• Title, Summary, Keyword: Problem solving ability

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The Effects of Self-Regulated Learning Abilities and Problem Solving Ability of College Electrical Information Control Freshmen on Academic Achievement (전문대학 전기전공 신입생들의 자기조절학습능력과 문제해결력이 성취도에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Ae-Kyung;Shin, Jae-Heung;Lee, Sang-Cheol
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.60 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2011
  • The main purpose of this study was to examine the learning abilities of college electrical students, especially self-regulated learning abilities and problem solving ability. In addition, this study was to explore the effects of self-regulated learning abilities and problem solving ability of the college students on academic achievement. For this purpose, a total of 58 college freshmen was chosen to conduct a survey. The results of this study showed that self-regulated learning abilities and problem solving ability significantly influenced on the college engineering students' academic achievement. Based on these study results, the above variables investigated in this study should sufficiently considered in the design and development of the college engineering courses that enable students to become self-regulated learners and improve their academic achievement.

The Effect of Roleplaying-Centered STS Approach in "Environment" Unit of High School Science (고등학교 과학 "환경" 단원에서 역할놀이를 중심으로 한 STS 수업 효과)

  • Ji, Jae-Hwa;Woo, Ae-Ja
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2008
  • This study is to evaluate the effect of roleplaying-centered STS program on the science-related attitude, the academic achievement, and the problem solving ability in "Environment" unit of high school Science. 90 students in grade 10 were divided into two groups, the experimental group applied the roleplaying-centered STS program and the control group applied the traditional lecture-centered class. The pretest was implemented to measure the science-related attitude, and the posttest was implemented to measure the science-related attitude, the academic achievement, and problem solving ability. The collected data were analyzed by ANCOVA and Correlation Analysis with SPSS program. The results are as follows: First, the experimental group was not significantly different from the control group in the science-related attitude and in the academic achievement(p>.05). Second, the experimental group significantly showed much better problem solving ability than the control group(p<.05). Third, a significant correlation was recognized between the academic achievement and the problem solving ability(p<.01).

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A study on the critical thinking and problem-solving abilities of dental hygiene students (치위생과 학생의 비판적 사고성향과 문제해결능력에 관한 연구)

  • Shim, Hyung-Soon;Lee, Hyang-Nim;Kim, Eun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1171-1182
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the correlation between critical thinking and problem-solving abilities in dental hygiene students. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 386 dental hygiene students enrolled in Gwangju Health university from August 30, 2017 to September 2, 2017. The general characteristics of the subjects, their critical thinking and problem-solving abilities were measured for the study. The tool to measure critical thinking was adapted from Yoon which had a Cronbach' alpha of 0.77. The tool for problem-solving ability was adapted from that used in Heppner & Petersen, which had a Cronbach' alpha of 0.77. The collected data are analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation analysis, and multiple regression using SPSS/Win 18.0 program. Results: The results show that critical thinking scored 3.45 while problem solving ability scored 3.20. The correlation between critical thinking and problem-solving abilities was found to be strong. The strongest positive correlation in problem-solving ability was critical thinking (p<0.001). The multiple regression analysis suggests that the factors affecting problem solving ability of the subjects was statistically significant. The significant variables included critical thinking (${\beta}=0.440$) (p<0.001), satisfaction with one's major (${\beta}=0.108$) (p<0.05), interpersonal relationships (${\beta}=0.104$) (p<0.05) and academic performance (${\beta}=0.086$) (p<0.05) with an explanatory power of 38.3%. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop a curriculum and learning method for critical thinking and problem-solving abilities in the dental hygiene students.

