• Title/Summary/Keyword: Posture

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A Study on the Posture Maintenance Performance and Self-Efficacy in accordance with Posture Correction Program (자세교정프로그램에 따른 자세유지 수행과 자기효능감에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Su-Gyeong
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.459-474
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the posture correction program as the development of the posture maintenance performance, and search for the more efficient posture correction program. The data analysis was processed by SPSS. The data was analysed with $x^2$-test, t-test, pearson product moment correlation, and stepwise regression analysis. The finding of this study is as follows: There are the homogeneity between two groups was verified on the know ledges CF=.697, df=2, P>.05), self-efficacy(F=.098, df=2, P>.05) about the posture. The developed posture correction program has proved to enhance the posture maintenance performance(knowledge t=1.60, P<.05 ; posture manintenance t=7.69, P<.01). The type of posture correction program showed some significant differences (t=5.62, P<.01) in the accuracy of movement way among the factors of the posture maintenance performance. The posture maintenance performance affected self-efficacy. Therefore, the major conclusion is as follows: The posture correction program was meaningfully effective on developing the posture maintenance, and with practice created accuracy much more on the posture maintenance movement way. The development of the posture maintenance performance affected the increase of self-efficacy about the posture. The self-efficacy has proved so powerful factor to influence on the posture maintenance performance development. So, the posture correction program should be done systematically and continually, and developing the posture maintenance performance should be done with practice. After the education, it should be reinforced through practice, midterm identification and reeducation and motivated with recognizing the accurate posture measurement. And it should be created the correction program to develop the high self-efficacy about the posture. It needs the strategy to educate the correct posture individually, and to spread to the society for healthy life style.

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Differences of Foot Plantar Pressure Balance and Lung Capacity According to Change of Cervical Posture in Adults (경추 자세변화에 따른 성인의 족저압력 균형 및 폐활량의 차이)

  • Joo, Ha Young;Yang, Jeong Ok;Lee, Joong Sook
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.93-101
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to differences of foot plantar pressure balance and lung capacity according to cervical posture in adults. Method: The subjects consisted of 33 adults in their 20s and 50s who use M centers in B-gu and H-gu, B-City, and they measured foot plantar pressure balance and lung capacity according to cervical posture (cervical normal curvature posture, cervical flexural posture) in adults. Results: In this study, the difference of foot plantar pressure balance according to cervical posture were analyzed. In the difference between left and right foot pressure balance. It was 1.50% increased in the cervical flexural posture than in the cervical normal curvature posture, and a statistically significant difference was observed. In the difference between the anterior and posterior foot pressure balance. It was 4.28% increased in the cervical flexural posture than in the cervical normal curvature posture, and a statistically significant difference was observed. The difference of lung capacity according to cervical posture were analyzed. In the PEF, It was 58.63 l/min decreased in the cervical flexural posture than in the cervical normal curvature posture, and a statistically significant difference was observed. In the FEV1, It was 0.15 ℓ decreased in the cervical flexural posture than in the cervical normal curvature posture, and a statistically significant difference was observed. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that had a positive effect on differences of foot plantar pressure balance and lung capacity at cervical normal curvature posture in adults. In future research, itis believed that research on the elderly who have collapsed the normal curvature posture due to aging, as well as teenagers whose normal curvature posture due to the use of smartphones, will contribute to the balance of foot pressure and improvement of the right cervical habits. In future studies, it is also believed that it will be necessary to measure lung capacity after performing exercise according to the cervical posture, thereby providing sufficient oxygen during exercise to enhance the persistence and efficiency of the movement.

A Study on Seating Posture & Behavioral Characteristic in Interior Space of a Cinema (영화관 내부공간에서 관람자세와 행동특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Sung;Kim, Jong-Ha;Choi, Joo-Young;Lee, Jeong-Ho
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.131-138
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    • 2008
  • This research is on a seating posture happening at a chair in a cinema and looked into various changes in a posture through the analysis of bodily movement in a established space like a cinema. Through the behavioral analysis of a seating posture in a limited space, each behavioral characteristic shown by a male and female and interdependent relations with a limited space were grasped. The conclusion through the above research work was as follows: 1) This research suggested a frame of analysis by dividing a seating posture into the side and upper part and was able to analyze its subsequent change characteristic of a seating posture by a male and female. 2) As for the side posture, a male was found to change fewer postures than a female, but as for the upper posture, there appeared a high frequency in posture change in case of a female. 3) As for time of staying in the side posture, a female was found to keep up a specific posture, and relatively a male changes his postures frequently while appreciating a movie; likely, as for the upper posture, it was found out that there existed a difference between the preference for the upper posture and time to keep it up. 4) A male and female were establishing a comfortable environment through their change in a posture, and there appeared changes in a posture the most within every 10 minutes in both the side and upper part postures. 5) As for the correlation between a initial posture and keep-up posture, it was found that a male tend to pursue a comfortable posture as time goes by, while a female kept up a comfortable one from her initial seating posture.

