• Title, Summary, Keyword: RAW 264.7 cells

Search Result 1,806, Processing Time 0.065 seconds

Glucosylation of Resveratrol Improves its Immunomodulating Activity and the Viability of Murine Macrophage RAW 264.7 Cells (당화된 레스베라트롤의 대식세포 RAW 264.7세포의 생존능력과 레스베라트롤의 면역제어 활성을 증가)

  • Pandey, Ramesh Prasad;Lee, Jisun;Park, Yong Il;Sohng, Jae Kyung
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.45 no.1
    • /
    • pp.19-26
    • /
    • 2017
  • Effects of resveratrol glucosylation on the immunomodulation properties of resveratrol and on the viability of macrophage cells have been studied by using murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. Nitric oxide (NO) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) expression in macrophages in vitro were studied after treatment with different concentrations of (E)-resveratrol, (E)-resveratrol 3-O-${\beta}$-${\small{D}}$-glucoside (R-3-G), or (E)-resveratrol 4'-O-${\beta}$-${\small{D}}$-glucoside (R-4'-G). In vitro viability of RAW 264.7 cells after treatment with the aforementioned three compounds was also studied. As demonstrated by macrophage cell viability assays, two different resveratrol monoglucosides, R-3-G and R-4'-G, exhibited 50-80% reduced cytotoxicity in comparison to (E)-resveratrol in A549 and HepG2 cells. Compared to the resveratrol aglycon, both glucosylated resveratrol derivatives positively modulated NO and IL-6 production in macrophages positively via transcriptionally up-regulating IL-6 and iNOS expression. Conjugation of a glucose moiety on resveratrol was found to enhance the immunomodulating activity of resveratrol and the viability of RAW 264.7 cells.

Investigation of the IL-1β, TNF-α and iNOS gene differential expression in Raw 264.7 cells by the water extract of Angelicae Radix from Korea, China and Japan (참당귀, 중국당귀, 일당귀 열수 추출물의 RAW 264.7 대식세포에서 IL-1β, TNF-α, iNOS 유전자 차등 발현 연구)

  • Han, Hyo-Sang;Hong, Seong-Gyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.15 no.11
    • /
    • pp.513-522
    • /
    • 2017
  • We tried to analyze the inflammation reactions by treatment of AG, AS and AA in murine RAW 264.7 cells. To investigate the effect of AG, AS and AA on cell viability of RAW 264.7 cells, AG, AS and AA were treated for 24 h and MTS assay was performed. Cell viabilities were increased in $1,600{\mu}g/ml$ concentration by AS, AA and AG treatments, respectively. The mRNA expression levels of $IL-1{\beta}$, $TNF-{\alpha}$ and iNOS were increased by AG and AA treatment at a concentration of $200{\mu}g/ml$ in RAW 264.7 cells without Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment. The mRNA expression levels of $IL-1{\beta}$, $TNF-{\alpha}$ and iNOS were increased by AG and AA 6 h treatment at a concentration of $200{\mu}g/ml$ with LPS treatment. In this study, we observed that AG, AS and AA show various activities on inflammation reaction depend on their treatment time. In the future, studies should be conducted to investigate the effects of AG, AS and AA on the various inflammatory responses of macrophages.

Comparison of surface roughness effects upon the attachment of osteoblastic progenitor MC3T3-E1 cells and inflammatory RAW 264.7 cells to a titanium disc

  • Noh, Se-Ra;Im, Tae-Yoon;Lee, Eun-Young;Jang, Ha-Na;Dung, Tran D.;Kim, Myung-Soo;Yoo, Hoon
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
    • /
    • v.34 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-42
    • /
    • 2009
  • The attachment and adhesion of RAW 264.7 and MC3T3-E1 cells to titanium (Ti) discs with various degrees of roughness was investigated. The attachment, adhesion, and proliferation of these cells were evaluated after 4 hr, 24 hr and 7 day incubations. Both RAW 264.7 and MC3T3-E1 cells showed a time-dependant correlation between attachment and adhesion on the surface of the titanium discs. Both types of cells tended to have higher survival rate on these discs as the surface roughness increased. The percentage of adherent inflammatory RAW 264.7 cells was greater than MC3T3-E1 cells at 24 hr, but this was reversed at 7 days in culture. The morphology of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells at 24 hr, determined using a surface emission microscope (SEM), appeared flattened and spread out while inflammatory RAW 264.7 cells were predominantly spherical in shape. The adhesion of both cell types on the titanium discs was dependant on the levels of fibronectin adsorbed on the disc surface, indicating that serum constituents modulate the efficient adhesion of these cells. Our data indicate that the cellular response to the titanium surface is dependent on the types of cells, surface roughness and serum constituents.

