• Title, Summary, Keyword: Rail Traffic Noise

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Installation Effect on Noise Reducer for Railway Traffic Noise (철도환경소음을 줄이기 위한 소음감소기의 설치제안)

  • Kim, Jeung-T.;Hong, Yoon-H.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.278-283
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    • 2007
  • Community noise, especially a rail traffic noise has been serious social issues in Korea. Our society needs practical tools to reduce noise levels for public who live near the railway lines. This paper proposes a noise reducer for railway traffic noise. At the beginning, various types of reducers are discussed, with the advantages and disadvantages with respect to acoustical phenomena. Then, the acoustic effects are discussed based on an insertion loss measurement. After several types of reduces are installed at fields, the noise level is monitored with and without the reducer. The result shows that the proper selection of reducers affects the noise level by 6 dB. The statistics of the mean and a standard deviation turns out to be 3.2 dB and 0.8 dB, respectively. Noise reducers are strongly recommended for the place where apartments are densely constructed alone the railway. Installation of noise reducers seems to be an effective and practical solution for the community traffic noise reduction.

Study on Health Impact Assessment Plan of Traffic Noise (교통소음의 건강영향 평가방안에 관한 연구)

  • Sun, Hyo-Sung;Park, Young-Min
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.774-776
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    • 2007
  • Because many people suffer physical and mental damage from the noise of the traffic facilities including road, rail, airport, the advanced countries have conducted the researches of predicting and solving the impact of the human health exposed to traffic noise. Therefore, this study suggests the fundamental plans which can assess the health impact of traffic noise on the basis of the prediction results about the health impact of traffic noise.

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A Study of Decreasing Noise and Vibration for a Light Rail Transit (경량철도 소음.진동의 저감 대책에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Gi;Park, Jong-Bok;Park, Kwang-Hyun;Rha, Sang-Ju
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.53-56
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    • 2004
  • A light rail transit would be one of effective means to solve a traffic problem of the city. Noise and vibration originated from light railway, however, would be another problem. This study focuses on the method of decreasing noise and vibration for a light railway, and comprises track condition, driving condition, linear condition, vehicle condition and civil engineering structure condition. For decreasing noise and vibration in an track, long rail laying and low vibration track laying would be good methods. The result of this study proves that improving the track wold be the most economical and valid method for decreasing noise and vibration for light railway.

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A Study en the reduction noise level of subway running train (전동차 주행시 소음저감 방안에 관한 연구)

  • So, Jin-Sub;Yu, Yang-Ha;Kim, Chi-Tae;Lee, Sang-Bae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.979-981
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    • 2006
  • Recently as the well-being diffuse and the living standard improves. People's demand for an environment lifestyle is gradually on the rise. The major source of the subway running train is rolling noise generated by the surface condition of wheel and rail. In this study, we research trends on the reduction noise level. Further-more, special traffic Ubiquitous helps to environment technical development.

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Highspeed Train : Sound Power and Noise Propagation Characteristics (고속철도의 소음 특성과 전파현상)

  • 김정태;은희준
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.349-355
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    • 1996
  • For a rail traffic noise, a typical source has a length of 200m - 400m so that the noise pollution areas have been located in the transition regions where the sound level drops between 3dB/dd and 6dB/dd. Therefore, in this region, parameters such as a horizontal distance from the track, the geometry of the ground surface, the environmental effect, and the boundary impedance condition play import roles, especially in our nation's situation. In this study, modelling techniques for the finite length of noise source have been investigated in order to evaluate the rail traffic noise level. Then. noise correction value .${\Delta}$SPL for various location in the track region is represented by the non-dimensionalized horizontal and parallel distance from the track. As an application, a high speed train is examined. Beas on the noise data measured for a Eurostar in France, the sound power value per unit length $H_1$is calcuated. It turns out that$H_1$is 109 dB. Overall sound power from the highspeed train to be serviced in our country is expected to 135 dBA.

