• Title, Summary, Keyword: Psychological safety

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The Effects of Employers' Breach of Safety Obligation and Violation of Psychological Contract on the Workers' Safety Behaviors and Turnover Intention (고용주의 안전 의무 불이행과 심리적 계약 위반이 근로자의 안전행동과 이직의도에 미치는 효과)

  • Hwang, Kyongin;Moon, Kwangsu;Oh, Shezeen
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the effects of employers' breach of safety obligation and violation of psychological contract on the workers' safety behaviors and turnover intention. Especially, this study examined a mediating effect of violation of psychological contract on the relationship between employer's breach of safety obligation and workers' safety behavior and turnover. 198 workers were asked to respond to the questionnaires that measured various demographic variables, employers' breach of safety obligation, violation of psychological contract, safety behavior, turnover intention. A hierarchical regression was conducted to identify variables that had significant relationships between employers' breach of safety obligation and employees' safety behavior and turnover intention, and to examine the mediating effect of violation of psychological contract. Results indicated that the employers' breach of safety obligation significantly predicted both workers' safety behaviors and turnover intention. It was also found that the violation of psychological contract was a significant predictor for both workers' safety behavior and turnover intention. In addition, violation of psychological contract was found as mediating effect on the relationship between employers' breach of safety obligation and workers' safety behavior and turnover intention. Based on these results, the implications of this study and suggestions for future research were discussed.

Core Safety Disposition as a Cause of Safety Consciousness (안전 의식의 결정 요인으로서 핵심 안전 성향)

  • Park, Young Seok;Jung, Ji Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.58-64
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    • 2019
  • Over the past decades there has been a growing body of researches that examines the psychological traits related to safety outcomes. After briefly reviewing the relationships between psychological dispositions and safety outcomes, we empirically examine the relationships with 2 samples of 1,102 participants. Fifteen psychological dispositions (big 5 personality, locus of control, cognitive failure, affection from job and relations, 4 achievement goal orientations, self-efficacy, fatigue, and depression) and four psychological outcomes (safe behavior, unsafe behavior, accidents, and injuries) are examined. After covariance structure modeling variances of safety outcomes are well explained by simple 4 dispositions of consciousness, mastery-approach goal orientation, self-efficacy, and depression. We name them 'core safety disposition', and name four psychological outcomes 'safety consciousness', and the relationships between those latent variables are stronger than between measurement variables. We propose core safety disposition as a cause of safety consciousness, and discuss implications for research and practices.

Developing a Basic Scale for Workers' Psychological Burden from the Perspective of Occupational Safety and Health

  • Kim, Kyung Woo;Lim, Ho Chan;Park, Jae Hee;Park, Sang Gyu;Park, Ye Jin;Cho, Hm Hak
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.224-231
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    • 2018
  • Background: Organizations are pursing complex and diverse aims to generate higher profits. Many workers experience high work intensity such as workload and work pressure in this organizational environment. Especially, psychological burden is a commonly used term in workplace of Republic of Korea. This study focused on defining the psychological burden from the perspective of occupational safety and health and tried to develop a scale for psychological burden. Methods: The 48 preliminary questionnaire items for psychological burden were prepared by a focus group interview with 16 workers through the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II and Mindful Awareness Attention Scale. The preliminary items were surveyed with 572 workers, and exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and correlation analysis were conducted for a new scale. Results: As a result of the exploratory factor analysis, five factors were extracted: organizational activity, human error, safety and health workload, work attitude, and negative self-management. These factors had significant correlations and reliability, and the stability of the model for validity was confirmed using confirmatory factor analysis. Conclusion: The developed scale for psychological burden can measure workers' psychological burden in relation to safety and health. Despite some limitations, this study has applicability in the workplace, given the relatively small-sized questionnaire.

심리적 효과를 고려한 체험적 안전교육 방안

  • U, Tae-Hui;Eom, Gi-Su
    • Journal of the Korea Construction Safety Engineering Association
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    • pp.93-105
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    • 2010
  • The object of this study is to understand the psychological factor of the worker on safety and recommend experimental factor of safety education program. The following are the methods of this study. We analyzed the statistical data from survey to workers(N=139) about the psychological factor on safely. The survey consisted of 34 questions about 4 factors like private external characteristic, psychological characteristic, characteristics on behavior, and experience and reason of disaster. As the result of the analysis of the multi regression model on the base of correlation of each of the major factors, psychological health, effort on practicing, and satisfaction on their life were the variables with high influence on the safety mind of workers. So, it is good safety strategy for effective working to maintain healthy life with optimistic minds, and try to practice actively as usual. After considering the result, for the development of safety education program for working, we have to consider psychological factors of our workers that influence their safety and try to improve the experimental education opportunity, and it will be effective.

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Developing Experimental Education Program for Safety Considering Psychological Effect (심리적 효과를 고려한 체험적 안전교육 방안)

  • Eum, Kee-Soo;Woo, Tae-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2009
  • The object of this study is to understand the psychological factor of the worker on safety and recommend the experimental factor of safety education program. The following are the methods of this study. We analyzed the statistical data from survey to workers(N=139) about the psychological factor on safety. The survey consisted of 34 questions about 4 factors like private external characteristic, psychological characteristic, characteristics on behavior, and experience and reason of disaster. As the result of the analysis of the multi regression model on the base of correlation of each of the major factors, psychological health, effort on practicing, and satisfaction on their life were the variables with high influence on the safety mind of workers. So, it is good safety strategy for effective working to maintain healthy life with optimistic minds, and try to practice actively as usual. After considering the result, for the development of safety education program for working, we have to consider psychological factors of our workers that influence their safety and try to improve the experimental education opportunity, and it will be effective.

