• Title, Summary, Keyword: RCB

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The Utilization of Rumen Content-Barley Meal in Diets of Growing Lambs

  • Abouhief, M.A.;Kraidees, M.S.;Al-Selbood, B.A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.1234-1240
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    • 1999
  • The nutritive value of rumen contents and barley mixture (4:1 w/w; RCB) was evaluated and the effect of their feeding on growth performances in Najdi lambs was studied. A metabolism trial was conducted with 16 rams divided into four dietary groups. The diets were: a whole-mixed control diet and three diets where RCB was incorporated at the rates of 25, 50 and 100%, replacing an equal amount of control diet. The results showed that there was a depression (p<0.05) in DM digestibility for the 100% RCB diet in comparison with other diets. The digestibility of CP was higher(p<0.05) for the 25% RCB diet as compared to the control diet; there was a trend for a small (p>0.05) decrease in digestibility as level of RCB increased. Lambs in all studied diets were in positive nitrogen balance; the differences between diets were not significant. A total of 45 lambs were allotted into three groups and used to evaluate the effect of dietary inclusion of RCB (0, 25 and 50%) on growth performance and carcass traits. Daily DM intake, final body weight, carcass weight and dressing percentage were not different among treatments. Average weight gain and ether extract (EE) in 9-11th control joint were higher (p<0.05) in lambs fed control diet than those fed RCB diets. The substitution of RCB for 50% of control diet exhibited 11.8% reduction in feeding cost for each kg of body weight gain.

A Study on the Operating Characteristic of RCB by Synthesize Harmonic Current (복합고조파에 의한 누전차단기의 동작 특성 연구)

  • Yoo, Jae-Geun;Choi, Myung-Il;Park, Chee-Hyun;Son, Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.59-63
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    • 2008
  • This paper analyze the operating characteristic of RCB due to the synthesize harmonic current. The RCB of rated sensitivity electric current with 30[mA] test to operating characteristic by synthesize harmonic current and it analyzed the tripping operation due to a harmonic current. The test result, the operating current of RCB changed by synthesize harmonic current.

Contents of Amino Acids in Raspberry Wine Using Active Dry Yeast Strains (활성 건조 효모를 이용한 복분자주의 아미노산 함량)

  • Moon, Young-Ja;Lee, Myung-Soon;Sung, Chang-Keun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.392-397
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    • 2006
  • To compare the contents of amino acids in raspberry wine, 5 types of active dry yeast strains (Saccharomyces cerevisiae Montrachet (UCD #522), Saccharomyces bayanus Pasteur Champagne (UCD #595), Saccharomyces cerevisiae Epemay II (CEG), Saccharomyces bayanus Prise do Mousse (PM), Saccharomyces uvarum Latvia W15) were used. In the fermentation experiment two kinds of raspberry wine were used; Rubus coreanus Miquel(RCM), harvested in Gochang, and Rubus crataegifolius Bunge(RCB), harvested in Okcheon. In 5 kinds of RCM raspberry wines, total contents of 17 amino acids were found from $16.77mg/{\ell}$ in the fermented Prise de Mousse, the most amount, to $12.29mg/{\ell}$ in Lalvin W15, the lowest. The content of amino acid in the RCB raspberry wine fermented by Montrachet was approximately 5.5 times higher than that of the RCM raspberry wine; $90.55mg/{\ell}\;to\;16.54mg/{\ell}$. Cystine and isoleucine were detected $2.97mg/{\ell},\;0.34mg/{\ell}$, respectively, in the RCB raspberry wine but not detected in the RCM raspberry wine. The amount of alanine, aspartic acid, and serine in RCB raspberry wine were found approximately 14 to 20 times larger than that of RCM raspberry wine.

