• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pyricularia grisea

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Sporulation of Pyricularia grisea at Different Growth Stages of Rice in the Field

  • Kim, Chang-Kyu;Reiich Yoshino
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.147-150
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    • 2000
  • Sporulation patterns of rice blast fungus were studied at relatively later stages of leaf blast and neck blast seasons in Icheon, Korea. This experiment was done by detaching lesion-bearing leaves and panicle bases. The number of conidia remaining on the leaf blast lesions of different cultivars from Jul 20 to Jul 23 ranged from 3,640 to 82,740 spores. More conidia were observed on the adaxial surface because they were released from abaxial surface. After heading, sporulation was observed from the lesions on the flag leaves but the number of spores was less than in the late July. Detached panicle bases or uppermost internodes infected by Pyricularia grisea produced abundant amount of conidia. Among these panicle bases, 30.1 mm size lesion recorded the highest count of 244,560 spores. When we compared the sporulation amount using the KY-type spore trap, more conidia were recorded from intact lesions than from the lesions which removed conidia and conidiophore The ratio of conidia release against total sporulation ranged from 20.5%-25.0% for leaf blast and 8.2%-25.3% in the neck blast. Effective inoculum potential was also discussed.

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Sectors from Phyricularia grisea Isolates on Edifenphos and Iprobenfos-Amended Media

  • Kim, Yun-Sung;Baik, Jong-Min;Kim, Eui-Nam;Kim, Ki-Deok
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.244-246
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    • 2004
  • Sectors of rice blast fungus, Pyricularia grisea, frequently appeared on potato dextrose agar amended with edifenphos and iprobenfos. Thus, we assessed the sector-forming frequency of isolates of P. grisea and compared the fungicide sensitivity between wild types and sectors against the fungicides. The 905 isolates of the fungus were obtained from rice-growing locations in Korea from 1997-1998. When the isolates were grown on potato dextrose agar amended with minimal inhibitory concentrations of edifenphos (20 ${\mu}$g a.i./ml)and iprobenfos (55 ${\mu}$g a.i./ml), they produced sectors that overcame the effect of the fungicides. Among the 905 isolates tested, 9.0% produced sectors against edifenphos and 5.6%, against iprobenfos. Different sector-forming frequencies were also observed among the 11 locations of Korea. Sectors obtained from the fungicide-amended media generally grew more than their counterpart wild types grown on the media with either edifenphos or iprobenfos, regardless of their origins. In this study, greater relative growth of sectors over wild types of tested isolates can support the resistant characteristic of the fungus to survive against the fungicides. Therefore, the results indicate that the sectoring in rice blast fungus, P. grisea, may play a role in the occurrence of fungicide resistance.

Incidence of Panicle Blast, Race Distribution During 1993??¡?1994 and Pathogenicity of New Races of Pyricularia grisea in Korea (벼 이삭도열병 발생정도 및 병원균 레이스의 분포 변동(1993~1994)과 새로운 레이스의 병원성)

  • 한성숙;라동수;김장규
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.238-244
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    • 1995
  • Severity of panicle blast disease on the leading cultivars of rice was investigated at nine locations of Korea during summer in 1993 with frequent raining and low temperature conditions. Incidence of panicle blast was 26% on Jinmibyeo, 23% on Chuncheongbyeo and 40% on Odaebyeo. Race distribution of Pyricularia grisea was examined from 1993 to 1994. A total of 1,098 isolates of the fungus obtained from the blast nurseries and framers; fields were screened using Korean differential varieties. Twenty one races were identified in 1993 and 19 races in 1994. KI-181, KJ-103, KJ-104, KI-241 and KI-209 were identified as new races, and KJ-301 (15%), KJ-201 (13%), KJ-105 (12%) and KI-409 (12%) were major races during 1993 and 1994. Race KI-197, which has a wide spectrum of virulence on rice cultivars, was isolated in a ratio of 8.3% and evenly distributed in the whole country. Some of the major and newly identified races during 1993∼1994 were used for spray-inoculation on leading cultivars and differential varieties in a greenhouse. We found that most of the cultivars were resistant to the major races, KJ-301 and KI-409, but were very susceptible to the new races, KI-241, KI-209, KI-181 and KJ-103.

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Analysis of Rapid increase of Rice Blast Fungus Race KI-409 in Korea (한국 도열병균 KI-409 race의 급격한 증가 현황과 원인 분석)

  • 한성숙;최성호;나동수;은무영
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.705-709
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    • 1998
  • Temporal and spatial distribution of Korean rice blast fungus (Pyricularia grisea) race KI-409 that has been rapidely increased since 1993 and became predominant in 1995 in Korea were investigated. Varietal resistance of current commercial cultivars of rice to the race was also tested in this study. The race KI-409 was first isolated from rice cv. Namyangbyeo in 1985. Since 1985 the race had been isolated mainly from the rice cultivars having BL1 BL7 pedigree as a resistance source. Distribution ratio of the race in 1995 was 23.7% in average and became a predominant in the P. grisea population in Korea. The race distributed widely and found in all the eight provinces in Korea. Many commercial cultivars such as Chucheongbyeo as well as those with BL1 or BL7 as a genetic background were found to be susceptible to the race KI-409.

