• Title, Summary, Keyword: RSM

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Genetic Analysis of Fission Yeast rsm1 Which is Involved in mRNA Export (분열효모에서 mRNA Export와 관련된 rgm1 유전자의 유전학적 분석)

  • Kang, Su-Ky;Yoon, Jin-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.98-104
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    • 2008
  • We constructed the null mutants of fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe rsml gene that is thought to be involved in mRNA export. Though rsm1 gene is not essential for growth, the null mutant strain constructed by replacing the rsm1-coding region with an $kan^{r}$ gene showed growth retardation and mRNA export defects compared to wild type strain. We constructed double mutants which harbor rsm1 null allele and mutant allele of genes involved in mRNA export. The mex67 or npp106 null allele, when combined with rsm1 null allele, showed an additive effect on growth retardation and mRNA export defects. On the other hand, the thp1 null allele restored the defects of growth and mRNA export of rsm1 null mutant. These results suggest that rsm1 plays a role in mRNA export from the nucleus.

Cyclic loading response of footing on multilayered rubber-soil mixtures

  • Tafreshi, S.N. Moghaddas;Darabi, N. Joz;Dawson, A.R.
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.115-129
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents a set of results of plate load tests that imposed incremental cyclic loading to a sandy soil bed containing multiple layers of granulated rubber-soil mixture (RSM) at large model scale. Loading and unloading cycles were applied with amplitudes incrementally increasing from 140 to 700 kPa in five steps. A thickness of the RSM layer of approximately 0.4 times the footing diameter was found to deliver the minimum total and residual settlements, irrespective of the level of applied cyclic load. Both the total and residual settlements decrease with increase in the number of RSM layers, regardless of the level of applied cyclic load, but the rate of reduction in both settlements reduces with increase in the number of RSM layers. When the thickness of the RSM layer is smaller, or larger, settlements increase and, at large thicknesses may even exceed those of untreated soil. Layers of the RSM reduced the vertical stress transferred through the foundation depth by distributing the load over a wider area. With the inclusion of RSM layers, the coefficient of elastic uniform compression decreases by a factor of around 3-4. A softer response was obtained when more RSM layers were included beneath the footing damping capacity improves appreciably when the sand bed incorporates RSM layers. Numerical modeling using "FLAC-3D" confirms that multiple RSM layers will improve the performance of a foundation under heavy loading.

An Optimal Efficiency Control of Reluctance Synchronous Motor using Direct Torque Control (직접 토크 제어를 이용한 리럭턴스 동기 전동기의 최대 효율제어)

  • Park Hong-il;Kim Nam-Hun;Choi Kyeong-Ho;Kim Dong-Hee;Kim Min-Huei
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.431-434
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents an implementation of direct torque control(DTC) of Reluctance Synchronous Motor(RSM) with an efficiency optimization using the 32bit DSP TMS320C31. The influence of iron loss can not neglected as high speed and precision torque control of RSM, so the optimal current ration between torque current and exiting current analytically derived to drive RSM at maximum efficiency For RSM, torque dynamics can be maintained even with controlling the flux level because the generated torque is direct]y proportional to the stator current. The experimental results for an RSM are presented to validate the applicability of the proposed method. The developed control system is shown high efficiency features with 1.0Kw RSM having 2.57 ratio of d/q reluctance.

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Effects of Outdoor Activities Utilizing Regional Science Education Resource Map (RSM) in Busan (부산 지역 과학 교육 자원 지도를 활용한 체험학습의 환경교육적 효과)

  • You, Sun-Mi;Kim, Sun-Young
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.44-55
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    • 2011
  • This study examined the effects of RSM (Regional Science education resource Map), developed and provided by Busan metropolitan city Office of Education, at high schools in Busan. Two group of students, who were in the same level of achievement as well as other environmental conditions, participated in this study. Twenty nine of students as an experimental group experienced outdoor activities utilizing RSM, while thirty of students as a control group did not participate in any outdoor activities. The results indicated that compared to the control group of students, the experimental group of students represented a significant improvement in students' environmental attitudes, local ecological interest and eco-friendly behavior. The teachers who guided outdoor activities utilizing RSM suggested that RSM needs to be further subdivided by seasons as well as local districts. They also suggested that RSM needs to be linked with a school curriculum.

