• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Qigong

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A Study of Stress-Control by Qigong Program (기공프로그램이 스트레스완화에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Yong-Cheol
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 2007
  • In the study of Stress-Control by Qigong Program, the results were as follows : In modern society, many stress factors affect the human organism, altering and chipping away at our nervous, endocrine, locomotor, reproductive, digestive, respiratory, circulatory and immune systems. The beneficial effects of Qigong can help us to restore our equilibrium and enhance our quality of life. This study was performed to investigate the effect of Qigong on stress and psychological symptoms. Twenty-two subjects were trained Qigong Program a week for 8 weeks. The stress index of subjects and psychosomatic symptoms was compared before and after Qigong Program and was significantly decreased after Qigong training. It means that the stress index and psychosomatic symptoms were improved by Qigong training.

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Research Trends on Qigong-related Studies in Korea since 2008 (2008년 이후 한국에서 발표된 기공관련 연구 동향 분석)

  • Lee, Jae Hueng;Kim, Ji Hee;Jung, Jae Hun;Jo, Min Gun;Lee, Eun Mi
    • 대한의료기공학회지
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.1-58
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    • 2016
  • Objects : The purpose of this study is to understand trends of "Qigong"-related study since 2008 and to help guide the research direction of Qigong study. Methods : The computerized Korean database was searched from January 2008 until September 2016. The search terms used were 'Qi', 'Qigong', 'Doin', 'Meditation', 'bioenergy', 'training', 'life nurturing' and random or Korean language terms. Results : 1. A total of 140,914 studies were searched in this study. A total of 2,147 studies were finally selected as Qigong-related studies. 2. The average number of Qigong-related studies published in Korea since 2008 is 252.6 per year and there was no significant difference in the number of studies published by year 3. Results according to the subject categories, 805 cases were in the humanities and 2 cases were in the agriculture & maritime field. 4. Results according to the middle subject categories, philosophy was the largest with 280 studies. 5. As a result of Qigong categories showed that meditation was the highest with 1,043 (48.58%) not including duplication. 6. As a result of research method, the most frequent method was Analysis research with 1,138(53.00%) cases and the experimental research was the least with 118(5.50%) cases. 7. When the authors were investigated, the result was the most in 35 cases by Kim Byung-chae. 8. The journal that published the most Qigong-related studies was "J. of The Studies of Taoism and Culture" (52), and Dongguk University (75) had the largest number of Qigong-related studies. Conclusions : 1. Since 2008, there is no significant difference between the yearly and yearly the number of Qigong-related studies. 2. Since 2008, Qigong-related studies have been the most successful in the field of humanities, but it has been regularly published in various other field. 3. Since 2008, Qigong-related studies has shown a remarkable decline in category on External Qigong Therapy(外氣發功) and Science of Qi(氣科學). However, category on Nae-Dan(內丹), meditation, Do-In (導引) has continued steadily every year. And did not show a tendency to increase or decrease.

Effects of Qigong therapy on the thermal changes of upper, middle, lower $Danj{\breve{o}}n$(Ex-HN3, CV17, CV4) examined by Digital Infrared Thermographic Imaging(DITI) (기공체조(氣功體操)가 DITI로 촬영한 상(上), 중(中), 하단전(下丹田)의 체표온도(體表溫度)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Nam, Sang-Soo;Lee, Kyung-Sub
    • Journal of Oriental Medical Thermology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 2002
  • Objectives : It is the object of Qigong therapy to promote the circulation of Qi and blood, and to relieve mentality by way of warming lower Danjon. In this study, to prove that Qigong therapy could actually subside heat on upper or middle Danjon and warm the temperature on lower Danjon, we observed the thermal changes of upper, middle, lower Danjon before and after Qigong therapy and compared them. Methods : We selected 16 patients, treated Qigong therapy and examined by D.I.T.I.(Digital Infrared Thermographic Imaging) before and after Qigong therapy, among patients who visited. Qigong clinic, Kangnam Korean hospital, Kyunghee University(Daechi-2dong, Kangnam-Gu) from april to october, 1999. We watched the difference of temperature among upper, middle, lower Danjon before and after Qigong therapy, and used student T-test(paired type, 2 tail) for proving effects of Qigong therapy statistically. Conclusions 1. The difference of temperature$({\Delta}T)$ between upper(Ex-HN3) and lower Danjon(CV4) significantly decreased about $0.55^{\circ}C$ after Qigong therapy(p<0.01). 2. The difference of temperature${\Delta}T$ between middle(CV17) and lower Danjon(CV4) significantly decreased about $0.39^{\circ}C$ after Qigong therapy(p<0.05). 3. The difference of temperature${\Delta}T$ between upper(Ex-HN3) and middle Danjon(CV17) decreased about $0.25^{\circ}C$ after Qigong therapy, but it was not statistically significant.

