• Title, Summary, Keyword: Public Realm

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Spatial Application of Public Design through Analysis of its Realm and Type (공공디자인의 범주와 유형분석을 통한 공간적 적용 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Kyu
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.579-584
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    • 2012
  • Recently, Public Design is being applied at many kinds of urban development. But the application is not carried out well owing to ambiguity of the object of plan. The object of the design and the role from it are based on defining of the realm and type of public design. So, it is necessary to study more about the realm and type of the public design in accordance with the context of the related space and region. Through the analysis of the public design, some points of conclusion have been attained. First, the realm and type of public design is to be more simplified than ever: public facilities and public medium. So, public facilities are to be oriented toward placeness on the one hand, and public medium is to be used for regional marketing on the other hand.

A Human-Scaled Future for Dense Development

  • Harbour, Ivan
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.141-143
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    • 2018
  • Critics of height argue that it de-humanizes our cities. Yet a critical mass is a necessity for vibrant city life, and height is a key contributor. If we can overcome the environmental impacts and technicalities of building tall and dense, our cities' streets can thrive and prosper. To make this happen, we must move towards working together to share resources, so we can ensure the continuity of the public realm. We already have the tools to do this; the challenge lies in the coordination of the public and private institutions that govern urban space. District heating and cooling systems; shared logistics spaces; care, responsibility and ownership of the public realm between buildings; seamless connectivity between modes of transport; creative combinations of shelter and seating, and the placement of buildings so that they are not overbearing to the streets around them - these attributes can be found in many places, though rarely all at once. This paper looks at the development of the city and offers Barangaroo South, Sydney, which addresses all these aspects, as a potential template for future city planning.

A Study on Multi_Kerberos Authentication Mechanism based on Certificate (인증서기반의 Multi_Kerberos 인증시스템에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Kwang-Cheul;Cho, Sung-Je
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2006
  • In this paper. proposes Multi_Kerberos certification mechanism that improve certification service of based on PKINIT that made public in IETF CAT Working Group. This paper proposed to a certificate other realm because search position of outside realm through DNS and apply X.509 directory certification system, to get public key from DNS server by chain (CertPath) between realms by certification and key exchange way that provide service between realms applying X.509, DS/DNS of based on PKINIT, in order to provide regional services. This paper proposed mechanism that support efficient certification service about cross realm including key management. the path generation and construction of Certificate using Validation Server, and recovery of Session Key. A Design of Multi_Kerberos system that have effects simplify of certification formality that reduce procedures on communication.

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The Future of Workplace in Vertical Cities: Hanging Gardens, Roof Terraces and Vertical Plazas

  • Reinke, Stephan C.
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2020
  • As the workplace evolves in our vertical cities, the need for "think spaces" and the public realm to meet, create and innovate will become integral to tall buildings. These people places are designed to address the social challenges and enhance the co-working environments which are emerging in the dense urban context of our future cities. The design of sky terraces and the "spaces between" offer a greener, more humane and smarter work environment for the future. The public realm should no longer be held down, fixed to the ground plane, but rather become part and parcel of the upper levels of our workplace centers. These collective spaces in our workplace centers must provide a three dimensional matrix of connected and identifiable platforms to leverage the open and progressive future way of working. This will enable social networking and idea sharing, and create multi-dimensional, multi-level business incubators for innovation and creativity. The BCO ( British Council of Offices) has performed a landmark Wellness Matters Report which provides an exemplary roadmap for the future of the workplace. Our future vertical cities must also provide for serendipity in the workplace; a key attribute to drive the information exchange and collaboration that are proven to provide positive and progressive business outcomes. In addition to demonstrating examples of existing built work and the concept of the integrated vertical public realm, the presentation also will consider and define wellness in the workplace as a critical factor in our design strategies and our future workplace environments Hanging Gardens, Roof Terraces and the Vertical Plazas; designed for interchange, wellness, animation and collaboration.

Password-Based Key Exchange Protocols for Cross-Realm (Cross-Realm 환경에서 패스워드기반 키교환 프로토콜)

  • Lee, Young Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.139-150
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    • 2009
  • Authentication and key exchange are fundamental for establishing secure communication channels over public insecure networks. Password-based protocols for authenticated key exchange are designed to work even when user authentication is done via the use of passwords drawn from a small known set of values. There have been many protocols proposed over the years for password authenticated key exchange in the three-party scenario, in which two clients attempt to establish a secret key interacting with one same authentication server. However, little has been done for password authenticated key exchange in the more general and realistic four-party setting, where two clients trying to establish a secret key are registered with different authentication servers. In fact, the recent protocol by Yeh and Sun seems to be the only password authenticated key exchange protocol in the four-party setting. But, the Yeh-Sun protocol adopts the so called "hybrid model", in which each client needs not only to remember a password shared with the server but also to store and manage the server's public key. In some sense, this hybrid approach obviates the reason for considering password authenticated protocols in the first place; it is difficult for humans to securely manage long cryptographic keys. In this work, we introduce a key agreement protocol and a key distribution protocol, respectively, that requires each client only to remember a password shared with its authentication server.

