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Volatile Compound, Physicochemical, and Antioxidant Properties of Beany Flavor-Removed Soy Protein Isolate Hydrolyzates Obtained from Combined High Temperature Pre-Treatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis

  • Yoo, Sang-Hun;Chang, Yoon Hyuk
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.338-347
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    • 2016
  • The present study investigated the volatile compound, physicochemical, and antioxidant properties of beany flavor-removed soy protein isolate (SPI) hydrolyzates produced by combined high temperature pre-treatment and enzymatic hydrolysis. Without remarkable changes in amino acid composition, reductions of residual lipoxygenase activity and beany flavor-causing volatile compounds such as hexanol, hexanal, and pentanol in SPI were observed after combined heating and enzymatic treatments. The degree of hydrolysis, emulsion capacity and stability, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity, and superoxide radical scavenging activity of SPI were significantly increased, but the magnitudes of apparent viscosity, consistency index, and dynamic moduli (G', G") of SPI were significantly decreased after the combined heating and enzymatic treatments. Based on these results, it was suggested that the enzymatic hydrolysis in combination with high temperature pre-treatment may allow for the production of beany flavor-removed SPI hydrolyzates with superior emulsifying and antioxidant functionalities.

PreSPI: Design and Implementation of Protein-Protein Interaction Prediction Service System (PreSPI:단백질 상호작용 예측 서비스 시스템 설계 및 구현)

  • Kim, Hong-Soog;Jang, Woo-Hyuk;Lee, Sung-Doke;Han, Dong-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Bioinformatics Conference
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    • pp.86-100
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    • 2004
  • 계산을 통한 단백질 상호작용 예측 기법의 중요성이 제기되면서 많은 단백질 상호 작용 예측 기법이 제안되고 있다. 하지만 이러한 기법들이 일반 사용자가 손쉽게 사용할 수 있는 서비스 형태로 제공되고 있는 경우는 드물다. 본 논문에서는 현재까지 알려진 단백질 상호작용 예측 기법 중 예측 기법의 완성도가 높고 상대적으로 예측 정확도가 높은 것으로 알려진 도메인 조합 기반 단백질 상호 작용 예측 기법을 PreSPI(Prediction System for Protein Interaction)라는 서비스 시스템으로 설계하고 구현하였다. 구현된 시스템이 제공하는 기능은 크게 도메인 조합 기반 단백질 상호 작용 예측 기법을 서비스 형태로 만들어 제공하는 기능으로 입력 단백질 쌍에 대한 상호작용 예측이 중심이 된 핵심기능과, 핵심 기능으로부터 파생되는 기능인 부가 기능, 그리고 주어진 단백질에 대한 도메인 정보검색 기능과 같이 단백질 상호작용에 관하여 연구하는 연구자에게 도움이 되는 일반적인 기능으로 구성되어 있다. 계산을 통해 단백질 상호 작용을 예측하는 시스템은 대규모계산이 요구되는 경우가 많아 좋은 성능을 갖추는 것이 중요하다. 본 논문에서 구현된 PreSPI 시스템은 서비스에 따라 적절히 그 처리를 병렬화 함으로써 시스템의 성능 향상을 도모하였고, PreSPI 가 제공하는 기능을 웹 서비스 API 로 Deploy 하여 시스템의 개방성을 지원하고 있다. 또한 인터넷 환경에서 변화되는 단백질 상호 작용 및 도메인에 관한 정보를 유연하게 반영할 수 있도록 시스템을 계층 구조로 설계하였다. 본 논문에서는 PreSPI 가 제공하는 몇 가지 대표적인 서비스에 관하여 사용자 인터페이스를 중심으로 상술함으로써 초기 PreSPI 사용자가 PreSPI 가 제공하는 서비스를 이해하고 사용하는 데에도 도움이 되도록 하였다.있어서 자각증상, 타각소견(他覺所見)과 함께 이상(異常)은 확인되지 않았으며 부작용도 없었다. 이상의 결과로부터, ‘펩타이드 음료’는 경증고혈압 혹은 경계역고혈압자(境界域高血壓者)의 혈압을, 자각증상 및 혈액${\cdot}$뇨검사에도 전혀 영향을 미치지 않고 저하시킨다고 결론지었다.이병엽을 염색하여 흰가루 병균의 균사생장과 포자형성 등을 관찰한 결과 균사가 용균되는 것을 볼 수 있었으며, 균사의 용균정도와 분생포자형성 억제 정도는 병 방제효과와 일치하는 경향을 보였다.을 의미한다. IV형은 가장 후기에 포획된 유체포유물이며, 광산 주변에 분포하는 석회암체 등의 변성퇴적암류로부터 $CO_{2}$ 성분과 다양한 성분의 유체가 공급되어 생성된 것으로 여겨진다. 정동이 발달하고 있지 않으며, 백운모를 함유하고 있는 대유페그마타이트는 변성작용에 의한 부분용융에 의해 형성된 멜트에서 결정화되었으며, 상당히 높은 압력의 환경에서 대유페그마타이트의 결정화작용 과정에서 용리한 유체의 성분이 전기석에 포획되어 있다. 이때 용리된 유체는 다양한 성분을 지니고 있었으며, 매우 낮은 공융온도와 다양한 딸결정은 포유물 내에 NaCl, KCl 이외에 적어도 $CaCl_{2},\;MgCl_{2}$와 같은 성분을 포함하고 있음을 지시한다. 유체의 용리는 적어도 $2.7{\sim}5.3$ kbar 이상의 압력과 $230{\sim}328^{\circ}C$ 이상의 온도에서 시작되었다.없었다. 결론적으로 일부 한방제와 생약제제는 육계에서 항생제를 대체하여 사용이 가능하며 특히 혈액의 성분에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 사료된다. 실증연구가 필요할 것으로 사료된다.trip과 Sof-Lex disc로 얻어진 표면은 레진전색제의 사용으로 표면조도의 개선