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The Development of Taguchi and Response Surface Method Combined Model (Taguchi-RSM 통합모델 제시)

  • Ree, Sang-Bok;Kim, Youn-Soo;Yoon, Sang-Woon
    • IE interfaces
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.257-263
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    • 2010
  • Taguchi defined a good quality as 'A correspondence of product characteristic's expected value to the objective value satisfying the minimum variance condition.' For his good quality, he suggested Taguchi Method which is called Robust design which is irrelevant to the effect of these noise factors. Taguchi Method which has many success examples and which is used by many manufacturing industry. But Optimal solution of Taguchi Method is one among the experiments which is not optimal area of experiment point. On the other hand, Response Surface Method (RSM) which has advantage to find optimal solution area experiments points by approximate polynomial regression. But Optimal of RSM is depended on initial point and RSM can not use many factors because of a great many experiment. In this paper, we combine the Taguchi Method and the Response Surface Method with each advantage which is called Taguchi-RSM. Taguchi-RSM has two step, first step to find first solution by Taguchi Method, second step to find optimal solution by RSM with initial point as first step solution. We give example using catapults.

Effects of Replacing Soybean Meal with Fermented Rapeseed Meal on Performance, Serum Biochemical Variables and Intestinal Morphology of Broilers

  • Xu, F.Z.;Zeng, X.G.;Ding, X.L.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.25 no.12
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    • pp.1734-1741
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    • 2012
  • This trial was performed to study the effects of replacing soybean meal (SBM) with fermented rapeseed meal (RSM) on growth performance, serum biochemistry variable and intestinal morphology of broilers. A total of 640 d-old Arbor Acres broiler chicks were randomly allocated to 4 dietary treatments, 4 pens per treatment and 40 birds per pen for a 6-wk feeding trial. In the four treatment groups, fermented RSM replaced soybean meal at 0, 5, 10, and 15%, respectively. On 21 d and 42 d, two birds from each pen were randomly selected and slaughtered. Blood samples and sections of duodenum, jejunum, and ileum were collected for measurement of serum biochemical variables and intestinal morphology, respectively. Results showed that body weight gain (BWG) and feed conversion (FC) were significantly (p<0.01) poorer for birds fed the 15% fermented RSM diet than those fed with 0, 5 and 10% fermented RSM diets during all periods. Compared with 0 and 5% fermented RSM groups, IgG content in the serum of birds in 10 and 15% fermented RSM groups was improved (p<0.01) urea nitrogen content of serum was reduced (p<0.01) during both growing and finishing periods. However, IgM, phosphorus and calcium levels increased (p<0.05) only during the growing period. Increased (p<0.05) villus height was observed in the duodenum and jejunum of broilers fed the diet with 10% fermented RSM. In addition, villus height to crypt depth ratio in the jejunum was significantly higher (p<0.01) for birds fed the diet with 10% fermented RSM than for those fed diets with 0, 5 and 15% fermented RSM. The present results suggest that RSM fermented with Lactobacillus fermentum and Bacillus subtilis is a promising alternative protein source and that it could be safely used replace up to 10% SBM in broiler diets.

Various levels of rapeseed meal in weaning pig diets from weaning to finishing periods

  • Do, Sung Ho;Kim, Byeong Ock;Fang, Lin Hu;You, Dong Hyeon;Hong, Jin su;Kim, Yoo Yong
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.30 no.9
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    • pp.1292-1302
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of rapeseed meal (RSM) supplementation in weaning pig diet on growth performance, blood profile, carcass characteristics and economic analysis on weaning to finishing pigs. Methods: A total of 120 cross bred ([Yorkshire${\times}$Landrace]${\times}$Duroc) weaning pigs were allotted to 5 treatments in a randomized complete block design. Each treatment had 4 replications with 6 pigs per pen. Five different levels of RSM (0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, and 8%) were used as dietary treatments. Results: Overall, no treatment showed significant differences in growth performance with increased dietary RSM levels. The concentration of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) decreased as dietary RSM levels increased in 6 weeks (linear response, p<0.01). Total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triiodothyronine, and thyroxine showed no significant differences, neither were there any significant differences in the immune response (IgG and IgA). As the dietary RSM levels of weaning pig diet were increased, no differences were found among dietary treatments upon performing proximate analyses of the pork after finishing. The influence of RSM supplementation on nutrient digestibility and nitrogen retention were not affected by dietary RSM levels either. With increased dietary RSM levels in the weaning pig diet, no differences among dietary treatments were found after performing proximate analyses of the pork's physiochemical properties. In addition, there were no significant differences observed in pork colors, pH levels, and economic benefits. Conclusion: Consequently, this experiment demonstrated that weaning pig's diet containing RSM influenced BUN concentration, but there were no detrimental effects on the growth performance of weaning pigs with up to 8% RSM in the diet.

