• Title, Summary, Keyword: Quad-Rotor UAV

Search Result 19, Processing Time 0.044 seconds

Performance Comparison of Three Different Types of Attitude Control Systems of the Quad-Rotor UAV to Perform Flip Maneuver

  • Lee, Byung-Yoon;Yoo, Dong-Wan;Tahk, Min-Jea
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.58-66
    • /
    • 2013
  • This paper addresses the performance of three different types of attitude control systems for the Quad-rotor UAV to perform the flip maneuver. For this purpose, Quad-rotor UAV's 6-DOF dynamic model is derived, and it was used for designing an attitude controller of the Quad-rotor UAV. Attitude controllers are designed by three different methods. One is the open-loop control system design, another is the PD control system design, and the last method is the sliding mode control system design. Performances of all controllers are tested by 6-DOF simulation. In case of the open-loop control system, control inputs are calculated by the quad-rotor dynamic model and thrust system model that are identified by the thrust test. The 6-DOF realtime simulation environment was constructed in order to verify the performances of attitude controllers.

Attitude Stabilization of a Quad-Rotor UAV Using a Two-camera Vision System

  • Won, Dae-Yeon;Tahk, Min-Jea
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.76-84
    • /
    • 2008
  • This paper is mainly concerned with the vision-based attitude stabilization of a quad-rotor UAV. The methods for attitude control rely on computing the roll and pitch angles of the vehicle from a two-camera vision system. One camera is attached to the body-fixed x-axis and the other to the body-fixed y-axis. The attitude computation for the quad-rotor UAV is performed by image processing consisting of Canny edge and Hough line detection. A proportional and integral controller is employed for the attitude hold autopilot. In this paper, the quad-rotor UAV is modeled by 6-DOF nonlinear equations of motion that includes rotor aerodynamics with blade element theory. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated through 3D environmental numerical simulations.

Design and Construction of a Quad Tilt-Rotor UAV using Servo Motor

  • Jin, Jae-Woo;Miwa, Masafumi;Shim, Joon-Hwan
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
    • /
    • v.17 no.5
    • /
    • pp.17-22
    • /
    • 2014
  • Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that have been recently commercialized can largely be divided into fixed-wing aircraft and rotor aircraft by their styles and flight characteristics. Although the fixed-wing aircraft represents higher power efficiency, higher speed, longer flight distance and larger loading weight than the rotor aircraft, they have a disadvantage of requiring a space for take-off and landing. On the other hand, the rotor aircraft can implement vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) and represents various flight modes (hovering, steep bank turns and low-speed flights). But they require both precision take-off control and attitude control. In this study, we used a quad-tilt rotor UAV to combine advantages in both the fixed-wing aircraft and the rotor aircraft. The quad-tilt rotor (QTR) system was designed and constructed by adding a tilt device with a servo motor to a general quad-rotor vehicle.

Design and Control of a Quad-Rotor (쿼드로터 비행체의 설계 및 제어)

  • Shim, Sanghyun;Kim, Ji-Chul;Yang, Sungwook;Cheon, Dong-Ik;Lee, Sangchul;Oh, Hwa-Suk;Kang, Min-Young;Keum, Dong-Kyo
    • Journal of Aerospace System Engineering
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.36-41
    • /
    • 2009
  • Quad-rotor is one kind of a rotorcraft in Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), which consists of four rotors in total and fixed-pitch blades located at the four corners. This vehicle is emerging as popular platform for UAV research due to the simplicity of its construction, the ability of hovering and the vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capability, etc. Because of those specific capabilities, this vehicle can be applied to many fields: search and rescue, mobile sensor networks, fire observation, etc. However a quad-rotor is much affected by the disturbance due to the characteristics of structure. So this vehicle needs attitude control for stabilizing. In this paper, we design the control law for automatic stabilization. The PID controller is used to control a brushless DC motor. And an accelerometer is used to measure the roll and pitch angles of a quad-rotor.

  • PDF

Conceptual Design of a Multi-Rotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle based on an Axiomatic Design

  • Yoo, Dong-Wan;Won, Dae-Yeon;Tahk, Min-Jea
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.126-130
    • /
    • 2010
  • This paper presents the conceptual design of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) based on an axiomatic design. In most aerial vehicle design approaches, design configurations are affected by past and current design tendencies as well as an engineer's preferences. In order to design a systematic design framework and provide fruitful design configurations for a new type of rotorcraft, the axiomatic design theory is applied to the conceptual design process. Axiomatic design is a design methodology of a system that uses two design axioms by applying matrix methods to systematically analyze the transformation of customer needs into functional requirements (FRs), design parameters (DPs), and process variables. This paper deals with two conceptual rotary wing UAV designs, and the evaluations of tri-rotor and quad-rotor UAVs with proposed axiomatic approach. In this design methodology, design configurations are mainly affected by the selection of FRs, constraints, and DPs.