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A Study on Medicine Qigong in Mawangdui "DaoYinTu" (마왕퇴(馬王堆) "도인도(導引圖)" 중 의료도인법(醫療導引法)에 대한 고찰(考察))

  • Lee, Hwa-Jin;Park, Hi-Joon;Chae, Youn-Byoung;Yin, Chang-Shik;Baik, You-Sang;Park, Mu-Won;Lee, Hye-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-25
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : Medical qigong, originated from Mawangdui Daoyintu (馬王堆 導引圖), mainly consists of meditation, physical movements, and breathing exercises. It has been widely used to cure a variety of diseases as a regimen in Oriental medicine. This study was aimed to analyze the characteristics of medical qigong movements in the Mawangdui Daoyintu and to observe a link between each medical qigong movement and meridian system. Methods : We extracted fourteen medical qigong movements from forty-four figures in Mawangdui Daoyintu. We compared the 14 medical qigong movements of the Mawangdui Daoyintu with other types' movements of medical qigong methods. We also analyzed each movement of medical qigong in Mawangdui Daoyintu with a perspective of meridian system. Results : We found that there were common features between the medical qigong movements of the Mawangdui Daoyintu and other types' movements of medical qigong methods, including Yukjagyeol (六字訣), Paldangum (八段錦), Yukgengyeng (易筋經) and so on. From the comparison of each movement and meridian qi flow, we also found several movements related with Liver meridian and one movement related with several meridians. Conclusions : Our findings would be beneficial to understand the movements of medical qigong in the Mawangdui Daoyintu from the perspective of meridian system. This would be useful to develop a new medical qigong movements applying the meridian qi system for health and healing.

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Research Trends on Qigong in the Korean Journal (한국 저널에 게재된 기공관련 연구 동향 분석)

  • Han, Chang-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Nam;Kwon, Young-Kyu;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.954-959
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    • 2008
  • Qigong is one energy-healing intervention used to prevent and cure ailments and to improve health through regular practice. Although qigong-neither itself nor its postulated mechanism of action - are within the paradigm of modern Western medical science, effects on the human body could be possible. This study aims to review the bibliography, biological responses and therapeutic effects of Qigong. In the process, this review will grasp trends in this field of studies and will direct further researches into the right direction. The computerized Korean databases were searched from their respective inceptions up to January 2008. The search terms used were 'qi', 'qigong', 'doin', 'training', 'bioenergy', 'life nurturing' and random or Korean language terms related to qigong. Several specialized journals were also manually searched for relevant articles. Since the 1990s, Qigong papers in the Korean Literature is increased. Published 152 papers on Korean medicine were more than Physical education and Nursing. 78 papers published in The Journal of Korean Academy of medical Gi-gong are the best in many areas related to Korean medicine. Most people have submitted papers related to Qigong was Lee Gi-nam. The depth study for the each Qigong is needed. Specifically, I think it should be a clinical studies and qualitative research methods for evaluation are needed.