Stimulation of Cell Growth by Erythropoietin in RAW264.7 Cells: Association with AP-1 Activation

  • Seong Seu-Run;Lee Jae-Woong;Lee Yong-Kyoung;Kim Tae-Il;Son Dong-Ju;Moon Dong-Cheol;Yun Young-Won;Yoon Do-Young;Hong Jin-Tae
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
    • /
    • v.29 no.3
    • /
    • pp.218-223
    • /
    • 2006
  • Erythropoietin (EPO), a hematopoietic factor, is required for normal erythrocyte developments, but it has been demonstrated to have many other functions, and its receptor is localized in other tissues. In the present study, we investigated whether EPO can promote other cell proliferation and possible molecular mechanisms. EPO restored the inhibition of the RAW264.7 and PC12 cell growth by fetal bovine serum (FBS) withdrawal in a dose dependent manner, but not that of other cell types tested. The restoring effect of EPO was completed when the RAW264.7 cells were cultured in the medium containing as low as 3% of FBS, and 10 U/mL EPO could replace FBS. The restoring effect of EPO in the RAW264.7 cells was associated with the increased of c-Fos and c-Jun expression as well as AP-1 activation. These data demonstrate that EPO can stimulate RAW264. 7 cell as well as PC12 cell growth even when the cells were cultured without FBS or in the presence of small amounts of FBS in the medium, and this stimulating effect is associated with the activation of AP-1 transcription factor.

Anti-inflammatory Effect of Angelicae acutilobae Radix Water Extract on LPS-stimulated Mouse Macrophages (마우스 대식세포를 이용한 일당귀 물추출물의 항염효능 연구)

  • Han, Hyo-Sang
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
    • /
    • v.28 no.6
    • /
    • pp.129-133
    • /
    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Angelicae acutilobae Radix Water Extract (AA) on the production of cytokines in RAW 264.7 cell stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Method : RAW 264.7 cells were cotreated with AA (50 and $100{\mu}g/mL$) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS; $1{\mu}g/mL$) for 24 hours. After 24 hours treatment, using bead-based multiplex cytokine assay, concentrations of various cytokines such as interleukin(IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-${\alpha}$) granulocyte colony-stimulating factor(G-CSF), granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor(GM-CSF), and macrophage inflammatory protein(MIP)-$1{\alpha}$ were measured. Result : AA significantly inhibited LPS-induced production of IL-6 and MIP-$1{\alpha}$ from LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells at the concentration of $50{\mu}g/mL$. AA significantly inhibited LPS-induced production of TNF-${\alpha}$ from LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells at the concentration of $100{\mu}g/mL$. AA significantly inhibited LPS-induced production of G-CSF and GM-CSF in RAW 264.7 cells at the concentrations of 50 and $100{\mu}g/mL$. Conclusion : These results suggest that AA has anti-inflammatory effect related with its inhibition of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6, TNF-${\alpha}$, G-CSF, GM-CSF, and MIP-$1{\alpha}$ in LPS-induced macrophages.

Salicortin suppresses lipopolysaccharide-stimulated inflammatory responses via blockade of NF-κB and JNK activation in RAW 264.7 macrophages

