• Title, Summary, Keyword: Positive Psychological Capital

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Changes in Positive Psychological Capital, Organizational Commitment and Burnout for Newly Graduated Nurses (신규간호사의 긍정심리자본, 조직몰입, 소진의 변화)

  • Ju, Eun A;Park, Mi Hyun;Kim, In Hae;Back, Ji Sun;Ban, Ja Young
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.327-336
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe changes in positive psychological capital, organizational commitment and burnout according to work periods for new nurses. Methods: A longitudinal study was done using surveys of 91 nurses from a tertiary hospital located in Seoul, South Korea. Data were collected from these newly graduated nurses during the period from July 2018 to September 2019, three times (2 months, 4 months and 6 months after starting to work). Results: Hope of positive psychological capital decreased after 6 months of work (F=7.11, p=.001) and organizational commitment decreased after 4 months of work (F=15.30, p<.001). Factors influencing participants' burnout included the optimism of positive psychological capital and continuance of organizational commitment. These factors explained 51.3% of the variance in burnout (F=48.47, p<.001). Conclusion: Organizational support for new nurses is urgently needed. It is necessary to develop programs to strengthen the positive psychological capital of newly graduated nurses to reduce their burnout and to help their job adaptation.

The Effect of the Medium and Small Hospitals Nurses Role Conflict on Organization Effectiveness of Positive Psychological Capital (중소병원 간호사의 역할갈등이 긍정심리자본과 조직효과성에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.60-73
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    • 2019
  • This study is a descriptive research study to identify the role conflicts, positive psychological capital, organizational effectiveness, and factors affecting organizational effectiveness of nurses in small hospitals. The subjects of the study were nurses working in three small and medium-sized hospitals located in A city and 255 copies were used for final data analysis. The results showed that the roles of role conflict, isolation, role ambiguity, and resource shortage had a significant negative effect on organizational effectiveness. Role ambiguity and resource shortage of role conflict were significant (-) on positive psychological capital. Positive optimism, positive self efficacy, hope and optimism have a positive (+) effect on organizational effectiveness. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop a variety of programs to reduce role conflict and demonstrate positive psychological capital in order to improve the organizational effectiveness of nurses in small and medium-sized hospitals.

Analysis of Influencing Relationship Between Private Security Guards' Positive Psychological Capital and Job attitudes (민간경비원의 긍정심리자본과 직무태도 변수간의 영향관계 분석)

  • Lee, Sang-In;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.51
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    • pp.127-149
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychological capital on job attitudes. For this purpose, the private security guards who were working at private security companies in Gyeonggi province from September to October, 2016 were selected as the population and the convenience sampling method was used for 310 persons. A total of 295 copies of the questionnaire were used for the final analysis, except for 15 questions that were answered in appropriately or were partially missing. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis and structural equation modeling using SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0. The results are as follows. First, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard has a positive(+) effect on job satisfaction. Second, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard has a positive(+) effect on job commitment. Third, job satisfaction of the private security guards has a positive(+) effect on job commitment. Fourth, job satisfaction is partly mediated in the relationship between positive psychological capital and job commitment. In summary, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard is an important variable that positively affects job satisfaction and job commitment, and the higher the job satisfaction of the private security guard, the higher the commitment to the job.

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The Effects of Child Care Teachers' Professionalism, Learning Agility and Positive Psychological Capital on Their Job Satisfaction (보육교사의 전문성 인식, 학습민첩성, 긍정심리자본이 직무만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jin-Sook;Ha, Jung-Youn;Kim, Dae-Myung;Kang, Jiyeon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.116-130
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of childcare teacher's professional recognition, learning agility, and positive psychological capital on job satisfaction in order to suggest policies that required for child care teacher's positive performance. For this purpose, an online survey was conducted with 283 in-service nursery teachers in Jeonnam and the results are as follows. First, teachers with more than five years of experience showed higher levels of professional recognition and positive psychological capital. Second, the job satisfaction of child care teachers was highly correlated in order of professional recognition, positive psychological capital, and learning agility. Third, the professional recognition and positive psychological capital of the childcare teachers have positive effects on their job satisfaction. Through this study, it was confirmed that the professional recognition, learning agility, and positive psychological capital of the childcare teachers were significant variables in explaining job satisfaction. Therefore, in order to increase job satisfaction in daycare centers, it is necessary to firmly recognize that they are professional workers by providing training courses and consulting supports. Furthermore, there is a need to allow teachers more autonomy and to reform the hierarchical system in day care places.

