• Title, Summary, Keyword: RAW 264.7 cells

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Inulin stimulates NO synthesis via activation of PKC-$\alpha$ and protein tyrosine kinase, resulting in the activation of NF-$textsc{k}$B by IFN-ν-primed RAW 264.7 cells

  • Koo, Hyun-Na;Hong, Seung-Heon;Kim, Hyung-Min
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.78-78
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    • 2003
  • Inulin, an active component of Chicorium intybus root, has been shown to stimulate the growth of bifidobacteria, and inhibit colon carcinogenesis. NO mediates a number of the host-defense functions of activated macrophages, including antimicrobial and tumoricidal activity. We examined the effect of inulin on the synthesis of NO in RAW 264.7 cells. Inulin alone had no effect, whereas inulin with IFN-ν synergistically increased the NO production and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression in RAW 264.7 cells. Synergy between IFN-ν and inulin was mainly dependent on inulin-induced TNF-${\alpha}$ secretion. Also, protein kinase C (PKC)-${\alpha}$ was involved in the inulin-induced NO production. Inulin-mediated NO production was inhibited by the protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitor, tyrphostin AG126. Since iNOS gene transcriptions have been shown to be under the control of the NF -$\kappa$B/Rel family of transcription factors, we assessed the effect of inulin on NF -$\kappa$B/Rel using an EMSA. Inulin produced strong induction of NF-$\kappa$B/Rel binding, whereas AP-l binding was slightly induced in RAW 264.7 cells. Inulin stimulated phosphorylation and degradation of I$\kappa$B-${\alpha}$. These results suggest that in IFN-ν-primed RAW 264.7 cells inulin might stimulate NO synthesis via activation of PKC-${\alpha}$ and PTK, resulting in the activation of NF-$\kappa$B.

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Anti-inflammatory Effect of Angelicae Gigantis Radix Water Extract on LPS-stimulated Mouse Macrophages (Lipopolysaccharide로 유발된 마우스 대식세포의 염증매개성 Cytokine 생성증가에 대한 참당귀 물추출물의 효능 연구)

  • Han, Hyo-Sang
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.113-119
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Angelicae Gigantis Radix Water Extract(AG) on the production of proinflammatory mediators in RAW 264.7 cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide(LPS). Method : RAW 264.7 cells were cotreated with AG(50 and 100 ug/mL) and lipopolysaccharide(LPS; 1 ug/mL) for 24 hours. After 24 hour treatment, using Bead-based multiplex cytokine assay, concentrations of various cytokines such as interleukin(IL)-6, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-${\alpha}$), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor(G-CSF), granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor(GM-CSF), interferon inducible protein-10(IP-10), leukemia inhibitory factor(LIF), lipopolysaccharide-induced chemokine(LIX), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(MCP-1), macrophage colony-stimulating factor(M-CSF), macrophage inflammatory protein(MIP)-$1{\alpha}$, MIP-$1{\beta}$, MIP-2, Regulated on Activation, Normal T cell Expressed and Secreted(RANTES) and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) were measured. Result : AG significantly inhibited LPS-induced production of TNF-${\alpha}$, MIP-$1{\alpha}$, G-CSF, RANTES, IL-10, and M-CSF from LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells at the concentrations of 50 and 100 ug/mL. AG significantly inhibited LPS-induced production of MIP-$1{\beta}$, MIP-2, GM-CSF, and IL-6 from LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells at the concentrations of 50 ug/mL. AG significantly inhibited LPS-induced production of VEGF from LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells at the concentrations of 100 ug/mL. But AG did not show any significant effect on the production of MCP-1, LIF, LIX, IP-10 and IL-$1{\beta}$ from LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. Conclusion : These results suggest that AG has anti-inflammatory effect related with its inhibition of proinflammatory mediators such as TNF-${\alpha}$, MIP-$1{\alpha}$, G-CSF, RANTES, IL-10, MIP-$1{\beta}$, MIP-2, GM-CSF, IL-6, VEGF and M-CSF in LPS-induced macrophages.

