• Title, Summary, Keyword: Questioning Styles

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A Comparison of Questioning Styles in Middle School Environmeotology Textbook (중학교 환경 교과서의 질문방략)

  • Hur, Man-Kyu;Huh, Hong-Wook;Oh, Kwang-Joong
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the questioning styles in middle school environmentology textbook In terms of frequency, type, and placement of questions. It was also to analyse and to compare the kinds of scientific inquiry processes elicited by the questions in the topics of textbooks. The instrument was the Textbook Questing Strategies Assessment Instrument (TQSAI) developed the Cooperative Teacher Preparation Project, University of California. The average number of Questions per topic was only 1.09 and the ratio of questions to sentences was 2.5%. Most of questions were in explanatory place(75%). Nearly 90% of experienced questions types were reasoning or application. The frequencies of non-experiential question were higher than those of experiential question. In action, there were much kinds of question-styles.

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Questioning Styles in the Middle School Environmental Textbooks (중학교 환경 교과서에 제시된 질문의 특성)

  • Huh, Man-Kyu;Huh, Hong-Wook;Moon, Do-Hoo;Moon, Sung-Gi
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.907-912
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    • 2006
  • The study is conducted to analyze the questioning styles in three middle school environmental textbooks in terms of frequency, type, and placement of questions. It is also to analyse and compare the kinds of scientific processes elicited by the questions in the topics of textbook. The instrument was the Textbook Questioning Strategies Assesment Instrument (TQSAI) which was developed the Cooperative Teacher Preparation Program, University of California. The mean number of questions per topic was 4.0 and the ratio of questions to sentences was 3.8%. The numbers of empirical and non-empirical questions were 52.5% and 47.5% for textbook D, 56.6% and 43.4% for textbook J, and 92.7% and 7.3% for textbook K, respectively. The open-hearted question was the highest in all types of questions for three middle school environmental textbooks. The explanatory question was the highest in all characteristics of questions. The types of various questions were distributed throughout textbooks including the green field, debate-discussion, examination, and so on.

Analysis of Questioning Strategies of Elementary $3rd{\sim}6th$ Science Textbooks (초등학교 $3{\sim}6$학년 과학 교과서의 질문 방략 분석)

  • Ryu Jae-In;Han Kwang-Lae;Kim Hyo-Nam;Park Kuk-Tae
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the questioning styles of $3rd{\sim}6th$ elementary science textbooks in terms of frequency, type, and placement of questions. This paper also sought to analyse and compare the kinds of scientific inquiry processes elicited by the questions in the content domains of textbooks. The instrument used was the Textbook Questioning Strategies Assessment Instrument (TQSAI). The average number of questions per book was 129 and the ratio of questions to sentences was 31.9%. The results were summarized as followings. First, many science textbook questions were used for the purposes of explanation or identifying levels of teaming. Second, process skills were located in each content domain, although it was not affected meaningfully. Third, the number of text question was below 3 in each elementary science class. Therefore, an effective questioning development framework is clearly needed for elementary science instruction.

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The Effect of Amount and Interaction Styles of Maternal Inputs on Early Vocabulary Acquisition : A Longitudinal Multilevel Modeling Perspective (어휘 습득에서 어머니의 언어적 입력의 양과 상호작용 유형의 영향 : 다층 모형의 적용)

  • Chang-Song, You-Kyung;Hong, Sehee;Lee, Keunyoung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.109-126
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    • 2007
  • A sample of 322 18-month-old infants and their mothers were assessed longitudinally at 24 and 30 months. Maternal utterances and styles of linguistic interaction were measured during a 10 minute free play session. Mothers completed a vocabulary checklist for infants. Longitudinal data were analyzed by multilevel modeling. Results indicated that vocabulary increased with age of infants and the growth rate was highly predictable by the size of vocabulary at 18 months. The growth rate was strongly influenced by maternal questioning and feedback. The effect of the maternal linguistic input was constant with age. Gender differences in size of vocabulary did not vary systematically with age.

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The Standard Questionnaire Database System for Rural Development Goal Formulation (마을발전방향 정립을 위한 마을평가용 표준설문지문 데이터베이스 구축)

  • 최수명;황한철;한경수;조영재
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 2001
  • This study aimed at developing the standard questionnaire database system for rural development. By the previous study for the hierarchical listing of the factors related to rural development in the village level, the targetting questionnaire items pool was proposed. The data base system basically consisted of 3 parts: general, principal and sectoral parts for rural development. General and principal parts had the detailed questionnaires without any further hierarchy, but sectoral one 4-step hierarchy from high/medium/low levels to detailed questionnaires. Tentatively, total 417 questionnaires statements were written with 5 questioning styles: single choosing, multiple choosing, tabular, writing and special questions. Through the checking done by college students team from rural area, the database system having 467 questioning statements was finally developed.

