• Title, Summary, Keyword: Positive Psychological Capital

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The Effect of Social Support of College Students on Career Preparation Behavior : Mediating effects of positive psychological capital (전문대학생의 사회적 지지가 진로준비행동에 미치는 영향 : 긍정심리자본 매개효과 검증)

  • Kim, Soo hyun;Yim, Hwang bin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.368-375
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated how career support for professional college students affects career preparation behavior and verified the mediating effect of positive psychological capital in the relationship between career support and career preparation behavior. The specific research problems are as follows. First, what is the relationship between social support, positive psychological capital, and career preparedness? Second, does social support and positive psychological capital directly affect career preparation behavior? Third, does social support influence the career preparation behavior by supplying positive psychological capital? For this purpose, the subjects were 240 students from G college. Correlation analysis and step-wise multiple regression analysis were used to examine the study's research questions. The results of this study are as follows. First, social support, positive psychological capital and career preparation behaviors all have significant positive correlation. Second, social support and positive psychological capital had an impact on the career preparation behavior. Third, there was a partial mediating effect of positive psychological capital on the effect of social support on career preparation behavior. The result of this study is meaningful in that it provides basic data that is the foundation for professional career guidance and career education of professional college students.

The Effect of Appreciative Inquiry on Positive Psychological Capital and Organizational Commitment of New Nurses (긍정적 탐구 활동이 신규간호사의 긍정심리자본과 조직몰입에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Hyunju;Yi, Young Hee
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.13-23
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    • 2019
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to determine whether appreciative inquiry (AI) is an effective intervention for increasing the positive psychological capital and organizational commitment of new nurses. Method : The study used a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants were 60 new nurses in a tertiary hospital in Seoul. The experimental group received 2 classes of AI education and in-unit AI activities. The control group received the existing education program. Results : There was no statistically significant difference in the positive psychological capital and organizational commitment between the experimental group and the control group over time. Satisfaction with the AI education scored 3.69, which was higher than the average. The reason why the experimental group members were satisfied with the program was that AI education helped them to adapt and the in-unit AI activities made staff more cooperative and the atmosphere of the unit more positive. Conclusion : When applying AI activities to new nurses to promote positive psychological capital and organizational commitment, it is necessary to provide a workshop in which the participants can fully concentrate on education and to extend the period of use to one year in order to maintain the effect of AI activities.

Path Analysis of Geometric Psychology type, Positive Psychological Capital, and Communication Competence for University Students (대학생의 도형심리 유형, 긍정심리자본, 의사소통능력 간의 경로분석)

  • Kim, Myoung-Sook;SEO, Ho-Chan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.355-364
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study is to conduct basic research for the development of programs for improving university students' communication competence. As such, it seeks to determine if positive psychological capital can mediate the relationship between the geometric psychology type and communication competence. To that end, 321 Korean university students were surveyed using a questionnaire, and the data underwent scale reliability analysis, regression analysis, and path analysis. Regression analysis revealed the consistent regression results of variables, including geometric psychology type, positive psychological capital, and communication competence. Path analysis confirmed that positive psychological capital mediated the relationship between the geometric psychology type and communication competence, and the results suggested different patterns according to type of geometric psychology. The circle type mediated the sub-variable resilience vis-a-vis communication competence, and directly influenced the latter. The triangle type mediated the sub-factors of positive psychological capital - self-efficacy and resilience -vis-a-vis communication competence, and thus influencing the latter. The square type mediated the sub-factor of positive psychological capital - self-efficacy - vis-a-vis communication competence, and directly influenced the latter. The S type did not mediate positive psychological capital vis-a-vis communication competence, but directly influenced the latter. Thus, considering the above findings, in order to develop university students communication improvement programs, programs should be developed with the application of positive psychological capital considering geometric psychology type.

Study on the Factors Effecting the Positive Psychological Capital of Social Workers at Seniors Welfare Centers on Job Burnout (노인복지관 사회복지사의 긍정심리자본이 직무소진에 미치는 영향 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kyong-Suk;Kim, Min-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.581-597
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    • 2019
  • This study was designed to examine the factors effecting the positive psychological capital of social workers at senior welfare centers on job burnout. The subjects were 350 social workers who care for the elderly at senior welfare centers in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Based on a total 344 data collected and using the SPSS 22.0 statistical program. Reliability test, frequency analysis, t-test, One-way ANOVA, correlation analysis and Multiple regression analysis were performed. The results showed that positive psychological capital had a statistically significant negative effect (-) on emotional exhaustion, a sub variable of job burnout and depersonalization. The effect of sub-variables of positive psychological capital on emotional depletion and depersonalization was in order of optimism> resilience> hope> self-efficacy. Lastly, it was found that positive psychological capital had a statistically significant negative effect(-) on decreased sense of accomplishment. The effect of sub-variables of positive psychological capital on decreased sense of accomplishment was in order of optimism> hope > self-efficacy > resilience. The effect of positive psychological capital on decreased sense of accomplishment was not significant depending on sub-variables. Based on the results of this study, suggestions, the limits of this study, and future directions for research were presented for the improvement of positive psychological capital, which is confirmed as a factor to reduce the job burnout of social workers.

