• Title, Summary, Keyword: Positive psychology capital

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The Effects of Employees' Social Intelligence and Positive Psychology Capital in Foodservice Industry on Job Satisfaction (외식 종사원의 사회지능과 긍정심리자본이 직무만족도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Hyo Sun;Yoon, Hye Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 2014
  • The purposes of this study were to understand the influence of social intelligence and positive psychology capital in foodservice employees on job satisfaction and to analyze whether employees' positive psychology capital plays a moderating role between social intelligence and job satisfaction. Based on total 316 samples obtained from empirical research, this study reviewed the reliability and verified a total of 2 hypotheses and 1 proposition using the SPSS program. The results showed that social awareness (${\beta}$=0.546) and social skill (${\beta}$=0.152) in foodservice employees, were indicated to have positive (+) influence upon job satisfaction. And, employees' positive psychology capital (${\beta}$=0.307) had a significant positive (+) effect on the job satisfaction. However, the effect of the employees' social intelligence upon job satisfaction was not found to be moderated by positive psychology capital. Limitations and future research directions are also discussed.

Convergence study of the factors affecting positive psychology capital among nursing students (간호대학생의 긍정심리자본에 대한 융합적 영향요인)

  • Lee, So-Young;Lee, Kyung-hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.269-279
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to investigate the relationship among positive psychology capital, social support and emotion regulation ability of nursing college students and to examine the effect of social support and emotion regulation ability on positive psychology capital. 157 nursing college students were participated in the study. Data were collected by structured questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS / Win 21.0 program. The results showed that the level of positive psychology capital among nursing college students was above middle level(3.68/5), and there was a significant positive correlation among positive psychology capital and social support and emotional regulation ability. The results showed that factors affecting positive psychological capital were gender (${\beta}=-.11$), teaching relationship (${\beta}=.16$), evaluation support (${\beta}=.40$) and self emotion regulation (${\beta}=.39$). The overall explanatory power of the model was 68%, and by emotional self control of the emotion regulation ability explanatory power of the positive psychological capital was 9%. In order to enhance positive psychology capital of nursing college students, it is an effective strategy to develop and provide an emotional regulation program.

Development of Program to improve the Positive Psychology Capital of University Student' and its Effects (대학생의 긍정심리자본 향상 프로그램 개발 및 효과 분석)

  • Jo, Yun-Seo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.529-546
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this study was to development a program to improve the positive psychological capital of university students and its effects. The program to improve the positive psychological capital of university students was developed based on the systemic counseling program development model. For this purpose, the program to improve the positive psychological capital was carried out a total of 6 times (90 minutes per session) once a week for 24 university students at "C"university located in Gangwon-do, which was divided into 2 groups. In this study, the data were collected through a pretest and a posttest and, data analysis was performed using SPSS 20.0 ver. Based on the results, the program to improve the positive psychology capital was effective in increasing the positive psychology capital. Finally, the implications of the results, as well as the significance and limitations of the present study are discussed.

Positive Psychological Capital, Start-Up Intention, Start-Up Behavior Option Network Analysis (네일아트 자격증 학습자의 긍정심리자본, 창업의도, 창업행동 간의 연결망 분석)

  • Seo, Ran-Sug
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2021
  • This study studied the network between positive psychology capital, intention of start-up, and start-up behavior for learners who are willing to start a business. The research targets were intended to study the impact of the connection relationship between each variable, targeting nail art certification learners who are willing to start their own businesses. For this study, the measurement variables of positive psychology capital, intention of start-up, and start-up behavior were set, and the collected data were analyzed for connection-centeredness and eigenvector after data collection. The findings are as follows. First, some variables affecting the intention of start-up showed optimism, resilience and hope of positive psychology capital. Second, the intention to start a business was shown to have a significant impact on the behavior of start-ups, which, unlike the preceding study, appeared to be almost outside the network structure, showing that the behavior of start-ups was not significantly affected by other variables. Third, it is important to increase self-efficacy in positive psychological capital in order to increase the behavior of start-ups. Fourth, the analysis of the eigenvactor among positive psychology capital, intention of start-up, and start-up behavior showed optimism as some of the most central variables. In other words, prospective start-ups were found to be aware of the hardships and expected positive results in the future. The implications of this study, along with the intention and behavior of prospective entrepreneurs, are important factors in positive psychology capital, and suggest the importance of various educational programs that can be enhanced by positive psychology capital in start-up education or training programs and what should be taught. In addition, this study analyzed the network by approaching it from the perspective of positive psychology capital of prospective entrepreneurs in order to enhance the effectiveness of support programs for start-ups by the government, public institutions or universities in the future.

