• 제목, 요약, 키워드: RAW 264.7 cells

검색결과 1,806건 처리시간 0.049초

Anti-inflammatory Effects of Complex Extract including Eucommia ulmoides in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 Cells

  • Ryu, Hwa Yeon;Lee, Hyun;Kong, Hae Jin;Kang, Jae Hui
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.256-263
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    • 2019
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory response of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activated macrophages (RAW 264.7 murine cell line) to JCE003 which is an extract including Eucommia ulmoides, Juglans regia, Eleutherococcus senticosus, and Zingiber officinale. Methods: An MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay was performed to analyze the survival rate of RAW 264.7 cells. The production of nitric oxide and pro-inflammatory cytokines (IFN-${\gamma}$, TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6) in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. mRNA expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IFN-${\gamma}$, TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, and IL-6) were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis. Results: Exposure of LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells to JCE003 was not cytotoxic up to $400{\mu}g/mL$, but cell survival was statistically significantly decreased at $800{\mu}g/mL$ (p < 0.001). Nitric oxide production was not markedly lowered in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells by exposure to JCE003 (10, 50, 100, 200, 400, $800{\mu}l/mL$) compared with the Control group. In addition, JCE003 reduced the production of TNF-${\alpha}$ in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells at $400{\mu}g/mL$ (p < 0.05), but IFN-${\gamma}$ and TNF-${\alpha}$ mRNA expression in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells was decreased at 100, 200, and $400{\mu}g/mL$ JCE003 (p < 0.01). Conclusion: These results suggest that JCE003 inhibited the expression and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells. The findings of this study provide basic data for the development of new Korean medicine anti-inflammatory drugs.

RAW264.7세포주와 염증생쥐모델에서 항염증(抗炎症) 작용(作用)에 대한 청열활혈탕가계혈등(淸熱活血湯加鷄血藤)의 효과(效果) (The Anti-inflammatory Effect of Cheongyeolhawlhyeoltanggagyehyeoldeung (CYHHT) in cultured RAW264.7 cells and murine models of inflammation)

  • 한충희;유동열
    • 대한한방부인과학회지
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.92-109
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    • 2005
  • Purpose : The Purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of Cheongyeolhawlhyeoltanggagyehyeoldeung (CYHHT) on anti-inflammatory effects. Methods : As for the parameters of inflammation, levels of several inflammatory cytokines and chemical mediators were determined in mouse lung fibroblast cells(mLFC) and RAW264.7 cells. Also, changes in pathological features by drug treatment were investigated in the in vivo edema-induced rats by carrageenin /arachidonic acid or in the colitis-induced mice by DSS treatment. Results : The cytotoxicity of CYHHT on mLFC and RAW264.7 cells was not observed at 100, 50, 10, and $1{\mu}g/ml$ of CYHHT treatments. $IL-1{\beta}$, IL-6 and NOS-IImRNA expression of RAW264.7 cells was inhibited by CYHHT treatments in a dose-dependent manner. CYHHT treatment of RAW264.7 cells inhibited $TNF-{\alpha}$ and COX-2 mRNA expression. CYHHT treatment of RAW264.7 cells significantly inhibited IL-6 and NO production. CYHHT treatment of RAW264.7 cells inhibited ROS production. CYHHT inhibited rat's paw edema induced by carrageenin or arachidonate treatment in all concentrations examined. The body weight and colon length of colitis-induced mice were recovered to a normal level by DSS treatment. Clinical disease levels were significantly improved compared to the control animals. CYHHT treatment of colitis-induced mice significantly increased hematological values such as WBC and RBC counts, Hgb and HCT levels, but decreased PLT values. CYHHT treatment of colitis-induced mice decreased IL-6 and $TNF-{\alpha}$ production significantly CYHHT treatment of colitis-induced mice significantly increased CD3+(T) cell counts. In contrast, CYHHT treatment decreased CD19+ B cell counts and CD3+/CD69+ significantly, and also decreased B/T ratio (%) though not significant. Conclusion : These results indicated that CYHHT could be used for treating diverse female diseases caused by the inflammation.

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마우스 대식세포(Raw 264.7)에 대한 한약조성물 KOCO-P1의 세포활성 연구 (Study on Biological Effect of Multi-Herbal Drug KOCO-Pl on Mouse Macrophage Raw 264.7 Cells)

  • 박완수
    • 대한본초학회지
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.151-157
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the biological Effect of multi-herbal drug 'KOCO-P1' on mouse macrophage Raw 264.7 cells. Methods : Multi-herbal drug 'KOCO-P1' was composed of Ginseng Radix, Astragali Radix, Polygonati Rhizoma, Liriopis Tuber, and Scrophulariae Radix. Cytotoxicity and cytoprotective activity of K0C0-P1 was verificated by MTT assay. And antioxidative effect of K0C0-P1 against EtOH, Nicotine was inspected by Hydroperoxide assay. Results : K0C0-P1 showed no cytotoxicity on RAW 264.7 cells for 24, 48, 72 hours. KOCO-P1 at 200, 100, and 50 ug/mL reduced the production of H202 in Raw 264.7 cells by EtOH. KOCO-P1 at 50 ug/mL reduced the production of H202 in Raw 264.7 cells by Nicotine. Conclusions : KOCO-P1 could be supposed to have antioxidative effect on macrophage with no cytotoxicity.