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A Study on Prediction of Railway Noise Using Raynoise Modeling - A comparison of predicting expressions and Raynoise simulations - (Raynoise를 이용한 철도소음의 예측에 관한 연구 - 예측식과 Raynoise모델링의 비교 -)

  • Kim Tae-Gu;Park Min-Soo;Kim Tae-Oh
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.6-10
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    • 2005
  • With the rapid industrial development, railways have become a main traffic means of transportation. However, rail traffic noise and vibration have become a major problem in urban areas which is a very serious issue for the living environment. Especially, railway noise induced by rail operations has influenced on the residents living near railway tracks. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the Raynoise modeling in railway applications. Generally, my acoustics have been used to investigate the effectiveness of noise barriers in railway applications and barriers are modeled using the commercial software Raynoise. A-weighted sound pressure level have been measured at six locations, 4m from the track and are compared with experimental values. Based on the analysis of the results, Comparison between numerical and experimental values are within 1dB (A). Also, when a train is m through the Raynoise modeling, the general influential sphere of railway noise can be determined. Therefore, this study will be using basic data in establishing effective railway noise prevention plans far the future. Also, we could know that is applicable of Raynoise modeling at railway noise.

Survey and Evaluation for Exterior Noise of a High Rise Apartment in Seoul (서울시 초고층 아파트의 외부소음 측정과 평가)

  • Lee, Seon-Dong;Park, Yu-Ra;Lee, Sang-Woo;Yoo, Ho-Chun
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2004
  • As a part of acoustical design, it is often necessary to quantify aspects of an existing environment and to predict the result of adding an acoustical treatment. The most common sources of exterior noise, also termed as environmental noise,(or community noise) are traffic noise, air craft noise, industrial noise, etc. Transportation(air, road, and rail)noise is the dominant and most common source of noise exposure in residential neighborhoods, and the annoyance is its most consequential effect. The road traffic noise becomes aggravated due to the rapid increase of vehicles. It has a great effect on the dwelling environment. Therefore we investigate the characteristics and sources of the road traffic noise through grasping the status of the road traffic noise. In the present study, preceding studies investigated the noise level of urban areas in Seoul were reviewed and the noise level of urban areas in Seoul was measured at first, fifth, tenth, and nineteenth floor for two days of weekdays and two days of weekend.

A Study on the Prediction of Train Noise Propagation Using the Spark Discharge Sound Source (스파크 음원을 이용한 철도소음전파 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Joo Jin-Soo;Kim Jae-Chul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.485-490
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    • 2005
  • With the historical opening of the express rail, Korea has joined the league of France, Japan, Germany and Spain and entered into the super high-speed train era. Opening of the express rail will not only bring about enormous changes to the lives of Koreans, but it will also have a huge influence on the economic, social and cultural aspects of the country. With construction of the Seoul - Busan KTX line, railway passenger transportation capacity and freight transportation capacity will increase. Fast, safe, convenient and environmentally friendly, the express rail is a product of the latest technology and will secure its position as the newest and most preferred method of transportation for the next generation. As the traffic noise, train noise from KTX will become a social problems with the acceleration of speed and increase in the lines. In order to predict the train noise propagation from KTX, this paper presents the sound source system, the calculation model and the scale model experiment. Noise level unit patterns of a KTX that take the rolling noise, the motor noise and aerodynamic noise into consideration are simulated by the scale model experiment and numerical analysis.

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Expansion Joints for Vibration and Noise Test (신축이음장치의 진동소음 실험)

  • Kwark, Jong-Won;Kim, Young-Jin;Lee, Jung-Woo;Choi, Eun-Suk;Chin, Won-Jong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.513-516
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    • 2004
  • Consistency in design, manufacture, installation and performance test of expansion joints is insufficient for guarantee of reliability because they are imported from various foreign countries as America, Japan and Europe. In addition to that, the regulations or codes of expansion joint should be revised and established for levels of vibration and noise generated from riding vehicles especially. Regulation on the noise neighboring traffic roads is established by ministry of environment. Therefore, Field tests on the vibration and the noise at expansion Joints, especially rail-type and finger-type joints which are typical ones in bridge with short or middle span, are performed and performance of expansion joints are analyzed. And so, the results of the investigation will be utilized as basic data for the regulation on the vibration and the noise.

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Indoor And Outdoor Noise Distribution in Apartment House for Each Story (공동주택의 내.외부에 따른 층별 소음분포)

  • Park, Cheol-Yong;Hong, Goo-Pyo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2006
  • Most apartment houses were sited in road because it was convenient for transportation. One of the most noise is traffic noise at apartment house. The tested site was closely located in rail road and installed soundproofing wall. This study is measured indoor and outdoor noise distribution in apartment house for each story. It was similar noise distribution at indoor test but it was different noise distribution at outdoor test for each story. It was measured higher noise level at the upper stories than 5th story in outdoor noise distribution.

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