• Title, Summary, Keyword: Positive Psychological Capital

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Effects of Authentic Leadership on Positive Psychological Capital and Change-Oriented Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Flight Attendants -Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital- (항공사 승무원의 진정성리더십이 긍정심리자본 및 변화지향 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향 -긍정심리자본의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Park, Jung-Min;Ha, Dong-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.51-65
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine whether authentic leadership influenced positive psychological capital and change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior(CO-OCB) in airline service context. Moreover, this study was designed to test the mediating effect of positive psychological capital between authentic leadership and CO-OCB to provide fundamental and practical information for airline industry. A convenience sample of 390 flight attendants was surveyed and a total of 377 usable questionnaires were analyzed. Then hypotheses were tested using structural equation modelling(SEM). The results were as follows. Firstly, authentic leadership was divided into 'self-awarenese', 'relational transparency', internalized moral perspective' and 'balanced process'. Secondly, 'self-awarenese' and 'internalized moral perspective' influenced positive psychological capital. Thirdly, positive psychological capital influenced CO-OCB. Fourtjly, positive psychological capital had mediating effects partially between authentic leadership and CO-OCB.

Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on Turnover Intention of Care Worker (요양보호사의 긍정심리자본이 이직의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Gang, Kyoung-Beum;Lee, Yong-Jae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.126-136
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to analysis the effect of positive psychological capital on turnover intention of care worker in Long-term Care Program. Main results are as follows. First, the results identified the characteristics of the sub-factors of positive psychological capital, The efficacy, hope and resilience of care workers mostly are higher as the more married man, the longer working hours, the longer the career, the more good health condition, the more religion and more the salary. Second, total positive psychological capital is higher as the longer working hours, the more good health condition and the more the salary like sub-factors' characteristics of positive psychological capital in care workers. Third, the turnover of care worker also is higher as the longer working hours and the shorter professional career and the more unmarried. Finally, the positive psychological capital was having a negatively significant impact on turnover intention. In other words, turnover intention of the care worker is lower as the higher positive psychological capital.

The Effects of Customer's Badness Behavior, Job Burnout, Positive Psychological Capital on Job Embeddedness of Nurses (고객불량행동, 직무소진, 긍정심리자본이 간호사의 직무착근도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Jeong Ok;Kang, Jung Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.205-214
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    • 2020
  • This study was undertaken to identify the impact of bad customer behavior, job burnout, and positive psychological capital, on the job embeddedness of nurses. Data was collected from July 1 to July 31, 2019 using a structured questionnaire, enrolling 198 nurses working at three general hospitals located in 2 metropolitan cities. Data were analyzed by applying t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression, using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Our results indicate that bad customer behavior significantly correlates with job burnout (r=0.24, p=<0.001), positive psychological capital (r=-0.37, p=<0.001), and job embeddedness (r=-0.48, p=<0.001). Moreover, job burnout had a positive impact on psychological capital (r=-0.44, p=<0.001) and job embeddedness (r=-0.31, p=<0.001), whereas positive psychological capital impacted job embeddedness (r=0.49, p=<0.001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that bad customer behavior (β=-0.34, p<0.001), positive psychological capital (β=0.32, p=0.004), and position (β=-0.19, p=0.001) had maximum influence (38%) on the level of job embeddedness experienced by nurses. Taken together, results of this study indicate that in order to increase the level of job embeddedness of nurses, it is necessary to develop strategies that eradicate and manage bad customer behavior, and also develop programs that strengthen and develop positive psychological capital.

A Study on the Influence of Positive Psychological Capital of Small and Medium Business Members, Job Burnout, and Organizational Citizen Behavior (중소기업 구성원의 긍정심리자본, 직무소진, 조직시민행동의 영향관계)