Factors Influencing Entrepreneurs' Well-Being : Positive Psychological Capital and Antecedents (창업가의 웰빙에 미치는 영향요인 : 긍정심리자본과 선행요인)

  • Kim, Hyeong Min;Kim, Jin Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.203-220
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the importance of entrepreneurs' well-being, and to propose several ways to improve it. First, the factors influencing entrepreneurs' well-being were explored via previous literature review, and positive psychological capital based on positive psychology was selected as the main factor. In addition, the hypotheses were formulated and the research model was constructed by selecting authentic leadership, mastery goal orientation, and social support as the antecedents predictably associated with positive psychological capital. To empirically analyze the proposed model, a questionnaire survey was conducted for the entrepreneurs who fulfilled the training/coaching/consulting programs offered by the Youth Startup Academy. By using the collected 133 responses, PLS-Structural Equation Analysis, PLS-Multi Group Analysis(MGA), and PLS-Importance-Performance Map Analysis(IPMA) were performed. As a result, it was found that positive psychological capital had a high causal relationship with the well-being of entrepreneurs; and authentic leadership and mastery goal orientation had a positive effect on positive psychological capital. However, the statistical significance of the impact of social support has not been verified. While differences in causality between early and growing stages of start-ups only acted as sub-factors of positive psychological capital, the aforementioned three antecedents showed a significant difference for hope and optimism, respectively. This study expanded the topic of entrepreneurship-related research, which mostly focuses on identifying the performance factors of start-ups. It is meaningful in that it empirically verified the causality model constructed by exploring the factors with respect to the mental well-being of entrepreneurs, which is a main theme in the entrepreneurship-related research. These results found in the current study will render practical insights to entrepreneurs, researchers, and educators.

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A Convergence Effect of Positive Psychological Capital and Psychological Well-being on Work Engagement of Medium and Small Hospitals Nurses (중소병원 간호사의 긍정심리자본과 심리적웰빙이 직무열의에 미치는 융합적 영향)

  • Kang, Jung Mi;Kwon, Jeong-Ok
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 2017
  • This study was to identify the convergence factors that affect work engagement in medium and small hospitals nurses, The research method were self -report questionnaire was completed by 198 nurse three hospitals in B city between April 18th to April 30th, 2016. and date analyzed using the IBM SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. As a result, work engagement was positively correlated with psychological capital and psychological well-being, significantly affecting Convergence Factors analysis showed that with positive psychological capital(${\beta}=.363$, p<.001) and psychological well-being(${\beta}=.300$, p<.001) explained 52.7%, level of education(${\beta}=.102$, p=.040), job satisfaction(${\beta}=.109$, p=.044), nursing satisfaction(${\beta}=.137$, p=.022) explained 4.4% of the work engagement. Based on this, It is necessary to develop and verify program to enhance the positive psychological capital and psychological well-being of medium small hospital nurses.

