• Title, Summary, Keyword: Proteins

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Isolation of Proteins that Specifically Interact with the ATPase Domain of Mammalian ER Chaperone, BiP

  • Chung, Kyung-Tae;Lee, Tae-Ho;Kang, Gyong-Suk
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.192-198
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    • 2003
  • BiP, immunoglobulin binding protein, is an ER homologue of Hsp70. However, unlit other Hsp70 proteins, regulatory protein(s) for BiP has not been identified. Here, we demo strafed the presence of potential regulatory proteins for BiP using a pull -down assay. Since BiP can bind any unfolded protein, only the ATPase domain of BiP was used for the pull -down assay in order to minimize nonspecific binding. The ATPase domain was cloned to produce recombinant protein, which was then conjugated to CNBr-activated agarose. The structural conformation and ATP hydrolysis activity of the recombinant ATPase domain were similar to those of the native protein, light proteins from metabolically labeled mouse plasmacytoma cells specifically bound to the recombinant ATPase protein. The binding of these proteins was inhibited by excess amounts of free ATPase protein, and was dependent on the presence of ATP. These proteins were eluted by ADP. Of these proteins, Grp170 and BiP where identified. while the other were not identified as known ER proteins, from Western blot analyses. The presence of the ATPase-binding proteins for BiP was first demonstrated in this study, and our data suggest similar regulatory machinery for BiP may exist in the ER, as found in prokaryotes and other cellular compartments.

Salicylic Acid and Wounding Induce Defense-Related Proteins in Chinese Cabbage

  • Kim, Hong-Nam;Cha, Jae-Soon;Cho, Tae-Ju;Kim, Hak-Yong
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2003
  • The response of plants to pathogens and wounding is dependent upon very sensitive perception mechanisms. Although genetic approaches have revealed a variety of resistance genes that activate common defense responses, defense-related proteins are not well characterized in plants. Therefore, we used a proteomic approach to determine which defense-related proteins are induced by salicylic acid (SA) and wounding in Chinese cabbage. We found that SA and wounding induce pathogenesis-related protein 1a (PR1a) at both protein and mRNA levels using proteomics and Northern blot analysis, respectively. This indicates that our proteomic approach is useful for identifying defense-related proteins. We also identified several other proteins that are induced by SA or wounding. Among the seven SA-induced proteins identified, four may be defense-related, including defense-related protein, phospholipase D (PLD), resistance protein RPS2 homolog, and L-ascorbate peroxidase. Out of the six wounding-induced proteins identified, three may be defense-related: heat shock cognate protein 70 (HSC70), polygalacturonase, and peroxidase P7. The precise functions of these proteins in plant defense responses await further study. However, identification of the defense-related proteins described in this study should allow us to better understand the mechanisms and signal transduction pathways involved in defense responses in Chinese cabbage.

Phosphoproteomic Analysis of the Brain of Ovariectomized Adult Rat

  • Santos, Ilyn Lyzette;Kim, Kil-Soo;Kim, Jong-Sang;Lim, Jin-Kyu
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.54 no.2
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2011
  • Aging in females is associated with a reduced metabolic function, increased incidence of neurodegenerative diseases, and cognitive dysfunction, as a result of loss in gonadal function. The change can alter the states of phosphorylation on the proteins, which cause dramatic changes in the cellular location or activity of the proteins. In this study, the differential phosphorylation of the proteins responsible for the functions related to cognition was studied using the ovariectomized adult rats. Phosphoproteomic analysis using the cerebral and hippocampal tissues could identify 51 differentially phosphorylated proteins including 12 proteins for energy metabolism, 8 cytoskeletal proteins, 6 signaling proteins, and other functional proteins in the ovariectomized rats. Further, anti-oxidative enzymes, superoxide dismutase and peroxiredoxin-2, which are known to be inactivated by phosphorylation, were found to be differentially phosphorylated in the cerebellum and hippocampus of the ovariectomized rats, respectively. Many of the deactivated proteins by differential phosphorylation identified in this study were overlapped to those of Alzheimer's disease cases. These results will provide information for neurodegenerative learning and memory impairments in women as brought about by menopause.

Intensive Proteomic Approach to Identify Secreted Peptides/Proteins from 3T3-L1 Adipocytes using Gel Electrophoresis and Liquid Chromatograph Separation Methods (젤 전기영동 및 액체 크로마토그래피 분리 방법을 이용하여 지방 세포로부터 분비되는 단백질들에 대한 프로테오믹스 연구 방법)

  • Hwang, Hyun-Ho;Baek, Moon-Chang
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.203-212
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    • 2011
  • Adipocytes have been known to secrete a number of important proteins called adipokines with roles in energy metabolism, reproduction, cardiovascular function and immunity. In this study we have attempted to identify intensively secretory proteins from 3T3-L1 adipocytes. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated into mature adipocytes and then the cells were left in serum-free medium. The supernatant was filtrated and dialyzed. Lyophilized secretome was fractionated by two different methods, 1-D SDS PAGE and RP-FPLC. The tryptic peptides from the gel slices and the FPLC fractions were analyzed by nanoLC/ESI-MS/MS. We identified a total of 303 identical proteins from two methods, 251 proteins from 1-D gel and 184 proteins from RP-FPLC. 86 of them were listed as a secretory protein Finally, we identified many known or unknown secreted proteins existed in the low level including adiponectin, angiotensinogen, bone morphogenetic protein-1 (BMP-1), macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), insulin like growth factor-II (IGF-II), interleukin-6 (IL-6), follistatin-related protein-1, minecan, and resistin. The existence of some of secreted proteins has been confirmed in RNA level. This proteomic experiment is useful for the intensive screening of secretory proteins in many kinds of other cells.