Effect of the Changes in Forward Head Posture and Neutral Head Posture on Respiratory (전방머리자세와 중립자세에 대한 인위적 자세변화가 호흡에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Wonsik;Lee, Keoncheol;Park, Seungwook;Baek, Yonghyeon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2017
  • Purpose : Forward head posture is typical neck disorders occur in all people. And this attitude causes a shortening and weakening of the muscles in the body. It also causes excessive extension acts as a reward. This attitude has to change if the pain occurs around the neck and shoulders, and are subjected to unusual stress. Patients with chronic neck pain associated with forward head posture was found to be the more severe the fall of the respiratory, forward head posture poor quality of much breath. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of changes in forward head posture and neutral head posture on respiratory. Method : Forty volunteers were participated in study and divided into two groups [forward head posture group (n=20) and neutral head posture group (n=20)]. We measured cervical alignment with global postural system to find out a forward head posture. Respiratory function was measured with a SPIROVIT SP-1 equipment and we found out a forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1) and FEV1/FVC. A pared t-test was used to determine a statistical significance for the pulmonary function variation and a independent t-test was used to determine a statistical significance in the two groups. Results : In the experimental group, FVC and FEV1 were significantly higher in the artificial neutral head posture than in the forward head posture. In the control group, FVC and FEV1 were significantly higher in the neutral head posture than in the forward head posture. FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/ FVC were significantly higher in the neutral head posture of control group than the artificial neutral head posture of experimental group and higher in the artificial forward head posture of control group than the forward head posture of experimental group. Conclusion : In conclusion, neutral head posture is considered to be an important factor in correct posture and improvement of lung function and continuous study of posture correction program for posture imbalance will be needed.

Korean Patent Application Trend of Posture Correction Product Design Technology (자세 교정 제품 설계 기술의 한국 특허 출원 경향)

  • Kim, Minsun;Chun, Jongsuk
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.407-412
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    • 2020
  • This study investigated the technological development of Korean functional product design for posture correction. We analyzed registered and disclosed Korean patents (n=289) of KIPRIS. They were posture correction technology patents filed from 1999 to 2018. Keywords used in patent selection were posture correction, posture correction clothing, posture correction band, rehabilitation clothing, joint protection, protective equipment, and compression wear. These were then analyzed by patent application year, product type, effect pursued, and posture correction body part. The results showed that patent applications related to posture correction technology have increased since 2014. Products subject to patents for posture correction technology were device/brace (59.5%), footwear (22.5%), and clothing (18.0%). Patents for posture correction pursued various wearing effects. The effects pursued were dependent on the product type. The device/brace focused on joint protection (76.7%) and muscle reinforcement (40.7%). Footwear was focused on joint protection (90.8%). The clothes were focused on muscle reinforcement (50.0%) and body shaping (36.5%). The clothing and device/brace for posture correction were worn on various body parts of the upper limbs to feet. The posture correction product design patent was to correct various body parts. Patents pursuing upper body correction focused on spine posture correction (n=99). Patents for foot posture correction have steadily increased (n=102). Patents for posture correction of the pelvis and hip joints were relatively few (n=46). The results of this study implied the necessity to develop technology to correct posture by combining the functions of device/brace and clothing.

Immediate Effects of Figure-8 Shoulder Brace and Taping Intervention on Round Shoulder Posture, Thoracic Kyphosis, and Chest Expansion Mobility in Forward Head Posture Patients (8자형 어깨 보조기와 테이핑 중재가 전방머리자세를 가진 환자의 둥근어깨자세와 등뼈 뒤 굽음 및 가슴우리가동성에 미치는 즉각적인 효과)

  • Park, Jae-Cheol;Jeong, Jin-Gyu;Lee, Dong-Kyu
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 2021
  • Purpose: This study investigated the immediate effects of a figure-8 shoulder brace and taping intervention on round shoulder posture, thoracic kyphosis, and chest expansion mobility in forward head posture. Methods: Thirty patients with forward head posture were assigned randomly to the figure-8 shoulder brace group (n = 15) or the taping intervention group (n = 15). Patients were assessed for forward head posture, shoulder posture, thoracic kyphosis, and chest expansion. Results: The figure-8 shoulder brace and taping intervention groups showed a significant difference for forward head posture, shoulder posture, and thoracic kyphosis after the experiment (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the groups (p > 0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that a figure-8 shoulder brace and taping intervention has a positive effect on rounded shoulder posture, thoracic kyphosis, and chest expansion in patients with forward head posture.

