• Title/Summary/Keyword: Public library

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Growth of the Korean Public Library from the Point View of Acculturation (문화변용이론의 시각에서 본 우리나라 공공도서관의 발전과정)

  • Chun Myung Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.10
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    • pp.39-70
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    • 1983
  • The concept of the public library defined by the Korean Library Association does not describe the current state of the Korean public library but describes the public libraries in the western society. Korean public library was formed after the western public library but it was modified and reconciled with the tradition of Korea. The difference between the concepts occured in the acculturation process of the Korean public library. According to the International Encyclopeadia of the Social Sciences, acculturation comprehends those phenomena which result when groups of individuals having different cultures come into continuous firsthand contact, with subsequent changes in the original cultural patterns of either of both groups. Korea opened its door to western world in 1876, and it began to contact with the western world. As the consequence, the concept of the public library of the West diffused to Lee Dynasty which were characterized by the confucianism and the extended family system. These two characteristics were against the public library concept and it could not function as it was and it had to be modified to fit to Korean society. The American public library was formed by the diffusion of English public library. The concept fitted in the colonial American society which was characterized by the Christianity and nuclear family system. Religion and family life were closely knitted together and they contributed much to the formation of the American public library. Also the society needed various information to form their new nation. The need of the public library grew and the public library repidly developed as the American society was urbanized and industrialized. The changes of Korean public library has passed the following process of acculturation. 1. The Korean culture contacted with Western world. 2. The public library concept diffused to Korea, but the people were illiterate and the need of the public library was for the preservation of the old books. The collection was not for people. 3. The function of the public library in Korea was altered slightly as several intellectuals who formed the first modern public library tried to literate Koreans as a means of liberation :from Japan through the library service. 4. The traditional libraries such as sodandg and hyangyo disorganized and finally disappeared as the traditional elements of the culture disappeared and the new cultural elements prevailed in Korea. 5. When the traditional elements of culture were disorganized, a reinterpretation of the diffused culture appeared. With the appearance of the vouth group which was not existed in the traditional society, cultural facilities for them were needed. They began to use public library as their reading rooms. This pattern has been institutionalized ever since in Korean public library. 6. When the new element of the culture spread, the traditional cultural elements react against this element. As the new public libraries sprung out, there were movements to restore the old Korean tradition of the family libraries and Hyangyo to counteract to the new libraries. This movements were not successful and they all disappeared as they could not keep up the rapid social change occurred in the Korean society. 7. In the process of the cultral change, cultural lag occurred between the public library and the users who could not adopt to the new library. This has been continued to the present time. 8. This diffused concept of the public library was modified and became native to Korean society. However, the acculturation of the public library concept has not changed the traditional ideas of Korean people and their behavior. The Korean society recently has been changing rapidly and the function of the Korean public library is improving accordingly; 1. The extended Korean family system is disorganizing. As the consequence, the public library could substitute the family system offering information and recreation service, etc. 2. The growth of educated population is requiring a variety of library materials. An individual library can not meet the needs of them and cooperative library service will be needed to share resources. The public library will become the center of the cooperative service. 3. The Koreans are watching TV more hours than they read printed materials. For them, the public library needs to collect audiovisual materials. Especially the teaching materials should be all audiovisualized for the effective teaching. 4. Technology is developing rapidly in Korea, especially computer technology is applied in many parts of the society. This will also influence library service. The public library will be developing as the centralized library computer system. When the Korean public library functions as the extended family system and the center of the cooperative library system, the Korean public library will be functioning as the public library defined by the Korean Library Association.

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Correlation Between Public Library Service User Satisfaction and Loyalty and Moderator Variables (공공도서관 서비스이용자 만족도와 충성도의 상관관계분석 및 매개변수)

  • Lee, Seongsin
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.83-103
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    • 2013
  • According to the results from the recent research in Business field, the correlation between customer satisfaction and customer loyalty is not strong. Based on this understanding, the first purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between public library service user satisfaction and public library service user loyalty. To achieve this purpose, the study conducted a survey of 240 public library users. The findings of this study are 1) the correlation between 'public library service user satisfaction' and 'public library service user loyalty' exists. However the strength of the correlation is moderate, 2) the correlation between 'public library service user satisfaction' and 'public library service users' intention to use new library services' is the weakest among the variables of 'public library service user loyalty', and 3) the correlation between 'public library service user satisfaction' and 'public library service users' intention to recommend library services to others is the strongest among the variables of 'public library service user loyalty'. The second purpose of this study was to find the moderator variables between public library service user satisfaction and public library service user loyalty. According to the study results, the following moderate variables are found: 1) physical accessibility, 2) lack of diversity in library service, 3) car-parking issues, 4) lack of diversity and recency in collections, and 5) lack of convenience in facilities.

A critical study on the information-offer-function of public library in Korea (한국 공공도서관의 정보제공기능에 대한 비판적 고찰)

  • 박인웅;양재한
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.26
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    • pp.479-504
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    • 1997
  • This is a critical study on the information-offer-function of Korean public library among its several functions. This is not only reviewed about idealogical logical background of formulation of public library in Korea, but also reviewed about changing process o the goal of public library till the development of actual concept of modern public library. This study suggested a proper definition about actual goal of public library in Korea at present. Technocrats say the public library in the future should be both bookless and paperless library. That may mean over-interpretation on information-offer-function of public library among its several functions. When we meet information super highway era, we must not confront information dependence to advanced information countries. Thus, I suggest a way to solve the establishment of information sovereignty through public library in order to avoid the information dependence to advanced information countries.

