• Title, Summary, Keyword: RT/PCR/RFLP

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Characterization of infectious bursal disease viruses isolated in Korea using RT/PCR and RFLP analysis (RT/PCR과 RFLP 분석에 의한 Infectious bursal disease virus(국내분리주)의 특성 규명)

  • Kwon, Hyuk-moo;Kim, Dae-kyu;Seong, Hwan-woo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 1999
  • Field infectious bursal disease viruses (IBDVs) were isolated from IBDV-suspected commercial chickens. The variable region in VP2 gene of six Korean IBDV isolates (K-IBDVs) and IBD vaccines was examined using the reverse transcriptase / polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RT/PCR-RFLP) assay. With all K-IBDVs and vaccine IBDVs, a 474-bp fragment of the VP2 gene was amplified and tested with various restriction enzymes. Restriction enzymes BstNI and StyI differentiated K-IBDV isolates and IBD vaccines into four groups. Restriction enzyme profiles of K-IBDV isolates were different from them of IBD vaccines. K-IBDV isolates except for 310 isolate had specific SspI and TaqI recognition sites, which were recognized in highly virulent IBDVs, but IBD vaccines had no those sites. This study showed that RT/PCR-RFLP assay was thought to be valuable tool for differentiation of IBDVs and identification of highly virulent IBDV.

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Analysis of the spike glycoprotein gene and nonstructural protein gene of transmissible gastroenteritis virus using PCR and RFLP analysis (PCR과 RFLP분석을 이용한 transmissible gastroenteritis virus의 spike glycoprotein gene과 nonstructural protein gene의 분석)

  • Kwon, Hyuk-moo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.627-633
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    • 1996
  • To analyze the genomic diversity of transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), the N-terminal half of the spike (S) glycoprotein gene and nonstructural protein gene (open reading frames 3 and 3-1) were amplified by reverse transcriptase reaction and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and analyzed using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns of the amplified DNA. In this study, TGEV Miller (M6) and Purdue (P115) strains were used as reference strains, and two vaccine strains (MSV and STC3) and four Korea isolates (P44, VRI-WP, VRI-41, and VRI-48) were analyzed. All TGEV strains were amplified with three TGEV primer pairs. Although there was some exception in RFLP analysis, this method differentiated TGEV strains into following groups : Miller group (M6 and MSV), Purdue group (PUS, STC3, P44, VRI-WP, VRI-41, and VRI-48). Using Sau3AI and SspI, VRI-48 was differentiated from the Miller and Purdue type viruses. The RT/PCR in conjuction with RFLP analysis was a rapid and valuable tool for differentiating several strains of TGEV. This study revealed the occurences of distinct difference in genome of TGEV strains.

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Studies on the VP4 and VP7 Genes of Bovine Rotaviruses from Field Samples Using RT-PCR and RFLP Analysis (RT-PCR과 RFLP법을 이용한 국내 소 로타바이러스 VP4 및 VP7 유전자의 특성 규명)

  • Jeon, Seong-Jin;Chang, Chung-Ho;Chung, Chung-Won;Kim, Won-Yong;Kang, Shien-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Society of Virology
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.165-174
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    • 1998
  • Characterizations of the VP4 (P type) and VP7 (G type) genes of Korean isolates of bovine rotavirus were performed using RT-PCR/RFLP and nucleotide sequencing analysis. After RT-PCR amplification of partial length (1094bp) of the VP4 and full length (1062bp) of the VP7 genes, amplified PCR products were digested with restriction endonucleases and digestion patterns were compared with those of reference rotaviruses. With the VP4 genes, four RFLP (A-D) profiles were observed; three (A, Band C) were the same as those of bovine rotavirus NCDV (P[1]), IND (P[5]) and B223 (P[11]), respectively. Profile D was the same as that of porcine rotavirus OSU (P[7]). With the VP7 genes, five RFLP profiles (I-V) were observed; three of them (I, II and III) were the same as those of bovine rotavirus NCDV (G6), Cody 1-801 (G8), and B223 (G10), respectively. Profile IV and V were atypical to those of reference bovine rotaviruses used in this study. These two profiles were identified as G6 and G5, respectively, after analyzing and comparing the nucleotide sequences. The G typing analysis revealed that 61.9% (26/42) were G6, which included G6 subtype; 28.6% (12/42) were G5; 7.1% (3/42) were G10; 2.4% (1/42) were G8. The P typing analysis revealed that 54.8% (23/42) were P[5]; 28.6% (12/42) were P[7]; 11.8% (5/42) were [11]; 4.8% (2/42) were P[1]. Our results showed that G6/P[5] were the most prevalent rotaviruses in diarrheic calves in Korea. Also, this is the first report that G5/P[7] rotaviruses were identified from cattle with diarrhea.

