• Title, Summary, Keyword: Positive Psychological Capital

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Influences of Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, and Burnout on Positive Psychological Capital of Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 공감만족, 공감피로, 소진이 긍정심리자본에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Eun;Jung, Mi-Ra
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.246-255
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting positive psychological capital in clinical nurses. The data were collected from 193 nurses working in the three general hospital located Y city using self-reported questionnaires and November 20 2017 to November 30 2017. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS 20.0 program. Positive psychological capital had a significant positive effect on compassion satisfaction, while Positive psychological capital had a negative effect on burnout. The result of the multiple regression indicates the compassion satisfaction, burnout and job position predict 55.5% (F=30.88, p<.001) of positive psychological capital. Therefore, strategies to decrease burnout and to enhance compassion satisfaction for clinical nurses.

The Mechanism behind Authentic Leadership's Effect on Coopetition: Focusing on Positive Psychological Capital as a Mediator and Performance-based Rewards as a Mediating Moderator (진성 리더십이 경쟁적 협력에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본의 매개효과와 성과보상연계성의 매개된 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Myunghu;Shin, Je-Goo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.420-451
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    • 2017
  • This study verified the effectiveness of authentic leadership in promoting coopetition with the mediation of positive psychological capital and identified how this mediating effect of positive psychological capital is moderated by performance-based rewards Our findings showed that positive psychological capital played the role of mediator (indirect effect) between authentic leadership and coopetition. Also, performance-based rewards had negative conditional direct effect on the relationship between authentic leadership and coopetition as well as a positive mediated moderation (conditional indirect effect) when the relationship is mediated by positive psychological capital. This research presents a novel empirical study on the mechanism involved in the promotion of coopetition among organization members, especially concerning the antecendents involved at the individual level.

The Analysis on the Mediating Effects of Social Support on the Relation between Positive Psychological Capital and Happiness of Childcare Teachers in Charge of Young Children with Disabilities (장애영아담당 보육교사의 긍정심리자본과 행복감 관계에서 원장과 동료교사의 사회적 지지 매개효과 분석)

  • Jung, Dae-Young;Yoon, Hye-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.470-479
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    • 2018
  • This is an empirical study aiming to analyze the relations between positive psychological capital, social support from the school director and fellow teachers, and happiness of childcare teachers in charge of young children with disabilities. In addition, we analyze the mediating effects of social support from the school director and fellow teachers on the relation between positive psychological capital and happiness. To achieve these aims, a survey was conducted targeting 205 childcare teachers in Gyeonggi province. Results of this study are as follows: First, there were significantly positive correlations between positive psychological capital, social support, and happiness. Furthermore, positive psychological capital and social support from the school director and fellow teachers had positive effects on the happiness of childcare teachers. Second, the social support from the school director and fellow teachers had partially mediating effects on the relation between positive psychological capital and happiness. This implies that positive psychological capital and social support from the school director and fellow teachers play essential roles in the enhancement of happiness of childcare teachers.

Study on the Effects of Prep-Entrepreneurs' Positive psychological capital and Career ambition on Entrepreneurial Intentions (예비 창업가의 긍정심리자본과 커리어 야망이 창업의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jinsook;Hwang, Kumju
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.135-171
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    • 2018
  • Due to its nature, business foundation accompanies high levels of risk taking and responsibility. For this reason, entrepreneurs come to experience various negative emotions in the process of business foundation such as anxiety about risks, fear of failure, and pressure of success. However, entrepreneurs' negative emotions reduce individual inclinations for business foundation. Thus, it is necessary to research individual psychological characteristics that could reduce and attenuate entrepreneurs' negative emotions. To this end, this study examined the effects of Self-forgiveness, and Narcissism, psychological motivation variables, and Positive psychological capital and Career ambition, goal motivation variables, on entrepreneurial intentions. In order to verify research hypotheses, 326 questionnaires collected from prep-entrepreneurs were used for the empirical analysis. Looking at the analysis results, Self-forgiveness, Narcissism, Positive psychological capital and Career ambition had significant effects on entrepreneurial intentions. This study has a meaning in that it confirmed the influential relationship between the psychological characteristics reducing entrepreneurs' negative emotions and entrepreneurial intentions. In addition, this study suggested its implications, limitations, and future research directions based on the study results.

Mediation Effect of Positive Psychological Capital between Self-leadership and Learning Flow of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 셀프리더십과 학습몰입의 관계에서 긍정심리자본의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Yu-Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.112-122
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    • 2016
  • This study is a descriptive study designed to identify the relationships among self-leadership, positive psychological capital, and learning flow, and the mediation effect of positive psychological capital between self-leadership and learning flow. The participants for this study were 218 nursing students following a four-year curriculum in J city and the data was collected from April 1st to April 15th, 2016, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, the t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression with the SPSS 22.0 Program. There were significant correlations among self-leadership, positive psychological capital, and learning flow. In the multiple regression analysis, the main factor affecting learning flow was self-leadership, which explained 44.1% of the variance in learning flow. Moreover, of 4 the components of positive psychological capital, self-efficacy and hope had a partial mediating effect between self-leadership and learning flow. Self-leadership, positive psychological capital, and learning flow relationship were positive relevant. To enhance the learning flow ability of the nursing students, it is necessary to develop a training program to increase their self-leadership and positive psychological capital.