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Synthesis and Properties of Self-photocuring Polyurethane Acrylate Oligomer for Color Pre-coated metal (선도장 컬러강판용 도료에 적용하기 위한 자가 광경화형 폴리우레탄 아크릴레이트 올리고머 합성 및 물성)

  • Park, So-Young;Cheon, Jungmi;Jeong, Boo Young;Lee, Do Hyeok;Chun, Jae Hwan
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we synthesized a self-photocuring intermediate(SPI) by Michael addition reaction and synthesized polyurethane acrylate oligomer. Analysis and physical properties of the synthesized SPI and polyurethane acrylate oligomer were confirmed by FT-IR, NMR and UTM. As the content of the SPI increased, the tensile strength increased and the elongation decreased. In addition, since the film was hydrophobic, the surface energy tended to decrease. When the content of the SPI was 40 wt%, adhesion, processability, and pencil hardness were excellent, and solvent resistance was excellent overall.

PreSPI: Protein-Protein Interaction Prediction Service System (PreSPI: 단백질 상호작용 예측 서비스 시스템)

  • Han Dong-Soo;Kim Hong-Soog;Jang Woo-Hyuk;Lee Sung-Doke
    • Journal of KIISE:Computing Practices and Letters
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.503-513
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    • 2005
  • With the recognition of the importance of computational approach for protein-protein interaction prediction, many techniques have been developed to computationally predict protein-protein interactions. However, few techniques are actually implemented and announced in service form for general users to readily access and use the techniques. In this paper, we design and implement a protein interaction prediction service system based on the domain combination based protein-protein interaction prediction technique, which is known to show superior accuracy to other conventional computational protein-protein interaction prediction methods. In the prediction accuracy test of the method, high sensitivity($77\%$) and specificity($95\%$) are achieved for test protein pairs containing common domains with teaming sets of proteins in a Yeast. The stability of the method is also manifested through the testing over DIP CORE, HMS-PCI, and TAP data. Performance, openness and flexibility are the major design goals and they are achieved by adopting parallel execution techniques, web Services standards, and layered architecture respectively. In this paper, several representative user interfaces of the system are also introduced with comprehensive usage guides.

