• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Proton conductivity

검색결과 294건 처리시간 0.038초

Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles filled Sulfonated Poly(ether ether ketone) Proton Conducting Nanocomposites Membranes for Fuel Cell

  • Kalappa, Prashantha;Hong, Chang-Eui;Kim, Sung-Kwan;Lee, Joong-Hee
    • 한국복합재료학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.87-90
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents an evaluation of the effect of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (SPEEK) with sulfonation degree of 57%. A series of inorganic-organic hybrid membranes were prepared with a systematic variation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles content. Their water uptake, methanol permeability and proton conductivity as a function of temperature were investigated. The results obtained show that the inorganic oxide network decreases the proton conductivity and water swelling. It is also found that increase in inorganic oxide content leads to decrease of methanol permeability. In terms of morphology, membranes are homogeneous and exhibit a good adhesion between inorganic domains and the polymer matrix. The properties of the composite membranes are compared with standard nafion membrane.

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Fabrication of $SrZrO-3$-based Proton Conductors and Their Characterization

  • Yoo, Kwang-Soo;Byun, Douck-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Ceramics
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.93-96
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    • 2001
  • The Y- or Yb-doped SrZrO$_3$ proton conductors were fabricated using the powders prepared by the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS). The electrical conductivity was evaluated from an a.c. impedance measurements. The conductivity of SrZr$_{0.92}$Yb$_{0.08}$O$_{3-\delta}$ was 1.8$\times$10$^{-3}$ Scm$^{-1}$ at $900^{\circ}C$ in dry air atmosphere and its activation energy was 0.50 eV. The conductivity in wet air was larger, compared with the dry air, and the activaton energy of SrZr$_{0.92}$Yb$_{0.08}$O$_{3-\delta}$ in wet air was 0.40 eV.

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Inorganic-organic Hybrid Proton Conductive Membranes Doped with Phosphoric Acid

  • Huang Sheng-Jian;Lee Yong Su;Lee Hoi Kwn;Kang Won Ho
    • 한국산학기술학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.96-99
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    • 2004
  • A new proton conductive inorganic-organic hybrid membrane doped with $H_3PO_4$ was fabricated via sol-gel process wit 3- glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane(GPTMS), 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane(APTES) and tetraethoxysilane(TEOS) asprecursors. Theproto conductivity of about 3.0$\times10^{-3}S/cm$ was obtained at $120^{\circ}C$ under $50\%$ relative humidity (R.H). DTA curves showed that the thermal stability of the membrane is significantly enhanced by the presence of $SiO_2$ framework up to $250^{\circ}C$. SEM and XRD revealed that the gel is microporou and amorphous. The addition of APTES improved the conductivity of the membranes and the effect of the APTES on the conductivity was also discussed in this paper.

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Polysulfone/SPEEK 블랜드 고분자 전해질 막 제조 및 특성 연구 (Preparation and Their Characterization of Blended Polymer Electrolyte Membranes of Polysulfone and Sulfonated Poly(ether ether ketone))

  • 천훈상;오민;홍성욱
    • 멤브레인
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.47-53
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    • 2003
  • Poly(ether ether ketone)(PEEK)를 황산을 사용하여 설폰화시킨 후 폴리설폰과 다양한 조성으로 혼합하여 블렌드 고분자 전해질 막을 제조하였고 조성의 변화에 따른 메탄을 투과도, 수소이온전도도, 그리고 이온교환용량의 변화를 측정하였다. 폴리설폰의 경우 이온전도도는 낮은 반면에 메탄올에 대한 저항은 우수하였다. 그러나, 설폰화된 PEEK의 양이 증가함에 따라 메탄을 투과도와 수소이온전도도가 함께 증가하였다. 이온전도도와 메탄을 투과도의 비로부터 폴리설폰의 양이 20%일 때 가장 좋은 선택성을 가지는 것을 알 수 있었다.

Effect of the Molecular Weight of Poly(vinyl alcohol) Blended with Sulfonated Polysulfone Membranes for Fuel Cell Applications

  • Chang, Sung-Hyuk;Chung, Sung-Il;Rhim, Ji-Won
    • Korean Membrane Journal
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 2003
  • In order to improve the mechanical properties of the sulfonated polysulfone (SPSf) membranes previously synthesized in our laboratory, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) was blended which is well known as the excellent physical and chemical properties. The resulting membranes blended with several molecular weight of PVA varying from 13,000 to 124,000 have been characterized to investigate the effect of PVA molecular weight in terms of ion conductivities, methanol permeabilities, water contents and ion exchange capacities for both heat treated and untreated membranes at 150$^{\circ}C$. The proton conductivity is decreased as the molecular weight of PVA increases. The plain SPSf-6.0 showed the proton conductivity of 0.078 S/cm whereas the blended membrane with M.W. 31,000 PVA indicated 0.04 S/cm. For methanol permeabilities, when PVA is added to SPAf-6.0, methanol crossover is increased because of the gain of the hydrophilicity from 3.4 to 6.5${\times}$10$\^$-6/ $\textrm{cm}^2$/s. For the annealed blended membranes (with M.W. 31,000 PVA), both the methanol corssover and proton conductivity showed very consistent values, about 2.3${\times}$10$\^$-6/ $\textrm{cm}^2$/s and 0.036 S/cm, respectively.

