• Title, Summary, Keyword: Radius of Dome Part

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Forming of Dome and Inlet Parts of a High Pressure CNG Vessel by the Hot Spinning Process (열간 스피닝 공정을 통한 CNG 고압용기의 돔 및 입구 부 성형)

  • Lee, Kwang O;Park, Gun Young;Kwak, Hyo Seo;Kim, Chul
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.40 no.10
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    • pp.887-894
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    • 2016
  • The CNG pressure vessel is manufactured by a deep drawing and ironing (D.D.I) process for forming cylinder parts, followed by a spinning process for formation of the dome part. However, studies on the buckling phenomenon of the dome part and formation of the inlet part have not been performed yet, and the CNG pressure vessel is produced by the experience of the field engineers and the trial and error method. In this study, buckling phenomenon during the spinning process was predicted by comparing critical buckling loads obtained through theoretical analysis with axial loads from the FEA, and a method for preventing buckling of the dome part was proposed by employing commercial software (Forge NxT 1.0.2). Also, to form the inlet part, forming loads of the roller at contact point between the roller and the dome part were analyzed according to radii of the dome part, and the inlet part was formed by controlling the radius of the dome part.

Dome Shape Design and Performance Evaluation of Composite Pressure Vessel (복합재 압력용기의 돔 형상 설계 및 성능 평가)

  • Hwang, Tae-Kyung;Park, Jae-Beom;Kim, Hyoung-Geun;Doh, Young-Dae;Moon, Soon-Il
    • Composites Research
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2007
  • Dome shape design methods of Filament Winding (FW) composite pressure vessel, which can suggest various dome contour according to the external loading conditions, were investigated analytically and numerically. The performance indices(PV/W) of the pressure vessels with same cylinder radius and boss opening but different dome shape were evaluated by finite element analysis under the internal pressure loading condition. The analysis results showed that as the dome shape becomes flat, the performance index decreases significantly due to the reduced burst pressure. Especially, for the case of the high value of the parameter ro, the ratio between the radii of the cylinder part and the boss opening, the flat dome is disadvantageous in the aspect of the weight reduction, and additional reinforcing dome design technique should be required to increase the burst pressure. For example, above ro=0.54 condition, the dome shape change according to the loading condition could cause the low burst pressure and increase of composite weight in dome region and is not recommendable except for the special case that maximum inner volume or sufficient space between skirt and dome is the primary design objective. However, at ro=0.35, the dome shape change brings not so significant differences in the performance of FW vessel.