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Public Library Service Positioning Strategy (공공도서관 서비스 포지셔닝 전략)

  • Lee, Seongsin
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.279-303
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest public library service positioning strategies for the segmented markets according to public library service users' loyalty. To achieve the study purpose, this study conducted interview with public library users. Qualitative method was utilized to analyze the data. The following public library service positioning strategies for the both segmented groups were suggested: 1) expanding of bookmobile service and utilization of shuttle bus, 2) regular and systematic user study, 3) diversification of public library service promotion methods, 4) user survey, 5) internal marketing, 6) increasing environmental quality of public library services, and 7) provision of reading programs for preschoolers, students, and their parents.

A Study on the Efficiency of Public Library in Present Condition and Management Analysis (공공도서관 설치 현황과 운영 분석에 대한 효율화 방안 연구)

  • Yaon, Yong-Gi;Lee, Jae-Rim
    • The Journal of Sustainable Design and Educational Environment Research
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2007
  • Public library is established on impartial accessibility of any distinction as their sex, age, financial status, etc. The function of public library is not only to accumulate materials and offer information but also minimize gulf between the rich and the poor by knowledge possession, which is realized by important means to intercept exclusive possession and power in knowledge pose-industrial society. As it is judged that most public library is established to individual building with thousands of cost, it is judged of obstacles to Increase library buildings. The purpose of this study is try to find the way to Increase In number of public library In Seoul by interaction local education-cultural facilities. The result from this study, the user rate of public library is influenced by number of buildings and accessibility of traffic and public library can improve efficiency by substantial operation by basic function for all age group. The target population of Seoul public library sizes by decuple of advanced countries because of difficulty of accessibility, so it needs to make it small scale and also can offer self-regulation learning, materials and life-long learning programs because generally public library's utilization purpose is different by age. As school in Seoul amounts to 25 times of public library by about 1,200 buildings and can function of lifelong education center with a school library, cultural center and other composition buildings, so school facilities may use as a public library for local residents.

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A Study on the Construction of P New Town and the Establishment of a Public Library (P 신도시 건설과 공공도서관 건립에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.37-58
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    • 2021
  • This study aims to make the establishment of public libraries that can provide the best use and services in the construction of new towns in the future. The study aimed what problems there were related to the establishment of public libraries during the construction of P new town. For carrying out the study, literature review, field study, and interview methods were used. The study reveals the following problems. First, there was no plan to build a public library in the early stages of the construction P new town development plan. Second, in the establishment of a public library, there was discrimination among the three new towns. Third, the number of public library is insufficient. Fourth, the size of the public library is not sufficient. Fifth, the location of the public library is insufficient.

A Study on Developing of a Leadership Competency Model for Public Library Directors (공공도서관장의 리더십 역량모델 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Ji Eun;Jeong, Dong Youl
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.25-52
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a leadership competency model for Korean public library directors which could help the progress of public libraries. Complex methods like contents analysis of precedent studies, FGI with high performers, survey to librarians and directors of public libraries which were affiliated to Seoul Metropolitan Government and validation by specialists were used for this study. As a result, a leadership competency model for Korean public library directors which consists of the 19 components was developed and this model can be used as the criteria for improvement of the leadership competencies of Korean public library directors.

A Study on Measuring the Levels of Competency Components of Public Library Directors (공공도서관장의 리더십 역량수준 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Ji Eun;Jeong, Dong Youl
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.253-281
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to measure Korean public library directors' current levels of the competency components which were suggested in a leadership competency model and to analyze the effects of several variables on the competency components. Survey to total librarians and directors of public libraries which are affiliated to Seoul Metropolitan Government and statistical hypothesis testing like t-testing and one-way ANOVA were used for this study. As a result, the current levels of 19 competency components of Korean public library directors and the effects of seven variables; sex, major, librarian certification, academic ability, years worked (as a librarian, as a public library librarian, as a public library director, as a librarian at a present library), the size of a library and measuring group were presented and analyzed, which can be used as the criteria for improvement of the leadership competencies of Korean public library directors.

The Specification of Science Education Programs in the Local Public Library: Focusing on the Programs In G-city

  • Ahn, In-Ja
    • International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.17-35
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    • 2012
  • The city of 'G' has been made a number of achievements with its science program as a part of public library's cultural program during the last 5 years. Recently, the national science centre has been established in the same city, the debate is now needed whether the science program in the public library have reasons to be maintained or to be reduced. The aim of this research is on the operating strategies of the science program in the public library. The research methods include case studies of operational strategies in domestic and foreign science centre, the level of satisfaction of local citizen on the science program, the vision of science program in the advancement of public library in the $21^{st}$ century. In results, the research proposes that the science program in public library should be maintained, but with locally characterised programs. In addition, the study also advised on the provision of scientific information, the strengthened search functions, and the development of user-centred services for those in science fields.

A Study on the Measuring of the Economic Value of a Public Library (공공도서관 경제적 가치 측정에 관한 연구 - 대출 서비스를 중심으로 -)

  • Pyo Soon-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.243-261
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    • 2006
  • Variety methods are applied to estimating the value of a public library. This study explored the methods valuing of a public library focused on the consumer surplus and contingent valuation and measured the direct economic value of a public library by using these methods. 84% of the respondents are perceived that public library impact their life. And the users indicated that they are willing to pay 8,720 won per month to use a public library and 1,470 won to borrow a book from the library. Given reasonable assumptions about the cost of service, users place a value on the use of a public library is 1/3 times, the borrowing a book from the library is 3 times.