• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pressure variation

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A Study on the Characteristics of Internal and External Pressure Variation for KTX (KTX차량 내외부의 압력변동 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 남성원
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 2004
  • A study is conducted to clarify internal and external pressure variation of passenger cabin for KTX. These pressure variation may give rise to the ear-discomfort for passenger and fatigue for carbody. In this study, the pressure variation of interior, gangway and exterior of KTX passenger car is measured by using the atmospheric pressure sensors and portable data acquisition system. The tunnel from 4000m to 200m in length are chosen far the investigation of tunnel length effects. From the results of experiment, the pressure variation of interior per second is under the ear-discomfort limitation in all of tunnel. And, We found that there are similar patterns of exterior pressure variation for each critical tunnel length. These results generally agree to RTRI's experimental result fur Shinkansen.

Experimental Study on the Characteristics of the Inside and Outside Pressure Variation for KTX (KTX차량 객실내외의 압력변동특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Nam Seong-Won;Hong Hyeon-Ju
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.281-286
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    • 2003
  • Experimental study is conducted to clarify the inside and outside pressure variation of passenger cabin for KTX. These pressure variation may give rise to the ear-discomfort. Generally ear-discomfort has been considered as a problem related to high speed train. In this study, the pressure variation of interior, gangway and exterior of KTX passenger car is measured by using the atmospheric pressure sensors and portable data acquisition system. The tunnel from 4000m to 200m in length are chosen for the investigation of length effects. From the results of experiment, the pressure variation of interior per second is under the ear-discomfort limitation in all of tunnel. And, We found that there is a similar pattern of exterior pressure variation. These results generally agree with RTRI's experimental result for Shinkansen.

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Experimental Study on the Characteristics of Pressure Variation of KTX Passing Through Tunnel

  • Nam, Seong-Won
    • International Journal of Railway
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 2008
  • Experimental study has been conducted to clarify the internal and external pressure variation characteristics for KTX(Korea Train eXpress) passing through tunnel. Abrupt pressure variation gives rise to the ear-discomfort for passenger and fatigue for car body. In this study, the internal and external pressure variation are measured by using KTX real train experiment and on-board portable data acquisition system in Gyeongbu high speed commercial line. The tunnels from 200 m to 4000 m in length are chosen for the investigation of tunnel length effects. From the results of experiment, the internal pressure variation rate for all the test tunnels is lower than the standard criteria of 200 Pa/s. And, the critical tunnel lengths for pressure wave pattern are classified into 7 groups by using the theoretical L-t diagram analysis.

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Numerical Study of Reduction of Pressure variation and Micro-Pressure Wave for high-speed train in narrow tunnel (협소터널 고속 주행시 압력변동 및 미기압파 저감을 위한 수치해석적 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Uk;Yun, Su-Hwan;Kwak, Min-Ho;Lee, Dong-Ho;Kwon, Hyeok-Bin;Ko, Tae-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.70-77
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    • 2011
  • When a train passes a conventional tunnel at high speed, an environmental noise issue arises by pressure variation and micro-pressure waves at the exit of the tunnel. It is known that this issue can be reduced by using dummy tunnel duct on the tunnel entrance. We studied the variances of micro-pressure waves at the exit of tunnel and pressure variation within the tunnel, by altering surface area and length of the dummy tunnel duct. For analyze this train-tunnel relation problem, axi-simmetric steady compressible flow solver was used. Changing the length of the dummy tunnel duct can adjust pressure variation, changing the surface area of the dummy tunnel duct can adjust volume and pressure variation of the micro-pressure wave. Thus, optimized surface area and length of the dummy tunnel duct can simultaneously reduce environmental noise pollution by micro-pressure wave and issues by the pressure variation.

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Pressure Variation Characteristics at Trapping Region in Oil Hydraulic Piston Pumps (유압 피스톤 펌프의 폐입구간에서 발생하는 압력변동 특성)

  • Kim, Jong-Ki;Jung, Jae-Youn;Rho, Byung-Joon;Song, Kyu-Keun;Oh, Seok-Hyung
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.2071-2075
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    • 2003
  • Pressure variation is one of the major sources on noise emission in the oil hydraulic piston pumps. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify about pressure variation characteristics of the oil hydraulic piston pumps to reduce noise. Pressure variations in a cylinder at trapping region were measured during pump working period with discharge pressures, rotational speeds. The effect of pre-compression of the discharge port with three types valve plates also investigated. It was found that the pressure variation characteristics of oil hydraulic piston pumps deeply related with pre-compression design of the discharge port. Also, it was found that the pressure overshoot at trapping region can reduce by use of pre-compression at the end of the discharge port in valve plate

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Occurrence Mechanism and Characteristics of Pressure Pulsation in a Positive Displacement Hydraulic Turbine (용적형수차의 압력맥동 발생기구 및 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Young-Do
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.31 no.8
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    • pp.947-953
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    • 2007
  • Occurrence of pressure pulsation in positive displacement hydraulic turbine is one of the principal problems which should be cleared to improve the turbine performance and to put the turbine to practical use. Therefore, present study is tried to examine the occurrence mechanism and characteristics of the pressure pulsation CFD analysis and experimental measurement are implemented in this study to clarify the phenomena of unsteady pressure pulsation. The results show that occurrence reason of the pressure pulsation is not only due to a series of opening and closing of the chamber formed between rotor and casing wall but also due to the variation of rotational speed of following rotor. The pressure pulsation causes torque variation and the curve patterns of the torque variation conforms to that of the pressure pulsation. Pressure in the chamber is equal to the averaged value of inlet and outlet pressures. Sudden pressure decrease by accelerated through-flow between lobe and casing wall results in torque loss.