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RAW 264.7 세포에서 지모(知母) 80% 에탄올 추출물의 항염증 효과 (Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma 80% Ethanol Extract in RAW 264.7 cells)

  • 이영근;김청택;최학주
    • 대한본초학회지
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2017
  • Objective : According to recent studies, Anemarrhenae Rhizoma has anti-inflammatory activities of DW extract, but it hasn't not yet conducted to evaluate inflammatory factors about 80% ethanol extract. Therefore, The aim of this study is to investigate the various effects of individual or combined 80% ethanol extract of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma on cell viability and various anti-inflammatory factors. Methods : Anemarrhenae Rhizoma extract was prepared with 80% ethanol. MTT assay, ELISA, and Luminex were performed in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cell line to measure cytotoxicity, Nitric oxide (NO), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), prostaglandin E2 ($PGE_2$), Leukotriene B4 ($LTB_4$), and cytokines ($IL-1{\beta}$, IL-6, and $TNF-{\alpha}$), respectively. Results : At concentration of $200{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ Anemarrhenae Rhizoma extract, cytotoxicity was observed in RAW 264.7 cells. However, at concentration less than $100{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, cytotoxicity was not observed in RAW 264.7 cells. All concentration of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma extract showed no difference of NO, and $IL-1{\beta}$level in RAW 264.7 cells compared with control group. In contrast, at concentration of $100{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ Anemarrhenae Rhizoma extract significantly inhibited LPS-induced production of COX-2, PGE2, and $LTB_4$ level in RAW 264.7 cells. In addition, the production of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, $TNF-{\alpha}$) in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells was significantly decreased at concentration of all or 10, and $100{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, respectively. Conclusion : These findings demonstrate that Anemarrhenae Rhizoma has inhibitory effect on inflammatory mediators in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells showing possible developed as a raw material for new therapeutics to ease the symptoms related with inflammatory.

RAW264.7 대식세포에서 방사선에 의한 MCP-1 발현 기작 연구 (Study on the Mechanism of Radiation-induced MCP-1 Expression in RAW264.7 Macrophage Cells)

  • 진창현;박용대;최대성;정일윤
    • 방사선산업학회지
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.227-231
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression mechanism of MCP-1 in gamma-irradiated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. MCP-1 plays an important role in attracting monocyte to injured site at the early inflammation stage. However the production mechanism of MCP-1 by gamma-irradiation in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells was almost undiscovered. We found that MCP-1 was produced in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells by irradiation with 5 Gy. And these inceases were attenuated by specific inhibitors treatment, such as $NF-{\kappa}B$, JNK, ERK, JAK2, and Pyk2. These results indicate that radiation-induced MCP-1 production is mediated by MyD88- and TRIF-dependent pathways in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Furthermore, gamma-irradiation induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. However this induction level was reduced before MCP-1 and $IFN-{\beta}$ production.

Raw 264.7 cell에서 차가 버섯 에탄올 추출물이 Cytokine 발현에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Inonotus obliquus Ethanol Extract on Cytokine Expression in Raw 264.7 Cell)

  • 변부형
    • 대한본초학회지
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : This study was conducted to investigate the effects Innotus obliquus on the cytokine expression in Raw 264.7 cells. Methods : In Raw 264.7 cells stimulated with lipopolysaccaride(LPS) to Mimic inflammation, Innotus obliquus ethanol extract inhibited nitric oxide production in a dose-dependent manner and abrogated inducible nitric oxide sythase(iNOS) and cyclooxigenase (COX-2). The levels of cytokines were analyzed by sandwich immuno assays. Results and Conclusions : Results provided evidence that Innotus obliquus inhibited the production of IL-b, and IL-6 in Raw 264.7 cells activated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). These finding suggested that Innotus obliquus can produce anti-inflammatory effect, which may playa role in adjunctive therapy in Gram-negative bacterial infections.

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초피(椒皮)의 RAW264.7세포에서의 LPS에 의해 유도되는 nitric oxide 및 전염증사이토카인 생성억제효과 (Inhibitory effects of Zanthoxylum piperitum on the LPS-induced production of nitric oxide and proinflammatory cytokines in RAW264.7 cells)

  • 박용기
    • 대한본초학회지
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : The fresh young leaves and dried fruits of Zanthoxylum piperitum (Korean name: Chopi) are used as diuretics, stomachies, anthelmintic and for the treatments of disorders of the digestive organ in Asia. We investigated inhibitory effects of Zanthoxylum piperitum extract on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced production of nitric oxide(NO) and pro-inflammatory cytokines including $TNF-{\alpha}$ and $IL-1{\beta}$ from RAW264.7 mouse macrophage cells. Methods : After methanol extract of Zanthoxylum Fructus (Zanthoxylum extract) was pretreated in RAW264.7 cells, the cells were stimulated with LPS. Cell toxicity of Zanthoxylum extract was assayed bv MTT assay. The production of NO from the cells was measured in culture medium by Griess reaction. The production of $TNF-{\alpha}$ and $IL-1 \;{\beta}$ from the cells was measured in culture medium by ELISA. Results : Zanthoxylum Fructus extract greatly inhibited the production of inflammatory mediators such as NO, $TNF-{\alpha}$ and $IL-1{\beta}$ from LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Conclusion : This result suggests that Zanthoxylum extract may have an anti-inflammatory effect through the inhibition of inflammatory mediators.

