• Title, Summary, Keyword: Rail stress

Search Result 257, Processing Time 0.058 seconds

Analytical Study of High Speed Railway Braking Disc-hub for Enhancement of Cooling Performance (냉각 성능 향상을 위한 고속철도 제동 디스크 허브의 해석 연구)

  • Lee, Yong-Woo;Kim, Jang-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.199-207
    • /
    • 2021
  • This study aimed to improve the performance of the KTX (Korea Train Express) brake system. To develop a braking disc-hub for the high-speed rail, the model performance was analyzed by finite element analysis, and the analysis results were verified using the braking test results. In addition, heat transfer analysis, thermal stress analysis, natural frequency analysis, and static analysis were conducted to examine the mechanical performance of the braking system. By deriving the design factors and conducting parametric analyses according to the shape of the hub, this study derived the optimal specifications that could improve heat dissipation and reduce weight. The cooling efficiency and structural performance of the optimization model were improved during braking compared to the existing model. It is expected that the design verification will be carried out through analyses of the optimal specifications so that it can be used in the development of brakes in railway vehicles and motor vehicles.

Optimum Design for the Frame of the Shuttle Car for LMTT to transfer a Container (컨테이너 이송을 위한 LMTT용 셔틀 카의 프레임 치수최적설계)

  • Han, Dong-Seop;Han, Geun-Jo;Lee, Kwon-Hee;Shim, Jae-Joon;Lee, Seong-Wook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.429-432
    • /
    • 2005
  • LMTT(Linear Motor based Transfer Technology) is a new type of transfer system used in the maritime container terminal for the port automation, and largely consists of a controller, shuttle car, and rail. The shuttle car is divided into the frame part, the driving part, and wheels. In order to design this system, various researched on each part of it must be conducted. In this study, we dealt with the optimum design for the frame part of the shuttle car designed from previous studies on the strength of the frame with respect to the number of cross beams to minimize the weight of the shuttle car and to satisfy design criteria of cargo-handling systems in container terminal. For the optimization of the frame, thicknesses of each beam were adopted as design variables, the weight of the frame as objective function, and stress and deflection per unit length as constraint conditions.

  • PDF

Investigation of Stiffness Characteristics of Subgrade Soils under Tracks Based on Stress and Strain Levels (응력 및 변형률 수준을 고려한 궤도 흙노반의 변형계수 특성 분석)

  • Lim, Yujin;Kim, DaeSung;Cho, Hojin;Sagong, Myoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
    • /
    • v.16 no.5
    • /
    • pp.386-393
    • /
    • 2013
  • In this study, the so-called repeated plate load bearing test (RPBT) used to get $E_{v2}$ values in order to check the degree of compaction of subgrade, and to get design parameters for determining the thickness of the trackbed foundation, is investigated. The test procedure of the RPBT method is scrutinized in detail. $E_{v2}$ values obtained from the field were verified in order to check the reliability of the test data. The $E_{v2}$ values obtained from high-speed rail construction sites were compared to converted modulus values obtained from resonant column (RC) test results. For these tests, medium-size samples composed of the same soils from the field were used after analyzing stress and strain levels existing in the soil below the repeated loading plates. Finite element analyses, using the PLAXIS and ABAQUS programs, were performed in order to investigate the impact of the strain influence coefficient. This was done by getting newly computed $I_z$ to get the precise strain level predicted on the subgrade surface in the full track structure; under wheel loading. It was verified that it is necessary to use precise loading steps to construct nonlinear load-settlement curves from RPBT in order to get correct $E_{v2}$ values at the proper strain levels.

Respiratory Gas Exchange and Ventilatory Functions at Maximal Exercise (최대운동시의 호흡성 가스교환 및 환기기능)

  • Cho, Yong-Keun;Jung, Tae-Hoon
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • /
    • v.42 no.6
    • /
    • pp.900-912
    • /
    • 1995
  • Background: Although graded exercise stress tests are widely used for the evaluation of cardiorespiratory performance, normal standards on respiratory gas exchange and ventilatory functions at maximal exercise in Koreans have not been well established. The purpose of this study is to provide reference values on these by sex and age, along with derivation of some of their prediction equations. Method: Symptom-limited maximal exercise test was carried out by Bruce protocol in 1,000 healthy adults consisting of 603 males and 397 females, aged 20~66 years. Among them VC, $FEV_1$ and MVV were also determined in 885 cases. All the subjects were members of a health center, excluding athletes. During the exercise, subjects were allowed to hold on to front hand rail of the treadmill for safety purpose. Results: The $VO_2\;max/m^2$, $VCO_2\;max/m^2$ and $V_E\;max/m^2$ were greater in males than in females and decreased with age. The RR max in men and women was similar but decreased slightly with age. The $V_T$ max was markedly greater in men but showed no significant changes with age in either gender. The mean of $V_T$ max/VC, $V_E$ max/MVV and BR revealed that there were considerable ventilatory reserves at maximal exercise even in older females. The regression equations of the cardinal parameters obtained using exercise time(ET, min), age(A, yr), height(Ht, cm), weight(W, kg), sex(S, 0=male; 1=female), VC(L), $FEV_1$(L) and $V_E$ max(L) as variables are as follows: $VO_2\;max/m^2$(L/min)=1.449+0.073 ET-0.007A+0.010W-0.006Ht-0.209S, $VCO_2\;max/m^2$(L/min)=1.672+0.063ET-0.008A+0.010W-0.005Ht-0.319S, VE max/$m^2$(L/min)=58.161+1.503ET-0.315A-9.871S or VE max/$m^2$(L/min)=47.873+6.548 $FEV_1$-5.715 S, and VT max(L)=1.497+0.223VC-0.493S. Conclusion: Respiratory gas exchange and ventilatory variables at maximal exercise were studied in 1,000 non-athletes by Bruce protocol. During exercise, the subjects were allowed to hold on to hand rail of the treadmill for safety purpose. We feel that our results would provide ideal target values for patients and healthy individuals to be achieved, since our study subjects were members of a health center whose physical fitness levels were presumably higher than ordinary population.