  • Kwon, Dong-Joo;Bae, Young-Soo;Ju, Sung Mi;Youn, Gi Soo;Choi, Soo Young;Park, Jinseu
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.47 no.6
    • /
    • pp.318-323
    • /
    • 2014
  • We isolated the phenolic glucoside salicortin from a Populus euramericana bark extract, and examined its ability to suppress inflammatory responses as well as the molecular mechanisms underlying these abilities, using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Salicortin inhibited iNOS expression and the subsequent production of NO in a dose-dependent manner in the LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Salicortin significantly suppressed LPS-induced signal cascades of NF-${\kappa}B$ activation, such as IKK activation, $I{\kappa}B{\alpha}$ phosphorylation and p65 phosphorylation in RAW 264.7 cells. In addition, salicortin inhibited the LPS-induced activation of JNK, but not ERK or p38 MAPK. Furthermore, salicortin significantly inhibited production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$ and IL-6 in the LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. These findings suggest that salicortin may show its anti-inflammatory activity by suppressing the LPS-induced expression of pro-inflammatory mediators through inhibition of NF-${\kappa}B$ and JNK MAPK signaling cascades in macrophages.

Trans-10, cis-12 Conjugated Linoleic Acid Modulates Tumor Necrosis Factor-${\alpha}$ Production and Nuclear Factor-${\kappa}B$ Activation in RAW 264.7 Macrophages Through Formation of Reactive Oxygen Species (RAW 264.7 세포에 있어 t10c12-CLA의 ROS를 통한 TNF-${\alpha}$ 생산 및 NF-${\kappa}B$ 활성 조절)

  • Park, So-Young;Kang, Byeong-Teck;Kang, Ji-Houn;Yang, Mhan-Pyo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.31 no.6
    • /
    • pp.469-476
    • /
    • 2014
  • The aims of this study were to explore the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-naïve and LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages and to examine whether these effects affect the regulation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-${\alpha}$) production, and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-${\kappa}B$) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ($PPAR{\gamma}$) activation. Trans-10, cis-12(t10c12)-CLA increased the production of ROS, as well as TNF-${\alpha}$ in LPS-naïve RAW 264.7 cells. The CLA-induced TNF-${\alpha}$ production was suppressed by treatment of diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPI), a NADPH oxidase inhibitor. In addition, CLA enhanced the activities of NF-${\kappa}B$ and $PPAR{\gamma}$ in LPS-naïve RAW 264.7 cells, and this effect was abolished with DPI treatment. LPS treatment increased ROS production, whereas CLA reduced LPS-induced ROS production. LPS increased both TNF-${\alpha}$ production and NF-${\kappa}B$ activity, whereas t10c12-CLA reduced TNF-${\alpha}$ production and NF-${\kappa}B$ activity in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. DPI treatment suppressed LPS-induced ROS production and NF-${\kappa}B$ activity. Moreover, DPI enhanced the inhibitory effects of t10c12-CLA on TNF-${\alpha}$ production and NF-${\kappa}B$ activation in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. However, neither t10c12-CLA nor DPI affected $PPAR{\gamma}$ activity in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Taken together, these data indicate that t10c12-CLA induces TNF-${\alpha}$ production by increasing ROS production in LPS-naïve RAW 264.7 cells, which is mediated by the enhancement of NF-${\kappa}B$ activity via $PPAR{\gamma}$ activation. By contrast, t10c12-CLA suppresses TNF-${\alpha}$ production by inhibiting ROS production and NF-${\kappa}B$ activation via a $PPAR{\gamma}$-independent pathway in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. These results suggest that t10c12-CLA can modulate TNF-${\alpha}$ production and NF-${\kappa}B$ activation through formation of ROS in RAW 264.7 macrophages.

Acacia Honey Exerts Anti-Inflammatory Activity through Inhibition of NF-κB and MAPK/ATF2 Signaling Pathway in LPS-Stimulated RAW264.7 Cells

  • Kim, Ha Na;Park, Su Bin;Kim, Jeong Dong;Jeong, Hyung Jin;Jeong, Jin Boo
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.97-97
    • /
    • 2018
  • Honey used as conventional medicine has various pharmacological properties. In the honey and anti-inflammatory effect, Gelam honey and Manuka honey has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory activity. However, the anti-inflammatory effect and potential mechanisms of acacia honey (AH) are not well understood. In this study, we investigated anti-inflammatory activity and mechanism of action of AH in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. AH attenuated NO production through inhibition of iNOS expression in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. AH also decreased the expressions of $IL-1{\beta}$, IL-6 and $TNF-{\alpha}$ as pro-inflammatory cytokines, and MCP-1 expression as a pro-inflammatory chemokine. In the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms, AH decreased LPS-mediated $I{\kappa}B-{\alpha}$ degradation and subsequent nuclear accumulation of p65, which resulted in the inhibition of $NF-{\kappa}B$ activation in RAW264.7 cells. AH dose-dependently suppressed LPS-mediated phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and p38 in RAW264.7 cells. In addition, AH significantly inhibited ATF2 phosphorylation and nuclear accumulation of ATF2 in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. These results suggest that AH has an anti-inflammatory effect, inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory mediators such as NO, iNOS, $TNF-{\alpha}$, IL-6, $IL-1{\beta}$ and MCP-1 via interruption of the $NF-{\kappa}B$ and MAPK/ATF2 signaling pathways.