Effect of the Oriental Medicine Gi-Gong Exercise on the Brain Power, HRV, Live Blood Condition in the Youth (한방기공체조가 두뇌력, 심박변이율, 생혈액형태에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong-Won;Kim, Yi-Soon;Kim, Gyeong-Cheol
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.126-135
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to identify the effects of the oriental medicine Qigong Exercise on the brain power, HRV, pulsation, live blood condition among young boys and girls. The study was performed with two group(control group and experimental group) in a pre-test/post-test design. The subjects were 44 young boys and girls selected by a some middle school in Busan. The oriental medicine Qigong Exercise program consists of 80-minute sessions three times a week over 5 months. All of the subjects were examined on the congnition assessment tool, stress assessment tool, oriental medicine pulsation 3-D MAC, live blood condition analyzer Prior and post surveys were measured before and after the experiment. In the cognition assessment, the amplitude of ERS were increased afer Qigong Exercise. The Success and the Concentration were significantly increased afer Qigong Exercise, the Error was significantly decreased afer Qigong Exercise. The Cognition strength was significantly increased, but the Reponse time was not significantly decreased afer Qigong Exercise. And the Workload was not significantly decreased, the Total Score was not significantly increased afer Qigong Exercise. Among the stress assessment, RRV tachogram's ‘mean RR’ was significantly increased, ‘mean HRV’ was significantly decreased afer Qigong Exercise. SDNN was not significantly increased, Complexity was not significantly increased afer Qigong Exercise. And TP(RRV power's total power) was not significantly increased, VLF and HF was significantly increased, and LF was significantly decreased afer Qigong Exercise. ANS's norm LF was not significantly decreased, but norm HF was significantly increased afer Qigong Exercise. In the RRV's Phase Plot, RMSSD and SDSD were not significantly increased, pnn50 was not significantly decreased afer Qigong Exercise. On the whole, Parasympathetic Activity and Stress Endurance were significantly increased, but Cardiac Activity and Physical Arousal were not significantly increased afer Qigong Exercise. Cardiac Aging was not significantly decreased afer Qigong Exercise. Sympathetic Activity, Autonomic Nervous System Balance and Heart-load were not significantly decreased afer Qigong Exercise. In the pulsation, press power was increased(15%), and w/t(pressurization time / pulsation time) was decreased(20%) afer Oigong Exercise. And the live blood condition was not changed afer Qigong Exercise. As mentioned above; the oriental medicine Qigong Exercise program was identified the effects of the inspiration of the brain power, heart rate and anti-stress.

Research Trends on Qigong in the Korean Journal (한국 저널에 게재된 기공관련 단일군 임상연구 동향 분석)

  • Park, Sun-Hee;Han, Chang-Hyun;Kim, Ki-Jin;Shin, Mi-Suk;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2008
  • Background: Qigong is one energy-healing intervention used to prevent and cure ailments and to improve health through regular practice. Although Qigong-neither itself nor its postulated mechanism of action-are within the paradigm of modern Western medical science. effects on the human body could be possible. Objectives: This study aims to review the bibliography, biological responses and therapeutic effects of Qigong. In the process, this review grasp trends in this field of studies and direct further researches into the right direction. Method: The computerized Korean databases were searched from their respective inception up to January 2008. The search terms used were 'Qi', 'Qigong', 'Doin', 'training', 'bioenergy', 'life nurturing' and random or Korean language terms related to qigong. Several specialized journals were also manually searched for relevant articles. Result: Since the 1990s, Qigong papers in the Korean Literature have been increased. Clinical research studies are among the most control design study. Research subjects are less patient than the general public. The most common treatment disease was Musculo-skeletal disorder. Conclusions: The depth study for the each Qigong is needed. Specifically, I think it should be a clinical studies and qualified research methods for evaluation are needed.

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Analysis of Qigong Curriculum Has Established and Qigong-related Clubs in College of Oriental Medicine (전국 한의과대학 기공학 과목 개설 및 기공 동아리 현황)