  • PDF

Development of Collision Scenario-Based Evaluation System for the Cognitive Performance of Marine Officers (충돌시나리오 기반의 항해사 인지능력 평가시스템 개발)

  • Kim, Hong-Tae;Barentt, Mike;Yang, Won-Jae
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
    • /
    • v.31 no.8
    • /
    • pp.629-635
    • /
    • 2007
  • Reduced crew performance is frequently cited as a major causal factor in maritime accident causation. Although considerable research has been conducted on the hours of work undertaken by seafarers through interviews and the analysis of records, experimental studies to observe the effects of factors such as high workload, shift patterns, stress, sleep deprivation and disturbance on the cognitive performance of mariners have been limited. Other safety-critical transport industries, such as aviation and rail, have developed fatigue management tools to help manage the work patterns of their operators. Such a tool for mariners would assist shipboard crew, marine pilots and shore management in planning and improving work schedules. The overall aim of this paper is to determine a fatigue factor, which can be applied to human performance data, as part of a software program that calculates total cognitive performance. This program enables us to establish the levels of cognitive performance of a group of marine pilots to test a decision-making task based on radar information. This paper addresses one of the factors that may contribute to the determination of various fatigue factors: the effect of different work patterns on the cognitive performance of a marine pilot.

An analysis of the Behaviour of Uplift-Resisting Ground Anchors from Pull-out Tests (현장시험을 통한 부력앵커의 거동분석)

  • Lee, Cheolju;Jun, Sanghyun;Yoo, Namjae
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-40
    • /
    • 2007
  • Engineering behaviour of uplift-resisting ground anchors constructed in weathered rocks has been investigated by carrying out a series of full scale pull-out tests. The anchor was to resist uplift forces (buoyancy) associated with high groundwater table acting on the basement of a rail way station. The study has included the ultimate pull-out capacity of the anchors and shear stress transfer mechanism at the anchor-ground interface. The pull-out tests were conducted by changing bonded lengths of the anchor (2~7 m) and diameter of drilled borehole (108~165 mm) to investigate their effects on the behaviour of the anchor. The measured results showed that the ultimate capacity of the anchors was increased with an increase in the bonded length, diameter of drilled borehole as expected. The ultimate capacity of the anchors deduced from the pull-out tests ranged from 392 to 1,569 kN, depending on the above-mentioned factors. This corresponds to the interface shear strength of about 227~505 kPa. Interface shear stresses deduced from the pull-out test showed that the larger the pull-out force, the larger the mobilisation of the interface shear strength. The failure mode of the anchors heavily depended on the bonded lengths of the anchors. When the bonded length was short (2~3 m), a cone-type failure was observed, whereas when the bonded length increased (5~7 m), failure developed at the grout-ground interface.

  • PDF

Wetting-Induced Collapse in Fill Materials for Concrete Slab Track of High Speed Railway (고속철도 콘크리트궤도 흙쌓기재료의 Wetting Collapse에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sung-Jin;Lee, Il-Wha;Im, Eun-Sang;Shin, Dong-Hoon;Cho, Sung-Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.79-88
    • /
    • 2008
  • Recently, the high speed railway comes into the spotlight as the important and convenient traffic infrastructure. In Korea, Kyung-Bu high speed train service began in bout 400 km section in 2004, and the Ho-Nam high speed railway will be constructed by 2017. The high speed train will run with a design maximum speed of 300-350 km/hr. Since the trains are operated at high speed, the differential settlement of subgrade under the rail is able to cause a fatal disaster. Therefore, the differential settlement of the embankment must be controlled with the greatest care. Furthermore, the characteristics and causes of settlements which occurred under construction and post-construction should be investigated. A considerable number of studies have been conducted on the settlement of the natural ground over the past several decades. But little attention has been given to the compression settlement of the embankment. The long-term settlement of compacted fills embankments is greatly influenced by the post-construction wetting. This is called 'hydro collapse' or 'wetting collapse'. In spite of little study for this wetting collapse problem, it has been recognized that the compressibility of compacted sands, gravels and rockfills exhibit low compressibility at low pressures, but there can be significant compression at high pressures due to grain crushing (Marachi et al. 1969, Nobari and Duncan 1972, Noorany et al. 1994, Houston et al. 1993, Wu 2004). The characteristics of compression of fill materials depend on a number of factors such as soil/rock type, as-compacted moisture, density, stress level and wetting condition. Because of the complexity of these factors, it is not easy to predict quantitatively the amount of compression without extensive tests. Therefore, in this research I carried out the wetting collapse tests, focusing on various soil/rock type, stress levels, wetting condition more closely.