• Title, Summary, Keyword: QT interval

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A Study On the Beat-To-Beat QT Interval Measurement

  • Jung, T.S.;Lee, J.M.;Park, K.S.
    • Proceedings of the KOSOMBE Conference
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    • v.1998 no.11
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    • pp.203-204
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    • 1998
  • ECG analysis is main techniques for diagnosing heart disease. In recent, some studies have been performed about detection of QT interval. But, it's difficult to detect QT interval because T wave is evasive. In this paper, we have detected peak point and end point of T wave and calculated QT interval. And the result has been compared with the other algorithm after detection of QT interval.

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Conduction Abnormalities and Associated Factors in Korean Patients with Eating Disorders (섭식장애 환자에서 전도 이상 및 관련 요인)

  • Bae, Sang-Bin;Doh, Joon-Hyung;Kim, Youl-Ri
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.38-44
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : QT interval prolongation and dispersion known as indicators of an increased risk for ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death have been reported to be prolonged in patients with anorexia nervosa. The aims of this study were to compare conduction abnormalities in Korean patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, and to examine its relation with clinical and laboratory factors. Methods : We retrospectively examined 45 women with anorexia nervosa and 75 women with bulimia nervosa who were assessed by 12-lead electrocardiogram at baseline. QT interval and corrected QT interval, QT dispersion of the difference between the longest and shortest QT intervals, and abnormal U wave were measured for conduction abnormalities. Results : QT interval was significantly longer in patients with anorexia nervosa compared with those with bulimia nervosa. There were no differences in QTc (Corrected QT), QTd (QT dispersion) and abnormal U wave between patients with anorexia nervosa and those with bulimia nervosa. QTd was significantly correlated with the lowest ever lifetime body mass index ($kg/m^2$) as well as the serum amylase level in patients with anorexia nervosa. Conclusions : These results suggest some conduction abnormalities reported in patients with anorexia nervosa are also found in patients with bulimia nervosa. It appears that severity of weight loss and purging behavior could affect the cardiac arrhythmia in patients with eating disorders. Appropriate attention should be paid to cardiac involvement in patients with eating disorders.

QT-interval prolongation due to medication found in the preoperative evaluation

  • Seto, Mika;Koga, Sayo;Kita, Ryosuke;Kikuta, Toshihiro
    • Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.323-327
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    • 2017
  • QT prolongation is an electrocardiographic change that can lead to lethal arrhythmia. Acquired QT prolongation is known to be caused by drugs and electrolyte abnormalities. We report three cases in which the prolonged QT interval was improved at the time of operation by briefly discontinuing the drugs suspected to have caused the QT prolongation observed on preoperative electrocardiography. The QTc of cases 1, 2, and 3 improved from 518 to 429 ms, 463 to 441 ms, and 473 to 443 ms on discontinuing the use of a gastrointestinal prokinetic agent, a proton pump inhibitor, and a molecular targeted drug, respectively. These cases were considered to have drug-induced QT prolongation. We reaffirmed that even drugs administered for conditions unrelated to cardiac diseases can have adverse side effect of QT prolongation. In conclusion, our cases indicate that dental surgeons should be aware of the dangerous and even potentially lethal side effects of QT prolongation. For safe oral and maxillofacial surgery, cooperation with medical departments in various fields is important.

Pre-clinical QT Risk Assessment in Pharmaceutical Companies - Issues of Current QT Risk Assessment -

  • Takasuna, Kiyoshi; Katsuyoshi, Chiba;Manabe, Sunao
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2009
  • Since the Committee for Proprietary Medicinal Products (CPMP) of the European Union issued in 1997 a "points to consider" document for the assessment of the potential for QT interval prolongation by non-cardiovascular agents to predict drug-induced torsades de pointes (TdP), the QT liability has become the critical safety issue in the development of pharmaceuticals. As TdP is usually linked to delayed cardiac repolarization, international guideline (ICH S7B) has advocated the standard repolarization assays such as in vitro IKr (hERG current) and in vivo QT interval, or in vitro APD (as a follow up) as the best biomarkers for predicting the TdP risk. However, the recent increasing evidence suggests that the currently used above biomarkers and/or assays are not fully predictive for TdP, but also does not address potential new druginduced TdP due to the selective disruption of hERG protein trafficking to the cell membrane or VT and/or VF with QT shortening. There is, therefore, an urgent need for other surrogate markers or assays that can predict the proarrhythmic potential of drug candidate. In this review, we provide an ideal pre-clinical strategy to predict the potentials of QT liability and lethal arrhythmia of the drug candidates with recent issues in this field in mind, not at the expense of discarding therapeutically innovative drugs.

