• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pyunyuk

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Changes of Physico-chemical Characteristics of Pyunyuk Depending on Cooking Time during Processing (돼지머리편육 제조시 삶는 시간 조건에 따른 제품의 이화학적 특성 변화)

  • 김윤지;이남혁
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.668-674
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    • 1998
  • Physico-chemical qualities of pyunyuk depending on the cooking time were evaluated to produce high quality and to reduce labor and processing time. Pork headmeat divided into two parts was cooked for 1~4hrs, trimmed and pressed with 110kg/$\textrm{cm}^2$(gauge pressure) for 3.5hrs at 1$0^{\circ}C$. The contents of general nutrients, yield, texture, color, fatty acid composition, gel structure, and sensory evaluation were observed. Deboning time was very dependent on cooking time. Optimum cooking time observed in this study was 2~2.5hrs for efficiency of deboning and yield. Excess cooking time resulted in low yield and working efficiency. Yield variation depending on the cooking time was 14.3~26.0% and it was reduced by increasing the cooking time. The content of moisture was 53.5~54.8% which was not significantly different by cooking time. The content of crude fat was 14.2~26.0% which was decreased by increasing the cooking time. The contents of crude protein(21.1~26.3%) and mineral(1.4~2.7%) were increased by increasing the cooking time. The color of pyunyuk was significantly different by cooking time(p<0.05). In the texture, hardness and chewiness of the pyunyuk cooked for 2hrs were significantly higher than others processed in this study(p<0.05). However cohesiveness and springiness were not different among pyunyuks. With sensory evaluation, hardness was similar among the pyunyuks cooked over 2hrs. The pyunyuk cooked for 1hr showed higher value in juiciness than the pyunyuk cooked for 3~4hrs(p<0.05). The % of saturated fatty acids was decreased by increasing the cooking time, and gel structure of pyunyuk cooked for 2hrs was the most compact among treaments. In conclusion, 2hrs was proper as a cooking time concerned with working efficiency and physico-chemical quality of pyunpyk.

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Historical Study of Beef Cooking -IV. boiled beef(熟肉) and sliced of boiled beef(片肉)- (우육조리법(牛肉調理法)의 역사적(歷史的) 고찰(考察) -IV. 숙육(熟肉)과 편육(片肉)-)

  • Kim, Tae-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.499-507
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study was to survey the various kinds of cooked beef products focusing on Sukyuk (boiled beef) and Pyunyuk (boiled beef slice) recorded on the historical literatures written from 1670 to 1945. Sukyuk and Pyunyuk were recorded 45 times in the references and could be classified into 11 groups based on major ingredients such as fresh meat, tough meat, rotten meat, tail, head, lung, cup of breast, testicles, pancreas, spleen and tung. Twenty two cooking methods were described on the records. Sukyuk and Pyunyuk based on fresh meat were described the most frequently. Pyunyuk based on head was described late in 18th centuries, but its recipe could not be found in any records and that of internal organs and tung were presented late in 18th centuries and early in 19th centuries, respectively. The major ingredients of Sukyuk and Pyunyuk were lean meat, tail, head, lung, cup of breast, testicles, pancreas, spleen and tongue Mulberry seed, fragment of roof tile and other sub-ingredients were used for softening or deodorizing the off flavor of the products.

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Quality Characteristics of Pork by Cooking Conditions (돈육의 조리조건에 따른 품질 특성)

  • 박추자;박찬성
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.490-496
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of ingredients(spices and medicinal plants) on the physicochemical properties of Pyunyuk a Korean style-cooked pork. Pyunyuk samples were prepared by the following 5 cooking conditions: Control(pork, water), A(pork, water, soy sauce), B(pork, water, soy sauce, onion, ginger), C(pork, water, soy sauce, onion, ginger, licorice, cinnamon) and D(pork, water, soy sauce, onion, ginger, licorice, cinnamon, clove and chestunt inner skin(CIS). The contents of ash, crude protein in loin and shank Pyunyuk were not significantly different among Pyunyuk samples, but crude fat content of C, D were significantly lower than control, A and B(p<0.05). In Hunter’s color values of Pyunyuk, the lightness(L) was decreased by the addition of multiple ingredients, whereas the redness was increased. In mechanical characteristics, the hardness of control was the highest among the samples(p <0.05). In sensory evaluation, sample D obtained the highest score in flavor, taste, hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, gumminess and overall acceptability(p<0.05), and it was most preferred by the panels. There were higher negative-correlations between mechanical hardness and sensory characteristics of flavor, taste, cohesiveness, gumminess, brittleness and overall acceptability. From these results, it could be concluded that Pyunyuk ingredients(herbs and medicinal plants) reduce the content of crude fat, increase the tenderness and improve the flavor and taste of pork during cooking.

