• Title, Summary, Keyword: Positive Psychological Capital

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An Effect of Aged Care Facility Worker's Psychological Capital on Turnover Intension and Job Satisfaction (노인요양기관종사자의 심리적 자본이 이직의도 및 직무만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Sang Nam
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.79-89
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: This study aims to examine the effect of psychological capital on turnover intension and job satisfaction by aged care facility workers. Methods : Samples were obtained from 147 aged care facility workers in one county of Kyungsangbukdo. The study conducted a correlation and a regression analysis to learn how psychological capital (self-efficacy, hope, optimism, resilience) would affect turnover intension and job satisfaction. Results : First, age and marital status turned out to have a positive (+) influence on job satisfaction which would be negative (-) affected by tenure of office. Second, hope, sub-variable of Psychological Capital, affected a negative (-) influence on turnover intension. Third, resilience, sub-variable of Psychological Capital, affected a positive(+) influence on job satisfaction. Conclusions: It is suggested to develop the psychological capital of aged care facility workers, effective welfare system and educational program are required for better job satisfaction.

Mediated effect of job engagement in relationship between positive psychological capital and turnover intention of the event worker (이벤트업 종사원의 긍정심리자본과 이직의도간의 관계에서 직무열의의 매개효과)

  • Jung, Ha-Gon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.553-560
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the job engagement mediates relationship between positive psychological capital and turnover intention in the event worker. For it, a questionnaire survey is performed for 394 participants consisted of male and female living in BUSAN. Their age is from 20 to 50. Afterwards, the collected data is analyzed using the regression analysis. Positive psychological capital is significantly positive to the job engagement. Meanwhile, positive psychological capital is significantly negative to the turnover intention. Likewise, job engagement is significantly negative to the level of turnover intention. Also, job engagement partially mediated relationship between positive psychological capital and turnover intention. Therefore, this study suggests that it will be developed the mediation program that improves both work environment and positive psychological capital to increase job engagement as well as reduce turnover intention in the event worker.

The effects of dental hygiene students' positive psychological capital on communication skills and interpersonal skills (치위생(학)과 학생들의 긍정심리자본이 의사소통능력과 대인관계능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jung-hyun;Jang, Kyeung-Ae;Cho, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2020
  • The aim of this survey has been to investigate the effects of positive psychological capital of students from some universities in Busan and Ulsan on communication skills and interpersonal skills. As a result of the relationship with the main variables, there was a significant positive correlation between sub-factors of positive psychological capital and each ability. Hope(p<0.01) and Resiliency(p<0.05) among the effects of positive psychological capital on communication skills were statistically significant, and, in case of those on interpersonal skills, Resiliency(p<0.001), Efficacy(p<0.05), and Hope(p<0.05) were statistically significant. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply an intervention program that can establish the importance of positive psychological capital and strengthen positive psychological capital in order to improve students' communication and interpersonal skills.

The Effect of Compassion on Organizational Identification : Double Mediating Effect of Positive Emotion and Positive Psychological Capital (컴페션(Compassion)이 조직 동일시에 미치는 영향 : 긍정적 감정과 긍정심리자본의 이중 매개효과)

  • Ko, Sung-Hoon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the causal relationship between positive emotions, positive psychological capital, and organizational identification, and to examine the double mediating effect. In this study, 369 social workers in 10 social welfare facilities in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province were sampled. The results of this study show that compassion experienced by the social workers has a positive effect on positive emotion and organizational identification, and positive psychological capital has a significant effect on the organization identification. In addition, double mediating effect of positive emotion and positive psychological capital were also shown to be significant in the relationship between compassion and organizational identification. Therefore, this study has the theoretical implication that double mediating effect of positive emotion and positive psychological capital are demonstrated in the relationship between compassion and organization identification. In future research, sample collection should be done for the generalization of the sample, and the mediating effect of positive organizational identity should also be performed.

Positive Psychological Capital and Turnover Intention: The Mediating Effect of Perceived Work Overload and the Moderating Effect of Trust in Supervisor (긍정심리자본이 이직의도에 미치는 영향: 인지된 직무과부하의 매개효과와 상사신뢰의 조절효과)

  • Choi, Kwang Woo;Rhee, Seung-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.382-392
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed the effect of an employee's psychological capacity(positive psychological capital), on perceived work overload, and explored how trust in supervisor moderated this relationship. In addition, we examined how positive psychological capital and perceived work overload influenced turnover intention. In doing so, we identified the antecedents of perceived work overload, and suggested ways to nurture positive psychological capital in organizations. Using survey data from 214 employees in the manufacturing industry in Korea, we found that positive psychological capital was negatively related to perceived work overload, and that the relationship was moderated by trust in supervisors. In addition, positive psychological capital was negatively associated while perceived work overload was positively associated with turnover intention. Results suggest the importance of understanding positive psychological capital given its crucial relationship with perceived work overload and turnover intention. The result also emphasizes the role that trust in supervisor plays, and the need to nurture employees' positive psychological capital in organizations.