Removal Characteristic of Soluble Cs in Water Using Natural Adsorbent and High Basicity Coagulant Poly Aluminium Chloride (천연광물 흡착제 및 고염기도 PAC를 이용한 용존성 Cs의 처리특성)

  • Kim, Bokseong;Kim, Youngsuk;Chung, Yoonsuhn;Kang, Sungwon;Oh, Daemin;Chae, Hojun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.39 no.7
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    • pp.385-390
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated removal characteristic of soluble Cs in water by RPT (Radioactivity pollutant treatment) with coagulation and sedimentation. The RPT conducted with various chemical and natural coagulants to remove the soluble Cs which consisted pre-adsorption, Sedimentation and post-adsorption. Natural absorbent included Illite and zeolite. Especially, Illite divided LPI (Large Particle Illite) and SPI (Small Particle Illite) by grain size. Also, Chemical coagulants included high basicity PAC (poly aluminum chloride). The adsorbent had a plate structure mainly composed of quartz, albite and muscovite. The surface area were $4.201m^2/g$ and $4.227m^2/g$ and the particle sizes were $197.4-840.9{\mu}m$ and $3.28-53.57{\mu}m$, respectively. The adsorption efficiency of the natural Illite was 82.8% for LPI and 85.6% for SPI. The removal efficiency of turbidity, which was an indirect indicator of adsorbent recovery, was 96.4% and 98.3%, respectively.

Development of a Spirulina Extract/Alginate-Imbedded PCL Nanofibrous Cosmetic Patch

  • Byeon, Seon Yeong;Cho, Myung Kwon;Shim, Kyou Hee;Kim, Hye Jin;Song, Hyeon Gi;Shin, Hwa Sung
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.1657-1663
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    • 2017
  • Cosmetic patches have recently been developed as skin products for personal care owing to rapid advances in the technology of delivery of active ingredients, moisture, and adhesiveness to skin. Alginate and Spirulina are typical marine resources used in cosmetic products. This research involved the development of a Spirulina extract-impregnated alginate nanofiber cosmetic patch supported by a polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofiber cover (Spi/Alg-PCL NF patch). In addition to the ability of alginate to affect moisture and adhesiveness to skin, the impregnation of Spirulina extract strengthened those abilities as well as its own bioactive effectiveness. All fabrication processing steps were undertaken in aqueous solution. The three components (alginate, Spirulina extract, and PCL) had no detected cytotoxicity in human keratinocyte cell-based examination. In addition, wetting the pre-dried patch on the skin resulted in the Spirulina extract being released within 30 min. The results indicate the excellence of the Spi/Alg-PCL NF patch as a skin-care cosmetic device.

The Effect of Structured Information on the Sleep Amount of Patients Undergoing Open Heart Surgery (계획된 간호 정보가 수면량에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 -개심술 환자를 중심으로-)