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Patterns of Daily and Specialty Food Consumption among Middle-aged Residents of Ganghwa (강화지역 중년 남.녀의 일상식과 특별식 섭취 실태 조사)

  • Kim, Eun-Mi
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.415-427
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    • 2008
  • The present study was conducted to survey the daily and speciality meals consumed by middle-aged residents of Gang-hwa. The data were analyzed by determining the frequencies at which daily and specialty meals were consumed with respect to the quantitative and qualitative data. The subjects mainly consumed Japgok-bap 28.6%, kong-bap 25.0%, ssal-bap 20.5%. The daily meals consumed included juk, 3 kinds; guksu 11 kinds; mandu, 2 kinds; tang and malgeon-guk, 37 kinds; doenjang-guk, 10 kinds; goum-guk, 13 kinds: naeng-buk, 4 kinds; jjigae, 23 kinds; jjim, 12 kinds; gui, 29 kinds; jeon 22 kinds; jijim, 3 kinds; namul, 33 kinds; saengchae, 6 kinds; japchae, 1 kind; jorim, 29 kinds; sun, 1 kind; bokkeum, 7 kinds; hoe, 2 kinds; ssam, 4 kinds; muchim, 5 kinds; jaban, 1 kind; jokpyun pyunyuk, 1 kind; bugak, 14 kinds; twigim, 1 kind; and muk, 4 kinds. The subjects prepared jangachi(272, 81%), jeot-gal (143, 42.6%), dried food (75, 24.4%), storage food (116, 36.1%), liquor (54, 16.1%), and tteok(162,48.2%) in their homes. There were 62 kinds of speciality food and 75 kinds of food inherited foods from the subject's mother or passed down from the husband's mother to daughter or daughter-in-law in Ganghwa. Therefore, we need to preserve and develop our traditional foods and our traditional cooking methods far our future generations.

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The historical study of Lamb Cooking in Korea (우리나라 양육(羊肉) 조리법(調理法)의 역사적(歷史的) 고찰(考察))

  • Kim, Tae-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.23-41
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    • 1994
  • In this study kinds of Lamb cooking and preservation and the ingredients of lamb cooking are surveyed through the references written from 1670 to 1943. The lamb cooking found in the literature totaled to more than 53. They can be classified into fourteen different groups according to their processing features which as follows: Salnum and Pyunyuk(boiled and slices of boiled), Kui(roasted), Chim(steamed), Whe(raw meat), Hounjae(smoking), Po(dried), Juk(gruel), Tang(soup), Sundae(stuffed small interstines), Jokpyun(jellied foot), Jungol(happiness pot), Sikhae(salt+meat+malt), Oumjang(salted meat), Kunjo(dried). Korean lamb cooking methods were primarily adopted from Mogolia in late Korea Dynasty but they had unique characteristics different from Mongolian ones. Furthermore, they were creatively applied to other meat cooking such as beef, pork and dog. About twenty one ingredients were mainly used in lamb cooking, including fresh meat, ribs, breast, heart, liver and the like. In particular, most popularly used ones were fresh meat and the heart in internal organs, which coincide with the main ingredients in beef cooking of today. The number of seasoning used in lamb cooking was twelve and especially salt, vineger, ginger and stone leek were most commonly used ones. Fourteen other addition were put into lamb cooking and the rice(Korean) wine was the most frequently used addition.

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A Study on the cooking in "Umsikbup" ("음식법(찬법)"의 조리학적 고찰)

  • 박미자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.283-302
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    • 1996
  • The Umsikbup is a book of Korean woman's life in the Yi-dynasty which published in middle of nineteenth century by unknown author. I have studied the food habits of the Yi-dynasty that wrote in umsikbup as followings ; The stape foods are Bab (boiled cooked rice) 1, Myons (noodles) 4 and Mandu 5 kinds. The side dishes are Guk (soup) 3, Sinsollo 1, Jim 9, Jijim 1, Nooruemi 6, Sun 2, Po 3, Muchim 1, Jabans 3, Jockpyuns 2, Pyunyuk 1, Chae 2, and Kimchi 1 kinds. Thare are D'ock 22, Kwajung 46, Beverages 9 and alcohol are 4 kinds. There are many kinds of Dasikk of the Kwajung in the Umsikbup than no other cooking books. The seasonings are soybean sauce 5, honey 6, oil 4 and sesame seeds 3, ect. There are the description of food types in the seasonal variation and also there are the wisdom of life and avoiding food ; toxic meats, fishes, vegetables and fruits in the taboo food. There are most of Kwajung in the Chanhap (food packed in nest of boxes) in addition to beverages, D'ock, Mandu, decoration methods in the seasonal variation. There are many food making terms which are 163 kinds of prepared cooking term 27 kinds of cutting terms and 17 kinds of boiling terms. And 18 kinds of expression of taste can be seen in this book. There are 24 kinds of table were and cooking kitchen utensils, but many of them came to usefulness 12 kinds of measuring units are very non-scientific because that is not by weight but by bulk or volume.