Temporal Changes of the Calcium-binding Proteins in the Medial Vestibular Nucleus following Unilateral Labyrinthectomy in Rats

  • Hong, Seok-Min;Lee, Jae-Hee;Yeo, Seung-Geun;Cha, Chang-Il;Park, Byung-Rim
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.95-99
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    • 2008
  • Calcium ($Ca^{2+}$) is an intracellular second messenger associated with neuronal plasticity of the central nervous system. The calcium-binding proteins regulate the $Ca^{2+}$-mediated signals in the cytoplasm and buffer the calcium concentration. This study examined temporal changes of three calcium-binding proteins (calretinin, calbindin and parvalbumin) in the medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) during vestibular compensation after unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL) in rats. Rats underwent UL, and the changes in the expression of these proteins at 2, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h were examined by immuno-fluorescence staining. The expression levels of all three proteins increased immediately after UL and returned to the control level by 48 h. However, the level of calretinin showed changes different from the other two proteins, being expressed at significantly higher level in the contralateral MVN than in the ipsilateral MVN 2 h after UL, whereas the other two proteins showed similar expression levels in both the ipsilateral and contralateral MVN. These results suggest that the calcium binding proteins have some protective activity against the increased $Ca^{2+}$ levels in the MVN. In particular, calretinin might be more responsive to neuronal activity than calbindin or parvalbumin.

Mining Proteins Associated with Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Complex Networks

  • Liu, Ying;Liu, Chuan-Xia;Wu, Zhong-Ting;Ge, Lin;Zhou, Hong-Mei
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.4621-4625
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network related to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Each protein was ranked and those most associated with OSCC were mined within the network. First, OSCC-related genes were retrieved from the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database. Then they were mapped to their protein identifiers and a seed set of proteins was built. The seed proteins were expanded using the nearest neighbor expansion method to construct a PPI network through the Online Predicated Human Interaction Database (OPHID). The network was verified to be statistically significant, the score of each protein was evaluated by algorithm, then the OSCC-related proteins were ranked. 38 OSCC related seed proteins were expanded to 750 protein pairs. A protein-protein interaction nerwork was then constructed and the 30 top-ranked proteins listed. The four highest-scoring seed proteins were SMAD4, CTNNB1, HRAS, NOTCH1, and four non-seed proteins P53, EP300, SMAD3, SRC were mined using the nearest neighbor expansion method. The methods shown here may facilitate the discovery of important OSCC proteins and guide medical researchers in further pertinent studies.

Stress-shock Response of a Methylotrophic Bacterium Methylovorus sp. strain SSl DSM 11726

  • Park, Jong H.;Kim, Si W.;Kim, Eungbin;Young T. Ro;Kim, Young M.
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.162-167
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    • 2001
  • Methylovorus sp. strain SS1 DSM 11726 was found to grow continuously when it was transferred from 30$\^{C}$ to 40$\^{C}$ and 43$\^{C}$. A shift in growth temperature from 30$\^{C}$ to 45$\^{C}$, 47$\^{C}$ and 50$\^{C}$ reduced the viability of the cell population by more than 10$^2$, 10$^3$and 10$\^$5/ folds, respectively, after 1h cultivation. Cells transferred to 47$\^{C}$ and 50$\^{C}$ after preincubation for 15 min at 43$\^{C}$, however, exhibited 10-fold increase in viability. It was found that incubation for 15 min at 40$\^{C}$ of Methylovorus sp. strain SSl grown at 30$\^{C}$ was sufficient to accelerate the synthesis of a specific subset of proteins. The major heat shock proteins had apparent molecular masses of 90, 70, 66, 60, and 58 kDA. The 60 and 58 kDa proteins were found to cross-react with the antiserum raised against GroEL protein. The heat shock response persisted for over 1h. The shock proteins were stable for 90 min in the cell. Exposure of the cells to methanol induced proteins identical to the heat shock proteins. Addition of ethanol induced a unique protein with a molecular mass of about 40 kDa in addition to the heat-induced proteins. The proteins induced in paraquat-treated cells were different from the heat shock proteins, except the 70 and 60 kDa proteins.

