• Title, Summary, Keyword: Psychological problems

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Behavior Problems in Elementary School Children:Causal Model of Risk and Protective Factors (학령기 아동의 행동문제 유형에 따른 위험요인과 보호요인의 인과모형)

  • Kim, Sun Hee;Kim, Kyong Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.19-34
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    • 2001
  • Data for this short-term longitudinal study were collected at 4 month intervals. Subjects were 423 children attending grades 4, 5, and 6 in Pusan and their mothers. Results showed that casual models of risk and protective factors differed by sex and types of behavior problems. For boys, mother's psychological problems, children's self-control, and their self-esteem directly influenced externalizing behavior problems while mother's psychological problems and children's perceived control parenting indirectly influenced externalizing behavior problems by way of self-esteem. Mother's psychological problems and boys' self-esteem directly influenced internalizing behavior problems. Girls' externalizing behavior problems were influenced directly mother's psychological problems, children's negative emotionality, and peer acceptance. Mother's psychological problems and girls' perceived support from teachers influenced internalizing behavior problems directly. Based on these results the authors proposed an intervention program against children's behavior problems.

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The Effect of Family Meals on the Emotional and Behavioral Problems of Children (가족동반식사가 자녀의 심리에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jong-Nam;Min, Hee-Jin;Chae, Jung-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.140-158
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    • 2013
  • This study analyzed the effect of family meals on the psychological problems of children. We performed focus group interviews (FGI) on the basic characteristics of family meals, and chose several scales (such as Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), self-esteem, and a daily hassles questionnaire), to measure the psychological variables. We collected data from 442 dyads (mother-child) and used 440 from dyads. In our results, the frequency of family meals affected the psychological problems of children, especially aggression and emotional instability. The atmosphere during meals also affected depression/anxiety, concentration difficulties, emotional instability, self-esteem, peer relationships, and sociality. There were significant correlations between meal atmosphere, family bonding, maternal personality, and psychological problems of children. We performed covariation analysis to examine and control the influence of family bonding and maternal personality; despite controlling for these variables, family meals still influenced children's psychological problems. We conclude that the family meal is a significant variable that impacts the emotional and behavioral problems of children and stress the importance of frequent family meals.

Children's Perceptions of Mothers' Psychological Control and Children's Behavior Problems : Moderator Effects of Children's Sex and Peer Acceptance (아동이 지각한 어머니의 심리통제와 아동의 행동문제 -아동의 성과 또래수용도의 중재효과에 대한 탐색-)

  • Chyung, Yun-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.205-223
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    • 2004
  • This study examined the relationships between children's perceptions of mothers' psychological control, and children's behavior problems(depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression). In order to expand the study on the relationships, special attention was given to the possible moderator effects of children's sex and peer acceptance on the relationships. The subjects were 272 6th graders residing in Seoul. It was found that children's perceptions of mothers' psychological control was significantly related with the levels of children's depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression. The results indicated that mothers' higher psychological control was related to higher levels of children's depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression. No significant sex difference was found in the relationship between children's perceptions of mothers' psychological control and children's behavior problems although all of the correlations between mothers' psychological control and each of the behavior problem variables were somewhat higher among boys than among girls. Children's perceptions of peer acceptance were found to be a significant moderator of the relationship between mothers' psychological control and children's depression, and of the relationship between mothers' psychological control and children's aggression. These findings indicated that peer acceptance could function as a protecting factor for children who perceive their mothers to be psychologically controlling.

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The Relationship between Maternal Psychological Environment and Child Behavioral Problem : A Cross-Cultural Study (어머니의 심리적 환경과 아동행동문제와의 관계에 대한 횡문화적 고찰)

  • Han, Young Ok;Kim, Moon Hae
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2003
  • The influence of depression, self-esteem, and well-being components of maternal psychological environment on child behavior problems was examined in Korean and American populations. Findings were that the level of mother's self-esteem was lower in Korean than in American mothers; the level of mother's "autonomy" and "environmental mastery" was lower in Korean than in American mothers; and "somatic complaints" were more frequent in the Korean group. The relationship between maternal psychological environment and child behavior problems was greater in the American group. In the Korean group, autonomy and enviornmental mastery were negative components causing both internalized and externalized behavor problems in children. Mothers' depression was the most powerful variable, affecting internalized and externalized behavior problems in both Korean and American groups.

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The Effects of the Psychological Environment Perceived by Early Adolescents on their Psychosocial Maladjustment (초기 청소년이 지각한 심리적 성장환경이 심리사회적 부적응에 미치는 영향)

  • 유정선;이정숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.175-183
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to investigate the influence of the psychological environment on the psychosocial maladjustment in early adolescence. This study also examined how the psychological environment influenced early adolescents in internalizing and externalizing their problems. Four hundred and eight students from three middle schools in Seoul participated in this study. The participants were divided into two groups by gender, and their psychological environment and psychosocial maladjustment were measured. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and multiple regression. The results of this study are as follows: Mutual intimacy and respect in the psychological environment affected internalizing and externalizing problems among male students; whereas communication affected internalizing and externalizing problems among female students. Based on this analysis, theoretical basics were presented for educational programs to prevent internalizing and externalizing problems.

