• Title, Summary, Keyword: Problem solving ability

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Effects of PSA programming learning on Problem solving ability and Logical thinking ability : In the case of High School Students (PSA 중심 프로그래밍 학습이 문제해결력과 논리적 사고력에 미치는 효과 : 고등학생을 대상으로)

  • Kim, Hyung-Chul;Ko, Young-Min;Kim, Hanil;Kim, Cheolmin
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2015
  • In recent domestic and international curriculum it is emphasized that students should acquire 'problem solving' competence as a member of knowledge information society and various programming educational methods of improving problem solving competence have been studied. But there is no difference between programming problems in related research and traditional programming courses. Most methods of solving problems are focused on acquiring specific languages rather than enhancing problem solving ability. In this research, we developed a suitable programming problems and curriculum for fostering problem solving competence and designed and developed teaching and learning contents based on PSA(Problem Solving Activities). Furthermore, we obtained meaningful results of improving learners' problem solving ability and logical thinking ability by operating curriculum with developed contents as learning materials. The results of this research are expected to be used as a reference model or basic teaching materials for developing and operating the programming teaching and learning contents or curriculum to enhance problem solving competence.

The Effect on Motivation and Problem Solving Ability of Problem Based Storytelling Programming Learning (문제중심 스토리텔링 프로그래밍 학습이 학습동기 및 문제해결능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Gu, JungMo;Park, Jung-Ho;Song, JeongBeom;Bae, Youngkwon;Ahn, SeongHun;Lee, TaeWuk
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2009
  • Problem-solving ability have become extremely important in today's world. Programming may help to induce problem-solving ability. However, programming may give cognitive overload and offense against learning motivation. Therefore it is necessary that we should develope strategies to increase motivation on elementary programming classes. We developed a programming learning design and supporting system that combine problem-based learning and storytelling to induce motivation and problem solving ability. And then, we implemented the developed course in elementary school. The result of the research shows that the developed programming classes had positive effect on the development of elementary student's motivation and problem-solving ability.

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Effects of Task Performance Style in Nursing Management Practicum on Problem-Solving and Nursing Competency according to Communication Ability of Nursing Students (간호관리학 임상실습에서 과제수행방식이 간호대학생의 의사소통능력에 따라 문제해결능력과 간호역량에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Myung-Ha;Kim, Hyun-Kyung;Jeong, Seok-Hee;Moon, Inn-Oh
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.106-114
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine effects of task performance style, communication ability and their interaction on problem-solving ability and nursing competency of nursing students participating in a nursing management practicum. Methods: The study was a non-equivalent control group non-synchronized design. Participants were 56 fourth year nursing students (25 in the cooperative task group and 31 in the individual task group) and data were collected from March to September 2010. Additionally, two groups were classified based on communication ability of students and four groups were classified by their task performance style and communication ability. Problem-solving ability and nursing competency were measured pre- and post-test and compared between groups. Data were analyzed using SPSS Windows 17.0 program. Results: Neither problem-solving ability and nursing competency were statistically significantly different according to task performance style. Nursing competency was statistically significantly higher in the high communication group compared to the low communication group. Problem-solving ability was significantly different among the four groups classified by task performance style and communication ability. Conclusion: Nursing educators may need to improve students' communication ability to improve nursing competency and also assign different tasks based on communication ability of nursing students to improve problem-solving ability.

The Effects of the Situation-Based Mathematical Problem Posing Activity on Problem Solving Ability and Mathematical Attitudes (상황제시형 수학 문제 만들기(WQA) 활동이 문제해결력 및 수학적 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyeong-Ock;Ryu, Sung-Rim
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.665-683
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to improve forward mathematics study by analyzing the effects of the teaching and learning process applied situation-based mathematical problem posing activity on problem solving ability and mathematical attitudes. For this purpose, the research questions were established as follows: 1. How the situation-based mathematical problem posing activity(WQA activity) changes the problem solving ability of students? 2. How the situation-based mathematical problem posing activity(WQA activity) changes the mathematical attitudes of students? The results of the study were as follows: (1) There was significant difference between experimental group and comparative group in problem solving ability. This means that situation-based mathematical problem posing activity was generally more effective in improving problem solving ability than general classroom-based instruction. (2) There was not significant difference between experimental group and comparative group in mathematical attitudes. But the experimental group's average scores of mathematical attitudes except mathematical confidence was higher than comparative group's ones. And there was significant difference in the mathematical adaptability. The results obtained in this study suggest that the situation-based mathematical problem posing activity can be used to improve the students' problem solving ability and mathematical attitudes

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A Study on the Moderating Effects of Problem-Solving Ability on the Effect of Consultant Selection Criteria on Consulting Service Repurchase Intention (컨설턴트 선정기준이 컨설팅서비스 재구매 의도에 미치는 영향에 있어서 문제해결능력의 조절효과에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Bong-Cheol;Na, Do-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.179-188
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to test the effect of consultant's problem-solving ability on consulting services. A questionnaire was conducted for the staff of companies that were consulted, the research models and hypotheses were tested by structural equation. As a result of this study, the moderating effect of the consultant 's problem-solving ability and the fit of the research model were confirmed. In this study, defining the problem solving ability of the consultant as an major variable was a new attempt on the research of the consultant's competence. We expect that this study will promote various research on consultant's problem-solving ability and encourage consultants to re-recognize their problem-solving ability. We will conduct research to develop a a tool for measuring the problem-solving ability of consultants recognized as the limitation of this study.