  • Kim, Ki-Jin;Han, Chang-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Nam;An, Hee-Duk;Kwon, Young-Kyu;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.1112-1118
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    • 2008
  • Qi is in the capacity of pivotal element to describe the life, based on the principles of remedy such as Qigong, meridian pathways, acupuncture, moxibustion and herbal medicine. The purpose of this study was to identify the status of course offered Qigong and Qigong-related clubs in 11 college of oriental medicine. For survey courses offered Status of Qigong in 11 college of oriental medicine, I checked its homepage in august 2008. And about the facts that I could not verify information from the homepage, I obtained through the phone manner. For survey Qigong-related clubs in 11 college of oriental medicine, I phoned the president of union clubs and found out Qigong-related clubs. And then I phoned the presidents of Qigong-related clubs that consented before the fact, investigated the overall situation of clubs. Nine out of 11 college of oriental medicine offered course of Qigong. All of them are opened as major in a premedical course. Six universities have practical training. Six out of 11 college of oriental medicine had Qigong-related clubs. And the number of club is 12. The number of club in Daeguhaany university, 4, is the most. The number of membership of club in Daeguhaany university, 61, is the most too. Most of them are co-majoring both Jung-gong and Dong-gong. It is considered that in lecture of Qigong, It is in a need of lecturing in a regular course with clinical contents, rather than lecturing in a premedical course with basic contents. Of spontaneous club activities, after graduation so that they can get practical help for future. I think from now on we need to investigate deeply practical rate of satisfaction and the present condition of clubs.

The Effects of Qigong Position on Electroencephalogram (기공(氣功) 자세(姿勢)가 뇌파에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Dae-Sun;Han, Chang-Hyun;Park, Soo-Jin;Lee, Sang-Nam;Park, Ji-Ha
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.157-171
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    • 2010
  • This study aimed to investigate the effect of four common types of Qigong position (standing, sitting, supine, and horse-riding position) on the autonomic nervous system. Thirty healthy subjects participated in this study once a week for four weeks. Electroencephalogram (EEG) was measured three times (before, during, and after the position) while the subject maintained one of four positions for ten minutes. There were significant changes in HRV components compared with EEG power spectra in the standing position. Especially, the ratio of low-to-high frequency (LF/HF) which represents a state of balance of autonomic nervous system was increased. In the sitting position, $\beta$ wave which reflects a state of alert consciousness was increased and both the sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves were activated. On the other hand, in the spine position, $\theta$ wave which signifies a state of relaxation was increased and heart rate (HR) was decreased. Activation of sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves was also observed in this position. Significant increases of indices related to awakening and concentration were observed accompanied by increase of HR and a sympathetic nerve was activated in the riding-horse position. In the present study, it was shown that each Qigong position caused various and significant changes in autonomic nervous system. It would be expected that these results can be applied in the choice of appropriate Qigong position according to objective of Qigong therapy although it is remained to further evaluate the effects of long-term maintenance of Qigong positions and repeated Qigong training.

The Effect of Qigong on the Health Promotion in Post-mastectomy Women (기공(氣功)이 유방절제술을 받은 여성의 건강증진에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yi-Soon;Kim, Gyeong-Cheol;Kwak, Yi-Sub;Lee, Hai-Woong
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.37-49
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    • 2010
  • Objective : Qigong has been reported as an effective for post-mastectomy women. It consists of a series of postures combined with slow, smooth, graceful movements, and is considered a low intensity exercise. In this study, a specialist of Qigong developed a Qigong program for post-mastectomy women in a community. The object of this research is to evaluate the effect of Qigong on a subjective symptom scale, on the grade of discomfort and pain in everyday life, BMI, fat(%), muscular strength, shoulder joint movement, in post-mastectomy women. Methods : The study used a non-equivalent control group non-synchronized design. The experimental group received a Qigong 3 times a week for 12 weeks from September 7th to December 28th in 2009. The subjects were 40 patients are divided into 25 persons in experimental groups and 15 persons in contrastive group. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, chi-square test, t-test, Mann-Whitney U test. A P-value less than .05 was considered significant by 2-tailed test. All statistical analyses were performed with SPSS win(ver 12.0). Results : The results were as follows : The score in the subjective symptom(p=.040), and score of anxiety (p=.024), fat(%)(p=.007) were significantly decreased after Qigong program. The values for shoulder flexibility (left : p=.010, right : p=.008), and Muscular strength(grip power)(left : p=.021, right : p=.029) significantly increased after Qigong program. And Flexion(left ; p=.029), Extension(left : p=.001, right : p=.038), Adduction(left ; p=.001, right ; p<0.001) were also significantly increased after Qigong Conclusions : The Qigong is an effective health promotion program for post-mastectomy women.