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Kyungheechunggan-tang suppresses inflammatory cytokines and fibrotic genes in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells and LX-2 cells

  • Bae, Junghan;Jang, Eungyeong;Lee, Jang-Hoon
    • 대한한의학회지
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.40-50
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate anti-inflammatory effects of Kyungheechunggan-tang (KHCGT) on LPS- induced RAW 264.7 cells and LX-2 cells and anti-fibrotic effects of KHCGT on LX-2 cells. Materials and Methods: Three types of KHCGTs (KHCGT-A, -B, and -C) by narrowing down the number of constituent herbs from 9 (KHCGT-A) to 5 (KHCGT-B) and to 3 (KHCGT-C) were developed. To understand pharmacological effects of KHCGT, three types of KHCGTs were treated on RAW 264.7 cells and LX-2 cells. Anti-inflammatory activities of KHCGT were evaluated by ELISA assay for pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-6, $TNF-{\alpha}$ and IL-10, in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and for IL-6 production in LPS-induced LX-2 cells. In addition, anti-fibrotic effects of KHCGT were determined by quantitative real-time PCR assay for fibrosis-related genes, ${\alpha}-SMA$, collagen1A1, TIMP1, MMP-2, in LX-2 cells. Results: KHCGT-A and KHCGT-C showed inhibitory effects on secretion of IL-6 in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and LX-2 cells. KHCGT-B and KHCGT-C exhibited inhibitory effects on the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6, $TNF-{\alpha}$, and IL-10 in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. The mRNA expression levels of collagen1A1 and MMP-2 were significantly reduced by KHCGT-C whereas TIMP-1 was suppressed by KHCGT-A and KHCGT-B in LX-2 cells. Among three different formulas, KHCGT-C demonstrated the most remarkable effects on inflammation and fibrosis. Conclusions: In this study, KHCGT showed both anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effects which make it to be a prospective agent for chronic liver diseases with inflammation and fibrosis.

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae Induces Grap, Gadd45β, and secreted phosphoprotein 1 Gene Expression as Part of the Inflammatory Response in RAW264.7 Cells

  • Hwang, Mi-Hyun;Choi, Myung-Jin;Park, Seung-Chun
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2009
  • Genes related to Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae-induced inflammation were identified using the genefishing technology, an improved method for identifying differentially expressed genes (DEGs) using an annealing control primer (ACP) system in RAW264.7 cells. After treatment with M. hyopneumoniae, 16 DEGs were expressed in RAW264.7 cells using a pre-screening system. Among these 16 DEGs, 11 DEGs (DEGs 1, 4, 5-10, 12-15) were selected and sequenced directly, revealing that DEG12 (Grap), DEG14 (Gadd45), and DEG15 (secreted phosphoprotein 1) were related to inflammatory cytokines. This is the first report that intact M. hyopneumoniae induces the expression of Grap, Gadd 45${\beta}$, and secreted phosphoprotein 1 in RAW264.7 cells. Subsequently, these genes may be targets for screening novel inhibitors of the mycoplasmal inflammatory response.

황금(黃芩) 물추출물이 마우스 대식세포의 hydrogen peroxide 생성에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Scutellariae Radix Water Extract on Hydrogen Peroxide Production in RAW 264.7 Mouse Macrophages)

  • 박완수
    • 대한본초학회지
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate effects of Scutellariae Radix Water Extract on hydrogen peroxide production in RAW 264.7 mouse macrophages. Methods : Scutellariae Radix produced from South Korea (SK) and Scutellariae Radix produced from China (SC) were extracted by hot water. Effects of SK and SC on hydrogen peroxide production in RAW 264.7 were measured by dihydrorhodamine 123 assay after 2, 4, 20, 24, 28, 44, and 48 h incubation at the concentrations of 10, 25, 50, and 100 ug/mL. Results : SK significantly increase hydrogen peroxide production in RAW 264.7 cells for 2, 4, 20, 24, 28, 44, and 48 h incubation at the concentrations of 10, 25, 50, and 100 ug/mL (P < 0.05). SC also significantly increase hydrogen peroxide production in RAW 264.7 cells for 4, 20, 24, 28, and 48 h incubation at the concentrations of 10, 25, 50, and 100 ug/mL (P < 0.05). For 2 h incubation, SC significantly increase hydrogen peroxide production in RAW 264.7 cells at the concentrations of 10, 25, and 100 ug/mL (P < 0.05). For 44 h incubation, SC significantly increase hydrogen peroxide production in RAW 264.7 cells at the concentrations of 10, 25, and 50 ug/mL (P < 0.05). Conclusions : These results suggest that Scutellariae Radix has the immune - enhancing property related with its increasement of hydrogen peroxide production in macrophages.