Associations between Youth Self-Differentiation, Perceived Parental Control, and Psychological/Behavioral Problems -Mediating effects of Self-differentiation- (청소년의 자아분화 수준, 부모통제에 대한 지각과 심리 및 행동문제의 관계 -자아분화의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Chang, Kyung Moon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.845-854
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    • 2014
  • This study investigated the associations between youths' perceived parental control, psychological/behavioral problems, and self-differentiation in a sample of 355 middle and high school students. The sex differences in these variables, and the influences of perceived parental control and self-differentiation on youths' psychological and behavioral problems were analyzed. The mediating effects of self-differentiation between parental control and youths' psychological/behavioral problems, and between psychological and behavioral problems were also investigated. Some sex differences in the variables were found. Youths' psychological and behavioral problems were influenced by self-differentiation and parental psychological control. The mediating effects of self- differentiation were significant either complete or partial way.

The Effect of Mother's Psychological Control, Children's Behavioral Autonomy and Self Control on Children's Problems Behavior (어머니의 심리통제 및 아동의 행동적 자율성과 자기 통제력이 아동의 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Sook-Young
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.169-179
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of mother's psychological control, children's behavioral autonomy and self control on children's behavioral problems(depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression). The subjects were 293 6th graders residing in Cheonan. It was found that children's perceptions of mother's psychological control was significantly related with the level of children's depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression. In addition, Children's behavioral autonomy was significantly predictor of depression and anxiety. Children's depression and aggression were influenced by self control of children. Finally the relative effect of mother's psychological control, children's behavioral autonomy and self control on problems behavior were as follows. Children's depression and anxiety were predicted by mother's psychological control. The other side withdrawal problem. was influenced by mother's psychological control on boys, by self control on girls. The children's aggression was influenced by self control in all cases.

Mother's Psychological Control and Children's Behavior Problems - Mediational effects of Emotional Autonomy - (어머니의 심리통제와 아동의 행동문제 - 학령기 후기 아동의 정서적 자율성의 매개효과에 대한 탐색 -)

  • Jeon, Sook-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 2007
  • This study examined the relationships between children's perceptions of mother's psychological control, and children's behavior problems(depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression). In order to expand the study on the relationships, special attention was given to the possible mediator effects of children's emotional autonomy on the relationships. The subjects were 293 6th graders residing in Cheonan. It was found that children's perceptions of mother's psychological control was significantly related with the level of children's depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression. Children's emotional autonomy were found to be a significant mediator of the relationship between mother's psychological control and children's depression and aggression. No significant mediator effect of emotional autonomy was found in the relationship between mother's psychological control and children's withdrawal and anxiety.

Mother's psychological well-being and children's problems behavior : Mediating effects of Coping with Children's Negative Emotions (어머니의 심리적 안녕감과 유아의 문제행동 : 자녀의 부정적 정서에 대한 어머니 대처양식의 매개효과)

  • Jeon, Young-Joo;Jeon, Sook-Young
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.251-262
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    • 2010
  • This study examines the relationship between a mother's psychological well-being and children's problematic behavior(withdrawal, depression anxiety, aggression and emotional instability). In order to expand the study on the relationships, special attention was given to the possible mediator effects of mother's coping style with children's negative emotions. The subjects were 305 mothers with children 4-5 years old residing in the cities of Cheonan and Seongnam. It was found that mother's psychological well-being was significantly related to the level of children's withdrawal, depression anxiety, aggression and emotional instability. The mother's coping style with children's negative emotions were also significantly related to the mother's psychological well-being. In addition the mother's coping style with children's negative emotions was found to be a significant mediator of the relationship between mother's psychological well-being and children's. This was especially so for internal problems behavior as like withdrawal, depression anxiety and emotional instability that were perfectly mediated by the mother's coping style with children's negative emotions. Aggression, external problems behavior was partially mediated by the mother's coping style.

Association between Psychological Characteristics of Adult-Children of Alcoholics and Psychosocial Problems (알코올중독자 가정 청소년 자녀의 성인아이성향과 심리사회적 문제)

  • Park, Hyun-Sun;Lee, Sang-Gyun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.46
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    • pp.118-144
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    • 2001
  • To examine association between psychological characteristics of Adult-Children of Alcoholics and psychosocial Problems was a purpose of this study. The data were collected on a written questionaire completed 765 adolescents who were consisted of children of alcoholic and nonalcoholic parents. Parental alcoholism was established using CAST and psychosocial problems were assessed by Youth Self Report. Psychological characteristics of ACOA were identified by Adult Children of Alcoholics Screening Test. This study showed that children of alcoholics possess distinct psychological characteristics and they have experienced a variety of psychosocial problems. Hierarchical regression analysis was conducted in order to determine the extent to which characteristics of ACOA affected on psychosocial problems. As a results, psychological characteristics of ACOA were significantly associated with them after controlling for the correlates of family structure, level of family functioning, and parental alcoholism. In addition, two group of ACOA were created on the basis of scores of ACAST. High-risk group had significantly higher YSR scores than low-risk group and it revealed that clinical intervention was needed for many adolescents in high-risk group. The results underscored the importance of ACOA syndrome in adaptation of children with alcoholic parents and suggested the need of future research focusing on development process of subtypes of ACOA.

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