• 제목/요약/키워드: Pyrus pyrifolia

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Lupane Triterpenoids from Pyrus pyrifolia

  • Yoo, Ji-Hye;Yang, Ki-Sook
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.13-15
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    • 2012
  • Three lupane type triterpenoids were isolated from the methanol extract of Pyrus pyrifolia fruit peel through repeated silica gel column chromatography. Based on the spectroscopic methods, their structures were determined to be lupeol (1), betulin (2), and betulinic acid (3).

Application of crude enzymes obtained from Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Shingo on milk proteins

  • Park, Min-Gil;Kim, Hyoung-Sub;Nam, In-Sik;Kim, Woan-Sub
    • 농업과학연구
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.789-797
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    • 2018
  • This study investigated the activity of crude enzymes obtained from Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Shingo on milk proteins. In the milk processing industry, there is an increasing interest in the addition of functional materials to dairy products or functional peptides isolated from milk proteins. First, Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Shingo was separated into core, flesh, and peel regions, and crude enzymes were obtained from the individual regions. The activity of the obtained crude enzymes was measured using casein and gelatin agar. The crude enzyme obtained from the flesh of Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Shingo decomposed gelatin, but the activity of the crude enzymes obtained from the peel and core regions was insignificant. On the other hand, the crude enzymes obtained from the flesh and core regions of Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Shingo had a remarkable enzymatic activity in casein agar. However, the activity of the crude enzyme obtained from the peel region was insignificant. In addition, the crude enzymes obtained from the individual regions were mixed with casein to induce reactions, and the degradation patterns were investigated through electrophoresis and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). According to the results, the crude enzymes from Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Shingo degraded milk proteins. Thus, the results of this study can be used in studies on functionality. Additionally, it is expected that the use of pear peels and cores in the milk processing industry would greatly contribute to the reduction of food waste.

Constituents of Pyrus pyrifolia with Inhibitory Activity on the NO Production and the Expression of iNOS and COX-2 in Macrophages and Microglia

  • Yoo, Ji-Hye;Yang, Ki-Sook
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.183-189
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    • 2012
  • It is well known that inflammation is associated with neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer' disease, Parkinson's disease and ischemia. Nitric oxide (NO), a pro-inflammatory mediator, is produced by inducible NO synthase (iNOS) in microglia as well as macrophages and appears to account for neurodegeneration. In this study, we aimed to isolate NO inhibitors from Pyrus pyrifolia by activity guided purification. As a result, we identified daucosterol and ${\beta}$-sitosterol, which have not been isolated from this plant before. This article also describes NO inhibitory activities of the methanol extract of Pyrus pyrifolia fruit and the isolated compounds from this, which are lupeol, betulin, betulinic acid, ${\beta}$-sitosterol and daucosterol, in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 and BV2 cell lines. Western blot analysis was performed to clarify the underlying mechanism of NO inhibition in the two cell lines.

자외선B 노출로 인해 손상된 피부세포에 대한 돌배나무잎 추출물의 보호효과 (Protective Effects of Pyrus pyrifolia NAKAI Leaf Extracts on UVB-induced Toxicity in Human Dermal Fibroblasts)

  • 고아라;최송이;김용웅;박건혁
    • 대한화장품학회지
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2016
  • 피부 손상은 주로 자외선, 열, 담배 등과 같은 환경적 요인으로부터 초래되는데, 이는 활성산소종의 과생성으로 인한 피부노화와 연관이 있는 것으로 알려져 있다. 돌배(Pyrus pyrifolia NAKAI)는 전 세계적으로 많이 소비되는 과일로써 항암, 항산화, 항염증효과가 알려져 있다. 본 연구에서는 돌배나무잎 추출물(Pyrus pyrifolia leaf extract, PPE)의 ultraviolet B (UVB)스트레스에 대한 피부 섬유아세포 보호효과를 검증하였다. Lactate dehydrogenase assay와 DCF-DA를 이용한 정성분석 실험은 PPE가 인간의 섬유아세포에서 UVB 스트레스에 의해 유발된 세포독성 및 과생성된 활성산소종을 농도 의존적으로 억제할 뿐만 아니라, 미토콘드리아 기능저하, 막전위 저하, 그리고 세포사멸과정의 핵심 인자인 caspase-3 활성도 유의하게 억제함을 보여주었다. 결론적으로, PPE는 UVB스트레스에 의해 과생성된 활성산소종을 억제시켰으며, 이로 인해 생기는 피부세포 사멸을 효과적으로 저해함을 확인하였다.

추황배(Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai cv. Chuhwangbae) 과피로부터 2종의 Flavonoids의 단리·동정 (Isolation and Identification of Two Flavonoids from Pear (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai cv. Chuhwangbae) Fruit Peel)

  • 이상원;이유건;조정용;김영출;이상현;김월수;문제학
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.170-175
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    • 2015
  • 본 연구에서는 국산배의 기능학적 우수성 증명을 위해 국산배로부터 생리활성 화합물을 밝히고자 하였다. 이에 배 과피 MeOH 추출물을 용매분획하여 얻은 EtOAc-산성획분을 대상으로 Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography와 ODS-HPLC를 이용하여 순차적으로 정제를 행하여 2종의 화합물을 단리하였다. 단리된 화합물 1과 2는 MS 및 NMR 분석을 통하여 각각 quercetin 3-O-${\beta}$-Dglucopyranoside(화합물 1)와 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptahydroxyflavan [(-)-dulcisflavan, 화합물 2)]으로 동정되었다. 단리된 화합물 1은 동양배로부터, 그리고 화합물 2는 배로부터 처음 동정된 화합물이다. 본 연구결과가 국산배의 기능학적 우수성 증명을 위한 기초자료로 활용되길 기대한다.