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Temporal and Spatial Blast Incidence in New Cultivars and Elite Lines of Rice In Korea (III) (벼 신품종 및 계통의 지역별, 연도별 도열병 발병 차이 (III))

  • 라동수;오정행;한성숙;김장규
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.338-343
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    • 1995
  • Incidence of blast caused by Pyricularia grisea on five new cultivars and four elite lines (C/L) of rice was investigated at different locations, Icheon, Chuncheon, Jecheon and Naju, 1992 to 1994. Disease indices of leaf blast on the tested C/L except Juanbyeo and Keumnambyeo ranged from 0 to 6 in the blast nursery. Under the field conditions, percentages of diseased leaf area of Kuemnambyeo were 6.5% in Jecheon and 2.8% in Icheon in 1993. The incidence of panicle blast on the C/L except Suweon 394 and Milyang 117 differed depending on the locations and years. In case of Unjangbyeo, panicle blast was rarely observed n the fields in Icheon and Naju, but the disease incidences were 21.8% in Jecheon in 1993 and 16.4% in Chuncheon in 1994. Race distribution of the blast fungus was variable according to the locations. The major race in the Jecheon site was KI-197, which was recently identified.

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Factors Affecting the Expression of Durable Resistance of Rice Cultivars to Blast Caused by Pyricularia grisea Sacc. 1. Selection of Durably Resistant Cultivars for Rice Blast (벼도열병에 대한 품종의 지속저항성 발현요인에 관한 연구 1. 벼도열병에 대한 지속저항성 품종 개발)

  • 라동수;오정행;류재당
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.231-236
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    • 1996
  • 한국에서 재배되고 있는 벼 품종의 도열별에 대한 지속저항성 품종을 조기에 선발, 보급할 수 있는 방법을 보색하기 위하여 1985년부터 1994년까지 온실 유묘검정, 밭못자리 및 포장검정을 통하여 저항성 정도를 평가하고 재배면적과 재배기간을 참고로 하여 지속저항성 품종을 선발하였다. 도열병에 대한 저항성 품종으로는 다양한 레이스에 침해되면서 개체당 병반수 20개 이내, 밭못자리검정에서는 평균 발병정도 5이하, 본답에서의 잎도열병은 병반면적율 0.5%이하, 이삭도열병 발생은 이병수율 5% 이내로 병발생이 비교적 적은 섬진벼, 팔공벼 및 동진벼를 선발하였고, 지속저항성 품종으로는 재배기간이 10년 이상 유지되면서 재배면적은 전체재배 면적의 20% 이상을 차지하고 있는 품종 중 장기간 동안 저항성을 발현하는 동진벼를 선발하였다.

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Factors Affecting the Expression of Durable Resistance of Rice Cultivars to Blast caused by Pyricularia grisea Sacc 2. Components of the Resistance of Durably Resistant Cultivars for Rice Blast (벼 도열병에 대한 품종의 지속저항성 발현요인에 관한 연구 2. 도열병에 대한 지속저항성 품종의 저항성 구성요소)

  • 라동수;오정행;김장규
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.85-89
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    • 1997
  • Etiological components of the rice cultivars possessing durable resistance to rice blast were evaluated. In the greenhouse test by artificial inoculation, number of leaf blast lesion in Dongjinbyeo was not increased by any race of the pathogen, while the lesion number on the resistant cultivar Palgongbyeo and susceptible cultivar Jinmibyeo was increased rapidly. Size of the lesion in Dongjinbyeo was smaller and progressed more slowly than the resistant cultivar Palgongbyeo until 11 days after inoculation. Latent period in Dongjinbyeo was intermediate. However, the period was significantly variable depending upon the races. Least amount of conidia was produced in Dongjinbyeo by race KJ-107 and the number of conidia was decreased rapidly from 11 days after inoculation.

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Isolation and Identification of Rice Root Endophytic Antagonistic Serratia marcescens (벼 뿌리 내생 항균성 Serratia marcescens의 분리 및 동정)

  • Lee, Sook-Kyung;Song, Wan-Yeob;Kim, Hyung-Moo
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 2004
  • Twenty-three strains of Serratia sp., isolated from surface-sterilized rice roots collected in Chonbuk and Chungnam province, were identified and characterized. They were Gram-negative, rod shaped and red pigmented typically and their endophytism was confirmed by inoculation and reisolation of the strains in planta. Their antifungal activity against 4 rice pathogenic fungi was compared and ranged from 62.4 to 85.2% against Rhizoctonia solani and 68.0 to 88.5% against Pyricularia grisea. Among the 23 strains tested, strain Rsm220 showed the strongest inhibition activity against 4 pathogenic fungi. The strain was, therefore, selected as a biocontrol candidate for both the pathogens and its bacteriological characteristics and 165 rDNA sequences were analyzed. Phenotypic and biochemical characteristics of the selected Rsm220 were highly related to the type strain of S. marcescens and 165 rDNA sequencing of Rsm220 showed a homology of 98.2% to the type strain of S. marcescens. The strain Rsm220 was identified as S. marcescens and the inhibition result of this endophytic strain indicates that it is a potential biocontrol agent for R. solani and R grisea.