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Molecular Detection and Analysis of Sweet potato feathery motile vims from Root and Leaf Tissues of Cultivated Sweet Potato Plants

  • Ryu, Ki-Hyun;Park, Sun-Hee
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2002
  • For the molecular detection of Sweet potaio feathery mottle virus (SPFMV) from diseased sweet potato plants, reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed with the use of a set of virus-specific primers to amplify an 816 bp product. The viral coat protein gene was selected for the design of the primers. No PCR product was amplified when Turnip mosaic virus, Potato vims Y or Cucumber mosaic virus were used as template in RT-PCR with the SPFMV-specific primers. The lowest concentration of template viral RNA required for detection was 10 fg. The vim was rapidly detected from total nucleic acids of leaves and roots from the virus-infected sweet potato plants as well as from the purified viral RNA by the RT-PCR. Twenty-four sweet potato samples were selected and analyzed by RT-PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). RFLP analysis of the PCR products showed three restriction patterns, which resulted in some point mutations suggesting the existence of quasi-species for the vims in the infected sweet potato plants.

The Development of Molecular Detection Method and Differentiation of Genotypes of Enterovirus (Enterovirus에 대한 분자생물학적 검증법 및 Genotypes 방법의 개발)

  • Kim, Eun-Soon;Nam, Jung-Hyun;Kim, Ki-Soon;Yoon, Jae-Deuk;Kim, Yoo-Kyum
    • The Journal of Korean Society of Virology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 1997
  • In this study, the feasibility of identification and genotypic differentiation of enteroviruses was investigated by using nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (nested RT-PCR), single-stranded conformation polymorphism (SSCP), and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) techniques. Two hundred seventy-four clinical samples were assayed by both nested RT-PCR and tube culture method using MRC-5 and MK cells; 58 (86.6%) out of 67 enterovirus culture-positive samples contained enteroviral RNA. In addition, 114 (55.1%) of 207 samples from patients with suspected enteroviral CNS disease with negative viral cultures were positive by the nested RT-PCR. The nested RT-PCR products were genotyped by the SSCP method and the results were compared with serotypes. We could differentiate 6 subtypes, 3 of which are similar to coxsackievirus B3, B5, echovirus 11, plus 3 other subtypes. RFLP cleaved with Sty I, Bgl I, and Xmn I yielded characteristic patterns for each laboratory strains. This study demonstrates the usefulness of the RT-PCR for the rapid diagnosis of enterovirus infection and the potentials of the SSCP method for differentiation of enterovirus strains.