Optical Flow Based Collision Avoidance of Multi-Rotor UAVs in Urban Environments

  • Yoo, Dong-Wan;Won, Dae-Yeon;Tahk, Min-Jea
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.252-259
    • /
    • 2011
  • This paper is focused on dynamic modeling and control system design as well as vision based collision avoidance for multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Multi-rotor UAVs are defined as rotary-winged UAVs with multiple rotors. These multi-rotor UAVs can be utilized in various military situations such as surveillance and reconnaissance. They can also be used for obtaining visual information from steep terrains or disaster sites. In this paper, a quad-rotor model is introduced as well as its control system, which is designed based on a proportional-integral-derivative controller and vision-based collision avoidance control system. Additionally, in order for a UAV to navigate safely in areas such as buildings and offices with a number of obstacles, there must be a collision avoidance algorithm installed in the UAV's hardware, which should include the detection of obstacles, avoidance maneuvering, etc. In this paper, the optical flow method, one of the vision-based collision avoidance techniques, is introduced, and multi-rotor UAV's collision avoidance simulations are described in various virtual environments in order to demonstrate its avoidance performance.

Implementation of Automatic Target Tracking System for Multirotor UAVs Using Velocity Command Based PID controller (속도 명령 기반 PID 제어기를 이용한 멀티로터 무인항공기의 표적 자동 추종 시스템 구현)

  • Jeong, Hyeon-Do;Ko, Seon-Jae;Choi, Byoung-Jo
    • IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications
    • /
    • v.13 no.6
    • /
    • pp.321-328
    • /
    • 2018
  • This paper presents an automatic target tracking flight system using a PID controller based on velocity command of a multirotor UAV. The automatic flight system includes marker based onboard target detection and an automatic velocity command generation replacing manual controller. A quad-rotor UAV is equipped with a camera and an image processing computer to detect the marker in real time and to estimate the relative distance from the target. The marker tracking system consists of PID controller and generates velocity command based on the relative distance. The generated velocity command is used as the input of the UAV's original flight controller. The operation of the proposed system was verified through actual flight tests using a marker on top of a moving vehicle and tracks it to successfully demonstrate its capability using a quad-rotor UAV.

Dynamic Modeling and Stabilization Techniques for Tri-Rotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

  • Yoo, Dong-Wan;Oh, Hyon-Dong;Won, Dae-Yeon;Tahk, Min-Jea
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.11 no.3
    • /
    • pp.167-174
    • /
    • 2010
  • The design, dynamics, and control allocation of tri-rotor unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are introduced in this paper. A trirotor UAV has three rotor axes that are equidistant from its center of gravity. Two designs of tri-rotor UAV are introduced in this paper. The single tri-rotor UAV has a servo-motor that is installed on one of the three rotors, which enables rapid control of its motion and its various attitude changes-unlike a quad-rotor UAV that depends only on the angular velocities of four rotors for control. The other design is called 'coaxial tri-rotor UAV,' which has two rotors installed on each rotor axis. Since the tri-rotor type of UAV has the yawing problem induced from an unpaired rotor's reaction torque, it is necessary to derive accurate dynamic and design control logic for both single and coaxial tri-rotors. For that reason, a control strategy is proposed for each type of tri-rotor, and nonlinear simulations of the altitude, Euler angle, and angular velocity responses are conducted by using a classical proportional-integral-derivative controller. Simulation results show that the proposed control strategies are appropriate for the control of single and coaxial tri-rotor UAVs.

Development of a Hovering Robot System for Calamity Observation

  • Kang, M.S.;Park, S.;Lee, H.G.;Won, D.H.;Kim, T.J.
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.580-585
    • /
    • 2005
  • A QRT(Quad-Rotor Type) hovering robot system is developed for quick detection and observation of the circumstances under calamity environment such as indoor fire spots. The UAV(Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) is equipped with four propellers driven by each electric motor, an embedded controller using a DSP, INS(Inertial Navigation System) using 3-axis rate gyros, a CCD camera with wireless communication transmitter for observation, and an ultrasonic range sensor for height control. The developed hovering robot shows stable flying performances under the adoption of RIC(Robust Internal-loop Compensator) based disturbance compensation and the vision based localization method. The UAV can also avoid obstacles using eight IR and four ultrasonic range sensors. The VTOL(Vertical Take-Off and Landing) flying object flies into indoor fire spots and sends the images captured by the CCD camera to the operator. This kind of small-sized UAV can be widely used in various calamity observation fields without danger of human beings under harmful environment.

  • PDF

Quad-rotor's stabilization control with Fuzzy + I method

  • Shin, Heon-Soo;Choe, Jeong-Yeon;Jeong, Gyeong-Gwon;Kim, Ju-Ung;O, Jeong-Hun;Eom, Ki-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1127-1128
    • /
    • 2008
  • In this paper, we propose a control method to improve control performance for a Quad-rotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle's stabilization. The proposed method is the Fuzzy+I control that contains a fuzzy controller which processes signals from the error and the change of error, and generates the control signal by summing up fuzzy output signal and integral signal. We simulated and experimented on the fuzzy+I control method by implementing Quad-rotor UAV that is able to hovering, for the purpose of verifying the effectiveness of the proposed fuzzy+I control method in comparison with general PID control, and we found out that fuzzy+I controller improved control performance of the system.

  • PDF