• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pulsed plasma thruster

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Theoretical Modeling of Pulsed Plasma Thruster Performance with Teflon Ablation

  • Cho, Mingyoung;Sung, Hong-Gye
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.138-143
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    • 2017
  • A performance analysis for a pulsed plasma thruster(PPT) has been conducted to predict the thrust and current change. Two models were implemented - a one-dimensional lumped circuit analysis model and the Teflon ablation model provided by Michael Keidar. The circuit model incorporating resistance and inductance models was adapted to predict the magnitude of the discharge current. Numerical simulations like current discharge rates with different voltages were reasonably well compared with experimental data. The effects of Teflon ablation on thruster characteristics were investigated.

On Stability of the Pulsed Plasma Thruster for STSAT-2 based on the Lyapunov Function (리아프노프 함수에 기초한 과학기술위성 2호 펄스형 플라즈마 전기추력기의 동작 안정성 연구)

  • Sin, Gu-Hwan;Nam, Myeong-Yong;Gang, Gyeong-In;Im, Jong-Tae;Cha, Won-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 2006
  • The PPT being currently developed for the flight model represents a significant leap in techniques and technology compared to the previous flight ones. The electrical energy to be charged in the pulsed plasma thruster (PPT) is a very important aspect to provide an uniform impulse bit ,, and a specific impulse ,, for satellite attitude control. In this paper, we propose a nonlinear control technique and a stability analysis based on the Lyapunov function for the pulsed plasma thruster. Specifically, the proposed control law guarantees to charge and discharge the electrical energy generated from the power processing unit (PPU) within the specified time.

Development of the Pulsed Plasma Thruster (PPT) for Science and Technology Satellite-2 (STSAT-2)

  • Shin, G.H.;Nam, M.R.;Cha, W.H.;Lim, J.T.
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.352-355
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    • 2005
  • This paper describes an engineering model development of a pulsed plasma thruster, which is capable of an impulse bit of 20uNs and a specific impulse of 800s. The solid fuel which is Teflon allows for a self-contained, inert and stable propellant system. And, the PPT technology makes it possible to consider a revolutionary attitude control system (ACS) concept providing stabilization and pointing accuracies previously obtainable only with reaction wheels, with reduced mass and power requirements.

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An unsteady modeling of the Teflon Ionization for a Pulsed Plasma Thruster Performance (펄스형 플라즈마 추력기 성능해석을 위한 테프론의 이온화 비정상 모델링 연구)

  • Cho, Mingyoung;Sung, Hong Gye
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.45 no.8
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    • pp.697-703
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    • 2017
  • A teflon ionization modeling has been conducted to predict the performance of a PPT(Pulsed Plasma Thruster). One dimensional unsteady circuit model and Teflon ablation model were implemented. The Saha equation was adapted to predict the ionization of Carbon and Fluorine gas. The lumped circuit model including a resistance and a inductance model of a plasma was adapted to predict the magnitude of a discharge current. Numerical simulation results had good agreements with pervious research. The degree of current change according to PPT operating voltage was examined.

Performance Characteristics of a Coaxial Pulsed Plasma Thruster with Teflon Cavity

  • Edamitsu, Toshiaki;Tahara, Hirokazu;Yoshikawa, Takao
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.577-587
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    • 2004
  • A coaxial pulsed plasma thruster (PPT) with a Teflon cavity was designed, and its performance characteristics were examined varying stored energy, cavity length and capacitance. The PPT was tested as the entire system including the discharge circuit, and the results were explained with both the transfer efficiency and the acceleration efficiency. The transfer efficiency is defined as the fraction of energy in capacitors supplied into plasma, and the acceleration efficiency as the fraction of energy supplied into plasma converted to thrust energy. To estimate these efficiencies, the equivalent plasma resistance was defined and calculated using energy conservation during discharge. The equivalent plasma resistance proportionally increased with cavity length, and therefore the current peak increased with decreasing cavity length. The energy density calculated by the transfer efficiency was increased with decreasing cavity length. As a result, higher acceleration efficiency and lower transfer efficiency were obtained with shorter cavity length. Accordingly, there was an optimal cavity length for the thrust efficiency. The specific impulse and the impulse bit per unit stored energy ranged from 390 s and 50 $\mu$ Ns/J for a cavity length of 34 mm to 825 s and 11 $\mu$ Ns/J for a cavity length of 4 mm when the stored energy was fixed to 21.4J. Thus, it was showed that the performance of this PPT approached that of electromagnetic-acceleration-type PPT with decreasing cavity length. The PPT achieved thrust efficiencies of 10-12% at 21.4 J and 6-7% at 5.35 J at cavity lengths between 14 mm and 29 mm.