Influence of Positive Psychological Capital and Death Awareness on Terminal Care Performance of Hematooncology Unit Nurses (혈액종양내과 병동간호사의 긍정심리자본과 죽음인식이 임종간호 수행에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Seo Yeon;Kim, Jeong Hye
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to confirm the influence of hematoonchology unit nurses' positive psychological capital and death awareness on their terminal care performance. Methods: This descriptive study data were collected from self-reported questionnaire filled by 127 oncology nurses at a tertiary hospital in Seoul, Korea. The variables were positive psychological capital, death awareness, and terminal care performance. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.0 software. Results: The participants scored $3.93{\pm}0.83$ on positive psychological capital, $3.68{\pm}0.99$ on death awareness and $2.86{\pm}0.65$ on terminal care performance. The three variables were positively correlated. The factors affecting the nurses' terminal care performance were hope and resilience in the subcategory of positive psychological capital and experience of death of family members, relatives or friends within the past year; The explanatory power was 32.1%. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop educational programs to foster hope, resilience, etc. in hematooncology unit nurses to improve their quality of terminal care performance.

The Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on Participation in Lifelong: Mediating effects of Self-directedness to learning (긍정심리자본이 평생학습 참여성과에 미치는 영향 : 학습에 대한 자기주도성의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Hyo-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.198-209
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to empirically verify the effects of positive psychological capital on participation in lifelong learning as well as the mediating effect of self-directedness of adult learners in Korea. The research model was constructed using positive psychological capital as an independent variable, lifelong learning participation performance as a dependent variable, and self-directedness as a mediating variable. The results of the study are as follows: First, positive psychological capital of adult learners has a significant effect on self-directedness and participation in lifelong learning. Second, self-directedness has a significant effect on participation in lifelong learning. Third, self-directedness plays a mediating role between positive psychological capital and participation in lifelong learning. The results of this study indicate that positive learning psychology and self-directedness are important factors for participation in lifelong learning. The results of this study are expected to contribute to the development of lifelong learning systems and the development and operation of programs that can enhance positive psychological capital and self-directedness of adult learners.

Development of Program to improve the Positive Psychology Capital of University Student' and its Effects (대학생의 긍정심리자본 향상 프로그램 개발 및 효과 분석)

  • Jo, Yun-Seo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.529-546
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this study was to development a program to improve the positive psychological capital of university students and its effects. The program to improve the positive psychological capital of university students was developed based on the systemic counseling program development model. For this purpose, the program to improve the positive psychological capital was carried out a total of 6 times (90 minutes per session) once a week for 24 university students at "C"university located in Gangwon-do, which was divided into 2 groups. In this study, the data were collected through a pretest and a posttest and, data analysis was performed using SPSS 20.0 ver. Based on the results, the program to improve the positive psychology capital was effective in increasing the positive psychology capital. Finally, the implications of the results, as well as the significance and limitations of the present study are discussed.

An Empirical Study on the Effects of Career Ambition and Self-Compassion on Innovation Work Behavior of CEOs and Executives of SMEs (중소기업 최고경영자(CEO 및 임원)의 커리어 야망과 자기자비가 혁신행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jinsook;Hwang, Kumju
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.139-158
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    • 2018
  • Considering that the subject of innovation of SMEs is the CEO, it is very important to study the innovation behavior of the CEO at the individual level. The purpose of this study is to examine factors affecting innovation work behavior of SME CEOs. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of self-compassion and self-transcendence on innovation work behavior, which are the emotional intelligence factors that show the psychological growth and potential of individual, and the career ambition and positive psychological capital did. In order to verify the research hypothesis, we analyzed 238 questionnaires collected from CEOs and executives of SMEs focused on auto parts and manufacturing. Factors affecting innovation behavior of SME CEO are summarized as follows. First, career ambition has a positive effect on positive psychological capital. Second, positive psychological capital has a positive effect on innovation work behavior. Third, self-compassion of CEO has positive influence on self - transcendence. Fourth, the self-transcendence of CEO has a positive effect on innovation work behavior. This study confirms the relationship between CEO career ambition, positive psychological capital, self-compassion, self-transcendence, and innovation work behavior of SME CEO and confirms the influence relationship between positive psychological capital and self-transcendence It is meaningful. Finally, theoretical and practical implications were discussed based on the results of the study.