• Title, Summary, Keyword: Private Police Activities

Search Result 22, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

Building Cooperation Policing Systems and Roles of Private Security (협력치안체제구축과 민간경비의 역할)

  • Seok, Cheong-Ho
    • Korean Security Journal
    • /
    • no.24
    • /
    • pp.67-90
    • /
    • 2010
  • Today, the police alone can not prevent a crime. And the police is limited to meet for people's the increased needs on public safety. So the police and the community needs the cooperation of a variety of resources. Police in cooperation with community resources to respond to the crime's most professional and the private sector is a private security. However, the role of private security for cooperation policing is insufficient in South Korea. So for this study to build a cooperative policing in South Korea as private security for the following four kinds of directions are presented. First, as a private security of the United States and Japan, specializes in diversified business sectors. Simple human-oriented private security of the building security get out. Instead, take the high-tech crime prevention or industry complex security should be changed to a professional organization. Second, the interaction between police and private security should be increased. Police and private security through regular meetings between the need for mutual interests and build consensus is needed. The role of private security companies to be represented on the Security Association of South Korea's active role in the matter. Third, efforts to improve the image of private security activities and the publiciy activity of private security is needed. Some of the private security in an effort to escape a negative image to the people and actively promote a positive image is necessary. Finally, for South Korea to the level the cooperation between the police and private security are required to develop system models. Front-line policing priority in the field and the mutual understanding between the police and private security in an effort to have a positive perception is needed. Equal partners, especially the police and private security to private security companies to have recognized experts in their own recruitment and training should be improved by strengthening the expertise.

  • PDF

Mutual Cooperation between USA Police and Private Security : Actual Status and Meaning (미국 경찰과 민간경비의 상호협력 : 실태 및 함의)

  • Park, Dong-Kyun;Kim, Tae-Min
    • Korean Security Journal
    • /
    • no.28
    • /
    • pp.207-228
    • /
    • 2011
  • In the situation that crime is diversified qualitatively and quantitatively, the mutual cooperation system between police and private security is very important to cope with the change of policing environment properly. The primary purpose of this study is to suggest the method to improve the policing service quality of police and advance sound security industry by analyzing the case of close mutual cooperation system between police and private security of USA, which can be called the best country in the field of private security. When considering the cases of USA synthetically, we can know that as the most basic characteristic, the discussion over actual cooperation method is performed on the basis of positive recognition over mutual existence of police or private security. It means that the mutual relationship is based on the basic recognition over partner relationship to meet citizen's desire for safety. While reviewing the cases of USA, Korea shall refer to the fact that social safety activities of advanced countries display effects because of many factors such as various mutual cooperation programs between police and private security, efforts of local government, high quality of private security, reliance of citizen and general understanding of police, private security and citizen to solve crime problem. As shown in the review of USA cases, when considering the fact that the mutual cooperation between police and private security is performed in the level of autonomous police, Korea shall perform autonomous police system to provide better policing service, which is close to citizen.

  • PDF

The Current VIP Guard System and Its Development (요인의 안전을 위한 경호조직 분석 및 발전 방안)

  • 오세용;김창은
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
    • /
    • v.5 no.3
    • /
    • pp.81-98
    • /
    • 2003
  • In modern society, there are diverse sorts of VIPs including a king and individuals. Some like a king or president are in need of professional secret services, and others become VIPs by being guarded by a bodyguard company at their own request. The former is called a public guard, and the latter is a private one. In the field of the public guard, the nation should be furnished with a guard system in consideration of political circumstances to protect VIPs. That is, the parliamentary cabinet system and presidential system call for a different guard system, and the guard system's professional features vary to some degree with political situations and cultural climate. If the ultimate goal of guard is to protect the chief of the democratic and open state in a most efficient and safe manner, it's mandatorily necessary to set up a professional and specialized guard organization to provide democratic and efficient secret services. It's desired that the domestic presidential guard division should be staffed with not only expert guards but other personnels dispatched from the military and police. In the police, guard mission is splitted among various guard and security agencies, including the National Police Agency's public security bureau or the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency's public security division, 101 security unit, mobile police and 22 special guard division. As a chain of command is separated and it's difficult to manage such organizations effectively, the National Police Agency should be exclusively in charge of VIP guard and security. In the area of private guard, the private police system has shared national security task as a middle organization between the private police and private guard. But now its intent has gradually weakened, and its mission should be redefined. In addition, the way people look at private guard should change, and they should be well informed that it could serve to prevent possible crimes, protect them against crimes and get rid of their inconveniences. To make a good impression on people, the guard associations and businesses should put their efforts into reinforcing publicity activities, and the government, academic circles and press should team up with them as well.

