• Title, Summary, Keyword: Positive Psychological Capital

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Convergence Effects of Positive psychological capital and Self-leadership in Clinical Nurses on Job satisfaction (임상간호사의 긍정심리자본과 셀프리더십이 직무만족에 미치는 융복합적 효과)

  • Yang, Seung-kyoung;Jeong, Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.329-337
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among job satisfaction and positive psychological capital and self-leadership in general hospital nurses and to provide the basic data for the development of job satisfaction intervention programs. The data were collected from 120 nurses working in the six general hospital located S and Y city using self-reported questionnaires and April 1 2017 to April 15 2017. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Scheffe, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression with SPSS 20.0 program. Job satisfaction was found to be in a significant positive correlation with positive psychological capital and self-leadership. The result of the multiple regression indicates that positive psychological capital and self-leadership predict 27.5%(F=23.51, p<.001) of job satisfaction. Therefore it is necessary to develop convergence program to strengthen the job satisfaction of clinical nurses'.

Effects of Positive Psychological Capital, Academic Stress and Academic Achievement in Nursing Student on Grit (간호대학생의 긍정심리자본, 학업스트레스, 학업성취도가 그릿(Grit)에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Eun;Jung, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.309-317
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine influences on grit in the nursing student. The data were collected from 146 nursing students in the H university located Y city and April 16 2018 to April 20 2018. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. Grit was found to be in a significant positive correlation with positive psychological capital and academic achievement. The result of the stepwise multiple regression indicates the positive psychological capital predict 21.1% of grit. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an education program to strengthen the positive psychological capital of nursing students.

Convergent Relationship between of Positive Psychological Capital on College Life Adaptation in Freshmen of Dental Hygiene Department (치위생(학)과 신입생의 긍정심리자본과 대학생활 적응과의 관련성에 대한 융합적 연구)

  • Cho, Mi-Sook;Park, Jung-hyun;Jang, Kyeung-Ae
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.10
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2019
  • This study aimed to investigate the effects of positive psychological capital on college life adaptation in freshmen of dental hygiene department of universities in Daegu, Busan and Ulsan. The major variables including hope, resilience, optimism, self-efficacy, academic adaptation, social adaptation, personal emotional adaptation, and university environment adaptation all showed significant positive correlations. Among the influential factors of positive psychological capital on college life adaptation, academic adaptation and social adaptation showed significant differences in optimism(p<.001) and self-efficacy(p<.001), while personal emotional adaptation and university environment adaptation showed significant differences in optimism(p<.001). Therefore, it is necessary to develop intervention programs that can improve positive psychological capital and apply them systematically to the educational field.

Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital in the Relationship between Occupational Stress and Turnover Intention of Mental Health Facility Workers (정신보건시설 근무자의 직무스트레스가 이직의도에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본의 매개효과)

  • Jang, Mi-Young;Kim, Chang-Gon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.370-382
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    • 2020
  • In a recent investigation of mental health professionals, since the reported rate about turnover intention was 54.5%, immediate management for related specialists is requested. This study attempted to validate the mediating effect of positive psychological capital in the process that job stress of mental health facility workers regulates turnover intention. A questionnaire survey on work stress, turnover intention, and positive psychological capital was conducted for 250 participants among mental healthcare staffs in Gwangju Metropolitan City and Jeollanam-do. Analyses were conducted to identify mediation effects and significance using with SPSS 21.0. As a result, job stress of workers in mental health facilities showed a significant positive (+) correlation with turnover intention. Second, we confirmed that positive psychological capital such as anticipation and optimism has a considerable mediating effect in the job stress and turnover intention of employees in mental health facilities, respectively. Based on statistic analysis, limitations on this study and suggestions for further studies were discussed.

The Relation of Resilience, Positive Psychological Capital and School Adaptation of Middle School Students of Broken Family (결손가족 중학생과 일반가정 중학생의 긍정심리자본과 학교생활적응의 비교)

  • Kim, Su-Jin;Kim, Myung-Shig;Yeo, Suk-Hyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.525-535
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    • 2016
  • This study is to testify the differences between middle school students of normal and broken family and the effect of positive psychological capital on their school life adaptation. The main results are as follows. First, the middle school students of broken family showed lower level in self-efficacy, hope, resilience and optimism (positive psychological capital) than students of normal family. Second, the middle school students of broken family also showed lower level in school adaptation than students of normal family. Third, positive psychological capital was positively correlated with school adaptation in both groups of them. Fourth, self-efficacy, hope and optimism positively influenced school adaptation in students of normal family, only hope of positive psychological capital did it in students of broken family. It seemed that especially hope of positive psychological capital of broken family's students was very important and should be focused in planning and practicing interventions for them. The limitation and future tasks were discussed.

Effects of Song-Based Group Music Therapy on Exercise Stress and Positive Psychological Capital of Youth Soccer Players (노래중심 집단음악치료가 유소년 축구선수의 운동스트레스와 긍정심리자원에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hee Jin;Moon, So Young
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.25-49
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the effects of song-based group music therapy on the exercise stress and positive psychological capital of youth soccer players. Eighty youth soccer players were assigned to either a song-based music therapy group or a control group. For the analysis of the effects of song-based group music therapy, the Exercise Stress scale and the Athlete Positive Psychological Capital scale were administered before and after the intervention. The collected data were analyzed using an independent sample t test and paired t test. The results were as follows. First, the experimental group showed a significantly lower posttest score on the exercise stress measure than the control group (p < .01). The control group showed a significant increase from pretest to posttest on the exercise stress measure (p < .05). Second, the experimental group scored significantly higher at posttest than the control group on the positive psychological capital measure (p < .01). The control group demonstrated a statistically significant decrease from pretest to posttest on the positive psychological capital scale (p < .05). The results suggest that song-based group music therapy is an effective treatment method that lowers exercise stress and raises positive psychological capital of youth soccer players.

