• Title, Summary, Keyword: Power Steering Unit(PSU)

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One Dimensional Analysis of Hydrostatic Power Steering Unit Composed of Two Gerotors (두 개의 지로터로 구성된 전유압 파워스티어링 장치의 1차원 해석)

  • Kim, Kap Tae;Ryu, Beom Sahng;Kim, Kyung Sik;Jeong, Hwang Hun
    • Journal of Drive and Control
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.113-124
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    • 2020
  • Most of the work of construction equipment and agricultural machinery is done in off-road conditions. Autonomous driving required in these conditions uses GPS sensors, and PID controllers to control their speed and position. The hydrostatic steering, which is composed of a PSU, hydraulic hoses, and cylinders, rather than a mechanical coupling is used in these equipments. The PSU plays a key role in hydrostatic steering. Precise control of the position under various conditions requires detailed behavioral analysis of the basic components and operation. Two Gerotor PSU is now a commonly used safer option. The components of the PSU can be divided into mechanical and hydraulic actuating elements by its behavior. Since the system is combined by mechanical and hydraulic elements, the modelings are performed using Amesim, which is one of the most effective for the multi-domain dynamic system analysis. To confirm the validity of the model, input torque and pressures are checked with varying steering speed. The opening and the steering speed of normal and newly designed control valve set is investigated with the effect of centering spring force and friction. Finally, simulation results with fully detailed model with two gerotors are analyzed and compared with simple model.

Design and Analysis of Gerotor with Generalized Shapes for Power-Steering Units (파워 스티어링 유닛용 일반형상 제로터의 설계 및 해석)

  • Jeong, Jae-Tack;Shin, Soo-Sik;Kim, Kap-Tae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.891-896
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    • 2010
  • A gerotor is used in power-steering units (PSUs) as well as in hydraulic motors or pumps. The inner rotor is developed on the basis of the shape of the outer rotor tooth, which normally has one arc. The method of generating inner rotor on the basis of a generalized shape of outer rotor is analyzed with a view to improve PSU characteristics. An arc-shaped outer rotor with two curvatures was used in the analysis; design parameters such as the shape and curvature of the inner rotor, the flow rate of the gerotor, the position of contact point, and slip velocity are calculated, and these results are shown. This analysis enables us to develop a new design of compact PSUs.

Noise Reduction in Tractor Cabin (트랙터 운전실의 소음 저감에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Wonjin;Eun, Myoungwoo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.380-384
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    • 2014
  • This study focused on identifying the major noise source in a tractor cabin using experimental methods. The noise levels in a tractor cabin for different engine revolution speeds were analyzed to identify the noise source. The results showed that the power steering unit (PSU) was the major noise source in a tractor cabin. The PSU was moved to the outside from the inside of the cabin in order to reduce the noise in the tractor cabin. As a result, the noise levels on the left and right sides of the operator in the tractor cabin were reduced by 6.8 and 3.9 dB, respectively. Finally, the window method was introduced to evaluate the contribution of the transmission noise. The orders of significance in the tractor noise were the front, bottom, and left area, successively.