Effects of Project Based Material on Problem solving Ability and Attitude of Mathematically Gifted in Science High School - Focusing on Probability and Statistics - (주제탐구형 자료가 과학고 수학영재의 문제해결 및 태도에 미치는 효과 - 확률.통계 영역을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Jong-Hak
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.467-487
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze of gifted students' improvement on mathematical attitude and problem-solving ability through project-based materials in science high school. For this study, research questions are established as follows. 1. Does the project-based materials-used instruction have a positive effect on improving problem-solving ability? 2. Does the project-based materials-used instruction have a positive effect on improving mathematical attitude? To solve these research questions, this study employed a survey and interview type investigation for gifted students' mathematical attitude and problem-solving ability. A subject of classes were randomly selected among the 11th grader in D science high school and designated one class as the experimental group and the other class as the control group. Twelve hours of the project-based materials-used instruction and the traditional textbook-oriented instruction had been carried out in each class. Findings on this study are as follows: First, the project-based material-used instruction is shown to be more effective in enhancing problem-solving ability than the traditional textbook-oriented instruction. Second, the project-based material-used instruction is shown to be more effective in improving mathematical attitude than the traditional textbook-oriented instruction.

Effects of Writing Reflective Journal on Meta-cognition and Problem Solving Ability in Nursing Students taking a Fundamental Nursing Skills Course Applying Blended Learning (블렌디드 러닝(blended learning)을 적용한 기본간호학 실습교육에서 성찰일지의 작성이 간호학생의 메타인지와 문제해결능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Jho, Mi Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.430-439
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to contribute to the development of an efficient teaching-learning method by analyzing effects of writing reflective journals on meta-cognition and problem solving ability in nursing students in education applying blended learning for fundamental nursing skills. Methods: The research design was a one-group pretest-posttest design, done to assess changes in meta-cognition and problem solving ability. Participants were 63 nursing students taking the fundamental nursing skills course at one college in Gyeonggi Province. The course was offered from March 21 to June 3, 2016. Data were collected using pre and post tests given before and after writing of reflective journals in blended learning. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}^{\prime}s$ test and paired t-test with SPSS Statistics version 20.0. Results: The results of this study show that scores for meta-cognition and problem solving ability of these students were all above average. There was a statistically significant difference in meta-cognition between pre and post writing of reflective journals but not for problem-solving ability. Conclusion: The findings indicate that writing a reflective journal in blended learning is an efficient teaching-learning method to improve meta-cognition in nursing students.

An Analysis of Structural Relationships between Metacognition, Flow, and Mathematics Creative Problem Solving Ability (메타인지, 몰입과 수학 창의적 문제해결력 간의 구조적 관계 분석)

  • Park, Hye-Jin;Kwean, Hyuk-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.205-224
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    • 2010
  • This paper examined what structural relationship metacognition and flow, which are identified as major variables that positively influence creative problem solving ability, had with mathematics creative problem solving ability. For this purpose, the Mathematics Creative Problem Solving Ability Test (MCPSAT) was given go 196 general second-year middle school students, and their cognitive and affective states were measured with metacognition and flow tests. The three variables' relationships were examined through a correlation analysis and, through structural equation modeling, the mediating effect of flow was tested in the structural relationships between the three variables and in the relationship between metacognition and mathematics creative problem solving ability. The results of the research show that metacognition did not directly influence mathematics creative solving ability, but exerted influence through the mediating variable of flow. A more detailed examination shows that while metacognition did not influence fluency and originality from among the measured variables for mathematics creative problem solving ability, it did directly influence flexibility. In particular, metacognition's indirect influence through the mediating variable of flow was shown to be much stronger than its direct influence on flexibility. This research showed that the students' high metacognition ability increased flow degree in the problem solving process, and problem solving in this state of flow increased their mathematics creative problem solving ability.

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The Factors Affecting Problem Solving Ability of Critical Thinking Disposition, Communication Skills, and Autonomous Educational Climate in Dental Hygiene Department Students (치위생학 전공 대학생의 비판적 사고성향, 의사소통능력, 자율적 교육풍토가 문제해결능력에 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Seo-Yeon
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.244-251
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    • 2019
  • This study is to investigate the factors influencing the problem solving ability of dental hygiene and students' communication ability and critical thinking and autonomous educational climate. The subjects were 249 dental hygienists who attended two university from May 20 to June 1, 2018. Statistical analysis was performed with mean, t-test and one-way ANOVA. The overall mean of critical thinking tendency was 3.47 points, the total mean of communication life was 3.48 points. The overall mean of autonomous educational climate was 3.14 points and the total mean of problem solving ability was 3.40 points. The higher the critical thinking disposition score, the higher the problem solving ability. The higher the satisfaction of the major, the higher the problem solving ability. Therefore, if the program to improve communication ability, critical thinking tendency, and autonomous educational climate of college students majoring in dental hygiene is expected to improve the problem solving ability.

