• Title, Summary, Keyword: Positive Psychological Capital

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Effects of Nursing Practice Environment and Positive Psychological Capital in Clinical Nurses on Turnover Intention (임상간호사의 간호근무환경과 긍정심리자본이 이직의도에 미치는 효과)

  • Jung, Mi-Ra;Jeong, Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.277-285
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine influences on turnover intention in the clinical nurses. The data were collected from 193 nurses working in the three general hospital located Y city. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. The result of the stepwise multiple regression indicates the nursing practice environment, positive psychological capital and clinical career predict 41.8% (F=7.35, p<.001) of turnover intention. Therefore, it is necessary to develop changing the nursing practice environment and positive psychological capital strategy program for decrease turnover intention in clinical nurses.

Factors Related to Positive Psychological Capital among Korean Clinical Nurses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (국내 임상간호사의 긍정심리자본 관련 요인: 체계적 문헌고찰 및 메타분석)

  • Lee, Byung Yup;Jung, Hyang Mi
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.221-236
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically review and identify factors relevant to the positive psychological capital of clinical nurses. Methods: These was no limit on year of publication. Articles related to Korean clinical nurses were retrieved from computerized database using a manual search. A systematic review was conducted based on the PRISMA flow. The total correlational effect size (ESr) for each related factor was calculated from Fisher's Zr. Funnel plots, fail-safe numbers, and Egger regression tests were used to evaluate publication bias in meta-analysis studies. The correlational effect size of 25 studies was analyzed through meta-analysis using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software 3.0 (CMA). Results: The review included 25 studies. In the systematic review, 14 demographic factors and 46 organizational factors were found to be influential. Eleven factors (6 demographic factors and 5 organizational factors) were appropriate for meta-analysis. The overall effect size was .26. The demographic total correlation effect size of related factors was .20 and the total effect size of organization was .46. Organizational commitment (ESr=.38) and job satisfaction (ESr=.54) were statistically positively related variables. Negative variables were burnout (ESr=-.61), turnover intention (ESr=-.41) and workplace bullying (ESr=-.33). The total effect size of the organizational factors was larger than the demographic total effect size. There was no publication bias except for demographic variables. Conclusion: Organizational factors and adjustable variables have a significant impact on positive psychological capital. The results of this study support the need for development of interventions focusing on organizational factors.

Effects of Low Intensity Exercise Training during Hemodialysis on Fatigue, Activity of Daily Living, Positive Psychological Capital, and Blood Pressure (혈액투석 중 저강도운동이 환자의 피로, 일상생활활동수행, 긍정심리자본 및 혈압에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Eui Jeung;Lee, Hyun Suk;Shin, Hee Jeong;Hong, Mi Jeong;Kim, So Young;Kim, Seon Ae;Kim, Hwasoon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.62-73
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of a video low intensity exercise program provided during hemodialysis on fatigue, activity of daily living, positive psychological capital and blood pressure of patients being treated. Methods: A non-equivalent control group pre-post test design was used. Participants were 85 hemodialysis patients assigned to either the experimental group (n=41) or the control group (n=44). The experimental group exercised for about 25 minutes 3 times a week for 8 weeks. Data analyses involved descriptive statistics, $x^2$ test, t-test, multiple regression and repeated measure ANOVA using SPSS/WIN 23.0. Results: The exercise intervention significantly reduced post hemodialysis fatigue and significantly increased positive psychological capital. There was a significant interaction effect on time by group in blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure changes in the experimental group were stable but, changes in the control group tended to increase gradually. Conclusion: To reduce fatigue and increase positive psychological capital for hemodialysis patients, providing exercise during hemodialysis is recommended. Furthermore individualized exercise in terms of intensity, time, duration, etc should be developed and tested. Also, to reduce drastic blood pressure changes during hemodialysis, exercise should be provided.

Effects of Positive Psychological Capital of Service Industry Workers on the Service Performances through Perfectionism and Role Conflict (서비스업 근로자들의 긍정심리자본이 완벽주의와 역할갈등을 통해 서비스 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Chol-Hoon;Lee, Sin-Bok;Park, Chanuk
    • The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.195-203
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    • 2019
  • In this article, it was studied how positive psychological capital in the service industry workers affected the service performances by perfectionism and role conflict in the service industry employees. This was to suggest the practical solutions on the emotional labor or job stress that the existing workers in the service industry were experiencing. Upon the study results, self-efficacy, hope, and resilience among the factors of positive psychological capital showed to affect perfectionism and role conflict while optimism did not. Based on this study, the practices and problems of the workers in the service industry could be understood and it seems to improve and support their working environment to provide better services. In other words, these results mean to enhance the self-efficacy and resilience of the workers in the service industry so as to provide the stakeholders of service industry or related institutions with the basic data.

A convergence study of stress caused by the epidemic of COVID-19, quality of life and positive psychological capital (코로나 바이러스감염증-19 유행으로 인한 스트레스와 삶의 질, 긍정심리자본에 관한 융합적 연구)

  • Kim, Song-Yi
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.423-431
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    • 2020
  • This study attempted to identify the effects of stress caused by the COVID-19 epidemic on quality of life and the moderating effect of positive psychological capital. The study subjects were 180 adults, and data were collected from April 9 to April 15, 2020. For the collected data, frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis were used using SPSS WIN 23.0 program. As a result of the study, stress caused by the COVID-19 epidemic affected quality of life, and positive psychological capital showed a significant moderating effect. Based on this study, a study is needed to develop a program to mediate a lower quality of life due to stress caused by the COVID-19 epidemic and to verify its effectiveness.