Cloning and Expression of Human KCNE1 Gene

  • Ye, Qing;Kim, Su-Won;Kim, Jong-Won;Yoo, Min
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.299-305
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    • 2010
  • KCNE1 is the causal gene of long QT syndrome. KCNE1 gene is located in chromosome 21. In compliance with this KCNE1 gene the proteins come out. KCNE1 is responsible for $K^+$ channel which maintains the normal function of the heart muscle for contraction. Affected individuals manifest prolongation of the QT interval on electrocardiongrams, a sign of abnormal cardiac repolarization. The clinical features of LQT result from episodic cardiac arrhythmias, such as torsade de pointes and ventricular fibrllation. Blood DNA was isolated and kept in $4^{\circ}C$ refrigerator. The KCNE1 gene was amplified by PCR method and about 414 bp band was identified by agarose gel electrophoresis. PCR products were inserted into pGEX-4T-1 vector in order to express KCNE1 protein after treatment with IPTG SDS-PAGE was carried out and the protein band which was about 47 kDa was clearly odserved. Results of this study would contribute to the detailed understanding of KCNE1 protein function and to designing better treatment of Long QT symdrome.

A New algorithm for at interval analysis in 24 hour Holter BCG (24시간 HOLTER ECG에서 QT interval 분석을 위한 새로운 Algorithm에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Hyung-Ro;Lee, Youn-Sun;Lee, Kyoung-Joung;Thakor, Nitish V.
    • Proceedings of the KOSOMBE Conference
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    • v.1989 no.05
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    • pp.13-14
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    • 1989
  • Prolongation in QT corrected interval (QTc), measured in surface ECG, has been shown in the majority af patients to be marker of bad prognosis in postmyocardial infarction patients (PMIP). Hence it would seem logical that dynamic QTc interval measurement can be a very usefull indicator to stratify prognosis in PMIP. We present a new algorithm for QT as well as for QTP (distance value from Q wave onset to T wave peak) intervals measurement in 24 hour ECG Holter tapes. Validation of the algorithm by hand measurement has been done on first beats of 18 Holter tapes, resulting in a magnitude of deviations between 10 and 15 ms. Application on 24 hour Holter ECG signal has also been done.

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Clinical Experience for a Patient with Long QT Syndrome -A case report- (QT간격연장증후군(Long QT Syndrome) 환자의 치료경험 -증례 보고-)

  • Park, Tae-Kyu;Lee, Jung-Koo
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.115-118
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    • 2000
  • Stellate ganglion block is most commonly used in pain clinic because it is an easy procedure and it has broad indications reported that Angina pectoris, tachyarrhythmia and long QT syndrome (LQTS) are indicated. LQTS is a disorder of the abnormalities of cardiac sympathetic innervation and of myocardial repolarization. LQTS is characterized by marked prolongation of the QT interval, often manifestating as syncope, seizures, or sudden death due to polymorphic ventricular tachyarrhythmia known as torsades de pointes. Treatment of symptomatic patients usually begin with beta blocker. The elective treatment of LQTS patients unresponsive to beta blocker is the left cardiac sympathetic denervation. We report a case of LQTS patient who had received stellate ganglion block.

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The Cardiovascular Effect of Risperidone (리스페리돈이 심혈관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Se-Jin;Cheon, Jin-Sook;Choi, Young-Tai
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.191-197
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : Risperidone is a new antipsychotic drug developed to overcome the therapeutic limitation of conventional antipsychotics. It responses to negative as well as positive symptoms by blocking both dopaminergic and serotonergic receptors, causing no significant side effects such as agranulocytosis and seizure. It is, however, not known whether it induces any serious cardiovascular side effects as evoked by other conventional antipsychotic drugs. The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of risperidone on cardiovascular function, and to discuss the factors affecting the cardiovascular function. Methods : For 42 patients(22 males and 20 females) diagnosed as schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder or schizoaffective disorder according to the DSM-IV classification, the cardiovascular fuctions such as heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, PR interval, QRS interval and QT interval were successively checked before and after 2 weeks and 4 weeks risperidone administration. Furthermore, variables such as body weight, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale(BPRS), Clinical Global Impression(CGI), Extrapyramidal Symptom Rating Scale(ESRS), Anticholinergic Rating Scale(ARS), serum cholesterol level, serum triglyceride level, serum high-density-lipoprotein level, serum WBC, serum Hb, serum platelet level, prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time were also analyzed before and after 2 weeks and 4 weeks risperidone administration. Results : 1) Risperidone treatment resulted in a significantly decreased heart rate and increased QT interval after 4 weeks administration(p<0.005 respectively). 2) The scores of BPRS and CGI were significantly decreased after 2 weeks and 4 weeks risperidone administration as compared with baseline(p<0.001 respectively). The scores of ESRS and ASRS were significantly increased after 2 weeks and 4 weeks risperidone administration as compared with baseline(p<0.001 respectively). 3) There were positive correlations between heart rate after 4 weeks and total dose(P<0.05). Blood pressure was significantly(p<0.05) correlated with sex(higher in male) and significantly(p<0.05) positive correlated with body weight. QT interval was significantly(p<0.05) correlated with sex(longer in female) and smoking history(shorter in smokers). Conclusions : Risperidone could induce significant change in heart rate and Q-T interval. Therefore, the cardiovascular safety for risperidone should be reconsidered according to the duration and dosage increase.