Effects of Gifted Students' Creative Problem Solving Ability by Team-Based Learning (팀기반학습이 영재학생의 창의적 문제해결력에 미치는 영향)

  • Jin, Young-Hun;Son, Jeong-Woo
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.703-718
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    • 2011
  • Team-Based Learning can play an important role in gifted education, because that improve decision making, coordination and problem-solving ability through shapely team activity. So, when a program that founded on Team-Based Learning applied to gifted students, investigated the improved effects of creative problem solving ability. Developed programs consisted of total 10 times and were conducted the lesson for 13student (male 3, female 10) of 4, 5th grade gifted students class in S elementary school, Sancheong-gun. The improved effects of creative problem solving ability were selected as the self-checking tool of creative problem-solving ability. Due to a small number of students, nonparametric test has done with the results of before and after, it showed significantly improvements in significance level of 5%. In particular, there was a significant improvement in the field of divergent thinking, critical logical thinking. Therefore, the programs based on Team-Based Learning are effective for enhance creative problem solving ability of gifted students, they will be used widely in the classroom to require creative problem solving ability or the acquisition of knowledge of gifted students.

The Effects of Problem Solving Strategy and Paired Think-Aloud Problem Solving on High School Students' Chemistry Problem Solving (문제 해결 전략과 해결자.청취자 활동이 고등학생의 화학 문제 해결에 미치는 효과)

  • Jeon, Kyung-Moon;Noh, Tae-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.289-298
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    • 2001
  • The effect of the instructional approach that asked students to check their problem-solving processes through a paired think-aloud problem solving after presenting molecular-level pictures and a four stage-problem solving strategy was investigated. Four high school classes (N = 191) were randomly assigned to St group (using Strategy individually), SL group (Solver Listener), St-SL group (using Strategy-Solver Listener), and control group. Although the test scores of the St-SL group on strategy performing ability were significantly higher than those of the control group, there was not significant difference for the scores in the multiple-choice algorithmic problems. Regarding the subcategories of strategy performing ability test, students' ability of understanding given of problems and deriving the proper physical quantity was improved, but their ability of setting up subgoals and reviewing their solving process was very low. The preference to the strategy of the St-SL group was more positive than that of the St group.

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The Effects of the FOCUS Problem Solving Steps on Mathematical Problem Solving Ability and Mathematical Attitudes (FOCUS 문제해결과정이 수학 문제해결력 및 수학적 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Yeon Joo;Ryu, Sung Rim
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.243-262
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    • 2017
  • This study has its purpose on improving mathematic education by analyzing the effects of the teaching and learning process which adopted 'FOCUS Problem Solving Steps' on student's mathematical problem solving ability and their mathematical attitude. The result is as follows. First, activities through FOCUS Problem Solving Steps showed positive effect on students' problem solving ability. Second, among mathematical attitudes, mathematical curiosity, reflection and value are proved to have statistically meaningful effect and from the result that analyzed changes of subject students, we could suppose that all 6 elements of mathematical attitude had positive effect. Third, by solving questions through FOCUS steps, students felt satisfaction when they success by themselves. If projects which adopted FOCUS Problem Solving Steps take effect continuously by happiness from the process of reviewing and reflecting their own fallacy and solving that, we might expect meaningful effect on students' problem solving ability. Through this study, FOCUS Problem Solving Steps had positive effect not only on students' mathematical problem solving ability but also on formation of mathematical attitude. As a result, it implies that FOCUS Problem Solving Steps need to be applied to other grades and fields and then studied more.

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