일체형 재생연료전지 적용을 위한 sGO 함량 변화에 따른 sGO/sPEEK 복합막의 특성 평가 (The Effect of sGO Content in sPEEK/sGO Composite Membrane for Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell)

  • 정호영;김민우;임지훈;최진혁;노성희
    • KEPCO Journal on Electric Power and Energy
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.127-131
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    • 2016
  • Polymer electrolyte membrane for unitized regenerative fuel cells requires high proton conductivity, high dimensional stability, low permeability, and low cost. However, DuPont's Nafion which is a commercial polymer electrolyte membrane has high permeability, high cost, and decreasing proton conductivity and dimensional stability over $80^{\circ}C$. To address these problems, sulfonated poly ether ether ketone (sPEEK) which is a low cost hydrocarbon polymer is selected as matrix polymer for the preparation of polymer electrolyte membrane. In addition, composite membrane with improved proton conductivity and dimensional stability is prepared by introducing sulfonated graphene oxide (sGO). The fundamental properties of polymer electrolyte membranes are analyzed by investigating membrane's water content, dimensional stability, proton conductivity, and morphology. The cell test is conducted to consider the possibility of application of sPEEK/sGO composite membrane for an unitized regenerative fuel cell.

BaZrO3계 수소이온 전도체의 제조 및 첨가물에 따른 전기적 특성 (The Fabrication of BaZrO3-based Proton Conductors and their Electrical Properties by Dopants)

  • 권정범;유광수
    • 한국세라믹학회지
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.415-422
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    • 2003
  • BaZr $O_3$를 기본으로 첨가제(Ce, Yb)를 넣어 B자리인 Zr을 부분적으로 치환하였고 Ce의 첨가량을 달리하여 4가지의 조성을 갖는 시편을 제조하였다. 제조된 시편을 임피던스 분석 장치를 이용하여 건조공기 분위기와 수증기 분위기에서 전기적 특성을 측정하였다. $600^{\circ}C$ 이하의 낮은 온도 영역에서, 수증기 분위기에서의 전기전도도가 건조공기 분위기에서의 전기전도도 보다 모든 조성에서 높은 값을 나타냈고 Ce의 첨가량이 증가할수록 높은 전도도 값을 보였다. BaZ $r_{0.8}$C $e_{0.15}$Y $b_{0.05}$ $O_3$$_{-{\delta}}$조성을 갖는 시편이 80$0^{\circ}C$에서 가장 높은 1.72$\times$$10^{-3}$ S$cm^{-1}$ / 전기전도도 값을 나타냈다. 낮은 온도영역에서는 수소이온 전도에 의해 건조공기 분위기 보다 수증기 분위기에서 높은 전지전도도를 나타냈지만 온도가 올라갈수록 수소이온 전도도가 줄어들면서 $700^{\circ}C$ 근처에서는 거의 비슷한 값을 보였다.

$SrCe_{0.95}Yb_{0.05}O_3$의 결함엄개와 전기전도 특성 (Defect Structure and Electrical Conductivities of $SrCe_{0.95}Yb_{0.05}O_3$)

  • 최정식;이도권;유한일
    • 한국세라믹학회지
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.271-279
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    • 2000
  • 5 m/o Yb-doped SrCeO3 proton conductor was prepared by a solid state reaction method and its total electriccal conductivity measured as a function of both oxygen partial pressure and water vapor partial pressure in the temperature range of 500~100$0^{\circ}C$. From the total conductivity have been deconvoluted the partial conductivities of oxide ions, protons, and holes, respectively, on the basis of the defect model proposed. The equilibrium constant of hydrogen-dissolution reaction, proton concentration, and mobilities of oxygen vacancies and protons have subsequently been evaluated. It is verified that SrCe1-xYbxO3 is a mixed conductor of holes, protons and oxide ions and the proton conduction prevails as temperature decreases and water vapor pressure increases. The heat of water dissolution takes a representative value of $\Delta$HoH=-(140$\pm$20) kJ/mol-H2O, but tends to be less negative with increasing temperature. Migration enthalpies of proton and oxygen vacancy are extracted as 0.83$\pm$0.10 eV and 0.81$\pm$0.01 eV, respectively.

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설폰화된 폴리설폰/PPSQ 유-무기 복합 전해질막의 수소이온 전도도 및 메탄올 투과 특성 (Proton Conductivity and Methanol Permeability of Sulfonated Polysulfone/PPSQ Composite Polymer Electrolyte Membrane)

  • 권정돈;이창진;강영구
    • 전기화학회지
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.89-93
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    • 2004
  • 설폰화된 폴리설폰 (sulfonated polysulfone, SPSF)과 Poly(phenylmethyl silsequioxane) (PPSQ)의 유무기 복합 전해 질막을 제조하여 이온전도도와 메탄을 투과 특성을 조사하였다 클로로트리메틸실란과 클로로설폰산의 반응 몰비와 반응시간를 변화시켜 설폰화도가 $37\~75\%$인 SPSF를 합성하였다. SPSF/PPSQ복합 전해막은 SPSF와 PPSQ를 DMF에 용해하여 캐스팅하는 방법으로 제조하였다 이 복합 전해질막의 수소 이온 전도도는 상온에서 $2.8\times10^{-3}\~4.9\times10^{-2}S/cm$이었으며 설폰화도가 증가할수록 전도도는 증가하였다. 제조된 설폰화된 폴리설폰 복합 전해질막의 메탄을 투과도는 이온전도도와 설폰화도에 비례하여 증가하였으며, PPSQ의 함량이 커질수록 메탄을 투과도가 비례적으로 감소하는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 약 $5wt\%$ PPSO론 포함한 복합 전해질막의 이온전도도 및 메탄을 투과도는 SPSF에 비교하여 거의 동일하지만 함수율을 크게 감소시키는데 효과적이었다.