A Study on Relationship among Positive Psychological Capital, Physical Health Status, Depression, Interpersonal Relationship and Learning Flow in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 긍정심리자본과 신체적 건강상태, 우울, 대인관계 및 학습몰입의 관련성 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Ok;Lee, Hae Jin;Lee, A Yeong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.349-357
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    • 2020
  • This study is a descriptive study designed to identify the relationships among positive psychological capital, physical health status, depression, interpersonal relationship and learning flow. The subjects were 181 nursing students and the data collection was from May 8 to June 20, 2019. Data analysis methods were descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression, using the SPSS 22.0 program. Positive psychological capital showed statistical differences according to age, grade, motive for major choice, major satisfaction and subjective health status. Positive psychological capital was correlated with depression(r=-.454, p<.001), interpersonal relationship(r=.611, p<.001) and learning flow(r=.452, p<.001). The factors affecting learning flow were positive psychological capital(β=.414, p<.001), major satisfaction(β=.177, p=.014), and grade(β=-.150, p=.026), which explained 24.4% of the variance. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply educational programs that can promote positive psychological capital in nursing students.

Prediction Model for Nursing Work Outcome of Nurses - Focused on Positive Psychological Capital (간호사의 간호업무성과 예측모형 - 긍정심리자본을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Soon Neum;Kim, Jung A
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to construct and test a structural equation model on nursing work outcomes based on Youssef and Luthans' positive psychological capital and integrated conceptual framework of work performance. Methods: This study used a structured questionnaire administered to 340 nurses. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results: Positive psychological capital showed indirect and direct effects on job satisfaction, retention intention, organizational citizenship behavior, and nursing performance. While, the nursing work environment had direct and indirect effects on job satisfaction and nursing performance, it only had indirect effects on intention to work and organizational citizenship behavior. Additionally, a mediating effect on retention intention and organizational citizenship behavior was found between job satisfaction and nursing performance variables. Conclusion: The nursing organization needs to build a supportive work environment and reinforce positive psychological capital to improve nursing performance. Additionally, it needs to actively manage the necessary parameters involved in the stages of job satisfaction, retention intention, nursing performance, and organizational citizenship behavior of nurses. The findings propose the continuous management of nursing personnel based on nurses' attitude outcome, behavioral intention, behavioral outcome, and stage of role performance.

The Effects of Positive Psychological Capital on Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction - The Mediating Role of Positive Emotion - (중국인 근로자의 긍정심리자본이 조직몰입과 직무만족에 미치는 영향 - 긍정적 정서의 매개효과 -)

  • Choi, Su-Heyong;Kang, Hee-Kyung
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.233-249
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    • 2015
  • The role of positive psychological capital of an organizational member on organization effectiveness has received serious attention from researchers. However, the previous research has focused mainly on the direct effect of positive psychological capital on organization effectiveness, not paying enough attention on a mediating or a moderating role in their relationship. The purpose of this study is to finding out relationship between employees' positive psychological capital and job satisfaction, organizational commitment and the mediating role of positive emotion. Based on advanced literature, we regard positive psychological capital as four factors, self-efficacy, hope, optimism and resilience. We tested the proposed relationships using date from 350 employees in Chinese firms. The main finding are as follows: First, self-efficacy, hope, optimism, resilience has a significant positive effect on organizational commitment, job satisfaction and positive emotion. Secondly, self-efficacy, hope, optimism, resilience influence directly and indirectly on organizational commitment, job satisfaction. Positive affect plays a mediating role between variables.

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The Effects of Positive Psychological Capital on Job Stress of Construction Workers (건설업 종사자의 긍정심리자본이 직무스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hwa-Ju;Park, Soo-Yong;Lee, Dong-Hyung
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.230-236
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    • 2017
  • The recent domestic construction market is in a difficult situation due to reduction of the government's SOC budget and new orders from public-sector, and the deterioration of housing supply situation in the private sector etc. In addition, the number of disasters in the construction industry has increased in recent years with 26,570 people (up 5.7% from the previous year) in 2016, unlike other industries that are in a declining trend. As such, the construction industry has unique characteristics and problems such as high industrial accidents rate, abnormal subcontracting structure, excessive working hours and work intensity. As a result, the construction workers have a lot of job stresses. Job stress has been recognized as one of the major causes of industrial accidents and many researches have been conducted on that. However, most of the researches were about the factors that induce job stress and how these factors affect disaster occurrence, job satisfaction, job performance, turnover intentions, and job exhaustion. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of positive psychological capital on job stress, which is emerging as a new human resources development paradigm useful in corporate management in order to find ways to reduce job stress. To do this, 347 data collected from construction workers in Daejeon, Sejong, and Chungcheong provinces were analyzed using statistical package(IBM SPSS 22) for basic statistical analysis, reliability analysis, and regression analysis. As a result, positive psychological capital has shown an alleviate effect on job stress. In particular, the higher the optimism, hope, and resiliency of positive psychological capital, the lower the job stress. However, the higher the self - efficacy, the higher the job stress.