• Title, Summary, Keyword: Rail Stability

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Effects of Expansion of Sleeper Span at the Deck End of a Long Continuous Bridge on Train Safety and Track Stability (장대교량 신축부에서 침목간격 확대가 차량의 주행안전성 및 궤도의 구조안정성에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Sin-Chu
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.25 no.9
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    • pp.620-627
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    • 2015
  • Long continuous bridge deck can become contracted considerably as temperature drops, which can lead to a large expansion of sleeper span at the end of it. Since this huge sleeper span then can cause problems both with safety of train operation and structural stability of tracks, it is necessary to take the issue into consideration systematically in the designing process of the bridge. In this paper, an evaluation process through the analysis of train-track interaction was presented which can basically review the effects of the expansion of sleeper span at the end of long continuous bridge deck on the safety of the train and the structural stability of the track. The analyses of the interaction between the light rail train and tracks were carried out targeting the sleeper span as a main parameter. The safety of train operation and structural stability of tracks in a light rail system due to the expansion of the sleeper span were evaluated by comparing the numerical results with the related criteria.

Common Rail Pressure Control Algorithm for Passenger Car Diesel Engines Using Quantitative Feedback Theory (QFT를 이용한 디젤엔진의 커먼레일 압력 제어알고리즘 설계 연구)

  • Shin, Jaewook;Hong, Seungwoo;Park, Inseok;Sunwoo, Myoungho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2014
  • This paper proposes a common rail pressure control algorithm for passenger car diesel engines. For handling the parameter-varying characteristics of common rail systems, the quantitative feedback theory (QFT) is applied to the design of a robust rail pressure control algorithm. The driving current of the pressure control valve and the common rail pressure are used as the input/output variables for the common rail system model. The model parameter uncertainty ranges are identified through experiments. Rail pressure controller requirements in terms of tracking performance, robust stability, and disturbance rejection are defined on a Nichols chart, and these requirements are fulfilled by designing a compensator and a prefilter in the QFT framework. The proposed common rail pressure control algorithm is validated through engine experiments. The experimental results show that the proposed rail pressure controller has a good degree of consistency under various operating conditions, and it successfully satisfies the requirements for reference tracking and disturbance rejection.

A study on gap treatment in EMS type Maglev (상전도 흡입식 자기부상열차에서 공극처리방식에 대한연구)

  • Sung, Ho-Kyung;Jho, Jeong-Min;Lee, Jong-Moo;Kim, Dong-Sung
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.189-197
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    • 2006
  • Maglev using EMS becomes unstable by unexpected big air-gap disturbance. The main causes of the unexpected air-gap disturbance are step-wise rail joint and large distance between rail splices. For the stable operation of the Maglev, the conventional system uses the threshold method, which selects one gap sensor among two gap sensors installed on the magnet to read the gap between magnet and guide rail. But the threshold method with a wide bandwidth makes the discontinuous air-gap signal at the rail joints because of the offset in air gap sensors and/or the step-wise rail joins. Further more, in the case of the one with a narrow bend-width, it makes Maglev system unstable because of frequent alternation. In this paper, a new method using fuzzy rule to reduce air-gap disturbances proposed to improve the stability of Maglev system. It treats the air-gap signal from dual gap sensors effectively to make continuous signal without air gap disturbance. Simulation and experiment results proved that the proposed scheme was effective to reduce air-gap disturbance from dual gap sensors in rail joints.

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Analysis of Voltage Generating Characteristics of Composite Rail Pad Composed of Piezoelectric PVDF Film and Polyurethane Bonding Materials (철도레일 복합 압전패드의 구성 차이에 따른 전압 발생 특성 분석)

  • Cho, Hojin;Lim, Yujin;Kim, Sung Su;Lee, Jong Kwan
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.381-386
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    • 2017
  • A railway track generates severe levels of vibrations. In order to reduce these vibrations and to provide structural stability, various rail pads, mats, etc., are used for vibration protection. In this study, a specially designed rail pad was developed to reduce vibration and to generate electric power simultaneously, that is, by using the vibrations generated by railway cars on the track. The newly developed rail pads were tested to evaluate the characteristics of electric power by investigating the generated voltage and the current levels and patterns. In addition, we proposed an optimal laminated structure and adhesive by comparing the voltage generated by each type of adhesive required for optimal adhesion of the rail pad and the piezoelectric device.

Hydraulic Modal Analysis of High-Pressure Common-rail Fuel Injection System for Passenger Vehicle (승용 CR 연료분사시스템에 대한 유압 Modal 분석)

  • Sung, Gisu;Kim, Sangmyeong;Kim, Jinsu;Lee, Jinwook
    • Journal of ILASS-Korea
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2015
  • Recently, R&D demand for environmental friendly vehicle has rapidly increased due to its global environmental issues such as global warming, energy and economic crisis. Under this situation, the most realistic alternative way for environmental friendly vehicle is a clean diesel vehicle. The common-rail fuel injection system, as key technology of clean diesel vehicle, consists of a high pressure pump, common-rail, high pressure fuel line and electronic control injector. In common-rail high-pressure fuel injection system, high pressure wave of injection system and geometry of injector elements have a major effects on high-pressure fuel spray. Therefore, in this study, the numerical model was developed for analysis about the common-rail fuel pressure pulsation by using AMESim code. We could secure stability of common-rail high-pressure fuel injection system through optimal design of fuel line.

