• Title, Summary, Keyword: Positive Psychological Capital

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The Effects of Positive Psychological Capital on Job Stress of Construction Workers (건설업 종사자의 긍정심리자본이 직무스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hwa-Ju;Park, Soo-Yong;Lee, Dong-Hyung
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.230-236
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    • 2017
  • The recent domestic construction market is in a difficult situation due to reduction of the government's SOC budget and new orders from public-sector, and the deterioration of housing supply situation in the private sector etc. In addition, the number of disasters in the construction industry has increased in recent years with 26,570 people (up 5.7% from the previous year) in 2016, unlike other industries that are in a declining trend. As such, the construction industry has unique characteristics and problems such as high industrial accidents rate, abnormal subcontracting structure, excessive working hours and work intensity. As a result, the construction workers have a lot of job stresses. Job stress has been recognized as one of the major causes of industrial accidents and many researches have been conducted on that. However, most of the researches were about the factors that induce job stress and how these factors affect disaster occurrence, job satisfaction, job performance, turnover intentions, and job exhaustion. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of positive psychological capital on job stress, which is emerging as a new human resources development paradigm useful in corporate management in order to find ways to reduce job stress. To do this, 347 data collected from construction workers in Daejeon, Sejong, and Chungcheong provinces were analyzed using statistical package(IBM SPSS 22) for basic statistical analysis, reliability analysis, and regression analysis. As a result, positive psychological capital has shown an alleviate effect on job stress. In particular, the higher the optimism, hope, and resiliency of positive psychological capital, the lower the job stress. However, the higher the self - efficacy, the higher the job stress.

Structural Relationships between the Variables of Person-Environment Fit, Positive Psychological Capital and Innovative Work Behavior (개인-환경 적합성, 긍정심리자본, 혁신 행동 간의 구조적 관계)

  • Han, Jee-Hoon;Yang, Hae-Sool
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.225-240
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    • 2016
  • The importance of person-environment fit has been highlighted for human resources management in convergence environment. This paper was validated through a structural relationships model, the impact of person-environment fit on innovative work behavior by focusing on mediating role of positive psychological capital. Person-environment fit showed a significant effect on positive psychological capital and turnover intentions. Innovative work behavior appeared to have a mediating effect on the relationship between person-environment fit and innovative work behavior. Especially the person-environment fit itself has no direct effect on innovative work behavior, and when the awareness of the positive psychological capital is firstly formed into a person, it can increase innovative work behavior.

The Effect of Job Stress of Hotel Employee's on Depression: Focused on Moderating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital (호텔종사원의 직무스트레스가 우울에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Yeo, Young-suk;Na, Jeong-mi
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.305-312
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    • 2018
  • This study investigates moderating effects of positive psychological capital between job stress and depression focusing on hotel employees. Data were collected for 3 weeks from November 7 to November 27, 2017. 6 five-star and deluxe hotels in Seoul and Gyeonggi province were chosen for this study and samples were collected from employees working the hotel. A total of 330 employees were attended in this research and finally 308 samples were used for the empirical analysis. The result of this study showed that 3 factors(self-efficacy, restoration ability, optimism) of positive psychological capital but hope factor moderated the relationship between job stress(working environment, time pressure constraint, communication factors among them) and depression. However, all factors of positive psychological capital did not moderated between job instability and depression.

A Phenomenological Study on the Continuing Participation of the Elderly in Sports : Focusing on Positive Psychological Capital (여성 노인의 지속적 운동참여에 관한 현상학적 연구 : 긍정심리자본을 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Hyun-Mee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.494-502
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    • 2020
  • This study is a phenomenological study conducted to gain a deeper understanding of the positive psychological capital experience of the elderly women who participated in the long-term movement. In Korea, women are eight years older on average than men, and two-thirds of the elderly in need are women, so research on the issue of women and senior citizens is urgent. The research participants include seven female senior citizens from the Seoul-based sports center. The data collection was conducted through in-depth interviews once for 90 to 180 minutes and twice per participant from March to May 2020, and was analyzed using the phenomenological research method of Colaizzi. The analysis results showed that regular life, relationship and interest life, changing life, and satisfying life were factors that acquired and developed positive psychological capital for elderly women, which were possible only if they maintained their health, regularity and relationship. The experience of participants who achieved successful aging by acquiring positive psychological capital through exercise is suggested as a solution to aging social problems, and furthermore, it is expected to serve as a healthy guide for successful aging for young and old people ahead of their old age.

The Influences of Employees' Volunteer Activities on Organizational Commitment: The Mediated Moderating Effects of Perceived Organizational Support through Positive Psychological Capital (직장인의 자원봉사활동이 조직몰입에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본을 통한 조직후원인식의 매개된 조절효과)

  • Cho, Mi-Kyeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influences of employees' volunteer activities on organizational behavior and the mediating effect of positive psychological capital in the relationship with organizational commitment, and the mediating effect of perceived organizational support adjusted through positive psychological capital. The collected 347 survey data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 program. As a result, the mediating effect of positive psychological capital and the moderating effect of perceived organizational support were found. It was found to have a mediated moderating effect of perceived organizational support. Further research on extended concepts of organizational behavior of employee volunteers is needed.