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A Critical Approach to Thriller Films as Male-centric Narratives : Focusing on & (스릴러 영화의 남성 중심적 서사에 대한 비평적 접근 : <아저씨>와 <악마를 보았다>를 중심으로)

  • Hwang, Hye-Jin
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.65-80
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze & through the hypothesis which thriller films based their narratives on the specific characteristics of Koeran society have became mainstream genre in recent Korean film industry. In the viewpoint that popular films and discourses provide the imaginary form of solving problems which threatens the maintenance of status quo in real world. & intend to disclose the identities of antagonist who condense the contradiction of Korean Society and then represent protagonist's practices to integrate disruptions from that contradictions through being a revenger. In the process of reading texts, the fact that there are some crisis in Korean Society not only public realm but also private realm and male-subjects as protagonists struggle for protecting private realm has revealed. But each film appeals to the public using two different narrative strategies. has got popularity by making a fantasy which male-subject success to rebuild the family and punish antagonist severely. In the meantime the protagonist of cannot believe his victory, this kinds of anxiety might come from the traces of antagonist as reflects so many contradictions of Korean Society. At this point, we can expect there will be something new which retrospect our own history and gaze reality itself without ideologically given complex in Korean films in the near future.

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The Study of Private and Public Nature in Household Work (가사노동의 사적 특성과 공적 특성에 대한 연구)

  • 문숙재
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.199-210
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    • 1996
  • This study is planned to investigate a discussion of private and public nature in household realm. For this purpose, first of all, study precedent concerning the household work and the private and public nature is reviewed. Second, the origin on the privacy of household work and it's relationship of the public part are investigated. Third, it is implicated that through the politicization of household work, it is enable to establish new insight of household work in the family policy.

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A Study of Los Angeles Public School Design in Identifying Community Improvement

  • Reeder, Eric D.;Park, Suh-Jun;Kim, Youngsuk
    • Architectural research
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.171-178
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    • 2016
  • Architectural utility in Richard Neutra's early twentieth century modern school design was paramount in progressively shaping salience of academic institutions, in part to move beyond neoclassical traditions in style based design. The intention being to address school and community through modern architectural solutions. Expanding on Neutra's practice, the planning and design of new public schools in Los Angeles, are advocating the integration of institutional and public spaces. This research will document through qualitative analysis of institutional design within transitioning neighborhoods, a utilitarian approach that has become foundational for positive urban change. The focus of this research will reflect upon contemporary schools designed by DalyGenik Architecture, Coop Himmelblau and Michael Maltzen Architecture. Comparing with Neutra's early modernist approach, the selected case studies will address material and spatial applications having redefined functional relationships of interior space, architectural envelope and an interconnected public realm. A dynamic peripheral condition in new school design has emerged with the elimination of decorative adornment, clarifying utilitarian intentions of institutional service to and the rejuvenation of public realms and community spaces.

Health Literacy: Development of A Korean Health Literacy Assessment Tool (의료정보이해능력 (Health Literacy): 한국형 측정도구 개발을 위한 예비연구)

  • Kim, Sung-Soo;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Yeoup
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.215-227
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to develop a Korean Health Literacy Assessment Tool (KHLAT) and to encourage researchers in the public health education field to look at the concept of health literacy as one of the possible strategies to design and develop more effective health education campaigns in Korea. Methods: Data with 117 sample subjects was collected from various classes such as continuing adult classes and undergraduate classes. REALM, well-known and widely used health literacy tool in the US, was translated and modified for cultural considerations. The Korean modified version of the REALM was administrated to the targeted subjects who were asked to fill the survey questionnaires. Results: The findings appear to be consistent with the OCED reading literacy among Koreans. Health literacy among Korean seems to be more serious problem than we have expected before and this could be a major obstacle to effective health public education campaigns. Conclusions: In order to develop better public health education materials as well as health education programs, it may be critical for us as health educators to inform future physicians as well as practicing physicians of the important link between health literacy and the effective health education(or communication). It is now time for us to make sincere efforts in understanding health literacy one of effective strategies toward improving the public health.