship between psychological capital and job performance of social workers at welfare centers for the disabled. For that purpose, a self-reported questionnaire survey was conducted on 900 social workers at welfare center for the disabled nationwide, and a total of 864 copies of data were used for the final analysis. As a result of the main analysis, first, there was a positive(+) correlation between self-efficacy, hope, optimism, resilience which are the sub-elements of psychological capital, and contextuality and task performance, which are the sub-elements of job performance. Second, among the sub-elements of psychological capital, self-efficacy and hope showed statistically significant positive(+) effects on task performance. Third, it was found that optimism as well as self-efficacy and hope had a statistically significant positive(+) effect on contextual performance. Based on those findings, this study suggested practical and policy alternatives to improve the job performance of social workers at welfare centers for the disabled.

A Study on the Influence of Positive Psychological Capital on the Organizational Identification and the Loafing Behaviors with Job Satisfaction as a Mediator (긍정심리자본이 직무만족을 매개로 조직동일시와 태만행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Na-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.107-122
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    • 2017
  • This Study is to Analyze the Positive Psychological Capital(self-efficacy, optimism, hope, resilience) on the Organizational Identification and the Loafing Behaviors with Job Satisfaction as a Mediator. By doing this, it is also to Comprehensively Understand how Positive Psychological Capital Affects the Organizational Identification and the Loafing Behaviors. An Empirical Analysis has been Conducted through the Covariance Structural Equation Model Targeting the Financial Industry in Busan. The Results of this Empirical Analysis are as Follows. Firstly, Self-Efficacy, Optimism, hope, and Resilience Among the Positive Psychological Capitals are Found to have a Positive(+) Significant Effect on Job Satisfaction, of Which hope is Found to have the Greatest Effect on it. On the other Hand, Optimism is Found not to have a Significant Effect on Job Satisfaction. Secondly, job Satisfaction is Found to have a Positive(+) Significant on the Organizational Identification. Thirdly, job Satisfaction is found to have a negative(-) significant on the loafing behaviors. Fourthly, the results of investigating the mediating effect of job satisfaction in the relation of positive psychological capital, organizational identification, and loafing behaviors show that all have a mediating effect except for the mediating effect of job satisfaction in the relation of hope and loafing behaviors. Finally, the summary, suggestions, limit, and the direction for future researches are presented.

Relationships among Psychological Capital, Job Attitude and Service Climate in Hotel Corporations (호텔기업에서 심리적 자본, 직무태도 및 서비스 풍토의 관계)

  • Kim, Yong-Soon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.480-488
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to research the relationships among psychological capital, job attitude, and service climate of employees in hotel corporations. Psychological capital has been demonstrated to be important for performance at both individual and group levels of analyses. In addition psychological capital has been shown to provide additive value to more established measures of employee's positive job attitudes. To accomplish this study, it was determined that the analysis derived from a hypothesis and literature reviews and data collected from 295 employees in hotel corporations. The results of empirical analysis showed as follows. First, Psychological capital has a significant effect on job satisfaction. Second, Psychological capital has a significant effect on organizational commitment. Third, Service climate was also found to have moderating effect upon the relationship between psychological capital and job satisfaction. Based on these findings, the implications and limitations of the study were presented including some directions for future studies.

Effects of the Positive Psychological Capital, Professional Self-Concept and Self-Leadership on Nursing Work Outcome : Focused on the Nurses in Small and Medium Hospitals (긍정심리자본, 전문직 자아개념, 셀프 리더십이 간호업무성과에 미치는 영향 : 중소병원 간호사를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Hee-Mo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.87-97
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting nursing work outcome of nurses in small and medium-sized hospitals. The data were collected from 131 nurses working in the four small and medium-sized hospitals located K city using self-reported questionnaires and October 3 2016 to November 1 2016. Nursing work outcome had a significant positive effect on positive psychological capital, professional self-concept and self-leadership. The multiple regression analysis shows that the factors affecting nursing work outcome were positive psychological capital and self-leadership, and their explanation was 44.5%. Based on this research, it is believed that to improve nursing work outcome of nurses in small and medium hospitals, it will be necessary to develop diverse programs to lead nurses themselves positively, responsibly and autonomously.

The Impact of Social Capital on University Students' Campus Life Adjustment: The Mediating Effect of Psychological Well-being (대학생의 사회적 자본이 대학교 생활적응에 미치는 영향: 심리적 안녕감의 매개효과)

  • Liu, Min;Li, Yi-Ran;Jeon, Jeong-Ho;Lee, Jong-Min
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.483-501
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    • 2019
  • This study focuses on university students' social capital, examines the effects of university students' social capital on psychological well-being and campus life adjustment, and analyzes the mediating effects of psychological well-being. Data were gathered from 205 university students. The results showed firstly that university students' social capital did not have a positive effect on personal adjustment. Secondly, social capital did not have a positive effect on academic adjustment. Thirdly, social capital has a positive effect on social adjustment. Finally, psychological well-being mediated the relationship between social capital and campus life adjustment. This study is unique in that it examines the relationship between social capital and campus life adjustment. In addition, theoretical implications can be found in examining the process of mutual cooperation among students and revealing that they are identified by the theory of social exchange. Practically, the study shows that active efforts are needed to strengthen social capital and create a cooperative environment at the school level.

The Effect of Authentic Leadership and Servant Leadership on Job Engagement among Hospital Employees : Focusing on Mediating Effect of Job Crafting and Moderated Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital (중소병원 종업원의 리더십 인식이 직무열의에 미치는 영향과 잡 크래프팅의 매개효과 및 긍정심리자본의 조절된 매개효과)

  • Lee, Jung Jin;Shin, Esther
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.29-40
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: To investigate the effect of authentic leadership and servant leadership on job engagement among hospital employees, focusing on the mediating effect of job crafting and moderated mediating effect of positive psychological capital. Methods : Data were collected from 329 employees working at hospitals through a self-administered questionnaire-based survey. Results : Job crafting had a direct positive effect on job engagement and a mediating effect between the servant leadership and job engagement. Self-efficacy among positive psychological capital had a moderating effect on the relationship between job crafting and job engagement and a moderated mediating effect on the relationship among servant leadership, job crafting, and job engagement. Conclusions : Results imply that manager's authentic leadership and servant leadership is required to instill enthusiasm among hospital employees regarding their job crafting and job engagement. Additionally, development of self-efficacy among employees would lead to the improvement of job engagement.