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A Bibliographical Study of Korean-Food Terms (한국음식용어(韓國飮食用語)의 문헌적(文獻的) 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Sung Woo;Kim, Kyung Jin;Lee, Hyo Gee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.150-175
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    • 1983
  • The paper is to classify the terms of foods, wines, relish(komyungs), seasonings and cooking processes in Korean cooking books. The results of this study are follows : The dishes which were made from cereals are Bab(boiled cooked rice), Juk(gruel), Miuem(Thin rice gruel), Noodle, Sujebee, Mandu(Pyun su, dumpling), D'ockuk, Pumbok, Yaksik, D'ock(Korean rice cake) etc. The terms of side dishes are Tang (Kuk, Kaeng), Chigae(Jochi Kamjeang, Jijimee, Tugari, Wakjeoji), Jim(Jeung), Sun, Jungol(Abok jaeng ban, sinsulro, punggujigol), Bockum, Kui, Jorim, Cho, Jun(Jijim, Jeenya, Puchigae, Bindae-dock, Nureumi) Jeok(San-jeok, Nuremjeok, Jijimnureumjeok), Hoe (Saenghoe, Sukhoe, Kanghoe, Sujeonghoe, A chae), Mareum chan (Po, Jaban), Changachi (Jangkwa, Sukchae (namul)-Japchae, Kyujachae), Muchim, Sam, Tuigim, Pyunyuk, sundae, suran, Jeockal (Sikhae), Jockpyun, Mal-i, Jihi, Kee, Pojeok, Gimchi etc. The kinds of Jabgwas are Kangieong(Sanja), Yumilgwa, Suksilgwa, Dasik, Jeonggwa, Yeocgangjeong, Gwapyun etc. The kinds of beverages are Hwachaes and Teas. The terms of the wines in Korean cooking bok are 173 kinds. There are 21 kinds of Relish(komyung). There are 12 kinds of Jang, and the terms of the seasonings are as follows: mustard, cinammon, pep per, powder of peppers, powder of sesame, honey, garlic, ginger, sugar, salt, vinegar, syrup, yunjeup, jochung, sesamol-oil, chojeckuk, sesame, greet-onion, powder of black pepper, oil etc. There are 547 kinds of prepared cooking terms, 36 kinds of cutting terms and 34 kinds of boiling term in food making terms.

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A Study on the Traditional Korean Festival Foods for the Construction of a Traditional Korean Food Data Integration System (한국 전통음식 통합 검색 시스템 구축을 위한 세시음식 연구)

  • Shin, Seung-Mee;Song, Tae-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.243-255
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    • 2008
  • This study was performed to offer basic data base on traditional Korean festival foods for a traditional Korean food data integration system, that is based on literature reviews. The Korean lunar calendar has seasonal divisions reflecting traditional Korean holidays. In the past, there were many customs corresponding to emotions, and foods were in accordance with customs, festivals, and seasons. Today, we are well aware of the traditional Korean foods of New Year's Day(Seollal), the Korean Harvest Festival(Chuseok), the First Full Moon Day(Jeongwol Daeboreum), the Winter Solstice(Dongji), and the hottest summer day(Sambok). However, many other traditional Korean holidays are disappearing from the modem Korean life-style. This study made the following classifications for traditional Korean festivals. Seollal(Seol), Ipchun, and Jeongwol Daeboreum in January; Junghwajeol in February; Samjinnal in March; Hansik and Chopail in April; Dano in May; Yudu and Sambok in June; Chilseok and Baekjung in July; Chuseok in August; Jungyangjeol in September; Siwolmuoil in October; Dongji in November; and Napil and Seotdal Geumeum in December. The familiar traditional Korean festival foods are as follows: Seollal's festival foods consist of 5 main dishes, 35 side dishes, 12 kinds of tteok lyou, 21 kinds of hangwa lyou, 2 kinds of emchong lyou, and 3 kinds classified as others; this includes tteokguk, manduguk, galbijjim, sinseollo, jeon, pyunyuk, kimch, tteok, sikhe, sujunggwa, fruits, and seju on Seollal. The festival foods for Jeongwol Daeboreum consist of 3 main dishes, 27 side dishes, 5 kinds of tteok lyou, 3 kinds of hangwa lyou, 4 kinds of emchung lyou, and 3 kinds classified as others; this includes ogokbap, mugeunnamul, yaksik, yumilkwa, wonsobyung, guibalgisul, and burum on Jeongwol Daeboreum. The festival foods for Sambok consist of 6 main dishes, 18 side dishes, 4 kinds of tteok lyou, 3 kinds of eumchung lyou, and 2 kinds classified as others; this includes yukgaejang, imjasutang, youngyejjim, tteoksudan, santtalgihwaschae, and subak on Sambok. Chuseok's festival foods consist of 4 main dishes, 22 side dishes, 18 kinds of tteok lyou, 6 kinds of hangwa lyou, 4 kinds of eumchung lyou, and 3 kinds classified as others; this includes oryeosongpyeon, toranatang, garijjim, dakjjim, namuls, tteok lyou, baehwachae, and fruits on Chuseok. The festival foods for Dongji consist of 6 main dishes, 6 side dishes, 7 kinds of tteok lyou, 1 kind of hangwa lyou, 2 kinds of eumchung lyou, and 1 kind classified as others; this includes patjug, jeonyak, and dongchimi on Dongji. Based on these data, it is recommended that knowledge of traditional Korean festival foods be handed down, preserving and develop their excellence and to further scientific studys.