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Relationship between Corrected QT Interval and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Young Healthy Adults: The Kangwha Study (젊은 성인에서 교정 QT간격과 심혈관질환 위험요인의 관련성: 강화연구)

  • Ahn, Song-Vogue;Kim, Hyeon-Chang;Hur, Nam-Wook;Ha, Kyoung-Soo;Jang, Hoo-Sun;Kim, Jin-Bae;Suh, Il
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.455-461
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : Prolongation of the heart rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval has been reported to be associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, few studies have examined the relationship between the QTc interval and cardiovascular risk factors in young healthy people, The aim of this study was to examine the associations between the QTc interval and cardiovascular risk factors in young healthy adults. Methods : This study was performed as part of the Kangwha study, which started in 1986, and is an on-going follow-up study on blood pressure and related cardiovascular risk factors. In follow-up examinations during 2005, cardiovascular risk factors, including anthropometrics, blood pressure, blood chemistry and carotid ultrasonography, were measured, and questionnaires on health behaviors completed by 127 men and 149 women aged 25 years. The QTc interval was measured on the resting 12-lead electrocardiogram using an automatic analysis program. Results : The mean QTc interval was significantly longer in women $(419{\pm}17ms)$ than in men $(405{\pm}17ms)$ (p<0.001). A significant positive correlation was found between the QTc interval and waist-hip ratio (p=0.030) in men. Women showed a positive correlation between the QTc interval and systolic blood pressure (p=0.017). On a multiple regression analysis, the QTc interval was positively associated with the waist-hip ratio in men (p=0.012) and with the systolic blood pressure (p=0.020) in women. Conclusions : In young healthy Korean adults, the QTc interval was independently associated with the waist-hip ratio in men and with the systolic blood pressure in women.

The corrected QT (QTc) prolongation in hyperthyroidism and the association of thyroid hormone with the QTc interval

  • Lee, Ye Seung;Choi, Joong Wan;Bae, Eun Ju;Park, Won Il;Lee, Hong Jin;Oh, Phil Soo
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.58 no.7
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    • pp.263-266
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: Ventricular repolarization is assessed using the QT interval corrected by the heart rate (QTc) via an electrocardiogram (ECG). Prolonged QTc is associated with an increased risk of arrhythmias and cardiac mortality. As there have been few reports regarding the effects of hyperthyroidism on ventricular repolarization, we studied the association between serum free thyroxine (free T4 [fT4]) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels and the QTc interval. Methods: Thirty-eight patients with hyperthyroidism (<30 years old) were included, and we used their clinical records and available ECGs (between August 2003 and August 2011) to evaluate the association between their fT4 and TSH levels and their QTc interval. In addition, we studied the ECGs of 72 age-matched patients with no hyperthyroidism (control group) and compared their data with that from the patients group. Results: The QTc duration in patients with hyperthyroidism was significantly prolonged compared to that in the control subjects (P<0.001). In addition, the number of hyperthyroid patients with abnormal prolonged QTc was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.001). Among the patients with hyperthyroidism, patients with prolonged QTc and borderline QTc had higher fT4 levels and there was positive correlation between their fT4 levels and their QTc interval (P<0.05). However, no correlation was observed between their TSH levels and their QTc interval. Conclusion: We report that hyperthyroidism is associated with QTc prolongation. The correlation between the fT4 levels and the QTc interval suggests that thyroid status is associated with QTc values and the risk of cardiac mortality.