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Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on Care worker' Enthusiasm - Focused on the Mediated Effect of Job Stress - (요양보호사의 긍정심리자본이 종사자 열의에 미치는 영향 -직무스트레스의 매개효과 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Seok-Keon;Kim, Kang-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.569-580
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is empirically to analyze the mediated effects of job stress on the influence of positive psychological capital of care workers' enthusiasm. The research method was self_report questionnaire was completed by 383 careworkers at care homes for the elderly in the Seoul metropolitan area between December 10th, 2018 to January 11th, 2019. and date analyzed using the IBM AMOS 22.0 program. As a result, First, positive psychology capital has been shown to have a negative effect on job stress. Second, positive psychology capital has been shown to have a positive effect on the enthusiasm of care workers. Third, job stress has been shown to have a negative effect on the enthusiasm of care workers. Fourth, in the relationship between positive psychology capital and care worker's enthusiasm, job stress revealed that it had a partial mediated effect. This means that positive psychological capital of the care workers has a negative effect on job stress, and the job stress, which has been negatively effected by positive psychological capital, has a positive mediated effect on the enthusiasm of the worker.

Path Analysis of Geometric Psychology type, Positive Psychological Capital, and Communication Competence for University Students (대학생의 도형심리 유형, 긍정심리자본, 의사소통능력 간의 경로분석)

  • Kim, Myoung-Sook;SEO, Ho-Chan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.355-364
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study is to conduct basic research for the development of programs for improving university students' communication competence. As such, it seeks to determine if positive psychological capital can mediate the relationship between the geometric psychology type and communication competence. To that end, 321 Korean university students were surveyed using a questionnaire, and the data underwent scale reliability analysis, regression analysis, and path analysis. Regression analysis revealed the consistent regression results of variables, including geometric psychology type, positive psychological capital, and communication competence. Path analysis confirmed that positive psychological capital mediated the relationship between the geometric psychology type and communication competence, and the results suggested different patterns according to type of geometric psychology. The circle type mediated the sub-variable resilience vis-a-vis communication competence, and directly influenced the latter. The triangle type mediated the sub-factors of positive psychological capital - self-efficacy and resilience -vis-a-vis communication competence, and thus influencing the latter. The square type mediated the sub-factor of positive psychological capital - self-efficacy - vis-a-vis communication competence, and directly influenced the latter. The S type did not mediate positive psychological capital vis-a-vis communication competence, but directly influenced the latter. Thus, considering the above findings, in order to develop university students communication improvement programs, programs should be developed with the application of positive psychological capital considering geometric psychology type.

The Influence of Psychological Capital, The Effects of Emotional Intelligence and Positive Mood (심리자본의 영향력과 감성지능 및 긍정적 기분의 효과)

  • Kim, Dae-Sik;Na, Sang-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.159-171
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to analyze the influence of psychological capital on organizational performance and to verify the moderating effect of emotional intelligence and the mediating effect of positive mood. The results of an analysis are as follows: First, the influence of psychological capital is higher in job satisfaction than in OCB. Second, the moderating effect of emotional intelligence is recognized in psychological capital and organizational performance. In particular, job satisfaction shows a higher moderating effect than OCB does. Third, no direct effect of psychological capital on OCB is recognized while an indirect effect of psychological capital on OCB through positive mood is recognized. Thus, it is judged that the results of this study would be effectively utilized as a means of motivation for growing individuals and achieving organizations'goals by emphasizing the importance of psychological capital and psychology and systematically managing psychological phenomena according to individual differences.

