• Title, Summary, Keyword: Positive Psychological Capital

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The Effect of compassion on Job Crafting : Mediating effect of positive psychological capital and moderating effect of Deep Acting (컴페션(compassion)이 잡 크래프팅(Job Crafting)에 미치는 영향 : 긍정심리자본의 매개효과와 심층행동의 조절효과)

  • Ko, Sung-Hoon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2019
  • This study collected 270 defectors working in domestic companies as a sample. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of compassion experienced by defectors on positive psychological capital in the organization and secondly to demonstrate the effect of positive psychological capital formed through compassion on job crafting. Third, the purpose of this study is to verify the mediating effect of positive psychological capital in the relationship between compassion and job crafting, and finally to demonstrate the moderating effect of deep acting in the relationship between compassion and positive psychological capital. As a result of this study, it is proved that the compassion experienced by the defectors has a positive effect on positive psychological capital, and positive psychological capital has a positive effect on job crafting. In addition, the mediating effect of positive psychological capital and the moderating effect of deep acting were also proved to be significant and all hypotheses were supported. This study suggests that it provides motivation for positive emotions and active work design to defectors who need sympathetic care while working for Korean companies.

The Effects of Temperament, Social Support and Emotion Regulation on the Positive Psychological Capital of Middle School Students (중학생의 기질, 사회적지지 및 정서조절능력이 긍정심리자본에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Ara;Lee, Sook
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.57-77
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    • 2016
  • Objective: This study examined the influences of general characteristics, temperament, social support, and emotional regulation on the positive psychological capital of adolescents. The data were collected from 672 middle school students living in Gwangju. Methods: Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation analyses and hierarchical regression analyses. Results: Temperament best explained positive psychological capital. In terms of individual factors, self-emotion regulation had the greatest effect on positive psychological capital, followed by friend support, persistence temperament, others emotion regulation, academic achievement, harm avoidance temperament, gender, and family support, in that order. Conclusion: The results for the effects of temperament, social support and emotion regulation on adolescent's positive psychological capital highlights the important roles played by the temperament, social support, and emotion regulation in improving an adolescent's positive psychological capital. The study contributes to the literature by proving fundamental insights into an adolescent's psychological strengths and higher quality of life.

The Influence of Violent Experiences and Positive Psychological Capital on Burnout of Psychiatric Ward Nurses (정신과 병동 간호사의 폭력경험과 긍정심리자본이 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jin-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.67-80
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among violent experiences, positive psychological capital, and burnout, as well as to clarify the factors that affect psychiatric ward nurses' burnout. Methods: A descriptive research design was used. Participants were 213 psychiatric ward nurses recruited from twelve psychiatric hospitals. A structured self-report questionnaire was used to measure the study variables, and data were analyzed with the SPSS 24.0 program using descriptive statistics, an independent t-test, a one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression analyses. Results: Burnout positively correlated with violent experiences (r=.14, p=.041), but negatively correlated with positive psychological capital (r=-.73, p<.001). Positive psychological capital was a significant variable for the burnout of psychiatric ward nurses (${\beta}=-.71$, p<.001). Conclusions: The study findings indicate a need to reinforce positive psychological capital for preventing and alleviating burnout of psychiatric ward nurses.

Psychological Capital, Organizational Commitment and Job Performance: A Case in Vietnam

  • NGUYEN, Ha Minh;NGO, Trung Thanh
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.269-278
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between employee's psychological capital, organizational commitment and job performance in Vietnam. In this study, psychological capital and overall organizational commitment are considered as two second-order constructs. Psychological capital includes four different components: self-efficacy, optimism, hope and resiliency. Organizational commitment comprises three different components: affective commitment, continuance commitment and normative commitment. The study uses the combination of quantitative research method and qualitative research method. Qualitative research method (based on the experts' opinions) is used to design the official questionnaire, while relationship between concepts is estimated by quantitative research method, which is inclusive of the methods of descriptive statistics, Cronbach's Alpha, EFA, CFA and CB-SEM. The survey is conducted in two ways: face-to-face and via email. Data are collected from 848 employees across provinces and cities in Vietnam. The findings show that psychological capital and job performance have a positive relationship, organizational commitment has positive influence on job performance, and psychological capital is also related to organizational commitment. All relationship between psychological capital, organizational commitment and job performance of employee are statistically significant. In addition, organizational commitment also plays the mediating role in the positive relationship between psychological capital and employee's performance.

A Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on the Relationship between Academic Grit and Academic Burnout Perceived by High School Students (고등학생이 인식하는 학업적 그릿과 학업소진 관계에서 긍정심리자본의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Kyu-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2019
  • This study explored the mediating effects of positive psychological capital on the relationship between academic grit and academic burnout perceived by high school students. This study was conducted through questionnaires of 573 second graders of high school in Daegu and analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, structural equation modelling. The results of this study were as follows. First, academic grit had a negative effect on academic burnout. Second, positive psychological capital mediated the relationship between academic grit and academic burnout. This result implies that it is necessary to provide positive psychological capital to enhance or maintain academical grit in the context of academic burnout. In the subsequent study, it is needed to explore the mediating effects of positive psychological capital on sub-variables, the moderating effect of positive psychological capital profiles, the analysis of variance according to individual backgrounds such as gender and grade for academic grit and academic burnout, and the mediating or moderating effects of positive psychological capital on independent variables such as perfectionism, ego-resilience, and self-efficacy.