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A Study on Characteristics of Questions Presented in Chemistry Parts of Middle School Science Textbooks (중학교 과학 교과서의 화학분야 단원에 제시된 질문의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Huh, Man-Kyu;Oh, Yung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.124-131
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    • 2011
  • This study is conducted to analyze the questioning styles of the parts of chemistry in 17 middle school science textbooks in terms of frequency, types, and placement of questions. The instrument was the Textbook Questioning Strategies Assessment Instrument (TQSAI) developed by the Cooperative Teacher Preparation Program, University of California in 1975. An averaged ratio of questionings/sentences (Q/S) of seventeen textbooks was 13.6% varying from 6.8% to 19.7%. Various question types were used in titles, early and middle steps in the sections except late steps. The comprehending questions were most frequent in the types of inquiry courses and the focusing questions were most frequent in the characteristics of instructional courses. The percentages of empirical questions for the total numbers of questions were slightly larger than nonempirical questions with values of 54.2% and 45.8%, respectively.

Effects on the Use of Two Textbooks for Four Types of Classes in a South Korean University

  • Ramos, Ian Done D.
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.24-32
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    • 2013
  • This paper determined students' ranks of difficulty on the use of materials in terms of 1) understanding the layout of the learning materials, 2) reading comprehension of the learning materials, and 3) realization on relevance to needs of the learning materials. It also determined students' 4) rank and frequency of attitude on the materials. With the data gathered through 128 survey questionnaires, 7 focused group discussions, and 10 interviews, the results were found out that there was an inappropriate assessment procedure set by this particular university. The researcher concludes that: 1) design of four types of classes by just using the two textbooks with their respective workbooks is grammar-based with limited conversation activities; 2) placement for these students in one big class size was implemented without considering their common interest and motivation and language levels; and, 3) qualification of teachers teaching these EFL students did not support students' real needs and the language program itself. Content professors who were made to teach may have the ability to input learning, but their teaching styles may differ from the ones who are real English teachers. This paper then recommends that teachers and school administration should have an appropriate placement exam before students attend the class, especially in a big class size. There could only be a few problems among students in one big class size when students' level of competence is proportioned. With this, topics and conversation activities can even be more flexible with the maneuver of art of questioning, various dimensions of thinking, strategic competence, learning attitude or behavior, etc. to ensure sustenance of communicative mode and level of interest and motivation in the classroom. Grammar-based instruction can only be taught when a need arises. Thus, the course description of each class will be able to transact the objectives ready for developing students' communication competence. Moreover, proper measurement can be utilized to validly assess the amount of students' learning and the progress of language curriculum design in terms of materials selection and teaching approach.

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On Student's Immersion in Learner-Centered Instruction (학습자 중심 수업과 학생들의 수업에의 몰입에 관한 소고)

  • Kim, Jin-Ho
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.41-52
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, some factors such as the perspective of children, instructional materials(especially activities in textbooks for elementary school mathematics), and teacher's questioning styles are discussed as ones influenced on students' immersion in leaner-centered instruction. This discussion is based on the author's two implementations of the kind of two instructions. About the first theme, constructivists assert that even children who are in elementary school can have reflective abstracting ability. Teachers' asking questions with the belief differ from ones with traditional perspective of children, which is relevant the third factor. They value and respect learners' thinking outcomes, even though they are not sometimes wrong and have errors. Also, they have them opportunities to think different from others and to ask how they get their answers. To do these, they frequently ask open-ended questions, not closed. All of them is possible through the activities provided in textbooks. Some characteristics which can prompt such teacher's questions using activities in elementary mathematics textbooks are discussed.

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Early Childhood Teachers' Perception for Fairy Tale Appearance Using Background Music (배경음악을 활용한 동화감상에 대한 유아교사의 인식)

  • Park, Seon-Young;Hong, Soon-Ock
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.342-353
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of early childhood teachers for the development of early childhood education programs using background music. The subjects of this study were 272 early childhood teachers of kindergartens in Busan and Kyungnam provinces. The data were collected through questionnaires on the awareness of children's appreciation of fairy tales using background music. The collected data were analyzed by frequency and percentage using SPSS 18.0 program. The results of this study are as follows: First, the number of early childhood teachers who had experience of performing fairy tales using background music were less than half of them. Secondly, the purpose of appreciation of fairy tales using background music was to develop rich emotions. In order to understand the systematic knowledge and concept of background music, it was necessary to supply background music in various life styles. Third, development of a fairy tale appreciation program using background music was generally required. Third, development of a fairy tale appreciation program using background music was generally required. Fourth, a fairy tale appreciation program using background music is appropriate for the large group activity time of 10~20 minutes one or two times a week and it was necessary to have a concatenated structure of pre-activities, introduction methods, questioning techniques in development, finishing methods, evaluation methods, and extension activity methods.