Ground Security Activities for Prevention of Aviation Terrorism -Centered on San Francisco International Airport of the U.S.A.- (항공테러방지를 위한 지상 보안활동 -미국 샌프란시스코국제공항을 중심으로-)

  • Kang, Maeng-Jin;Kang, Jae-Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.195-204
    • /
    • 2008
  • With the growth of airline management, as well as computer and IT security, the international trade in this modern society has been rapidly increasing, Along with the advancing, airplanes have become a universal means of communication. However, the complications associated with airplane safety have also been brought up as a result, the most concerning of which is terrorism. One of the main counterplans for preventing terrorism is Ground security activities the core of Ground security activities is absolute safety for passengers in both passenger terminal and freight terminal. Subastral security refers to physical protection, proximity control and 100% security search and freight guarding of the passengers' possessions, and the personnel's duties to perform such jobs are be! coming more crucial. On the other hand, Airport security check has bee n gradually developing since the 1960's, when hijacking began to take place. Although the airports have been providing more safe and comfortable services to their customers, terrorism is still happening today. When Ground security activities is minute, the users feel displeasure and discomfort, yet considering solely their convenience can brings problems in achieving safety. Since the 9.11 terror in 2001, the idea of improving and strengthening airport security was reinforced and a considerable amount of estate is being spent today for invention and application of new technology. Various nations, including the United States, have been improving their systems of security through public services; public police department is actively carrying out their duties in airports as well. In San Francisco International Airport, private police department is in charge of collection of data, national events, VIP protection, law enforcement, cooperation within facilities, daily-based patrol and traffic control. Under guidance and supervision of national organizations, such as TSA, general police department interprets X-Rays, operates metal detectors, checks passports or IDs and observes reactions to explosives. Under these circumstances, studies about advancement of cooperation and duties of general police department and private police department necessitated: especially about private police department and their training for searching equipments, decrease in number of turn over rate, invention of technology and prior settlement in estate for security. The privacy of the public, who make up the major population of airport passengers, must also be minimized. In the following research, the activities of police departments in San Francisco International Airport will be analyzed in order to understand recent actions of the United States on airport security.

A Study on the Suggestion of Participate to the Involvement of Police and Security Science Majors in Crime Prevention Activities (경찰.전공자의 공공방범활동 참여제안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Il Gon;Ahn, Young Kyu
    • Convergence Security Journal
    • /
    • v.14 no.3_2
    • /
    • pp.61-70
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the types and state of the private sector's cooperative activities for public peace and order and any problems with it in an effort to step up the revitalization of police-college collaborative efforts for public security by allowing police studies majors and security science majors to participate in crime prevention activities for which the police was responsible in each local community. What problems might possibly take place if police studies majors and security science majors would be involved in crime prevention activities was investigated by making a qualitative analysis. The findings of the study were as follows: First, more human resources and equipment should be offered, as the shortage of the two was pointed out as one of problems with the police itself. Second, how to cope with accidents that might occur if police studies majors and security science majors would take part in crime prevention activities should carefully be studied. Third, it should first be carried out at college to improve an ability to properly respond to diverse situations on the spot.

The growth and future of police activities (민간경찰활동의 성장과 미래)

  • Kang, maeng-jin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.215-216
    • /
    • 2018
  • 민간에 의한 경찰활동의 역사는 뿌리가 깊다. 자신과 가족의 보호로부터 시작된 경찰활동은 시간이 지남에 따라 그 영역을 넓히면서 더욱 구체화 되었다. 경찰활동은 공공에 의한 경우와 개인적 차원의 활동으로 구분할 수 있다. 경찰활동을 police activity, police operation, policing이라고 하는데 공공 또는 정부 차원에서 이루어지는 경찰활동은 public police activity, 개인적 차원 혹은 민간 차원의 경찰활동을 private police activity라고도 한다. 인류 역사 이래 스스로를 지키기 위한 경찰활동이 있었으며 국가체제에서도 경찰국가로 불리던 시기가 있었다. 시간이 지남에 따라 경찰활동 영역에도 많은 변화가 있었는데 공경찰활동은 국가 또는 중앙정부, 혹은 지방정부의 변화와 맥락을 같이한다. 민간경찰활동 역시 경찰활동을 요구하는 개인 또는 기업 등의 변화에 따라 많은 변화가 있었다. 민간에 의한 경찰활동은 정부의 공경찰활동이 미치지 못하는 영역에서 요구되었으며 이는 자연스럽게 민간경찰활동의 성장으로 귀결되었다. 단순하게 개인과 재산, 시설 등을 경비하던 수준에서 벗어나 이제는 연관되지 않은 영역이 없을 정도의 발전을 하였으며 과학적이고 기술적으로 진보되고 발전되었다. 앞으로는 첨단 시설과 장비는 물론이고 각종 데이터베이스를 기반으로 하는 인공지능의 활용이 더욱 활발할 것으로 기대된다.