Mediation Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on the Relation between Self-Concept and Core Competencies in Gifted Youth (영재 청소년의 자아개념과 핵심역량간의 관계에서 긍정심리자본의 매개효과)

  • Roh, Myungsook;Jun, Jooram;On, Ankook
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to identify gifted adolescents' self-concept, core competencies and positive psychological capital correlations, and to investigate the mediating effect of positive psychological capital on the relationship between self-concept and core competencies of gifted youths. Therefore we surveyed gifted youths in Jeonbuk regions concerning self-concept, core competencies, and positive psychological capital. 221 samples were statistically analyzed. To understand a mediating effect of positive psychological capital in the relationship between self-concept and core competencies, the hierarchical regression analysis was conducted with SPSS 21.0. The findings of the study indicated as follows. First, when a correlation analysis was carried out to explore the relationship of gifted youth's self-concept, core competencies, and positive psychological capital. Second. the results revealed that positive psychological capital of gifted youths had a significant mediation effect on the relationship between their self-concept and core competencies Finally, based on the study findings, suggestions of desirable education and counseling for gifted adolescents.

The Effect of compassion experienced by social workers on Affective Commitment - Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital and Moderating Effect of Organizational Identification - (사회복지사들이 경험하는 컴페션이 정서적 몰입에 미치는 영향 - 긍정심리자본의 매개효과와 조직 동일시의 조절효과 -)

  • Ryu, In-Ae;Ko, Sung-Hoon;Moon, Tae-Won
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.43-61
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    • 2019
  • It is true that there are not enough empirical studies on the companionship to social welfare workers until now. Thus, this study has reduced the need to demonstrate the causal relationship between compassion experienced and outcome variables by social workers. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the impact of the compassion experienced by social workers in social welfare facilities on positive psychological capital, and to the psychological effect formed by the psychosomatic concentration. Third, the purpose of this study is to verify the effect of positive psychological capital on the relationship between compassion and affective commitment, and fourth, the relationship between positive psychological capital and organizational identification. For empirical research, the hypothesis was verified after a survey of 369 social workers at social welfare facilities in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. The study showed that the compassion experienced by social workers had a positive(+) effect on positive psychological capital, and that positive psychological capital had a positive(+) effect on affective commitment. In the relationship between compassion and affective commitment, the effect of the mediation of positive psychological capital has also been proven to be significant. In addition in the relationship between positive psychological capital and affective commitment, it has been noted that organizational identification has also been proven to be significant. Therefore, this study has theoretical implications for the mediating effect of the positive psychological capital and the moderating effect of organizational identification in relation to the compassion. This study will have practical implications for enhancing social workers' behavior to be more compassionate in their attitude to customers.

The Influence of Authentic Leadership on Team Creativity : Mediation Effect of Positive Psychological Capital (간호관리자의 진정성리더십이 팀 창의성에 미치는 영향 : 긍정심리역량의 매개효과)

  • Kang, Hyun-Hee;Won, Seon-ae;Kim, Jin-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.8
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    • pp.341-350
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    • 2020
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between authentic leadership of nursing managers and team creativity: the mediation role of positive psychological capital. The study participants were 124 staff nurses. The measurements included authentic leadership, psychological capital and team creativity. Data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficient and Baron and Kenny's three-level hierarchical regression analysis with SPSS 25.0 to identify correlation among variables and mediating effect of positive psychological capital. The research results indicated that the higher the authentic leadership, the higher the team's creativity and the higher the nurse's positive psychological capital and confirmed that positive psychological capital has a partial mediating effect in the relationship between authentic leadership and team creativity. The findings suggest that in order to improve the team creativity of staff nurses, converged organizational behavior management strategies are needed to improve the authentic leadership of managers perceived by staff nurses and the positive psychological capital of staff nurses.

Effect of Job Stress, Emotional Labor, and Positive Psychological Capital on the Job Satisfaction of Physician Assistants (전담간호사의 직무 스트레스, 감정노동과 긍정심리자본이 직무만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Bo-Ram;Kim, Kyoung-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.176-185
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of job stress, emotional labor, and positive psychological capital on the job satisfaction of physician assistants (PAs). Methods: The sample consisted of 166 PAs working in general hospitals in B city, Y city, and C city. Data were analyzed through the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program using t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression. Results: The factors of job stress (${\beta}=-.488$, p<.001), positive psychological capital (${\beta}=.188$, p=.004), and total clinical career (${\beta}=-.147$, p=.014) had the greatest influence on the level of job satisfaction experienced by the PAs. The total explanatory power was 49.9%. Conclusion: It was found that job stress, positive psychological capital, and total clinical career were influencing factors in the job satisfaction of PAs. Therefore, to improve their job satisfaction, it is necessary to develop strategies to manage the job stress experienced by PAs, and to strengthen and develop positive psychological capital.

The Effect of Job Stress on Health Promotion Behaviors of Nurses in a Regional General Hospital: The Mediating Effects of Positive Psychological Capital and Nursing Work Environment (지역 종합병원 간호사의 직무 스트레스가 건강증진행위에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본과 간호근무환경의 매개효과)

  • Jang, You Min;Park, Ju Young
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.160-170
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to provide preliminary data for alleviating nurses' job stress and support health promotion behaviors. Further, the study reviews the mediating effects of positive psychological capital and nursing work environment in relation to job stress and health promotion behaviors among nurses in a regional general hospital. Methods: A study survey was conducted from June 9 to 16, 2017. The subjects were current nurses working at a regional general hospital in D city. Analysis of a survey questionnaire from 147 participants was conducted. Results: Upon reviewing the mediating effects of positive psychological capital and nursing work environment in relation with health promotion behaviors and job stress, it was found that positive psychological capital (Z=-4.78, p<.001) and nursing work environment (Z=-4.17, p<.001) were significant mediators. Conclusion: As demonstrated through the results of this research, it is necessary to build programs to strengthen individual positive psychological capital and increase the practice of health promotion behaviors among nurses. It is also evident that a systematic approach is needed to improve the nursing work environment.