  • Choi, Sung Yong;Ha, Kyu Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.159-174
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    • 2020
  • This study is an empirical study analyzing the effects of positive psychological capital on job burnout. In addition, positive psychological capital played a role in organizational citizenship behavior, and tried to verify the role of organizational citizenship behavior as a black box, or parameter, between job burnout. And then, the sub-factors of organizational citizenship behavior were divided into two: individual-oriented organizational citizenship behavior and organization-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. To this end, a questionnaire survey was conducted for members of small and medium-sized enterprises to compare and analyze the relationship between variables. Positive psychological capital is increasing interest in that it can reduce the job burnout of members and embrace the propensity of young generations represented by millennials because it can improve the effectiveness by developing positive mental states and strengths of the organization. There is a need for research as a keyword. As a result of this study, first, it was found that positive psychological capital of SME(small and medium-sized enterprises) members had a positive effect on organizational citizenship behavior. Second, positive psychological capital was found to have a significant negative effect on job burnout. Third, it was a verification of how positive psychological capital and organizational citizenship behavior affect job burnout. In the relationship between positive psychological capital and job burnout, organization-oriented organizational citizenship behavior was found to play a mediating role. However, it was found that individual-oriented organizational citizenship behaviors among the organizational citizenship behaviors are not valid. In this study, positive psychological capital and job burnout, which have been mainly studied in service workers' emotional workers(crew, nurses, counselors, etc.), nursery teachers, and social workers, were applied to SME members by using the parameters of organizational citizenship behavior. You can put that implication on things. The positive psychological capital and organizational citizenship behavior can be further enhanced through SME members' love for the company, improvement of consideration among employees and resulting organizational commitment and work performance. It could also provide momentum for sustainable management for small and medium-sized enterprises that are relatively short of capital and resources.

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Preparation for retirement of retirees and prospective retirees, positive psychological capital and Relationship to successful aging (은퇴자와 예비은퇴자의 은퇴준비, 긍정심리자본 및 성공적 노화와의 관계)

  • Lee, Sang Joo;Kim, Joung Hoon;Jegal, Sun A
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.267-274
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    • 2020
  • This study examines the relationship between retirement preparation, positive psychological capital and successful aging for retirees and retirees, promotes successful aging of retirees and retirees, and increases positive psychological capital to increase desirable retirement time. I want to find a direction I can have. This study was conducted on 537 retirees and retirees who were preparing for retirement or retired from across the country as a structural relationship analysis, and the data collection period was from April 1 to April 20, 2019. As for the data, frequency analysis, correlation analysis, and structural relationship analysis were performed using SPSS 20.0 and AMOS 9.0. As a result of the study, retirement preparation of retirees and retirees had a negative relationship with successful aging, and retirement readiness had a positive effect on self-acceptance of successful aging and autonomous life as mediators of resilience of positive psychological capital and self-efficacy. This means that the positive psychological factors of positive psychological capital have a positive effect on retirees and retirees who are struggling with anxiety about retirement preparations, enabling a successful retirement life. Therefore, when operating a retirement preparation program, it is necessary to organize and operate a program that can expand positive psychological capital.

Relationship between Basic Pychological Needs and Psychological Burnout of Nurse: Mediation Effect of Positive Psychological Capital and Moderated Mediation Effect of Authentic Leadership (간호사의 기본심리욕구와 심리적 소진 간의 관계: 긍정심리자본의 매개효과와 진성리더십의 조절된 매개효과)

  • Cho, Young-Mun;jang, Kyoung-Hee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.319-328
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to investigate the relationships between basic pychological needs, positive psychological capital, authentic leadership and psychological burnout of clinical nurses, and to identify the mediation effect of positive psychological capital and moderated mediation effect of authentic leadership. The participants were 182 clinical nurses at 5 general hospital located in M city from April 2020 to June 2020 by questionnaire survey. Data analysis was done by using SPSS WIN 23.0 program and SPSS PROCESS MACRO program(model 4 and model 7). This study shows that the basic psychological need had an negative effect on psychological burnout, and the mediating effect of positive psychological capital and the moderated mediating effect of authentic leadership were confirmed in the relationship between basic psychological need and psychological burnout. Therefore, in order to reduce psychological burnout of general ward nurses, it is necessary to develop strategy to improve basic psychological needs and positive psychological capital of nurses, and leadership program for authentic leadership of nurse managers.