Experimental study of Internal pressure variation of the TTX traveling in conventional tunnels (틸팅 열차의 터널주행 시 실내 압력변화에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Yun, Su-Hwan;Lee, Young-Bin;Kwak, Min-Ho;Park, Hoon-Il;Kim, Kyu-Hong;Lee, Dong-Ho;Kwon, Hyeok-Bin;Ko, Tae-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2114-2119
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    • 2008
  • When a train enters into a tunnel, a compression wave is generated by a front nose and a expansion wave is generated by a rear nose each other. Because the compression wave and expansion wave have interactions with the train in a tunnel repeatedly, the internal pressure of the train is dramatically varied. And this pressure variation gives passengers discomfort like ear-ache. In this paper, we had measured the internal pressure variation of TTX developed and being on Test-Running in Honam line and made an analysis of pressure variation rate. As a result, the internal pressure variation was different as to the length of tunnel. Though the entering velocity of TTX is similar on test tunnels, on the short tunnel, the pressure drop was lower then that of the long tunnel. And it was expected that the rates of internal pressure variation would be exceeded the limits on 160km/h entering velocity.

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Experimental Study of the Internal/external Pressure Variation of TTX Travelling through a Tunnel (한국형 틸팅차량의 터널 주행시 실내/외 압력변화에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Yun, Su-Hwan;Kwak, Min-Ho;Lee, Dong-Ho;Kwon, Hyeok-Bin;Ko, Tae-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.309-314
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    • 2009
  • When a train enters into a tunnel, a compression wave is generated by a front nose and a expansion wave is generated by a rear tail respectively. The interaction between pressure waves and the train makes the internal and external pressure of the train change dramatically. In this paper, we had measured the internal and external pressure variations of TTX and analyzed the pressure variations as the tunnel length. Also, the rate of internal pressure variations were investigated with the current airtight condition of TTX. In short tunnels, the internal and external pressure variation were not large because the superposition of pressure waves was not happened. In long tunnels, however, the rapid and large pressure variations were shown because of the superpositions between the same sort of pressure waves, such as expansion wave and expansion wave or compression wave and compression wave. In specific length tunnels, the pressure variation and the pressure variation rates were largely lessened because the compression wave and expansion wave were superposed.

A Study on Pressure Variation of the Passenger Cabin of Conventional Train for Speed-up (기존선 속도향상을 위한 객실내 압력변동에 관한 연구)

  • 남성원;한기흥
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.521-526
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    • 2000
  • Experimental study is conducted to clarify pressure variation of the passenger cabin of conventional train. These pressure variation may give rise to the ear-discomfort. Generally ear-discomfort has been considered as a problem related to high speed train. Because there is also a good progress to speed-up for conventional line, this isn't only a phenomena related to high speed train any longer. In this study, tile pressure variation of interior, gangway and exterior of saemaeul passenger car is measured using the atmospheric pressure sensors in Honam line. From the results of experiment, the pressure variation per second almost close in upon the limitation in the case of Noryong tunnel. Therefore, to accomplish speed-up for conventional train, it may be necessary to study a serial ventilating and the airtightness of carbody.

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Implementation of Impedance Method to Estimate Blood Flow Variation with Cuff Pressure Change (커프 압력 조절에 따른 혈류량 변화 평가를 위한 임피던스법의 구현)

  • Jeong, Do-Un;Bae, Jin-Woo;Shon, Jung-Man;Yae, Su-Yung;Choi, Byeong-Cheol;Nam, Ki-Gon;Kim, Cheol-Han;Jeon, Gye-Rok
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.462-472
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    • 2004
  • In this study, we measured the blood flow on arm by non-invasive method and implemented a system to measure variation of the blood flow by estimating bio-electrical impedance and arterial pressure according to cuff pressure. The implemented system measured impedance variation according to pressure variation applied by artificial cuff pressure on the measuring position. The system consisted of pressure measuring part and impedance measuring part using 4-electrode method. Pressure measuring part was composed of semiconductor pressure sensor and electronic circuit for signal processing of sensor output signal. In addition, impedance measuring part was composed of constant current source circuit and lock-in amplifier for detecting impedance signal. We conducted experiments of impedance measuring part using standard resistance for performance evaluation of the implemented system. In addition we experimented to estimate variation of the blood flow by measuring impedances of the experimental group. We estimated ratio of the blood flow resistance using mean arterial pressure and variation of the blood flow. As a result the ratio of the blood flow resistance and variation of blood flow were in an inverse relationship with each other and the correlation coefficient was -0.96776.