• Title, Summary, Keyword: RANS equation

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ROTATING FLOW ANALYSIS AROUND A HAWT ROTOR BLADE USING RANS EQUATIONS (RANS 방정식을 이용한 HAWT 로터 블레이드의 회전 유동장 해석)

  • Kim, T.S.;Lee, C.;Son, C.H.;Joh, C.Y.
    • Journal of computational fluids engineering
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 2008
  • The Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes(RANS) analysis of the 3-D steady flow around the NREL Phase VI horizontal axis wind turbine(HAWT) rotor was performed. The CFD analysis results were compared with experimental data at several different wind speeds. The present CFD model shows good agreements with the experiments both at low wind speed which formed well-attache flow mostly on the upper surface of the blade, and at high wind speed which blade surface flow completely separated. However, some discrepancy occurs at the relatively high wind speeds where mixed attached and separated flow formed on the suction surface of the blade. It seems that the discrepancy is related to the onset of stall phenomena and consequently separation prediction capability of the current turbulence model. It is also found that strong span-wise flow occurs in stalled area due to the centrifugal force generated by rotation of the turbine rotor and it prevents abrupt reduction of normal force for higher wind speed than the designed value.

Investigation on the wake evolution of contra-rotating propeller using RANS computation and SPIV measurement

  • Paik, Kwang-Jun;Hwang, Seunghyun;Jung, Jaekwon;Lee, Taegu;Lee, Yeong-Yeon;Ahn, Haeseong;Van, Suak-Ho
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.595-609
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    • 2015
  • The wake characteristics of Contra-Rotating Propeller (CRP) were investigated using numerical simulation and flow measurement. The numerical simulation was carried out with a commercial CFD code based on a Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations solver, and the flow measurement was performed with Stereoscopic Particle Image Velocimetry (SPIV) system. The simulation results were validated through the comparison with the experiment results measured around the leading edge of rudder to investigate the effect of propeller operation under the conditions without propeller, with forward propeller alone, and with both forward and aft propellers. The evolution of CRP wake was analyzed through velocity and vorticity contours on three transverse planes and one longitudinal plane based on CFD results. The trajectories of propeller tip vortex core in the cases with and without aft propeller were also compared, and larger wake contraction with CRP was confirmed.

Computation of Viscous Flows around a Ship with a Drift Angle and the Effects of Stern Hull Form on the Hydrodynamic Forces (사항중인 선체 주위의 점성유동 계산 및 조종유체력에 선미형상이 미치는 영향)

  • Sun-Young Kim;Yeon-Gyu Kim
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2001
  • RANS solver has been developed to solve the flows past a ship with a drift angle. The solver employs a finite volume method for the spatial discretization and Euler implicit method for the time integration. Turbulent flows are simulated by Spalart-Allmaras one-equation model. Developed solver is applied to analyze the hydrodynamic forces and flows of two tankers with a same forebody but different afterbodies. The computed flows and hydrodynamic forces are compared with the measured flows and captive model test data. The computed results show good agreements with experimental data and show clearly the effects of stern hull form on the hydrodynamic forces and the flows.

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Hydraulic Characteristics in the Movable Venturi Flume with Circular Cone (원뿔형 벤츄리수로의 수리특성)

  • Kim, Dae Geun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2013
  • This study analyzed the hydraulic characteristics of a venturi flume with a circular cone using a 3-D numerical model which uses RANS(Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes Equation) as the governing equation. The venturi flume with the circular cone efficiently measures the discharge in the low-flow to high-flow range and offers the advantage of accurate discharge measurements in the case of a low flow. With no influence of the tail-water depth, the stage-discharge relationship and the flow behaviors were analyzed to verify the numerical simulation results. Additionally, this study reviewed the effect of the tail-water depth on the flow. The stage-discharge relationship resulting from a numerical simulation in the absence of an effect by the tail-water depth showed a maximum margin of error of 4 % in comparison to the result of a hydraulic experiment. The simulation results reproduced the overall flow behaviors observed in the hydraulic experiment well. The flow starts to become influenced by the tail-water depth when the ratio of the tail-water depth to the total head exceeds approximately 0.7. As the ratio increases, the effect on the flow tends to grow dramatically. As shown in this study, a numerical simulation is effective for identifying the stage-discharge relationship of a venturi flume with various types of venturi bodies, including a venturi flume with a circular cone.

Numerical Viscous Flow Analysis of Ducted Marine Propeller (Ducted Marine Propeller의 점성 유동 수치 해석)

  • Yu Hye-Ran;Jung Young-Rae;Park Warn-Gyu
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.188-193
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    • 2003
  • The present work solved 3D incompressible RANS equation on a rotating, non-orthogonal multi-blocked grid system to efficiently analyze ducted marine propulsor with rotor-stator interaction. To handle the interface boundary between a rotor and a stator maintaining the conservative property, the sliding multiblock technique using the cubic spline interpolation and the bilinear interpolation technique were applied. To validate present code, a turbine flow having rotor- stator interaction was simulated. Time averaged pressure coefficients were compared with experiments and good agreement was obtained. After the code validation, the flowfield around a single-stage ducted marine propulsor was simulated.