Convergence study of the factors affecting positive psychology capital among nursing students (간호대학생의 긍정심리자본에 대한 융합적 영향요인)

  • Lee, So-Young;Lee, Kyung-hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.269-279
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to investigate the relationship among positive psychology capital, social support and emotion regulation ability of nursing college students and to examine the effect of social support and emotion regulation ability on positive psychology capital. 157 nursing college students were participated in the study. Data were collected by structured questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS / Win 21.0 program. The results showed that the level of positive psychology capital among nursing college students was above middle level(3.68/5), and there was a significant positive correlation among positive psychology capital and social support and emotional regulation ability. The results showed that factors affecting positive psychological capital were gender (${\beta}=-.11$), teaching relationship (${\beta}=.16$), evaluation support (${\beta}=.40$) and self emotion regulation (${\beta}=.39$). The overall explanatory power of the model was 68%, and by emotional self control of the emotion regulation ability explanatory power of the positive psychological capital was 9%. In order to enhance positive psychology capital of nursing college students, it is an effective strategy to develop and provide an emotional regulation program.

Impact of Self-Ledership of Organizational Members on Job Satisfaction and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Mediating effect of psychological capital (조직구성원의 셀프리더십이 직무만족과 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향 : 심리적 자본의 매개효과)

  • Oh, Hong Kyun;Jung, Yong Ju
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.13-32
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    • 2019
  • Purposes: This research is an empirical research to analyze the effect of self-leadership on the job satisfaction and organizational citizenship behavior and the mediating effect of psychological capital. Methods: This research investigates the effect of self-leadership and psychological capital on job satisfaction and organizational citizenship behavior of public health workers. The analysis was carried out to 4 local medical staffs in Chungcheongnam-do province, which distributed 330 copies and recovered 313 copies (94.8% recovery) and analyzed 304 copies (effective response rate 92.1%). Findings: First, causality was found in self-leadership and psychological capital. Second, it was found to have a significant effect on psychological capital and job satisfaction. Third, psychological capital was found to have a significant effect on organizational citizenship behavior. Fourth, psychological capital has a positive effect on both Self-leadership's behavior-oriented strategy, natural reward strategy, and strategic thinking pattern strategy. In the job satisfaction relationship, there was a partial mediating effect. Fifth, psychological capital has a positive effect on both self-leadership and organizational citizenship behavioral behavior-oriented strategy, natural reward strategy, and strategic thinking pattern strategy. The organizational citizenship behavioral relationship was found to have a partial mediating effect. Practical Implications: Taken together, the results indicate that the members of the four public health care organizations run by Chungcheongnam-do have a high weight on the natural reward strategy of achieving job satisfaction through the pleasures of doing their favorite activities or jobs.

The Effect of the Medium and Small Hospitals Nurses Role Conflict on Organization Effectiveness of Positive Psychological Capital (중소병원 간호사의 역할갈등이 긍정심리자본과 조직효과성에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.60-73
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    • 2019
  • This study is a descriptive research study to identify the role conflicts, positive psychological capital, organizational effectiveness, and factors affecting organizational effectiveness of nurses in small hospitals. The subjects of the study were nurses working in three small and medium-sized hospitals located in A city and 255 copies were used for final data analysis. The results showed that the roles of role conflict, isolation, role ambiguity, and resource shortage had a significant negative effect on organizational effectiveness. Role ambiguity and resource shortage of role conflict were significant (-) on positive psychological capital. Positive optimism, positive self efficacy, hope and optimism have a positive (+) effect on organizational effectiveness. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop a variety of programs to reduce role conflict and demonstrate positive psychological capital in order to improve the organizational effectiveness of nurses in small and medium-sized hospitals.

Analysis of Influencing Relationship Between Private Security Guards' Positive Psychological Capital and Job attitudes (민간경비원의 긍정심리자본과 직무태도 변수간의 영향관계 분석)

  • Lee, Sang-In;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.51
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    • pp.127-149
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychological capital on job attitudes. For this purpose, the private security guards who were working at private security companies in Gyeonggi province from September to October, 2016 were selected as the population and the convenience sampling method was used for 310 persons. A total of 295 copies of the questionnaire were used for the final analysis, except for 15 questions that were answered in appropriately or were partially missing. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis and structural equation modeling using SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0. The results are as follows. First, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard has a positive(+) effect on job satisfaction. Second, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard has a positive(+) effect on job commitment. Third, job satisfaction of the private security guards has a positive(+) effect on job commitment. Fourth, job satisfaction is partly mediated in the relationship between positive psychological capital and job commitment. In summary, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard is an important variable that positively affects job satisfaction and job commitment, and the higher the job satisfaction of the private security guard, the higher the commitment to the job.

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