  • PDF

The tasks and prospect of introducing the pravite investigation servicesystem in korea (한국민간조사제도 도입전망과 과제)

  • Park, Jun-seok;Jeong, Youn-min;Lee, Young-seok
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.95-117
    • /
    • 2007
  • With rapid changes taking place in every field, the expansion and specialization of various social service activities are one of the characteristics of the modem society. However, the increase of crimes and inefficiency of public police service to cope with this situation have caused discontent and distrust on the service among the public, making people more inclined to solve safety-related problems by themselves. Private Security Service(PSS) and Private Investigation Service(PIS) were introduced to satisfy these needs. In the area of PIS, Public Investigation Service System(PISS) has been established for a quite long time in foreign countries. However in Korea, PIS is being provided by unregulated service providers such as errand service center due to the lack of legal system, causing many problems related with illegal practices by the service providers. This paper is the result of the research on how to adopt a relevant PISS in Korea and develop it in the future. This kind of research is much needed to curb the rising illegal practices of the errand service centers, complement the insufficient operation of public police service, and strengthen the competitiveness of our country by taking more efficient actions in the changing public security environment. Based on the research, this paper also examines positively the possibility of introduction of PIS in Korea. This paper also recommends a prompt enactment of PIS regulation and improvement on the legal environment for such introduction of the relevant and suitable PISS in Korea.

  • PDF

Crime prevention role and limitations of private security organizations (민간방범기구의 범죄예방 역할과 한계)

  • Gong, Bae-Wan
    • Convergence Security Journal
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.33-41
    • /
    • 2012
  • Important crime prevention is emphasized. Depending on the type of criminal act itself, but with many material and human damage because it is a threat to the safety of civil life. The traditional police power of the police in patrolling the derailment by the diversification of the crime, globalization, organizing, specialization, and ferocious anger by far exceeds the capabilities of the police crime prevention are occurring. Civilian police crime prevention organizations in the area of the region as a base for complementary activities, and even if the purpose of commercial availability, but many organizations is the autonomous and spontaneous personality voluntary work civic life is to serve as the safety fence. But that suits the role of these organizations and social support and lack of institutional support and practical and effective crime prevention activities has not been effective. Law reform and the role of the Organization for the maintenance of redundancy, or a series of systematic effort to equip networks and take advantage of the functional and has been factory.

A Study on Reorganization of System of Assistant Police Officer (치안보조인력 제도의 개편에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Moon-Kwi
    • Korean Security Journal
    • /
    • no.62
    • /
    • pp.255-276
    • /
    • 2020
  • The mandatory police system, which plays a pivotal role in securing security and securing social safety as a security assistant, is expected to face difficulties in supplying the mandatory police manpower and securing absolute police manpower in the future according to the Ministry of Defense's abolition of the conversion service system. In this situation, this study intends to provide a concrete plan to replace the mandatory police officers as security assistants, recruiting contractors from civilians who are not military service resources or regular police officers, and using them for security assistance. More ultimately, this study goes beyond securing obligatory police to reduce or abolish mandatory police, which has been dealt with in previous studies. It aims to present the rescue and operation directions so that the police can provide quality public security services. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, this study 1) analyzes the current situation of police personnel, derives the necessity and justification of securing the police personnel or increasing the number of police personnel due to changes in security demand and security environment, and 2) After discussing the necessity and direction of reorganization, 3) deriving policy implications through analysis of foreign cases operating similar systems to derive specific plans for the introduction of security contractors for private contract workers in Korea. This study reviewed the specific operation plan and legal and institutional maintenance plan of private contract workers. In order to achieve these research objectives, this study 1) analyzes the current status of the police manpower and derives the necessity and justification of securing an absolute police manpower or increasing the manpower of the police in response to changes in security demand and security environment, and the current security aid system. 2) After discussing the necessity and orientation of reorganization of exinsting system of assistant police officer, 3) derive policy implications through analysis of foreign cases utilizing security aids similar to Korea, and 4) The specific operation plan and legal and institutional maintenance plan were presented. including security aids for private contract workers in Korea, from recruitment procedures to activities.

Japanese Private Detective Investigation of Long Term Missing Person (일본 탐정의 장기미제 실종자 조사)

  • Shin, Jae-Hun;Kim, Sang-Woon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.19 no.7
    • /
    • pp.412-420
    • /
    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest legalization of private investigation system by giving an example of Japanese detective investigation on people who have been missing for a long time. To accomplish the research purpose, this study reviewed literature and used preceding researches on Japanese detective system to complete theoretical background. This study also identified the missing people in Korea and Japan to accomplish the research purpose. Conclusion: In Japan, about 80,000 people are reported to be missing every year. Although most of them are found on that day or within a week, some of them are not found for more than a week. There even a case where the person was missing for more than 3 years. In such case, the Japanese citizens requests detectives to find the missing person instead of depending on the police. When Japanese detectives are paid by their client, they provide the security service requested by the client. Japanese detectives receive about 100,000 yen to 700,000 yen for finding missing person and they find the missing person through investigation on voluntary or involuntary missing person. Such activities of Japanese detectives point out the necessity of introducing private investigation system in Korea. Currently, most missing people are not found in Korea. Introduction of private investigation system will help in finding the missing person, reducing the excessive workload of police, and creating jobs.