The Effects of Inclusiveness between Team Members on Psychological Safety and Improvement Efforts in a Commercial Airline Cockpit (조종실 내의 개방성이 심리적 안전감과 조종 수행 참여도 향상에 주는 영향: 민간 항공 기장과 부기장을 대상으로)

  • Jang, Su-Wong;Lee, Kyung-Soo;Kim, Yoo-Kyoung;Sohn, Young-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.41-51
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    • 2009
  • This study aims at determining psychological elements that influence team coordination between a captain and a first officer in a commercial airline cockpit. It also examines how these elements interact between one another in different team membership settings. It was hypothesized that mutual inclusiveness of differential status among pilots enhances psychological safety and engagement in safety improvement efforts. Survey results based on 254 airline pilots suggest that status (captain, first officer) and mutual inclusiveness (openness between team members) influence psychological safety and mutual inclusiveness moderates the relationship between status and psychological safety. The results also suggest that psychological safety is positively associated with engagement in safety improvement efforts and partially mediates the relationship between mutual inclusiveness and improvement efforts. This study provides insights into antecedents of fostering safety improvement efforts in airline crew teams in which cultural differences and professional hierarchy exist.

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Psychological Safety in Nursing Simulation Education: A Concept Analysis (간호 시뮬레이션 교육에서의 심리적 안전(psychological safety)에 관한 개념분석)

  • Kang, Sook Jung;Bae, Jung A
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.331-340
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze and clarify the concept of psychological safety in nursing simulation education so that it can contribute to learning environment that guarantee psychological safety for nursing students. Using Walker & Avant's concept analysis framework, 15 research articles about psychology safety were included in this study. There were four definable attributes of psychological safety: 1) comfortable state feeling or status; 2) State that can perform without fear; 3) Sense of trust toward the organization; and 4) Feeling that there will be no harm to oneself. When antecedents, attributes, and consequences of psychological safety is considered when shaping simulation education environment, the learning effect for nursing students is expected to be maximized.

The Impact of the Psychological Condition on Individual Involvement in Creative Work: The mediating role of Expected Image Outcomes (조직내 심리적 조건이 창의적 업무몰입에 미치는 영향 - 예상되는 이미지 결과의 매개효과 -)

  • Ji, Seong Goo;Chol, Sun Gyu
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.49-69
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    • 2013
  • In this study, we examined how the psychological safety influence expected image outcomes(image gain, image risk) and how expected image outcomes impact one's involvement in creative work. And, we examined the relationship between creative work involvement and job performance. We also investigated mediating role of expected image outcomes between psychological safety and creative work involvement. Survey data was collected from 271 employees working in a South Korea. The results of structural equation modeling using LISREL 8.50 indicate that psychological safety was positively related to expected image gain, but not significantly related to expected image risk. The result also expected image gain was positively related to creative work involvement, contrary to prediction of hypothesis 2-2, expected image risk was positively associated with creative work involvement. In addition, creative work involvement has positive effect on job performance. Finally, the relationship of expected image outcomes about psychological safety and creative work involvement was mediated by expected image gain partially. We extended the literature and contributed better understanding of the creativity research by answering calls for further research on involvement in creative work rather then the outcome of the creative process.

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Associations between Psychological Distress and Body Mass Index among Law Enforcement Officers: The National Health Interview Survey 2004-2010

  • Gu, Ja K.;Charles, Luenda E.;Burchfiel, Cecil M.;Andrew, Michael E.;Ma, Claudia;Bang, Ki Moon;Violanti, John M.
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.52-62
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: To investigate the association between psychological distress and obesity among law enforcement officers (LEOs) in the United States. Methods: Self-reported data on psychological distress based on six key questions were obtained from LEOs who participated in the National Health Interview Survey (2004-2010). We used Prochaska's cut-point of a Kessler 6 score ${\geq}5$ for moderate/high mental distress in our analysis. Mean levels of body mass index (BMI) were compared across three levels of psychological distress. Results: The average age of LEOs (n = 929) was 39.3 years; 25% were female. Overall, 8.1% of LEOs had moderate or high psychological distress; 37.5% were obese (BMI ${\geq}30$). Mean BMI increased with increasing psychological distress (no distress, BMI = $27.2kg/m^2$; mild distress, $27.6kg/m^2$; and moderate/high distress, $33.1kg/m^2$; p = 0.016) after adjustment for age, race, income, and education level among female officers only. Physical activity modified the association between psychological distress and BMI but only among male LEOs (interaction p = 0.002). Among male LEOs reporting low physical activity, psychological distress was positively associated with BMI ($30.3kg/m^2$ for no distress, 30.7 for mild distress, 31.8 for moderate/high distress; p = 0.179) after adjustment, but not significantly. This association was not significant among males reporting high physical activity. Conclusion: Mean BMI significantly increased as psychological distress increased among female LEOs. A longitudinal study design may reveal the directionality of this association as well as the potential role that physical activity might play in this association.

The Influence of Psychological Capital, The Effects of Emotional Intelligence and Positive Mood (심리자본의 영향력과 감성지능 및 긍정적 기분의 효과)

  • Kim, Dae-Sik;Na, Sang-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.159-171
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to analyze the influence of psychological capital on organizational performance and to verify the moderating effect of emotional intelligence and the mediating effect of positive mood. The results of an analysis are as follows: First, the influence of psychological capital is higher in job satisfaction than in OCB. Second, the moderating effect of emotional intelligence is recognized in psychological capital and organizational performance. In particular, job satisfaction shows a higher moderating effect than OCB does. Third, no direct effect of psychological capital on OCB is recognized while an indirect effect of psychological capital on OCB through positive mood is recognized. Thus, it is judged that the results of this study would be effectively utilized as a means of motivation for growing individuals and achieving organizations'goals by emphasizing the importance of psychological capital and psychology and systematically managing psychological phenomena according to individual differences.