The Effect of Hospital Administrative Staff's Positive Psychological Capital on Psychological Well-being

  • Jeun, Young-Ju;Kim, Jeong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.93-98
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzed the causal relationship between positive psychological capital and psychological well-being of hospital administrative staff among the medical institution workers who were hard to find in previous studies. The purpose of this study is to suggest the policy implications to improve the psychological well-being level of the hospital administrative staff through the analysis results. For the empirical analysis of variables, self-efficacy, hope, optimism, and resilience were selected as the independent variables. Selfacceptance, positive relations with others and autonomy were selected as dependent variables. The results of empirical analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between the variables and theoretical and policy implications were suggested based on these results.

Effects of Informal Learning and Positive Psychological Capital on Job Satisfaction and Customer orientation (무형식 학습과 긍정심리자본이 직무만족 및 고객지향성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Joon-Hwan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2017
  • Previous studies on salesperson's performance have concentrated on increasing job satisfaction through compensations and benefits or effective communication processes and have not sufficiently considered the emotional aspect of salesperson's selling behaviors. The purpose of this study is to investigate informal learning and positive psychological capital on the relationship between job satisfaction and customer orientation of IT salespeople. Data were collected from 159 IT salespeople and analyzed by structural equation modeling (SEM). As a result, it was found that the informal learning of IT salesperson had a significantly positive impact on positive psychological capital. Positive psychological capital was significantly affect on job satisfaction and customer orientation. Positive psychological capital mediated the relationship between informal learning and job satisfaction/customer orientation. The results of this study suggest that there is a need to develop informal learning based on positive psychology and to strengthen the reflected job satisfaction and customer orientation.

Factors Affecting Burnout among Clinical Nurses according to Positive Psychological Capital (임상 간호사의 긍정심리역량이 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Ko, Jeong Ok;Park, Sook Kyoung;Lee, Myung Ha
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.304-314
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze factors affecting burnout among clinical nurses according to Positive Psychological Capital. Methods: The study design was a descriptive survey and questionnaires were collected from 412 clinical nurses who worked in a general hospital in "J" city. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, One-way ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$ test, Pearson Correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: In Model individual characteristics accounted for 27.8% of the influence on burnout. In model II with the addition of the 4 factors; Self-efficacy, Hope, Resilience, Optimism, individual characteristics accounted for 48.5% of the influence on burnout. Optimism and Resilience of the Positive Psychological Capital sub-variables were statistically useful as factors influencing burnout. Conclusion: The results indicate that it is necessary to develop active human resource management and educational programs to decrease burnout and strengthen the Positive Psychological Capital of the nurses.

The Relationship among Estimated Intensity of Physical Activity, Stress Response and Positive Psychological Capital (추정된 신체활동 강도와 스트레스 반응 그리고 긍정심리자본의 관계)

  • Kim, Yong-Kyu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.581-588
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among estimated intensity of physical activity, stress response and positive psychological capital. The participants totalled 356 male and female aged 20's~ 50's. Data was collected from 3 Questionnaires and analyzed by descriptive statistics, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis with SPSS and AMOS program. The following conclusions were drawn; First, physical activity had effected on stress response and positive psychological capital. Second, high level physical activity had effected on stress response and positive psychological capital.

Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on Care worker' Enthusiasm - Focused on the Mediated Effect of Job Stress - (요양보호사의 긍정심리자본이 종사자 열의에 미치는 영향 -직무스트레스의 매개효과 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Seok-Keon;Kim, Kang-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.569-580
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is empirically to analyze the mediated effects of job stress on the influence of positive psychological capital of care workers' enthusiasm. The research method was self_report questionnaire was completed by 383 careworkers at care homes for the elderly in the Seoul metropolitan area between December 10th, 2018 to January 11th, 2019. and date analyzed using the IBM AMOS 22.0 program. As a result, First, positive psychology capital has been shown to have a negative effect on job stress. Second, positive psychology capital has been shown to have a positive effect on the enthusiasm of care workers. Third, job stress has been shown to have a negative effect on the enthusiasm of care workers. Fourth, in the relationship between positive psychology capital and care worker's enthusiasm, job stress revealed that it had a partial mediated effect. This means that positive psychological capital of the care workers has a negative effect on job stress, and the job stress, which has been negatively effected by positive psychological capital, has a positive mediated effect on the enthusiasm of the worker.