  • 이소우
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.1-26
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    • 1982
  • The main purpose of this study was to test the effect of the structured information on the sleep amount of the patients undergoing open heart surgery. This study has specifically addressed to the Following two basic research questions: (1) Would the structed in formation influence in the reduction of sleep disturbance related to anxiety and Physical stress before and after the operation? and (2) that would be the effects of the structured information on the level of preoperative state anxiety, the hormonal change, and the degree of behavioral change in the patients undergoing an open heart surgery? A Quasi-experimental research was designed to answer these questions with one experimental group and one control group. Subjects in both groups were matched as closely as possible to avoid the effect of the differences inherent to the group characteristics, Baseline data were also. collected on both groups for 7 days prior to the experiment and found that subjects in both groups had comparable sleep patterns, trait anxiety, hormonal levels and behavioral level. A structured information as an experimental input was given to the subjects in the experimental group only. Data were collected and compared between the experimental group and the control group on the sleep amount of the consecutive pre and post operative days, on preoperative state anxiety level, and on hormonal and behavioral changes. To test the effectiveness of the structured information, two main hypotheses and three sub-hypotheses were formulated as follows; Main hypothesis 1: Experimental group which received structured information will have more sleep amount than control group without structured information in the night before the open heart surgery. Main hypothesis 2: Experimental group with structured information will have more sleep, amount than control group without structured information during the week following the open heart surgery Sub-hypothesis 1: Experimental group with structured information will be lower in the level of State anxiety than control group without structured information in the night before the open heart surgery. Sub-hypothesis 2 : Experimental group with structured information will have lower hormonal level than control group without stuctured information on the 5th day after the open heart surgery Sub-hypothesis 3: Experimental group with structured information will be lower in the behavioral change level than control group without structured information during the week after the open heart surgery. The research was conducted in a national university hospital in Seoul, Korea. The 53 Subjects who participated in the study were systematically divided into experimental group and control group which was decided by random sampling method. Among 53 subjects, 26 were placed in the experimental group and 27 in the control group. Instruments; (1) Structed information: Structured information as an independent variable was constructed by the researcher on the basis of Roy's adaptation model consisting of physiologic needs, self-concept, role function and interdependence needs as related to the sleep and of operational procedures. (2) Sleep amount measure: Sleep amount as main dependent variable was measured by trained nurses through observation on the basis of the established criteria, such as closed or open eyes, regular or irregular respiration, body movement, posture, responses to the light and question, facial expressions and self report after sleep. (3) State anxiety measure: State Anxiety as a sub-dependent variable was measured by Spi-elberger's STAI Anxiety scale, (4) Hormornal change measure: Hormone as a sub-dependent variable was measured by the cortisol level in plasma. (5) Behavior change measure: Behavior as a sub-dependent variable was measured by the Behavior and Mood Rating Scale by Wyatt. The data were collected over a period of four months, from June to October 1981, after the pretest period of two months. For the analysis of the data and test for the hypotheses, the t-test with mean differences and analysis of covariance was used. The result of the test for instruments show as follows: (1) STAI measurement for trait and state anxiety as analyzed by Cronbachs alpha coefficient analysis for item analysis and reliability showed the reliability level at r= .90 r= .91 respectively. (2) Behavior and Mood Rating Scale measurement was analyzed by means of Principal Component Analysis technique. Seven factors retained were anger, anxiety, hyperactivity, depression, bizarre behavior, suspicious behavior and emotional withdrawal. Cumulative percentage of each factor was 71.3%. The result of the test for hypotheses show as follows; (1) Main hypothesis, was not supported. The experimental group has 282 minutes of sleep as compared to the 255 minutes of sleep by the control group. Thus the sleep amount was higher in experimental group than in control group, however, the difference was not statistically significant at .05 level. (2) Main hypothesis 2 was not supported. The mean sleep amount of the experimental group and control group were 297 minutes and 278 minutes respectively Therefore, the experimental group had more sleep amount as compared to the control group, however, the difference was not statistically significant at .05 level. Thus, the main hypothesis 2 was not supported. (3) Sub-hypothesis 1 was not supported. The mean state anxiety of the experimental group and control group were 42.3, 43.9 in scores. Thus, the experimental group had slightly lower state anxiety level than control group, howe-ver, the difference was not statistically significant at .05 level. (4) Sub-hypothesis 2 was not supported. . The mean hormonal level of the experimental group and control group were 338 ㎍ and 440 ㎍ respectively. Thus, the experimental group showed decreased hormonal level than the control group, however, the difference was not statistically significant at .05 level. (5) Sub-hypothesis 3 was supported. The mean behavioral level of the experimental group and control group were 29.60 and 32.00 respectively in score. Thus, the experimental group showed lower behavioral change level than the control group. The difference was statistically significant at .05 level. In summary, the structured information did not influence the sleep amount, state anxiety or hormonal level of the subjects undergoing an open heart surgery at a statistically significant level, however, it showed a definite trends in their relationships, not least to mention its significant effect shown on behavioral change level. It can further be speculated that a great degree of individual differences in the variables such as sleep amount, state anxiety and fluctuation in hormonal level may partly be responsible for the statistical insensitivity to the experimentation.

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