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Numerical Simulation of 2-D Wing-In-Ground Effect (2차원 해면효과의 수치계산)

  • Yang Chen-Jun;Shin Myung-Soo
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.90-98
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    • 1998
  • 본 논문은 2차원 해면효과의 수치계산 결과를 정리하였다. 지면으로부터의 높이변화에 따른 점성유동장을 계산하기 위하여 지배방정식으로는 비압축성 RANS방정식을, 시간에 대하여 서는 음해법으로 프로그램을 구성하였다. 압력항은 가상압축성을 도입 4차 수치확산항을 추가하는 것에 의해 계산하였으며, 높은 레이놀즈수에서의 효과적인 계산을 위해 Baldwin-Lomax 난류 모델을 도입하였다. 해면효과가 없는 무한유중에서의 NACA-0012단면 계산결과를 실험데이터와 비교하는 것에 의해 프로그램의 타당성을 확인하였다. NACA-6409와 두께비 $4.6\%$의 날개에 대하여 해면효과를 고려한 계산을 수행하였다. 높이의 변화에 따라 계산된 무차원계수, 압력 및 속도분포는 해면효과의 특성을 잘 보여주고 있다.

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DESIGN OPTIMIZATION OF UPPER PLENUM OF PBMR USING RESPONSE SURFACE APPROXIMATION (반응면기법을 이용한 PBMR 기체냉각형 고온가스로 상층부의 최적설계)

  • Lee, S.M.;Kim, K.Y.
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.187-194
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    • 2010
  • Shape optimization of an upper plenum of PBMR type gas cooled nuclear reactor has been performed by using three-dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) analysis and surrogate modeling technique. The objective function is defined as a linear combination of uniformity of flow distribution in the core and pressure drop in the upper plenum and the core. The ratio of thickness of slot to diameter of rising channels, ratio of height of upper plenum to diameter of rising channels, and ratio of eight of the slot at inlet to outlet, are used as design variables for optimization. Design points are selected through Latin-hypercube sampling. The optimal point is determined through surrogate-based optimization method which uses 3-D RANS analyses at design points. The results show that the optimum shape represent remarkably improved performance in flow uniformity and friction loss than the reference shape.

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DESIGN OPTIMIZATION OF UPPER PLENUM OF PBMR USING RESPONSE SURFACE APPROXIMATION (반응면기법을 이용한 PBMR 기체냉각형 고온가스로 상층부의 최적설계)

  • Lee, S.M.;Kim, K.Y.
    • Journal of computational fluids engineering
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.16-23
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    • 2010
  • Shape optimization of an upper plenum of a PBMR type gas cooled nuclear reactor has been performed by using three-dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) analysis and surrogate modeling technique. The objective function is defined as a linear combination of uniformity of flow distribution in the core and pressure drop in the upper plenum and the core. The ratio of thickness of slot to diameter of rising channels, ratio of height of upper plenum to diameter of rising channels, and ratio of height of the slot at inlet to outlet, are used as design variables for optimization. Design points are selected through Latin-hypercube sampling. The optimal point is determined through surrogate-based optimization method which uses 3-D RANS analyses at design points. The results show that the optimum shape represent remarkably improved performance in flow uniformity and friction loss than the reference shape.

Design Optimization of a Printed Circuit Heat Exchanger Using Surrogate Models (대리모델들을 이용한 인쇄형 열교환기의 최적설계)

  • Lee, Sang-Moon;Kim, Kwang-Yong
    • The KSFM Journal of Fluid Machinery
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2011
  • Shape optimization of a Printed circuit heat exchanger (PCHE) has been performed by using three-dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (3-D RANS) analysis and surrogate modeling techniques. The objective function is defined as a linear combination of effectiveness of the PCHE term and pressure drop in the cold channels of the PCHE. The cold channel angle and the ellipse aspect ratio of the cold channel are used as design variables for the optimization. Design points are selected through Latin-hypercube sampling. The optimal point is determined through surrogate-based optimization method which uses 3-D RANS analyses at design points. The results of three types of surrogate model are compared each other. The results of the optimizations indicate improved performance in friction loss but low performance in effectiveness than the reference shape.

Numerical Simulation of 2-D Wing-In-Ground Effect (2차원 해면효과의 수치계산)

  • Yang Chen-Jun;Shin Myung-Soo
    • Journal of computational fluids engineering
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.54-62
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    • 1998
  • 본 논문은 2차원 해면효과의 수치계산 결과를 정리하였다. 지면으로부터의 높이변화에 따른 점성유동장을 계산하기 위하여 지배방정식으로는 비압축성 RANS 방정식을, 시간에 대하여서는 음해법으로 프로그램을 구성하였다. 압력항은 가상압축성과 4차 수치확산항을 추가하는 것에 의해 계산하였으며, 높은 레이놀즈 수에서의 효과적인 계산을 위해 Baldwin- Lomax 난류모델을 도입하였다. 해면효과가 없는 무한유중에서의 NACA-0012 단면 계산결과를 실험 데이터와 비교하는 것에 의해 프로그램의 타당성을 확인하였다. NACA-6409와 두께 비 4.6%의 날개에 대하여 해면효과를 고려한 계산을 수행하였다. 계산결과, 높이의 변화에 따라 계산된 무차원계수, 압력 및 속도분포는 해면효과의 특성을 잘 보여주고 있다.

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