A Study on Flux Barrier of Permanent Magnet Assisted Reluctance Synchronous Motor Design using FEM (FEM을 이용한 영구자석형 릴럭턴스 동기전동기의 자속 장벽 설계에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Nam-Hun;Nam, Sang-Hyun;Choi, Kyeong-Ho
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.295-302
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    • 2008
  • This paper examines the design and the performance of a PMA-RSM(permanent-magnet assisted reluctance synchronous motor) for washing machine. A FEM(finite element method) is used to analyze performance and maximum torque characteristic of the proposed PMA-RSM. The designed motor is a combination of salient poles, which is making reluctance torque, and permanent magnet which are located on the air-gap of rotor to get a enough torque during low speed resign. Typical flux barrier type reluctance synchronous motor and the effects of adding magnet into the flux barrier of the rotor of a PMA-RSM are compared and examined. Also the maximum torque point of the reluctance torque by reluctance and reaction torque by magnetic alignment torque, which is in barrier, of the proposed PMS-RSM are derived through simulation. Using this results, the characteristics analysis of a performance, an average torque and a torque ripple of flux barrier RSM and the proposed PMA-RSM are performed through FEM under the saturation effect respectively.

Intercomparison of the East-Asian Summer Monsoon on 11-18 July 2004, simulated by WRF, MM5, and RSM models (WRF, MM5, RSM 모형에서 모의한 2004년 7월 11-18일의 동아시아 몬순의 비교)

  • Ham, Su-Ryun;Park, Seon-Joo;Bang, Cheol-Han;Jung, Byoung-Joo;Hong, Song-You
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.91-99
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    • 2005
  • This study compares the summer monsoon circulations during a heavy rainfall period over the Korean peninsular from 11 to 18 July 2004, simulated by three widely used regional models; WRF, MM5, and RSM. An identical model setup is carried out for all the experiments, except for the physical option differences in the RSM. The three models with a nominal resolution of about 50 km over Korea are nested by NCEP-DOE reanalysis data. Another RSM experiment with the same cumulus parameterization scheme as in the WRF and MM5 is designed to investigate the importance of the representation of subgrid-scale parameterized convection in reproducing monsoonal circulations in East Asia. All thee models are found to be capable of reproducing the general distribution of monsoonal precipitation, extending northeastward from south China across the Korean peninsula, to northern Japan. The results from the WRF and MM5 are similar in terms of accumulated precipitation, but a slightly better performance in the WRF than in the MM5. The RSM improves the bias for precipitation as compared to those from the WRF and MM5, but the pattern correlation is degraded due to overestimation of precipitation in northern China. In the comparison of simulated synoptic scale features, the RSM is found to reproduce the large-scale features well compared to the results from the MM5 and WRF. On the other hand, the simulated precipitation from the RSM with the convection scheme used in the MM5 and WRF is closer to that from the WRF and MM5 simulations, indicating the significant dependency of simulated precipitation in East Asia on the cumulus parameterization scheme.

Preparation of Cosmeceuticals Containing Flos Sophorae Immaturus Extracts: Optimization Using Box-Behnken Design Model (회화나무꽃 추출물이 함유된 Cosmeceuticals의 제조: Box-Behnken 설계모델을 이용한 최적화)

  • Yoo, Bong-Ho;Zuo, Chengliang;Lee, Seung Bum
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.404-410
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    • 2020
  • In this study, the stability criteria of cosmeceuticals emulsion containing Flos Sophorae Immaturus extracts was established using the Box-Behnken design model (BBD-RSM). As optimization conditions of the emulsification using the BBD-RSM, the amount of surfactant and additive, and emulsification time and speed were used as quantitative factors while mean droplet size (MDS), viscosity and emulsion stability index (ESI) were used as reaction values. According to the result of BBD-RSM, optimum conditions for the emulsification were as follows; the emulsification time and speed of 17.8 min and 5505 rpm, respectively and amounts of the emulsifier and additive of 2.28 and 1.05 wt.%, respectively. Under these conditions, the MDS, viscosity, and ESI after 7 days from the reaction were estimated as 1875.5 nm, 1789.7 cP, and 93.8%, respectively. The average error value from our actual experiments for verifying the conclusions was below 5%, which is mainly due to the fact that the BBD-RSM was applied to the optimized cosmeceuticals emulsification.