장미과 식물 줄기의 항산화 효과와 총 페놀류 함량에 관한 연구 (Study on the Antioxidant Effect and Total Phenolics Content in Rosaceae Plant Stem)

  • 이준영;유주한;김상욱
    • 한국환경과학회지
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    • v.23 no.12
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    • pp.2129-2134
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    • 2014
  • The antioxidant activities and total phenolics of four Rosaceae species Pourthiaea villosa (Thunb.) Decne, Sorbus commixta Hedlund, Sorbaria sorbifolia var. stellipila Maxim and Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm.f.) Nakai were determined. Phenolic content (polyphenol and flavonoid), radical scavenging activities [2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2-azino-bis (3-ethylnezthiazoline-6-sulfoic acid) (ABTS)] and ferrous ion chelating effect were evaluated. Total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were highest in Pourthiaea villosa (Thunb.) Decne and lowest in Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm.f.) Nakai. Phenolic contents of Pourthiaea villosa (Thunb.) Decne was $331.45{\pm}7.78$ and $90.4{\pm}3.5mg{\cdot}g^{-1}$. DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities were found to be lowest in Sorbus commixta Hedlund whereas Sorbaria sorbifolia var. stellipila Maxim and Pourthiaea villosa (Thunb.) Decne showed relatively good DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities. Ferrous ion chelating effect was highest in Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm.f.) Nakai ($1.05{\pm}0.04mg{\cdot}ml^{-1}$) and lowest in Sorbus commixta Hundlund ($4.22{\pm}0.71mg{\cdot}ml^{-1}$).

배(梨)의 메탄올 추출물이 마우스의 비장세포 증식능과 Cytokine 생성능에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) Methanol Extracts on the Proliferation and the Cytokines Production of Mouse Splenocytes)

  • 황유경;표명윤
    • 약학회지
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.25-29
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to investigate the potential of pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) as a immune-modulating functional food by assay of splenocytes proliferation and induction of cytokines (IFN-${\gamma}$, IL-4) in vitro. When mouse splenocytes were exposed to various concentration (0.16, 0.31, 0.63, 1.25, 2.50 mg/ml) of pear methanol extracts (P-M) without mitogens, splenocytes proliferation (SP) was significantly increased. Also, SP to mitogens, concanavalin A (Con A) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were significantly increased by P-M when compared with controls. When splenocytes were cultured with P-M in the presence of Con A, cytokine (IFN-${\gamma}$, IL-4) levels in culture supernatant were significantly enhanced in a dose-dependent manner except 2.5 mg/ml when compared with control group. Therefore, our study suggest that the pear has the potential of being an immune-modulating functional food.

톳(Hizikia fusiformis), 무화과(Ficus carica) 및 배(Pyrus pyrifolia)의 혼합 추출물을 이용한 생선커틀릿용 튀김옷의 기능성 (Functional Evaluation of Fish Cutlet Batter Made from the Extracts of Hiziki Hizikia fusiformis Fig Fruit Ficus carica and Pear Pyrus pyrifolia)

  • 김민용;김종덕;김보영;신영우
    • 한국수산과학회지
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.721-730
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    • 2017
  • This study determined the optimal mixing ratio of functional materials to enhance the functionality of batter for fish cutlets. An optimal mixing ratio of the hiziki Hizikia fusiformis, fig fruit Ficus carica L. and pear Pyrus pyrifolia Niitaka extracts (HFP extract) of 3:1:1 was found. The physicochemical properties of the mixture were as follows: total phelonic contents of $1187.29{\pm}41.55mg/L$, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity of $61.50{\pm}2.33%$, ascorbic acid content of $23.68{\pm}0.02g/100g$, ${\beta}-carotene$ content of $51{\pm}3.92{\mu}g/100g$, and sugar content of $12.7{\pm}0.1Brix^{\circ}$. A mixture of the extract, Korean herbal powder, and wheat flour was prepared as the fish cutlet batter. The fish cutlet prepared with the batter had a hardness of $166-202g/cm^2$ and Hunter's color scale values L of $31.14{\pm}2.1$ to $34.62{\pm}1.3$, a of $-4.89{\pm}0.21$ to $-2.26{\pm}0.19$ and b of $-20.65{\pm}2.65$ to $28.93{\pm}3.14$. The FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power) and VBN (volatile basic nitrogen) of the fish cutlets were measured to evaluate functionality and determine the optimal mixing ratio for cold storage at $-12^{\circ}C$, $-18^{\circ}C$, and $-24^{\circ}C$. The optimum mixture ratio of extracts /Korean herbal powder/ wheat flour was 1:6:3.