Effect of University Students' Smartphone Addiction on Their Life Management: Mediating Effects of Protective Factor and Risk Factor (대학생들의 스마트폰중독이 자기생활관리에 미치는 영향: 보호요인과 위험요인의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Bee;Kim, Nami;Park, Kyung Eun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.594-606
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the mediating effect of positive psychological capital as an protective factor and mental health as an risk factor on the relationship between smart phone addiction and self life management of university students. The following are the results of the analysis on the measures of smart-phone addiction, positive psychological capital, mental health and self life management among the 266 college students. First, the analysis of the correlation between relevant factors, smart-phone addiction showed a significant amulet correlation between self life management and positive psychological capital and a significant static correlation between mental health. Second, the positive psychological capital showed a mediate effect as a result of the analysis of university students' smart-phone addiction and self life management. Third, the results of a regression analysis between positive psychological capital and psychosomatic health sub-factors, optimism and resilience in the positive psychological capital and Depression and Impulsion in mental health, had a significant impact on managing self-life management Based on the results of this study, we discussed educational implications for the management of university students ' lives and suggestions for further research.

The Effect of Ethical Management and Positive Psychological Capital on Organizational Effectiveness in Hospitals (의료조직의 윤리경영과 긍정심리자본이 조직유효성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Keun Hwan;Lyu, Jiyoung;Chang, Young Chul;Shin, Young-jeon
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.155-171
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    • 2016
  • Background: In this study, state-owned medical institutes, industrial accident hospitals, veteran hospitals, and private medical clinics including 16 university medical institutes in the Seoul metropolitan area were selected to examine the causality of ethical management, positive psychological capital, and organizational effectiveness. Methods: The study analyzed 1,056 valid questionnaires to which a total of 1,325 nurses, medical technicians, doctors, and administrative staff in 34 healthcare organizations answered over two months from June to August 2015. The study also utilized a 'structural equation model,' and a 'hierarchical linear model' to conduct the analysis. Results: It was first found that ethical leadership, ethical management systems, and organizational ethics values, which are the three factors of ethical management, had significant influence on organizational commitment, and behavior. These are the three factors of employee organizational effectiveness. Second, ethical management, ethical leadership, ethical management systems, and organizational ethics values had significant influence on positive psychological capital. Third, positive psychological capital had significant influence on organizational commitment, turnover intention, and organizational citizenship behavior. Positive psychological capital presented an indirect effect on the relationship between the ethical management and organizational effectiveness of employees. The effect of positive psychological capital consisting of self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism was confirmed in the healthcare organizations. Fourth, in relations among ethical management variables, ethical leadership showed a significant impact on ethical management systems, which had significant impacts on organizational ethics values, which had significant impacts on ethical leadership.

The Convergence Effects of Commitment of Organization and Positive Psychological Capital in Nurse on Burnout (간호사의 조직몰입도와 긍정심리자본이 직무소진에 미치는 융복합적 영향)

  • Lee, Seung-hee;Park, Ju-young;Lee, Kyung-min;Shin, Eun-hye;Park, Jung-mi;Nam, Hyun-a;Noh, Sung-bae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.335-345
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship among Organizational Commitment, Positive Psychological Capital and Burnout. Second one is to promote job satisfaction by identifying the effect of the relationship on Burnout. We conducted a survey of 107 nurses in the hospital. According to the relationship among Organizational Commitment, Positive Psychological Capital and Burnout. This study showed that equated resilience from of Organizational Commitment and dynamic stability from of Positive Psychological Capital are important factors to Burnout. Nurses with high Organizational Commitment and Positive Psychological Capital can provide improved medical service due to reduction of Burnout. Therefore, more effective base line data for nursing management is required through development and application of high Organizational Commitment and Positive Psychological Capital.

The Effects of Self-leadership, Professional Self-concept, and Positive Psychological Capital of Operating Room Nurses on Nursing Performance (수술실 간호사의 셀프리더십, 전문직 자아개념, 긍정심리자본이 간호업무성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Hyun Sook;Shin, Sung Hee
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the effects of self-leadership, professional self-concept, and positive psychological capital on the performance of operating room nurses. Methods: The participants were 148 operating room nurses with more than a year of experience in one of the general hospitals in Seoul, Korea. Data were collected from 18 to 29 November 2019 and were analyzed by descriptive statistic methods, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis, and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: The self-leadership, professional self-concept, and positive psychological capital of operating room nurses showed a positive correlation with nursing performance. The performance of operating room nurses was the most affected by professional self-concept (β=.32, p=.002), followed by operating room career (β=.22, p=.037) and positive psychological capital (β=.20, p=.039), which together accounted for a nursing performance of up to 42.9% (F=12.06, p<.001). Conclusion: Based on these findings, it is necessary to develop education and intervention programs to enhance the operating room nurses' professional self-concept and positive psychological capital.