Convergence Effects of Positive Psychological Capital and Social Support in Adolescents on Depression (청소년의 긍정심리자본과 사회적 지지가 우울에 미치는 융복합적 효과)

  • Jeong, Eun;Jung, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.365-373
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among positive psychological capital and social support on depression and identify the factors that influence on depression in the adolescents. The data were collected from 140 adolescents in the two middle school located J city using self-reported questionnaires and May 9 2017 to May 19 2017. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS 20.0 program. Depression was found to be in a significant negative correlation with positive psychological capital and social support. The result of the stepwise multiple regression indicates the positive psychological capital, social support and economic status predict 22.4% (F=14.38, p<.001) of depression. Therefore, it is necessary to develop convergence positive psychological capital and social support strategy program for decrease and prevents depression in adolescents.

Effects of Positive Psychological Capital and Academic Self-efficacy on Academic Stress in Adolescents (청소년의 긍정심리자본, 학업적 자기효능감이 학업스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Mi-Ra;Jeong, Eun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.399-407
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among positive psychological capital and academic self-efficacy on academic stress and identify the factors that influence on academic stress in the adolescents. The data were collected from 140 adolescents in the two middle school located J city using self-reported questionnaires and May 9 2017 to May 19 2017. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression with SPSS 20.0 program. The result of the multiple regression indicates the positive psychological capital, academic self-efficacy and grade predict 27.1%(F=7.68, P<.001) of academic stress. Therefore, In order to prevent and decrease the academic stress, the developing programs to improve positive psychological capital and academic self-efficacy are needed.Therefore, it is necessary to develop positive psychological capital and academic self-efficacy strategy program for decrease academic stress in adolescents.

Effects of Empowerment and Academic Resilience on Positive Psychological Capital of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 임파워먼트, 학업탄력성이 긍정심리자본에 미치는 효과)

  • Jung, Mi-Ra;Jeong, Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 2020
  • This purpose of this study was to examine relationships among empowerment, academic resilience and positive psychological capital and identify the factors that influence on positive psychological capital in the nursing students. The data were collected from 200 nursing students in the three colleges located Y and S city and 20 April 2019 to 10 May 2019. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression using SPSS/WIN 20.0. program. Positive psychological capital in nursing students was significantly correlated with empowerment(r=.610, p<.001) and academic resilience(r=669, p<.001). The result of the multiple regression indicates the academic resilience predict 58.7%(F=19.47, p<.001) of positive psychological capital. Therefore, it is necessary to develop academic resilience increase education program for strategy positive psychological capital in nursing students.

The Effect of the Corporate Employee's Perception of Organizational Justice on Psychological Capital, Occupational Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment : Mainly on the Workers in Construction and Manufacturing Firms (기업 종사자들의 공정성 지각이 심리자본과 직무만족을 통해 조직몰입에 미치는 영향 : 건설업·제조업 종사자를 중심으로)

  • Eom, Jaekyu;Hwang, Changyu;Song, Youngwoo
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.273-297
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    • 2016
  • With research findings that the righteous and advanced society relies on the microscopic personal experience related to the justice as well as the perilous reality of 70% of corporate employees in all industrial environment, this study samples employees in the manufacturing and construction industry, both of which take up 40% of all industries, to look into how the awareness of the justice within their organizations influences the organizational commitment through psychological capital and occupational satisfaction; and to understand the beginnings for the macroscopic change. As a result of verifying the interrelationship between the justice and psychological factors, distributive justice and interactive justice are in a positive relationship with the psychological capital while procedural justice shows no influence; the procedural justice and interactive justice are positive with the occupational satisfaction whereas the distributive justice shows no influence. Also psychological capital appears positive with the occupational satisfaction and organizational commitment while occupational satisfaction is positively related to the organizational commitment.

The Impact of the Youth's Positive Psychological Capital to Reemployment Attitudes (20대 청년들의 긍정심리자본이 재취업 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Young-Joon;Park, Geum-Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.40-46
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of positive psychological capital on re-employment attitudes of youth in their 20s dealing with an unemployment rate of more than 10%. The effect of positive psychological capital on attitudes for re-employment was analyzed by domain, and is based on variables of positive psychological capital composed of self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism. As a result, hope (3.64) was the highest on the scale; however, resilience (at 3.37) was the lowest. In the analysis of positive psychological capital, the university graduate group (3.89) was the highest. But, the high school graduate group (3.25) was the lowest. In the results for re-employment attitude based on education level, the university graduate group (4.93) was the highest, but the high school graduate group (3.80) was lowest. The main variables influencing re-employment attitude were (in order): hope, optimism, self-efficacy, and resilience. These factors have an explanatory power for the four variables of around 25%. Overall, young adults (in their 20s) have higher levels of positive psychological capital because they have a higher education level. Also, higher educated re-employed applicants have higher positive psychological capital and attitudes for re-employment, compared to the other groups.