• Title, Summary, Keyword: Preventive consulting

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Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use in Korea : Prevalence, Pattern of Use, and Out-of-pocket Expenditures (우리 나라 국민의 보완요법 이용률, 이용양상과 비용지출)

  • Khang, Young-Ho;Lee, Moo-Song;Koo, Hee-Jo;Kang, Wee-Chang;Hong, Chang-Gi;Lee, Sang-Il
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.546-555
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    • 1999
  • Objectives : To determine the prevalence, pattern. and out-of-pocket expenditure of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) utilization in Korean adult population. Methods : We conducted a representative telephone survey of 2,042 persons aged 18 or older. Data about any health problem, details of their use of medical doctors(MDs) offices/hospitals/pharmacies services and CAM during the preceding 12 months were collected with structured questionnaire. Results : The utilization rate of CAM among Korean adults was 29% in one year. A total of 231 kinds of CAM was identified from this survey. Annual out-of-pocket expenditure associated with CAM use in 1998 amounted to ${\xi}{\S}1.88$ billion and was comparable to 40.8% of out-of-pocket expenditure paid for MDs offices/hospitals/pharmacies services. Among those(N=424) who paid for both MDs offices/hospitals/pharmacies services an d CAM, 35.8% paid more for CAM. CAM gave more satisfaction than western medicine to those who had experience of both types of therapy. About half of CAM users were willing to recommend CAM to others. Disclosure rate to physician among CAM users was not high(40.6%). Conclusion : CAM became a popular source of health care in Korea, Korean spent a substantial amount of out-of-pocket money on CAM without any public control. Because CAM use is likely to be increased rapidly through lay referral system, health policy makers and health professionals should pay more attention to CAM for making appropriate utilization of CAM.

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Opinion on the legalization of the actual duties of clinical dental hygienists (임상치과위생사의 실제적 업무의 법제화에 대한 견해)

  • Ryu, Hae-Gyum
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.1115-1125
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    • 2018
  • purpose : The purpose of the study is to investigate opinion on the legalization of the actual work of clinical dental hygienists. Methods : A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 171 dental hygienists in Busan and Gyeongnam from December 1, 2017 to January 31, 2018. Structured questionnaires were uesd for analysis. The collected data was analyzed using IBM SPSS. Statistic 20.0. Results : The first, assist of dental treatment, Second, dental health care education and consulting duties, and third priority preventive duties were found to be the most important duties in the dental office. Currently, it was investigated perform in a lot of workplace. Preventive treatment tasks include scaling, teeth polishing, applying fluoride and assist of dental treatment include preparation for medical care, preparation for implant surgery, preparation for oral surgery, implant surgery assistant and patient care training, and preparation for periodontal surgery. Conclusion : As a result, the dental hygienist performing a lot of dental assist tasks, oral health education counseling and preventive duties. Nonetheless, clinical dental hygienists are outlaws due to the disparity between practical and legal duties. Therefore, it is urgent to legislate actual duties of dental hygienist so that experts can fully exercise the competency of the public in promoting dental health. Relevant governments and related organizations should take reasonable measures to solve this problem.

Cost of Illness due to Maternal Disorders in Korea (우리나라 모성 관련 질환의 사회적 비용)

  • Cho, Bogeum;Lee, Sang-il;Jo, Min-Woo;Ahn, Jeonghoon;Oh, In-Hwan;Lee, Ye-Rin
    • The Journal of Health Technology Assessment
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.123-132
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: Maternal morbidity and mortality are important healthcare issues. However there have been few studies on cost of illness (COI) from maternal disorders. This study aimed to estimate the COI due to maternal disorders in Korea. Methods: By reviewing previous studies and consulting expert we determined the scope of maternal disorders. We operationally defined maternal disorders as maternal hemorrhage, maternal sepsis, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, obstructed labor, and abortion for maternal disorders. The reference period of this study is the year 2015. Main source of data were the National Health Insurance Service claims data, cause of death statistics from the Korea National Statistical Office, and the Korea Health Panel study. We classified the total costs into direct and indirect costs. The direct costs cover healthcare costs and non-healthcare costs. The indirect costs consist of productivity losses due to morbidity and premature death. Results: The cost of maternal disorders in 2015 was 229.7 billion won. The direct and indirect costs of maternal disorders were 165.2 billion won and 64.5 billion won respectively. The largest cost item for maternal disorders was healthcare cost (138.3 billion won, 60.2%). By age groups, the COI in 30-39 years old women were the highest (165.1 billion won, 71.9%). Abortion was the disorder with the highest COI among maternal disorders (71.9 billion won, 31.3%). Conclusion: The COI due to maternal disorders in Korea is quite substantial. Economic burden of maternal disorder increased when being compared with the year 2012 data despite the continued low birth rate in Korea. Therefore, it is necessary to continuously monitor the social costs of the maternal disorders in Korea.