Relationship between Critical Thinking Disposition and Problem Solving Ability of Nursing Students (3년제 간호학생의 비판적 사고성향과 문제해결능력과의 관계)

  • Yang, Hae-Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.6387-6394
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the relationship between the critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability as well as the influencing factors the problem solving ability in nursing students. The data was collected from 422 nursing students of 4 colleges and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. The mean score of the critical thinking disposition was $3.42{\pm}0.42$ and the problem solving ability was $3.84{\pm}0.50$. A significant positive correlation was observed between the critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability. Multiple regression analysis showed that the predictors of the problem solving ability were the critical thinking disposition and interpersonal relationship. These findings suggest that there is a need to increase the critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability in nursing students. These results should be reflected in an evaluation and development of the curriculum and learning method.

Effects of Teamwork Competence on Problem Solving in Engineering Students: Mediating Effect of Creative Personality (공과대학생의 팀워크역량이 문제해결능력에 미치는 영향: 창의적 인성의 매개효과)

  • Bae, Sung Ah;Ok, Seung-Yong;Noh, Soo Rim
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.32-40
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    • 2019
  • This paper deals with the effects of teamwork competence on problem solving ability through the mediating effect of creative personality for the engineering students. For this purpose, a regression-based statistical mediation analysis has been performed for a simple mediation model in which teamwork competence and problem solving ability were treated as independent and dependent variables respectively, and creative personality was included as a mediation variable. The analysis results showed that the teamwork competence has direct effect on the problem solving ability as well as indirect effect through the creative personality. This result implies that the problem solving ability can be improved directly by improving the teamwork competence, and moreover, it can be further improved indirectly or through the mediation effect by improving the creative personality. Thus, in order to develop excellent problem solving ability, it is necessary to form team members in a balanced way between teamwork competence and creative personality in the team-based learning.

Effect of Cognitive Style on Collaborative Problem Solving Ability in Programming Learning

  • Kwon, Boseob
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.9
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    • pp.163-169
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    • 2018
  • Problem solving by programming has a lot of influence on computational thinking improvement. Programming learning has been self-directed based on the individual's thoughts and principles. However, the revised informatics curriculum in 2015 puts importance on collaborative learning. Collaborative learning emphasizes results differently from cooperative learning, which emphasizes problem-solving processes. And cooperative learning leads to structured learning, such as role sharing and activity stages, within a small group, while collaborative learning leads to unstructured learning. Therefore, it is becoming more in collaborative learning that peer interaction can be affected by learners' cognitive style. In this paper, we propose the effect of cognitive style on problem solving ability in collaborative learning for problem solving by programming. As a result, collaborative learning was effective in improving problem solving ability and there was no significant difference in cognitive style.

Development and Application of Teaching Strategy Focused on Problem Solving Process in the 'Separation of Mixture' Unit of Third Grade Elementary School (초등학교 3학년 '혼합물의 분리' 단원에서 문제해결 과정을 강조한 수업 전략 개발 및 적용)

  • Lee, Shin Hyun;Choi, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.105-114
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a teaching strategy focused on problem solving process and explore its effects on science creative problem solving ability, science process skills, science academic achievements and scientific attitudes of students after applying it. Teaching strategy focused on problem solving process employed brainstorming and PMI thinking strategies. The participants were the third grade students of both an experimental class(26 students) and a comparative class(25 students) at the S elementary school located in Goyang-City, Kyonggi Province. The developed strategy was applied to the experimental class for 9 periods of 'Separation of mixture' unit. The results of the tests on the science creative problem solving ability, the science process skills, scientific achievement and scientific attitude were statistically higher in the experimental class.

A Study on Correlations among Affective Characteristics, Mathematical Problem-Solving, and Reasoning Ability of 6th Graders in Elementary School (초등학교 고학년 아동의 정의적 특성, 수학적 문제 해결력, 추론 능력간의 관계)

  • 이영주;전평국
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.113-131
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships among affective characteristics, mathematical problem-solving abilities, and reasoning abilities of the 6th graders for mathematics, and to analyze whether the relationships have any differences according to the regions, which the subjects live. The results are as follows: First, self-awareness is the most important factor which is related mathematical problem-solving abilities and reasoning abilities, and learning habit and deductive reasoning ability have the most strong relationships. Second, for the relationships between problem-solving abilities and reasoning abilities, inductive reasoning ability is more related to problem-solving ability than deductive reasoning ability Third, for the regions, there is a significant difference between mathematical abilities and deductive reasoning abilities of the subjects.

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