Influence of Head Nurses' Transformational Leadership on Staff Nurse's Psychological Well-being, Stress and Somatization - Focused on the Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital - (수간호사의 변혁적 리더십이 일반간호사의 심리적 안녕감, 스트레스 및 신체화에 미치는 영향 - 긍정심리자본의 매개 효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Mi-Young;Kim, Kye-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.166-175
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship between transformational leadership by head nurses and positive psychological capital, psychological well-being, stress and somatization of staff nurses. Method: Participants in this study were 300 staff nurses in general hospitals located in G and B cities. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS Win 18.0 program. Result: The major findings were as follows; 1) There were positive influences of transformational leadership on positive psychological capital, psychological well-being, and a negative effect on stress. 2) Positive psychological capital had a positive influence on psychological well-being, and negative effects on stress and somatization. 3) In the analysis of the mediating role of the positive psychological capital, transformational leadership was shown to indirectly affect psychological well-being and stress through positive psychological capital. Conclusions: These findings suggest that transformational leadership has important influences on employees' psychological well-being and stress via employees' positive psychological capital. To enhance psychological well-being and reduce stress for nurses, it is important to develop not only the leadership of head nurses but also the positive psychological capital of staff nurses.

Sleep and Fatigue Among Seafarers: The Role of Environmental Stressors, Duration at Sea and Psychological Capital

  • Hystad, Sigurd W.;Eid, Jarle
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.363-371
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    • 2016
  • Background: Seafaring is an inherently stressful environment. Because working time and leisure time is spent in the same confined environment for a prolonged period of time, many stressors present in seafaring can also be conceived of as chronic. We explored the effects of duration at sea, seafaring experience, environmental stressors, and psychological capital (PsyCap) on the sleep quality and fatigue of seafarers. PsyCap is a construct that draws upon ideas from positive psychology and positive organizational behavior, and is intended to capture an individual's psychological capacities that can be developed and utilized for performance improvements. Methods: We collected survey data from a sample of seafarers working in the offshore re-supply industry (n = 402) and a sample of seafarers working on board combined passenger and cargo ships (n = 340). Results: PsyCap emerged as a robust predictor with statistically significant relations to fatigue and sleep quality in both samples. PsyCap also interacted with duration at sea in explaining fatigue in seafarers working on board the passenger and cargo ships. Seafarers on passenger and cargo ships also reported significantly higher levels of fatigue than those working in the offshore re-supply industry. Conclusion: Coupled with emerging research showing that PsyCap is trainable, our results suggest that maritime organizations could have much to gain by being cognizant of and developing routines for continually developing the PsyCap of their employees.

The Effects of Self-leadership, Professional Self-concept, and Positive Psychological Capital of Operating Room Nurses on Nursing Performance (수술실 간호사의 셀프리더십, 전문직 자아개념, 긍정심리자본이 간호업무성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Hyun Sook;Shin, Sung Hee
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the effects of self-leadership, professional self-concept, and positive psychological capital on the performance of operating room nurses. Methods: The participants were 148 operating room nurses with more than a year of experience in one of the general hospitals in Seoul, Korea. Data were collected from 18 to 29 November 2019 and were analyzed by descriptive statistic methods, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis, and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: The self-leadership, professional self-concept, and positive psychological capital of operating room nurses showed a positive correlation with nursing performance. The performance of operating room nurses was the most affected by professional self-concept (β=.32, p=.002), followed by operating room career (β=.22, p=.037) and positive psychological capital (β=.20, p=.039), which together accounted for a nursing performance of up to 42.9% (F=12.06, p<.001). Conclusion: Based on these findings, it is necessary to develop education and intervention programs to enhance the operating room nurses' professional self-concept and positive psychological capital.