Effect of trans-10, cis-12 Conjugated Linoleic Acid on Calcium-Dependent Reactive Oxygen Species and Nitric Oxide Production and Nuclear Factor-${\kappa}B$ Activation in Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated RAW 264.7 Cells (LPS 자극 RAW 264.7 세포에 있어서 칼슘의존성 ROS와 NO 생산 및 NF-${\kappa}B$ 활성에 대한 CLA의 억제효과)

  • Choi, Tae-Won;Kang, Byeong-Teck;Kang, Ji-Houn;Yang, Mhan-Pyo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.135-140
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    • 2015
  • Trans-10, cis-12-conjugated linoleic acid (t10c12-CLA) has been shown to participate in the regulation of anti-inflammatory effects. The objectives of this study were to examine the effects of t10c12-CLA on reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) production and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-${\kappa}B$) activation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and to determine whether these effects were associated with change of intracellular calcium ion ($Ca^{2+}$). ROS production was increased in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, and this effect was suppressed by 1,2-bis-(o-aminophenoxy) ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid-acetoxymethyl ester (BAPTA/AM), a calcium chelator. t10c12-CLA suppressed ROS production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, which was further more decreased by treatment with BAPTA/AM. These indicated that t10c12-CLA decreases $Ca^{2+}$-dependent ROS production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Similarly, NF-${\kappa}B$ p65 DNA binding activity and NO production were decreased by treatment with either t10c12-CLA, BAPTA/AM, or t10c12-CLA and BAPTA/AM combination. However, there were no differences between t10c12-CLA and BAPTA/AM treatment in NO production of LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. These data indicate that t10c12-CLA inhibits the increases in ROS and NO production and the NF-${\kappa}B$ activation in LPS-stimulated condition. These results suggested that CLA exerts potent anti-inflammatory effects by suppression of LPS-induced ROS and NO production, and NF-${\kappa}B$ activationn via $Ca^{2+}$-dependent pathway.

Inhibition of Nitric Oxide Synthesis by Ergosterol Derivative from Phellinus pini in LPS-Activated RAW 264.7 Cells (낙엽송층버섯으로부터 Ergosterol 유도체의 분리 및 RAW 264.7 세포주의 Nitric Oxide 생성 저해활성)

  • Jang, Hyun-Jin;Yang, Ki-Sook
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.367-371
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    • 2006
  • Phellinus pini (Hymenocaetaceae) has been used for the immunomodulating activity hypolipidemic effect, gastric cancer non-insulin dependant diabetes, diarrhea, and menstrual irregularity. From the screening of each fraction for the inhibitory activity of NO production in lipopolysaccaride (LPS) activated RAW 264.7 cells, methanol extract of Phellinus pini and hexane soluble fraction exhibited inhibition of NO production compared with LPS control without toxicity. The hexane soluble fraction showed dose dependent inhibition of NO production. According to activity guided fractionation, the active hexane fr. was repeatedly chromatographed over silica gel, ergosta-4,6,8(14),22- tetraen-3-one was isolated. The compound inhibited NOS activation (IC$_{50}$ = 29.7 uM) and NO production of activated macrophage at 30 uM.

Stimulative Effects of Hominis Placental Pharmacopuncture Solution Combined with Zinc-oxide Nanoparticles on RAW 264.7 Cells - ZnO HPPS more easily stimulates RAW 264.7 cells -

  • Hong, Tae-Keun;Kim, Jee-Hye;Woo, Ju-Youn;Ha, Ki-Tae;Joo, Myung-Soo;Hahn, Yoon-Bong;Jeong, Han-Sol
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine whether Hominis Placental pharmacopuncture solution (HPPS) combined with zinc-oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NP) activates RAW 264.7 cells. Methods: We soaked ZnO nanoparticles in the Hominis Placenta pharmacopuncture solution, thereby making a combined form (ZnO NP HPPS). The effect of ZnO NP HPPS on the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was measured by 2', 7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay. The effect of ZnO NP HPPS on NF-${\kappa}B$ was measured by using a luciferase assay. The effect of ZnO NP HPPS on the cytokine expression was assessed by semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The cellular uptake of ZnO NP HPPS was measured by using a flow cytometric analysis, and cellular structural alterations were analyzed by using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results: Neither the HPPS nor the ZnO NPs induced intracellular ROS production in RAW 264.7 cells. Neither of the materials activated NF-${\kappa}B$ or it's dependent genes, such as TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-1, and MCP-1. However, ZnO NP HPPS, the combined form of ZnO NPs and HPPS, did induce the intracellular ROS production, as well as prominently activating NF-${\kappa}B$ and it's dependent genes. Also, compared to ZnO NPs, it effectively increa-sed the uptake by RAW 264.7 cells. In addition, cellular structural alterations were observed in groups treated with ZnO NP HPPS. Conclusions: Neither ZnO NP nor HPPS activated RAW 264.7 cells, which is likely due to a low cellular uptake. The ZnO NP HPPS, however, significantly activated NF-${\kappa}B$ and up-regulated its dependent genes such as TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-1, and MCP-1. ZnO NP HPPS was also more easily taken into the RAW 264.7 cells than either ZnO NP or HPPS.