Effects of shoulder rotation according to stance posture and plane of motion on EMG response of shoulder rotator cuff and Trunk muscles. (스탠스 자세와 운동면의 차이에 따른 위팔어깨관절의 돌림운동이 어깨돌림근군과 몸통근군의 근전도 반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ki-Hong;Cho, Sang-Woo;Jeong, Hwan-Jong;Kim, Ki-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.914-924
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to provide the basic data for the shoulder strengthening exercise by analyzing the% MVIC of the muscle activity in the shoulder rotator cuff by the difference of the stance posture and the anatomical plane. 8male subjects were randomly assigned to perform the shoulder rotation exercise 10 times on the frontal plane, the horizontal plane, the sagittal plane and the two legs stance posture, the one leg stance posture, the lunge posture. Measured muscle activity of supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, anterior deltoid, rectus abdominis, erector supinea, pectoralis major, lattisimus dorsi during exercise. A repetitive one-way ANOVA was performed using the SPSS 22.0 statistical program. First, during the external rotation on the frontal plane, the erector spinea was higher in the lunge posture than in the two legs stance posture and the one leg stance posture, And during the internal rotation on the frontal plane, the muscle activity of suprapinatus was higher in one leg stance posture than in the two legs stance posture and more so in the lunge posture. Second, during the external rotation on the horizontal plane, the muscle activity of deltoid anterior was higher in the one legs stance posture and in the lunge posture than in the two legs stance posture, and during the internal rotation on the horizontal plane, the muscle activity of infraspinatus was higher in the lunge posture than in the two legs stance posture and one leg posture, and the muscle activity of pectoralis major was higher in two leg stance posture than in the one legs stance posture and more so in the lunge posture. Third, during the external rotation on the sagittal plane, muscle activity of rectus abdominis was higher one leg stance posture in the lunge posture than in two leg stance posture. During the internal rotation on the sagittal plane, muscle activity of supraspinatus was higher one leg stance posture in the lunge posture than in two leg stance posture. And muscle activity of infraspinatus was higher in the lunge posture than in two leg stance posture, one leg stance. And muscle activity of Rectus abdominis was higher in the lunge posture and one leg stance posture than in the two legs stance posture. And muscle activity of Erector spinea was higher in the two legs stance postur and lunge posture than in the one leg stance posture. In conclusion, the differences in stance and shoulder anatomy have different effects on the muscle activity of the shoulder rotator exercises, and this is expected to be a more positive exercise program when applied to the shoulder strengthening exercise program.

User's static and dynamic posture determination method using smartphone acceleration sensor

  • Lee, Seok-Woo;Lee, Jong-Yong;Jung, Kye-Dong
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.63-73
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we propose algorithm for determining the static and dynamic posture using the acceleration sensor of smartphone. The measured acceleration values are then analyzed according to a preprocessing to the respective axis (X, Y, Z) and posture (standing, sitting, lying) presents static posture determination criterion. The proposed static posture determination condition is used for static posture determination and dynamic posture determination. The dynamic posture is determined by using regression linear equations. In addition, transition state can be grasped by SVM change in dynamic posture determination. Experimental results are presented using data and app. Experiments were performed using data collected from 10 adults.

Comparison of Thoracic Reposition Error in Individuals With or Without Habitual Slouched Posture

  • Kim, Su-Jung
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.173-179
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we present the difference in thoracic reposition sense in young people (24.00 ±2.20 years old) with and without habitual slouched posture in two target positions of half flexion and half extension. People with habitual slouched posture (n = 20; 11 men and 9 women) and people without slouched posture (n = 20; 10 men and 10 women) were recruited from three universities. Thoracic spine (T-spine) repositioning errors were measured in two target positions (half flexion and half extension). People with habitual slouched posture showed significantly higher thoracic repositioning error in the extension target position than did people without slouched posture (P<0.05). There was no difference in repositioning error in the flexion target position between the two groups (P>0.05). In conclusion, people with habitual slouched posture show lower T-spine repositioning sense in extension than do people without slouched posture. A rehabilitation program to treat habitual slouched posture, such as postural correction education, should be implemented for individuals with decreased position sense of the T-spine.

The Effects of Virtual Reality Games in Posture Correction Exercise on the Posture and Balance of Patients with Forward Head Posture

  • Son, Ho-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2020
  • PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of posture improvement exercise using virtual reality programs on the posture and balance of patients with forward head postures. METHODS: Thirty men and women in their 20 s, who had a forward head posture, were divided randomly into a group with posture correction exercise and a group with posture correction exercise combined with virtual reality programs. The posture correction exercise was composed of squats, XCO training, and chin-tuck exercise. In contrast, exercise with virtual reality games involved the Hot Squat, Climbey, and Baskhead programs while wearing a headset. Both groups performed the exercises 15 min a day, three times per week, for four weeks. The balance ability, distance between the acromion and earlobe, and neck joint range of motion were assessed before and after the exercises. RESULTS: Both groups showed significant reductions in the distance between the acromion and the earlobe, along with significant improvements in the range of joint motion. The group that performed the virtual reality exercises showed a significant increase in the limit of stability. Both groups showed a significant decrease in the sway length. In contrast, the group given the virtual reality exercises showed a significant reduction in the sway speed while standing with their eyes closed. CONCLUSION: Exercise applying virtual reality programs can be used in clinical and home programs to correct the postures of individuals with a forward head posture because they can trigger interest in inducing active participation.