Evaluation of Construction RCB Exterior Wall Formwork according to Placing Height on Nuclear Power Plant

  • Song, Hyo-Min;Sohn, Young-Jin;Shin, Yoonseok
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.653-660
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    • 2015
  • Technologies for reducing construction duration are key factors in nuclear power plant construction projects, as a reduction in construction duration at the construction phase leads to a reduction in construction cost and an increase in profits through the early operation of the nuclear power plant. To analyze the constructability of the height of single-layer placement of formwork for the Reactor Containment Building (RCB) exterior wall through lateral pressure according to the height of concrete placement, the deformation criteria for formwork, and a new form design, 'MIDAS GEN (hereinafter referred to as MIDAS)' is used in this study. The cost and workload of formwork are derived according to the unit of height of the RCB exterior wall. Based on the result, it was found that the higher the RCB exterior wall, the higher the material cost, and the less the construction duration and the less the total number of formwork layers. Based on this result, it is believed that the material cost and the construction duration can be appropriately determined according to the formwork height.

A Study on Small-sized Index Structure and Fast Retrieval Method Using The RCB trio (RCB트라이를 이용한 빠른 검색과 소용량 색인 구조에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Kyu-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2007
  • This paper proposes RCB(Reduced Compact Binary) tie to correct faults of both CB(Compact Binary) tie and HCB(Hierarchical Compact Binary) trie. First, in the case of CB trie, a compact structure was tried for the first time, but as the amount of data was increasing, that of inputted data gained and much difficulty was experienced in insertion due to the dummy nods used in balancing trees. On the other hand, if the HCB trie realized hierarchically, given certain depth to prevent the map from increasing on the right, reached the depth, the method for making new trees and connecting to them was used. Eventually, fast progress could be made in the inputting and searching speed, but this had a disadvantage of the storage space becoming bigger because of the use of dummy nods like CB trie and of many tree links. In the case of RCB trie in this thesis, the tree-map could be reduced by about 35% by completely cutting down dummy nods and the whole size by half, compared with the HCB trie.

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Efficient Cache Management Scheme in Database based on Block Classification (블록 분류에 기반한 데이타베이스의 효율적 캐쉬 관리 기법)

  • Sin, Il-Hoon;Koh, Kern
    • Journal of KIISE:Computer Systems and Theory
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.369-376
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    • 2002
  • Although LRU is not adequate for database that has non-uniform reference pattern, it has been adopted in most database systems due to the absence of the proper alternative. We analyze database block reference pattern with the realistic database trace. Based on this analysis, we propose a new cache replacement policy. Trace analysis shows that extremely non-popular blocks take up about 70 % of the entire blocks. The influence of recency on blocks' re-reference likelihood is at first strong due to temporal locality, however, it rapidly decreases and eventually becomes negligible as stack distance increases. Based on this observation, RCB(Reference Characteristic Based) cache replacement policy, which we propose in this paper, classifies the entire blocks into four block groups by blocks' recency and re-reference likelihood, and operates different priority evaluation methods for each block group. RCB policy evicts non-popular blocks more quickly than the others and evaluates the priority of the block by frequency that has not been referenced for a long time. In a trace-driven simulation, RCB delivers a better performance than the existing polices(LRU, 2Q, LRU-K, LRFU). Especially compared to LRU. It reduces miss count by 5~l2.7%. Time complexity of RCB is O(1), which is the same with LRU and 2Q and superior to LRU-K(O(log$_2$N)) and LRFU(O(l) ~ O(log$_2$N)).

Reconstitution of CB Trie for the Efficient Hangul Retrieval (효율적인 한글 탐색을 위한 CB 트라이의 재구성)

  • Jung, Kyu-Cheol
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2007
  • This paper proposes RCB(Reduced Compact Binary) trie to correct faults of CB(Compact Binary) trie. First, in the case of CB trie, a compact structure was tried for the first time, but as the amount of data was increasing, that of inputted data gained and much difficulty was experienced in insertion due to the dummy nods used in balancing trees. On the other hand, if the HCB trie realized hierarchically, given certain depth to prevent the map from increasing on the right, reached the depth, the method for making new trees and connecting to them was used. Eventually, fast progress could be made in the inputting and searching speed, but this had a disadvantage of the storage space becoming bigger because of the use of dummy nods like CB trie and of many tree links. In the case of RCB trie in this thesis, a capacity is increased by about 60% by completely cutting down dummy nods.