The Impact of Psychological Capital on Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment Among Employees of Social Enterprises (사회적기업 조직구성원의 심리적 자본이 직무만족 및 조직몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Yoeng-Taak
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2014
  • This study examines the relationships among psychological capital, job satisfaction and organizational commitment based on survey data from employees of social enterprises in Busan & Ulsan Region area. The main findings of the study are as follows: first, psychological capital of social enterprise's employee was positively associated with job satisfaction and organizational commitment while there was also a positive relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment of social enterprises. Second, empirical analysis also shows that job satisfaction mediated both the relationship of psychological capital and organizational commitment of social enterprises. This study contributes to our understanding of relationship between psychological capital/job satisfaction and organizational commitment of social enterprises by suggesting an empirical study, highlighting the role of psychological capital, job satisfaction and organizational commitment of social enterprise's employees.

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Convergence effects of psychological capital on learning satisfaction of nursing freshmen (간호학과 신입생의 심리자본이 학습만족에 미치는 융합적 영향)

  • Jung, In-Sook
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this descriptive research is to get basic data for educational program after investigating convergent effect of psychological capital on learning satisfaction of nursing freshmen. Using SPSS 21, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and hierarchical multiple regression of the 164 collected data were carried out. The mean scores of psychological capital and learning satisfaction were above the middle, and the 'hope' was the highest among subdomains of psychological capital. There was a positive correlation between psychological capital and learning satisfaction(r=.665, p<.001). School performance(${\beta}=.311$), school life satisfaction(${\beta}=.191$) and psychological capital(${\beta}=.522$) were the significant factors of learning satisfaction in hierarchical multiple regression(F=37.651, p=.004). The explanatory rate of variables on learning satisfaction was 57.4%. It is needed applying these results in developing learning satisfaction programs, but it isn't appropriate to generalize these results conducted on nursing freshmen in one university.

Mediating Effects of Intrinsic Motivation on The Relationship Between Positive Psychological Capital, Psychological Empowerment and Creativity (긍정심리자본, 심리적 임파워먼트와 창의성의 관계에서 내재적 동기의 매개효과 검증)

  • Choi, Ik-Sung;Chang, Young-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.3571-3586
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the relationship among PsyCap(positive psychological capital), psychological empowerment, personal creativity and verified the mediated effects of intrinsic motivation in this relationship using the SEM(Structural Equation Model). For this study, the data was collected through on/off-line surveys of members and managers from 12 different enterprises. Among the 418 answers from voluntary participating employees, 332 answers were finally used for statistical analysis. The results were as follows. First, PsyCap had a positive influence on the intrinsic motivation and personal creativity. Second, Psychological Empowerment had a positive influence on intrinsic motivation, but psychological empowerment has no influence on creativity. Third, intrinsic motivation had a meaningful influence by partially mediating PsyCap and personal creativity but completely mediated psychological empowerment and personal creativity. This study focused on intrinsic motivation among the internal factors that have influences on showing personal creativity and has importance in the point that it has suggested the statistical significance by analyzing the psychological/emotional mechanism to reinforce this intrinsic motivation in a positive way. Positive analysis on the relationships among these variables suggests a theoretical meaning on providing a future direction for the study and practical meaning on providing ideas to reinforce the employees' personal creativity. The details of this study are followed in the main text.

A Study on the Influence of Positive Psychological Capital on the Quality of Decision-Making through Absorption Capacity of Re-founders (재창업자의 긍정심리자본이 흡수역량을 통해 의사결정의 질에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Jun, Jung-gu;Seo, Young-Wook
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.155-166
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of self-efficacy, hope, and resilience, which are factors of the positive psychology capital of the re-startup CEO, on the quality of decision-making through the absorption capacity, and the effect of the re-startup's absorption capacity. In particular, this study was started from the question of how positive psychological capital would affect to the re-startup CEO. The survey was conducted from re-founders who received funding from Korea SMEs & Startups Agency. And 144 sample data were analyzed by using SPSS 24.0 for descriptive statistics and by using Smart PLS 3.0. for SEM. The factors of Positive Psychological Capital were extracted to three factors: self-efficacy, hope, and resilience. As a result, it is shown that self-efficacy had a positive effect on potential absorption capacity, and hope had no effect on potential absorption capacity, and positive effects on realized absorption capacity. Resilience has been shown to have a positive effect on potential absorption and realized absorption capacity. It has been shown that potential absorption and realized absorption have a positive effect on the quality of decision making. This study is intended to provide theoretical and practical implications.

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Sleep and Fatigue Among Seafarers: The Role of Environmental Stressors, Duration at Sea and Psychological Capital

  • Hystad, Sigurd W.;Eid, Jarle
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.363-371
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    • 2016
  • Background: Seafaring is an inherently stressful environment. Because working time and leisure time is spent in the same confined environment for a prolonged period of time, many stressors present in seafaring can also be conceived of as chronic. We explored the effects of duration at sea, seafaring experience, environmental stressors, and psychological capital (PsyCap) on the sleep quality and fatigue of seafarers. PsyCap is a construct that draws upon ideas from positive psychology and positive organizational behavior, and is intended to capture an individual's psychological capacities that can be developed and utilized for performance improvements. Methods: We collected survey data from a sample of seafarers working in the offshore re-supply industry (n = 402) and a sample of seafarers working on board combined passenger and cargo ships (n = 340). Results: PsyCap emerged as a robust predictor with statistically significant relations to fatigue and sleep quality in both samples. PsyCap also interacted with duration at sea in explaining fatigue in seafarers working on board the passenger and cargo ships. Seafarers on passenger and cargo ships also reported significantly higher levels of fatigue than those working in the offshore re-supply industry. Conclusion: Coupled with emerging research showing that PsyCap is trainable, our results suggest that maritime organizations could have much to gain by being cognizant of and developing routines for continually developing the PsyCap of their employees.