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Thrust Characteristics of a Laser-Assisted Pulsed Plasma Thruster

  • Masatoshi Kawakami;Hideyuki Horisawa;Kim, Itsuro ura
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.294-299
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    • 2004
  • An assessment of a novel laser-electric hybrid propulsion system was conducted, in which a laser-induced plasma was induced through laser beam irradiation onto a solid target and accelerated by electrical means instead of direct acceleration only by using a laser beam. A fundamental study of newly developed rectangular laser-assisted pulsed-plasma thruster (PPT) was conducted. On discharge characteristics and thrust performances with increased peak current compared to our previous study to increase effects of electromagnetic forces on plasma acceleration. Maximum peak current increased for our early study by increasing electromagnetic effects in a laser assisted PPT. At 8.65 J discharge energy, the maximum current reached about 8000 A. Plasma behaviors emitted from a thruster in various cases were observed with an ICCD camera. It was shown that the plasma behaviors were almost identical between low and high voltage cases in initial several hundred nanoseconds, however, plasma emission with longer duration was observed in higher voltage cases. Canted current sheet structures were also observed in the higher voltage cases using a larger capacitor. With a newly developed torsion-balance type thrust stand, thrust performances of laser assisted PPT could be estimated. The impulse bit and specific impulse linearly increased. On the other hand, coupling coefficient and the thrust efficiency did not increase linearly. The coupling coefficient decreased with energy showing maximum value (20.8 ?Nsec/J) at 0 J, or in a pure laser ablation cases. Thrust efficiency first decreased with energy from 0 to 1.4 J and then increased linearly with energy from 1.4 J to 8.6 J. At 8.65 J operation, impulse bit of 38.1 ?Nsec, specific impulse of 3791 sec, thrust efficiency of 8 %, and coupling coefficient of 4.3 ?Nsec/J were obtained.

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Observation of Discharge Plasma of Liquid Propellant PPT

  • Koizumi, Hiroyuki;Ruruta, Yohei;Watanabe, Keiko;Komurasaki, Kimiya;Sasoh, Akihiro;Arakawa, Yoshihiro
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.335-340
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    • 2004
  • On a liquid propellant PPT, the discharge processes that discharge was initiated and plasma was accelerated was observed by using a ultra high speed camera. Liquid propellant PPT is a pulsed plasma thruster using liquid as propellant. Our past study showed the successful operation of liquid propellant PPT and the thruster showed high specific impulse. However, its acceleration mechanism has not been clarified. In this study we observed the plasma acceleration processes in order to deepen our understanding of the acceleration mechanism.

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Small Thruster Development Based on Pulse Energy (펄스 에너지 기반의 소형 추력 장치 개발)

  • Choi, Soo-Jin;Gojani, Ardian B.;Yoh, Jai-Ick
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.365-368
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    • 2009
  • A new concept of a small thruster for altitude control of a micro/nano class satellite is developed, which utilizes the pulsed laser energy. As the laser-based thruster does not require burning of any fuel, it gives promise of small satellite design criteria, namely light weight and cost effectiveness. In this paper, we develop gel-type material for generating strong plasma plume for enhancing thrust for propulsion. Moreover, we quantify the level of thrust via the momentum coupling coefficient measured by the pendulum system. We discover that the driving force is significantly improved via the gel-typed propellant for laser ablation.

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Papers : Feasibility Study on Attitude Control of Spacecraft Using Pulsed Plasma Thrusters (논문 : 플라즈마 펄스 추력기를 이용한 인공위성 자세제어 기법 연구)

  • Ji, Hyo-Seon;Lee, Ho-Il;Lee, Hun-Gu;Tak, Min-Je
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.46-56
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, the feasibility of the attitude control of a spacecraft using pulsed plasma thrusters(PPTs) is studied. The PPT consumes less propellant mass requied for the orbit management or attitude control owing to its high specific impulse characteristics, compared with traditional gas propulsion system. The PPT is expected to be highly adequete for the missions requiring long-duration operations because it has relatively long operation time and easy implementation. The feasibility of the PPT for attitude control of a small satellite system is addressed through realistic missions. The classical PD controller and a fuzzy logic controller are tested, and fuel saving fuzzy logic controller is then proposed for more flexible mission performance.

펄스형 플라즈마 추력기 (PPT)를 이용한 STSAT-2 자세 및 궤도제어에 대한 연구

  • 신구환;남명룡;임종태
    • Bulletin of the Korean Space Science Society
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    • pp.61-61
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    • 2004
  • 과학기술위성 1호(STSAT-1)는 위성의 자세를 제어하기 위하여 Reaction Wheel Assembly(RWA)를 적용하였으며, 위성의 무게중심에 Wheel의 회전수에 비례하는 관성모멘트를 발생시켜 자세를 제어하였다. 과학기술위성 2호(STSAT-2)는 과학기술위성 1호에 적용하였던 반작용휠(RWA)과 펄스형태로 동작시켜 위성의 자세 및 궤도제어를 위하여 요구하는 추력을 얻을 수 있는 펄스형 전기 추진시스템(Pulsed Plasma Thruster: PPT)이 탑재된다. (중략)

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