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Comparative proteome analysis of seeds of proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) cultivars

  • Roy, Swapan Kumar;Kwon, Soo Jeong;Park, Hyeong-Jun;Yu, Je-Hyeok;Sarker, Kabita;Cho, Seong-Woo;Jung, Tae-Wook;Park, Cheol-Ho;Woo, Sun-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.120-120
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    • 2017
  • Since the composition of proteins from the Korean cultivars of Proso millet is unknown; thereby, the present study was conducted to obtain a reference map of millet seed proteins and identify the functional characteristics of the identified proteins. Proteins extracted from the millet seeds of various cultivars, were investigated using proteomic techniques as 2D electrophoresis coupled with mass fingerprinting. The 1152 (differentially expressed) proteins were detected on 2-D gel. Among them, 26 reproducible protein spots were analyzed by MALDI-TOF-TOF mass spectrometry. Out of 26 proteins, 2 proteins were up-regulated towards all cultivars of millet, while 7 proteins were up-regulated and 13 proteins were down-regulated against only one cultivar. However, abundance in most identified protein species, associated with metabolism, transcription and transcription was significantly enhanced, while that of another protein species involved in polysaccharide metabolism, stress response and pathogenesis were severely reduced. Taken together, the results observed from the study suggest that the differential expression of proteins from the four cultivars of millet may be cultivar-specific. Taken together, a proteomic investigation of millet seeds from different cultivars, we sought to better understand the genetic variation of millet cultivars representing the future millet research, and the functional categorization of individual proteins on the basis of their molecular function.

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The mitochondrial proteome analysis in wheat roots

  • Kim, Da-Eun;Roy, Swapan Kumar;Kamal, Abu Hena Mostafa;Kwon, Soo Jeong;Cho, Kun;Cho, Seong-Woo;Park, Chul-Soo;Woo, Sun-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.126-126
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    • 2017
  • Mitochondria are important in wheat, as in all crops, as the main source of ATP for cell maintenance and growth including vitamin synthesis, amino acid metabolism and photorespiration. To investigate the mitochondrial proteome of the roots of wheat seedlings, a systematic and targeted analysis were carried out on the mitochondrial proteome from 15 day-old wheat seedling root material. Mitochondria were isolated by Percoll gradient centrifugation; and extracted proteins were separated and analyzed by Tricine SDS-PAGE along with LTQ-FTICR mass spectrometry. From the isolated the sample, 184 proteins were identified which is composed of 140 proteins as mitochondria and 44 proteins as other subcellular proteins that are predicted by the freeware subcellular predictor. The identified proteins in mitochondria were functionally classified into 12 classes using the ProtFun 2.2 server based on biological processes. Proteins were shown to be involved in amino acid biosynthesis (17.1%), biosynthesis of cofactors (6.4%), cell envelope (11.4%), central intermediary metabolism (10%), energy metabolism (20%), fatty acid metabolism (0.7%), purines and pyrimidines (5.7%), regulatory functions (0.7%), replication and transcription (1.4%), translation (22.1%), transport and binding (1.4%), and unknown (2.8%). These results indicate that many of the protein components present and functions of identifying proteins are common to other profiles of mitochondrial proteins performed to date. This dataset provides the first extensive picture, to our knowledge, of mitochondrial proteins from wheat roots. Future research is required on quantitative analysis of the wheat mitochondrial proteomes at the spatial and developmental level.

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Computational Identification and Comparative Analysis of Secreted and Transmembrane Proteins in Six Burkholderia Species

  • Nguyen, Thao Thi;Lee, Hyun-Hee;Park, Jungwook;Park, Inmyoung;Seo, Young-Su
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.148-162
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    • 2017
  • As a step towards discovering novel pathogenesis-related proteins, we performed a genome scale computational identification and characterization of secreted and transmembrane (TM) proteins, which are mainly responsible for bacteria-host interactions and interactions with other bacteria, in the genomes of six representative Burkholderia species. The species comprised plant pathogens (B. glumae BGR1, B. gladioli BSR3), human pathogens (B. pseudomallei K96243, B. cepacia LO6), and plant-growth promoting endophytes (Burkholderia sp. KJ006, B. phytofirmans PsJN). The proportions of putative classically secreted proteins (CSPs) and TM proteins among the species were relatively high, up to approximately 20%. Lower proportions of putative type 3 non-classically secreted proteins (T3NCSPs) (~10%) and unclassified non-classically secreted proteins (NCSPs) (~5%) were observed. The numbers of TM proteins among the three clusters (plant pathogens, human pathogens, and endophytes) were different, while the distribution of these proteins according to the number of TM domains was conserved in which TM proteins possessing 1, 2, 4, or 12 TM domains were the dominant groups in all species. In addition, we observed conservation in the protein size distribution of the secreted protein groups among the species. There were species-specific differences in the functional characteristics of these proteins in the various groups of CSPs, T3NCSPs, and unclassified NCSPs. Furthermore, we assigned the complete sets of the conserved and unique NCSP candidates of the collected Burkholderia species using sequence similarity searching. This study could provide new insights into the relationship among plant-pathogenic, humanpathogenic, and endophytic bacteria.