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Diversity and distribution of mating types in Lentinula edodes and mating type preference in domesticated strains

  • Ha, Byeong-Suk;Ro, Hyeon-Su
    • 한국균학회소식:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.37-37
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    • 2018
  • Mating type of Lentinula edodes is determined by two unlinked genetic loci, A and B. To better understand mating behavior of L. edodes, we investigated variations in mating type genes in129 dikaryotic strains collected from East Asia. Through sequence analysis of A locus, we discovered that hypervariable region spanning N-term of HD2-intergenic region-N-term of HD1 could represent A mating type. Mating and hypervariable region analyses revealed 70 unique A mating types: 27 from 98 cultivated strains, 53 from 31 wild strains, and 10 commonly found. It was also revealed that only a few A mating type alleles such as A1, A4, A5, and A7 were prevalent in cultivated strains. Contrarily, A mating type in wild strains was highly diverse: 23 unique A alleles were discovered in small mountainous area in Korean peninsula, suggesting rapid evolution of A mating type in nature. The B locus was assessed by allelic variations in pheromone (PHB) and pheromone receptor (RCB) pairs which constituted subloci Ba and Bb. Sequence analyses and mating assay revealed 5 alleles of RCB1 with 9 associated PHBs in Ba sublocus and 3 alleles of RCB2 with 5 associated PHBs in Bb sublocus. Each RCB was primarily associated with two PHBs. Each PHB-RCB pair was always discovered as a distinct unit. This allowed us to propose 15 B mating types via combinations of five Ba and three Bb subloci. Further investigation on 129 strains confirmed that the B locus, unlike the A locus, was indeed restricted to 15 mating types. Thus, the total number of mating types became 1,050 in L. edodes through a combination of 70 A and 15 B. This number will further increase because of rapid diversification of A mating type. Our findings provide a comprehensive and practical knowledge on mating behaviors of L. edodes.

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A Study on the Cycle Time Reduction of Cylindrical Plunge Grinding Process with Recursive Constraint Bounding Method (RCB법에 의한 원통형 플런지 연삭공정의 싸이클 시간 감소에 관한 연구)

  • 최성주
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.34-44
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    • 1997
  • This study presents the recursive constraint bounding(RCB) method to reduce the cycle time in internal cylindrical plunge grinding process. This method can cope with process noise as well as modeling bias. The main features of RCB method are its utilization of measurements at the end of each cycle and its use of monotonicity analysis for determining the extremes of bias and noise. This method is investigated in simulation and evaluated by experiment in internal cylindrical plunge grinding operation. The results from simulation and experiment show that it is effective in reducing cycle time in spite of modeling uncertainty in the forms of process noise and modeling bias.

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Seismic Response Evaluation of NPP Structures Considering Different Numerical Models and Frequency Contents of Earthquakes (다양한 수치해석 모델과 지진 주파수 성분을 고려한 원전구조물의 지진 응답 평가)

  • Thusa, Bidhek;Nguyen, Duy-Duan;Park, Hyosang;Lee, Tae-Hyung
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the application of various numerical models and frequency contents of earthquakes on the performances of the reactor containment building (RCB) in a nuclear power plant (NPP) equipped with an advanced power reactor 1400. Two kinds of numerical models are developed to perform time-history analyses: a lumped-mass stick model (LMSM) and a full three-dimensional finite element model (3D FEM). The LMSM is constructed in SAP2000 using conventional beam elements with concentrated masses, whereas the 3D FEM is built in ANSYS using solid elements. Two groups of ground motions considering low- and high-frequency contents are applied in time-history analyses. The low-frequency motions are created by matching their response spectra with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission 1.60 design spectrum, whereas the high-frequency motions are artificially generated with a high-frequency range from 10Hz to 100Hz. Seismic responses are measured in terms of floor response spectra (FRS) at the various elevations of the RCB. The numerical results show that the FRS of the structure under low-frequency motions for two numerical models are highly matched. However, under high-frequency motions, the FRS obtained by the LMSM at a high natural frequency range are significantly different from those of the 3D FEM, and the largest difference is found at the lower elevation of the RCB. By assuming that the 3D FEM approximates responses of the structure accurately, it can be concluded that the LMSM produces a moderate discrepancy at the high-frequency range of the FRS of the RCB.