Anti-inflammatory Effect of Combination of Scutellariae Radix and Lonicerae Caulis Water Extract (황금, 인동등 추출물 혼합의 항염효능에 관한 in vitro 연구)

  • Hsia, Yu Chun;Choi, You Kyung
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.330-336
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    • 2014
  • This study aimed at examining the anti-inflammatory effects of Scutellariae Radix & Lonicerae Caulis water extract(SC). RAW 264.7 mouse macrophage cells were treated with $25{\sim}200{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ SC for 24 hours. Cell viability was then measured using MTT assays. The nitric oxide(NO) production and the creation of several cytokines in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells were investigated. SC inhibited significantly increasing the production of NO in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cell at the density of 25, 50 and $200{\mu}g/m{\ell}$. SC inhibited significantly the TNF-${\alpha}$ of the RAW 264.7 cell induced by LPS at the density of $50{\mu}g/m{\ell}$. SC inhibited significantly the MIP-$1{\alpha}$ of the RAW 264.7 cell induced by LPS at the density of 25, 50 and $100{\mu}g/m{\ell}$. SC inhibited significantly the MIP-$1{\beta}$, MIP-2 at the density of 50, $100{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ in the RAW 264.7 cell increased by LPS, respectively. SC did not affect the production levels of VEGF in RAW 264.7 cell. As a result, SC significantly inhibited the inductions of MIP-$1{\alpha}$, MIP-$1{\beta}$, MIP-2 and NO in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cell without causing the toxicity. These results signify that SC has anti-inflammatory effects on controlling the over inflammatory reaction on the RAW 264.7 cell.

The Inflammation-modulatory Effects of Ginseng Saponin and Polysaccharide on Activated RAW264.7 Cell-line (인삼 사포닌과 다당류 혼합물의 활성화된 RAW264.7 세포주에 대한 염증조절 효과)

  • Lee, Do-Ik
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.54 no.2
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    • pp.134-141
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    • 2010
  • It is well known that the numbers and functions of immune-associated cells are increased by saponins and polysaccharides in ginseng. In this study, the mixture of polysaccharide and saponin (MPS) from Panax ginseng is applied to LPS- activated RAW 264.7 cells. The production of NO and the gene expression of IL-6 and TNF-$\alpha$ are decreased in LPSactivated RAW 264.7 cells and the expression of arginase II and PD-1L genes is decreased in LPS-untreated macrophages. Therefore, the mixture of saponin and polysaccharide from Panax ginseng could be used in order to regulate immune responses.

Inhibitory effect of Butanol fraction of Ecklonia cava on inflammatory mediators in RAW 264.7 cells

  • Chae, Hee-Sung;Choi, Jang-Ki;Kwon, Dong-Yeul
    • Journal Of Oriental Pharmacy
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of Ecklonia cava butanol extract (BFEC) on RAW 264.7 cells. Method : To evaluate of anti-inflammatory of BFEC, We examined cytokine and Nitric oxide(NO) production in lipopolysacchride (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cell. Result : Extract of BFEC inhibit LPS-induced interleukin (IL)-6, NO production in human monocyte RAW 264.7 cells. Conclusion : BFEC down-regulated LPS-induced IL-6, NO production, which may be provide a clinical basis for anti-inflammatory properities of BFEC.

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A Nitric Oxide Synthesis Inhibitor from the Roots of Gentiana scabra in RAW 264.7 Cells (용담의 RAW 264.7 세포주에서의 Nitric Oxide 생성 저해물질)

  • Kim, Na-Young;Kang, Tai-Hyun;Kim, Do-Hoon;Kim, Youn-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.173-176
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    • 1999
  • Bioassay-guided fractionation of a $H_2O$ extract of the roots of Gentiana scabra has furnished 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural (1) as an inhibitory compound for nitric oxide (NO) production in murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells stimulated with $interferon-{\gamma}$ plus lipopolysaccharide. Compound 1 showed the moderate inhibition of NO production with $IC_{50}$ value of $803\;{\mu}M$.

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Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Bower Actinidia in LPS-Stimulated RAW264.7 Cells (LPS로 유도된 RAW264.7 염증모델에서 미후등의 항염증효과)

  • Kim, Young-Jun;Song, Choon-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.243-251
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : Bower Actinidia has been widely used for treatment of inflammatory diseases, such as jaundice, cystolithiasis. However, the mechanism of its anti-inflammatory activity has not been clarified. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of Bower Actinidia pharmacopuncture extract(BA) on LPS-induced inflammation. Methods : The effect of BA was analyzed by ELISA, RT-PCR and Western blotting in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Results : We found that BA suppressed not only the mRNA expression of pre-inflammatory cytokines, cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), but also the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and p38. Conclusions : These results suggest that BA exerts an anti-inflammatory effect through the regulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) pathway, thereby decreasing production of pre-inflammatory cytokines.