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Molecular biological characterization of transmissible gastroenteritis viruses isolated in Korea (돼지 전염성 위장염 바이러스(국내분리주)의 분자생물학적 특성 규명)

  • Kwon, Hyuk-moo;Pi, Jae-ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.304-313
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    • 1998
  • Sixteen Korean field transmissible gastroenteritis viruses (TGEVs) were isolated using swine testicular cell (STC) and the genomic diversity of them was analyzed. All TGEV isolates produced a typical cytopathic effect in STC and were confirmed as TGEV by immunofluorescence assay using monoclonal antibody against TGEV and PCR using TGEV specific primers. RNAs from TGEV field isolates and vaccine TGEV were extracted and amplified by RT and PCR. The RT-PCR products were digested with selected restriction enzymes and analyzed RFLP patterns. The N-terminal end region of S gene and ORF 3 and 3-1 genes of TGEV amplified by TGEV specific primer pairs seemed to be conserved. Most specific variations were detected in S gene amplified by TGEV 4/6 primer pairs which includes antigenic sites A and D. When the PCR products were treated with Sau3AI and Ssp I, Bvac(vaccine strain), field isolates 133 and 347 were differentiated from Miller and Purdue types. In the case of D5 field isolates, it was classified into Purdue type by Sau 3AI but classified into independent TGEV by Ssp I. Two different TGEV strains from D2 sample were confirmed by plaque purification and RT-PCR-RFLP analysis. To investigate the change occurring in TGEV genome after serial passage, the TGEV P44 strain was passaged through STC. There were specific changes in S gene and a large deletion was observed in ORF 3 and 3-1 genes. These studies showed that a distinct difference in genome exists among TGEV field isolates.

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Characterization of an Isolate of Cucumber mosaic virus from Raphanus sativus L. (열무에서 분리한 오이모자이크바이러스 분리주의 특성)

  • Rhee, Sun-Ju;Hong, Jin-Sung;Choi, Jang-Kyung;Kim, Eun-Ji;Lee, Gung-Pyo
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.211-215
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    • 2011
  • Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV)-like isolate was collected from Raphanus sativus (cv. Choon-hyang), which showed mosaic symptoms. The isolate was confirmed to a strain of CMV by host responses in Vigna unguiculata, Chenopodium amaranticolor and Gomphrena globosa, by viral genome composition with RT-PCR and PCR-RFLP, and by serological analysis. Symptom developed by the strain of CMV was severe in Nicotiana benthamiana, N. glutinosa, N. tabacum (cv. Samsun, cv. Xanthi), Cucumis melo (cv. Early hanover), Cucumis sativus (cv. White wonder), Capsicum annuum (cv. Chung-yang and cv. Geum-top), but mild symptom was developed in Raphanus sativus (cv. Choon-hyang), Brassica rapa ssp. pekinensis (cv. Bul-Am No. 3), and B. juncea (cv. Daenong Jukgot). Newly isolated strain of CMV could infect diverse crops including Solanaceae, Cucurbitaceae and Brassicaceae. We designated the new strain of CMV as Gn-CMV based on the novel infectivity of Brassicaceae. In double-stranded (ds) RNA analysis, Gn-CMV consisted of 3.3, 3.0, and 2.2 kb genomes likewise other strains of CMV. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) showed 28 kDa of the CMV coat protein. By restriction enzyme mapping using Cac8I, ClaI and MspI of RT-PCR products indicated that Gn-CMV belongs to CMV subgroup I.

Characterization of an Isolate of Cucumber mosaic virus Isolated from Chinese aster (Callistephus chinensis) (과꽃에서 분리한 Cucumber mosaic virus의 성질)

  • Oh, Sun-Mi;Kim, Sung-Ryul;Hong, Jin-Sung;Ryu, Ki-Hyun;Lee, Gung-Pyo;Choi, Jang-Kyung
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.229-232
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    • 2008
  • An isolate of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), designated as Cas-CMV, was isolated from Chinese aster (Callistephus chinensis) showing severe mosaic symptom, and its properties was compared to the well-characterized Fny-CMV (subgroup IA) and As-CMV (subgroup IB) by host reaction in several indicator plants, dsRNA analysis, RT-PCR analysis, and restriction enzyme profile of the PCR products. Cas-CMV differed markedly in their host reaction to Fny-CMV or As-CMV in Cucurbita pepo cv. Black beauty. In the zucchini squash, all strains induced chlorotic spot on inoculated leaves and mosaic symptoms on upper leaves. However, symptoms induced by Cas-CMV were developed lethal necrosis on the young plants 15 to 20 days after inoculation. In experiments of dsRNA analysis and RT-PCR analysis, properties of Cas-CMV was come within subgroup I CMV. Moreover, restriction enzyme analysis using HindIII of the RT-PCR products showed that Cas-CMV belong to a member of CMV subgroup IA.