A Study on the Characteristics of Axial Force in Bridge with Continuous Welded Rail (장대레일화 된 교량의 축력거동특성 연구)

  • Kim, Doo-Hwan;Han, Kwang-Seob
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.251-258
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    • 2003
  • This study is to understand the characteristics of axial force behavior that operates to the part of continuous welded rail and to investigate the basic data for secure the structure's stability and retrofit of the track. To develop the FEM model that type of plate girder which is used in the domestic national railway among servicing railway type. It is to analyze the characteristics of axial force behavior according to equip of the expansion joint and support placing by using the axial force simulation in making the continuous welded rail. As the result of research on the parametric valuables through the analysis, it is investigated that 'FMFM type' is more efficient than the other support type. Also, it conclude that structures are having the expansion joint is the most safe condition.

Speed Limitations of the Rubber-Tired AGT Light Rail Vehicle for Inclement Weather (악천후에 대한 고무차륜 AGT 경량전철의 안전 운행속도)

  • 김연수;박성혁;백남욱
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1533-1536
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    • 2003
  • Dynamic model of the rubber-tired AGT light rail vehicle. various load and boundary conditions between vehicle and infrastructures(running track. guidance rail) were defined to analyze vehicular dynamic behaviors occurred by inclement weather(strong wind and earthquake). The dynamic analysis were performed by using a commercialized software RecurDyn. whose results for the magnitudes of wind and earthquake showed the resultant forces and accelerations between car body and bogie, or bogie guidance frame and infrastructures in the various track conditions(straight or curved tracks) and train velocities. Based on these results, speed limitation of tile vehicle were proposed to ensure system stability and passengers safety.

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Static Behavior of Geotextile Container for Urgent Restoration of Rail Roadbed (철도노반 보수용 토목섬유 콘테이너의 정적 거동특성 분석)

  • Shin Eun Chul;Koh Tae Hoon;Cho In Hui;Lee Jun Chul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2003
  • Utilizing of the geotextile container shows several advantages such as standardized construction, factory manufactured products, the control of quality, workability, and economical point of view. Recently this technique can be applied to rehabilitate the loss of rail roadbed due to the heavy rainfall. In this study, a large-scale laboratory test were conducted with simulation of static performance on the geotextile container reinforced rail roadbed. Based on the laboratory test results, the vertical pressure distribution with respect to the depth, and settlement of rail roadbed were measured and compared test results between geotextile container reinforced case and unreinforced case. Thus, the effectiveness of reinforcement was evaluated in terms of its performance and stability.

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Three Dimensional Buckling Analysis of Continuous Welded Rail Track Under Thermal Load (온도하중을 고려한 장대레일 궤도의 3차원 좌굴 거동)

  • 강준석;임남형;양신추;강영종
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.471-478
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    • 2000
  • For many decades, the railway was constructed using tracks with jointed rails of relatively short lengths. The joints cause many drawbacks in the track and lead to signeficant maintenance cost. so, railroad engineers became interested in eliminating joints. Continuous welded rail(CWR) track has many advantages over the conventional jointed-rail track. but, in the case of the elimination of rail joints, it may cause the track to be suddenly buckled laterally by thermal loads. In this paper, firstly, 3-D CWR track model and CWRB program exactly considering the influence of tie are developed far linear static and buckling analysis using finite element method. Characteristics of CWR track model are using 7-dofs beam element as rail, Offset technic exactly considering centroid axies difference of track components(rail, rail-pad-fastener, tie), and Thermal gradient considering thermal difference of top flange and bottom flange in rail section.. second,, Through the static and linear buckling analysis by CWRB, Influences of various track components (rail, ballast, fastener, tie and so on..) on CWR track behavior and stability was characterized.

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The Development of Third-Rail System Applied to Turn-out Section for Urban Maglev (도시형 자기부상열차 분기기 구간의 제3궤조 전차선 시스템 개발)

  • Min, Byong-Chan;Heo, Young-Tae;Hong, Du-Young;Lee, Won-Joo;Jo, Su-Yeon;Jeong, Nam-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.3046-3051
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    • 2011
  • The third-rail system is an important device supplying power directly to the Maglev train through physical contact with the collecting shoe. It is directly related to safety and reliability for the running of Maglev. However, most the third-rail system used in Korea depend on foreign product or technologies, Korea Urban Maglev in the development of appropriate power feeding is urgent. In particular, the turnout section is the weakness point in the system because bending force by turnout section movement and fatigue caused by repetitive motion as well as the expansion by temperature, the forces by Maglev collecting shoe is added th the third-rail. Therefore, this paper proposes the third-rail system appropriate for Korean Urban Maglev of turnout section. To verify the structural stability of POSCO ICT third-rail system, the finite element analysis and physical testing was performed. The third-rail is fixed on each side of the turn-out section steel structure by epoxy insulation supporter and the integral behaviors are occurred. Therefore, the maximum horizontal displacements of each support are investigated and then, it is applied to finite element model of the third-rail to investigate the moments and stress. Also, the bending test about one million times and Expansion Joint for the third-rail was performed. The third-rail system safety and reliability was identified by test line on Korea Institute of Machinery & Materials in Deajeon for under the actual usage environment such as the Maglev and turn-out operation.

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