Effects of Emotional Labor and Positive Psychological Capital on Burnout among Nurses at a General Hospital (일개 종합병원 간호사의 감정노동, 긍정심리역량이 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Miae;Noh, Yoon-Goo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.289-297
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of emotional Labor and positive psychological capital on burnout in general hospital nurses. Participants were 157 nurses working at F General Hospital in C City, Gyeongsangnam Province and data were collected from February 8 to 22, 2019. Data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression analysis using SPSS Win 23.0. Burnout was positively correlated with emotional labor (r=.531, p<.001), whereas a negative correlation was observed with positive psychological capital (r=-.391, p<.001). Factors influencing burnout included emotional labor (β=.47, p<.001), positive psychological capital (β=-.28, p<.001), with 34.9% explanatory power (F=42.78, p<.001). This result may be useful in developing new strategies for reducing burnout. Further research is needed to identify other factors affecting the burnout of general hospital nurses.

Small and Medium Business Workers' Positive Psychological Capital, Life Satisfaction, and Innovative Work Behavior

  • Yang, Hoe-Chang;Cho, Hee-Young
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - This study aims to measure the influence of the positive psychological capital (PPC) of business workers by using innovative work behavior (IWB) and the influence of Leader-member exchange (LMX) and Member-member exchange (MMX) in this relation and investigating the directional efforts of small and medium company leaders and members. Research Design, Data, and Methodology - This study selects PPC as an integrated superior concept to establish research models and hypotheses of the influence of PPC on IWB, and the influence of LMX and MMX in these relations. Of the questionnaires distributed, 373 valid questionnaires were collected in total. Results - It was confirmed that the PPC of workers has a statistically significant influence on LMX, MMX, and IWB. Moreover, LMX and MMX have similar influence on worker life satisfaction with life satisfaction and innovative work behavior having different dimensions. Conclusion - To enhance IWB, worker PPC is very important as it has significant influence on the relations with leaders. However, it is also notable that positive relations with colleagues did not influence IWB.

Development and Evaluation of Smartphone Detox Program for University Students

  • Buctot, Danilo B.;Kim, Nami;Park, Kyung Eun
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2018
  • This study evaluates the effectiveness of smartphone detox program for smartphone addiction among university students. To reduce the rate of smartphone addiction and its negative effects on physical, mental and social wellness, a six-session program was applied to sixteen participants who voluntarily completed the entire program and responded to pre-post survey. Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale (SAPS) was used for smartphone addiction assessment with Mental Health Scale, Positive Psychological Capital Scale for mental wellness and Self-Management Scale for physical and social wellness. Results received after the program indicated that, smartphone addiction and mental health scores decreased significantly while the average scores of self-management and positive psychological capital increased respectively. Furthermore, the rate of high-risk group decreased, and the participants, affirmed in their self-evaluation report that excessive use of smartphone negatively affects their body, mind and interpersonal relationship. Thus, smartphone detox program is effective in reducing smartphone addiction and improving the students' wellness.

Reconsideration of Positive Psychological Capital and the 21st century Political Leadership Using Causal Loop Analysis (인과지도 분석을 통한 긍정심리자본과 21세기 정치리더십의 재고찰)

  • Park, Sang-Mahn;Kim, Gang-Hoon
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.113-141
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    • 2013
  • The main purpose of this research is to introduce PsyCap(Positive Psychological Capital) and new leadership helping ordinary people to create positive thinking and leading to social integration in South Korea. Additionally, by looking at conventional leadership theories and by applying the PsyCap to leadership based on causal loop analysis, this study is to seek new approach which political leader is able to communicate with the people and can help the people to build positive mine. Throughout this study, there are several important implications how political leader can lead to social integration and stable political development in South Korea. In particular, when political leader encourage the people to have confidence to take on and put in the necessary effort to succeed at challenging tasks, when political leader make the people a positive attribution (optimism) about succeeding now and in the future, when political leader help the people to persevere toward goals and redirection paths to goals (hope) in order to succeed, and when political leader make the people beset by problems and adversity environment to overcome these concerns, it can be expected political leader to build social integration and the people to create positive thinking which has been emphasized by political leader in South Korea. Finally, 21st century has required new political leadership that the people are able to make positive psychological capital composed by optimism, hope, confidence, and resilience.

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The Effect of Perceived Flexible Culture of adhocracy-clan on the Change Oriented OCB through Meditator of Positive Psychological Capital (혁신-관계의 유연문화 지각이 긍정심리자본의 매개로 변화지향 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Jin-Hwan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 2020
  • Currently, companies are focusing on how they make their members have change-oriented organizational citizen behavior in the era of fierce competition due to the 4th industrial revolution. Therefore, this study verified how the flexible culture of adhocracy-clan plays a role in positive psychological capital and change-oriented organizational citizen behavior. A survey was conducted for employees in companies located in Daejeon-si, Sejong-si, Chungcheongnam-do, and Chungcheongbuk-do, and 394 valid questionnaires were used for analysis. The concrete analysis results are obtained from the study as follows. First, among the flexible cultures of adhocracy-clan, the innovation culture was found to have a significant effect on change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior while relationship culture was found to not directly affect change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. Second, the flexible cultures of adhocracy-clan, the innovation culture was found to have a significant effect on the positive psychological capital. Third, the positive psychological capital was found to have a significant effect on the change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. Fourth, the positive psychological capital was found to play a mediating role in the relation between the recognition of flexible cultures of adhocracy-clan and the change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. Therefore, it can be said to find out the fact that the change-oriented organizational citizen behavior can appear under the fierce competition as nowadays only when the organization should establish the organization culture of innovation-relation or the members are in the positive psychological state. We expect that the future study on the type of subculture and new organizational citizen behavior will be made in the manner of classifying the unit of organizational culture into a headquarter or team for measurement.