Comparison of PCR-RFLP and Real-Time PCR for Allelotyping of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of RRM1, a Lung Cancer Suppressor Gene (폐암 억제유전자 RRM1의 단일염기다형성 검사를 위한 PCR-RFLP법과 Real-Time PCR법의 유용성 비교)

  • Jeong, Ju-Yeon;Kim, Mi-Ran;Son, Jun-Gwang;Jung, Jong-Pil;Oh, In-Jae;Kim, Kyu-Sik;Kim, Young-Chul
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.62 no.5
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    • pp.406-416
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    • 2007
  • Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), which consist of a substitution of a single nucleotide pair, are the most abundant form of genetic variations occurring with a frequency of approximately 1 per 1000 base pairs. SNPs by themselves do not cause disease but can predispose humans to disease, modify the extent or severity of the disease or influence the drug response and treatment efficacy. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), particularly those within the regulatory regions of the genes often influence the expression levels and can modify the disease. Studies examining the associations between SNP and the disease outcome have provided valuable insight into the disease etiology and potential therapeutic intervention. Traditionally, the genotyping of SNPs has been carried out using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism(PCR-RFLP), which is a low throughput technique not amenable for use in large-scale SNP studies. Recently, TaqMan real-time PCR chemistry was adapted for use in allelic discrimination assays. This study validated the accuracy and utility of real-time PCR technology for SNPs genotyping Methods: The SNPs in promoter sequence (-37 and -524) of lung cancer suppressor gene, RRM1 (ribonucleotide reductase M1 subunit) with the genomic DNA samples of 89 subjects were genotyped using both real-time PCR and PCR-RFLP. Results: The discordance rates were 2.2% (2 mismatches) in -37 and 16.3% (15 mismatches) in -524. Auto-direct sequencing of all the mismatched samples(17 cases) were in accord with the genotypes read by real-time PCR. In addition, 138 genomic DNAs were genotyped using real-time PCR in a duplicate manner (two separated assays). Ninety-eight percent of the samples showed concordance between the two assays. Conclusion: Real-time PCR allelic discrimination assays are amenable to high-throughput genotyping and overcome many of the problematic features associated with PCR-RFLP.

Some Properties of an Isolate of Peanut stunt virus Isolated from White Clover (Trifolium repens L.) (토끼풀에서 분리한 Peanut stunt virus의 성질)

  • Jung, Goo-Ho;Jeon, Yong-Woon;Choi, Jang-Kyung;Hong, Jin-Sung;Ryu, Ki-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Yong
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.71-75
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    • 2008
  • An isolate of Peanut stunt virus (PSV), named as Tr-PSV, was isolated from white clover (Trifolium repens L) showing mosaic symptom. Tr-PSV systemically infected all plants tested in the Nicotiana spp. and induced local lesions on inoculated leaves of Chenopodium amaranticolor. However, Tr-PSV induced typical mosaic symptoms as ER-PSV on Vigna unguiculata 5 to 6 days after inoculation, while Fny-CMV used as a control virus of Cucumovirus produced local lesions on inoculated leaves. In dsRNA analysis, Tr-PSV consisted of four dsRNAs, but satellite RNA was not detected. The cDNA of coat protein gene of Tr-PSV was amplified by RT-PCR using a Cucumovirus-specific single pair primers that designed to amplify a DNA fragment of approximately 950 bp. By restriction mapping analysis using RFLP of the RT-PCR products and by serological properties of gel diffusion test, Tr-PSV belongs to a typical member of PSV subgroup I. This is the first report on the occurrence of PSV in white clover in Korea.