  • PDF

Rodgersia podophylla Leaves Suppress Inflammatory mediators through activation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling, and inhibition of LPS-induced NF-κB and MAPKs signaling in RAW264.7 cells

  • Kim, Ha Na;Kim, Jeong Dong;Park, Su Bin;Jeong, Jin Boo
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.94-94
    • /
    • 2019
  • In this study, we elucidated the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of leaves extracts from Rodgersia podophylla (RPL) in RAW264.7 cells. RP-L significantly inhibited the production of the proinflammatory mediators such as NO, iNOS, IL-$1{\beta}$ and IL-6 in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. RPL increased HO-1 expression in RAW264.7 cells, and the inhibition of HO-1 by ZnPP reduced the inhibitory effect of RPL against LPS-induced NO production in RAW264.7 cells. Inhibition of p38, ROS and $GSK3{\beta}$ attenuated RPL-mediated HO-1 expression. Inhibition of ROS inhibited p38 phosphorylation and $GSK3{\beta}$ expression induced by RPL. In addition, inhibition of $GSK3{\beta}$ blocked RPL-mediated p38 phosphorylation. RPL induced nuclear accumulation of Nrf2, and Inhibition of p38, ROS and $GSK3{\beta}$ abolished RPL-mediated nuclear accumulation of Nrf2. Furthermore, RPL blocked LPS-induced degradation of $I{\kappa}B-{\alpha}$ and nuclear accumulation of p65. RP-L also attenuated LPS-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and p38. Our results suggest that RPL exerts potential antiinflammatory activity by activating ROS/$GSK3{\beta}$/p38/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling and inhibiting NF-${\kappa}B$ and MAPK signaling in RAW264.7 cells. These findings suggest that RPL may have great potential for the development of anti-inflammatory drug.

  • PDF

Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Acacia Honey through Inhibition of NF-κB and MAPK/ATF2 Signaling Pathway in LPS-Stimulated RAW264.7 Cells

  • Kim, Ha Na;Son, Kun Ho;Jeong, Hyung Jin;Park, Su Bin;Kim, Jeong Dong;Jeong, Jin Boo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
    • /
    • v.31 no.6
    • /
    • pp.612-621
    • /
    • 2018
  • Honey used as conventional medicine has various pharmacological properties. In the honey and anti-inflammatory effect, Gelam honey and Manuka honey has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory activity. However, the anti-inflammatory effect and potential mechanisms of acacia honey (AH) are not well understood. In this study, we investigated anti-inflammatory activity and mechanism of action of AH in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. AH attenuated NO production through inhibition of iNOS expression in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. AH also decreased the expressions of $IL-1{\beta}$, IL-6 and $TNF-{\alpha}$ as pro-inflammatory cytokines, and MCP-1 expression as a pro-inflammatory chemokine. In the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms, AH decreased LPS-mediated $I{\kappa}B$-${\alpha}$ degradation and subsequent nuclear accumulation of p65, which resulted in the inhibition of $NF-{\kappa}B$ activation in RAW264.7 cells. AH dose-dependently suppressed LPS-mediated phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and p38 in RAW264.7 cells. In addition, AH significantly inhibited ATF2 phosphorylation and nuclear accumulation of ATF2 in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. These results suggest that AH has an anti-inflammatory effect, inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory mediators such as NO, iNOS, $TNF-{\alpha}$, IL-6, $IL-1{\beta}$ and MCP-1 via interruption of the $NF-{\kappa}B$ and MAPK/ATF2 signaling pathways.