PASKYULA's Theory of Art (파스큐라의 미술론)

  • Jung, Ju-Young
    • The Journal of Art Theory & Practice
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    • no.5
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    • pp.43-80
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    • 2007
  • PASKYULA was formed in September, 1923 through the union of artists involved in two art groups: Kim Ki-Jin, Kim Bok-Jin, Yeon Hak-Nyeon who had previously participated in the ToWolHoi, and Park Young-Hi, Lee Sang-Hwa, An Seok-Ju, former members of the BaeckJo. After its founding, the PASKYULA artists had been searching for the social function of art to reform the harsh reality of Minjung and the nation with criticism toward society as well as art world. Their art theory for MinJung could grow relatively ease in relation to changing social and political conditions in the early 1920s. In August, 1925, PASKYULA organized the Korea Artista Proletaria Federatio with the YeomGunSa, and laid the groundwork for Proletariat art movement which was regularized in the late 1920s. From PASKYULA up to the early state of KAPF, the theory of art advocated by Kim Bok-Jin and An Seok-Ju could be summarized as "art for MinJung". At that time, widely ranging discourses on MinJung, however, was spawned in art theory, because many intellectuals-including artists and writers-begun to pay more attention to MinJung, who emerged as one of the social forces after the Samil Independent Movement. Sometimes, MinJung was construed as the target of enlightenment from a negative viewpoint. On the other hand, several intellectuals under the influence of individualism asserted that the discussion itself on MinJung exerted an evil influence on art. In contrast of these cases, the PASKYULA artists including Kim Bok-Jin, An Seok-Ju perceived that MinJung had the potential to change society, and regarded them as "a creator of genuine civilization and art". In the PASKYULA artist's writings, the concept of MinJung was often overlapped with the meaning of the Choson nation suffering under colony. Although their concept of MinJung was transformed gradually into the proletariat as they were under the strong influence of socialism, it did not change that they grasped the realities of the whole Choson Peninsula through the proletarian consciousness. In the early state of PASKYULA, the methodology for social function of art was presented in a twofold manner. First of all, Kim Bok-Jin emphasized on the necessity of education to improve MinJung's way of life through art, and it was embodied by the organization of ToWol Art Workshop and public lecture. Also, he championed "the popularization of art", which was one of methods to distribute art to MinJung. According to the PASKYULA artists, art should be not art for art' sake but art for MinJung. That was why they advocated the convergence of art and MinJung's life. Especially Kim Bok-Jin affirmed a link between art and industry because he considered industry the field inextricably linked with MinJung's life. In this context, his idea could be read as the generalization and equalization within the framework of possession. Kim Bok-Jin thought that the social ramifications of capitalism deprived MinJung of their right to enjoy art, and emphasized the artist' social role to return the right to them. That is, the even distribution of art was mainly discussed than the contents of art in the half of 1920s. By 1925, the contents of art itself became an issue in the PASKYULA art theory, and it was based in realism. Kim Bok-Jin and An Seok-Ju insisted that art should be reflection of real life. At that time, realism acquired the representation of MinJung and the nation's realities not realistic style. In fact, the various Western art styles including Futurism, Constructivism, Cubism etc. were exploited in the PASKYULA's visual images. Western art, target of criticism on theory, was selectively adopted in the works which were produced by Kim Bok-Jin and An Seok-Ju. Kim Bok-Jin's MoonYeUnDong cover design was conceived of as the example in which Western art was adopted with it's ideology under the influence of MAVO, while Western art shown in An Seok-Ju's illustrations served as a decorative function in many cases. Especially, An Seok-Ju attempted the various styles of Western art simultaneously, which may be seen as representing that PASKYULA did not have a firm ideology for their style. Also, it can be read as showing his hasty zeal to overcome Western art rapidly. The wish to establish "art for MinJung" as soon as possible was accompanied with the will to jump over the all steps of Western art though it was superficial. This aspiration of PASKYULA was expressed through the mass media, which had the potential for communicating to MinJung. At this point, there was a significant disparity between PASKYULA and another art groups in the first half of 1920s. However, the PASKYULA's method on the basis of the mass media could not but have a certain limitation because of the medium's properties. Nevertheless, PASKYULA' attempts may be considered to be valuable in sense that they expended the boundaries of Korean modern art into the commercial art questioning the matter of the distribution for art.

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