• Title, Summary, Keyword: Railway vibration

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Design of railway noise and vibration Database considering noise source of railway noise complaints focused area (철도 소음 민원 집중 지역의 소음 발생원을 고려한 철도 소음진동 데이터베이스 설계)

  • Lee, Hong-gi;Lee, Hyun-jun;Son, Sung-wan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.812-816
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    • 2014
  • Recently, there is an increasing interest on railway noise and vibration. Accordingly, the importance of technology that can assess the vibration and structural noise caused due to the railway operation is increasing. Additionally, the need to construct a railway noise and vibration database which is a basic data for a reliable railway noise and vibration assessment as well is increasing. However, the problem is that the currently constructed database fails to include the factors influencing the occurrence of noise and vibration sufficiently. Therefore, In this paper, design a railway noise and vibration database that includes those factors sufficiently and which enables the continuous data management and accumulation.

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Development of Railway Vibration Evaluation System Using Actual Railway Vibration Database (실측 철도 진동 데이터베이스를 이용한 철도진동 평가 시스템 개발)

  • Lee, Hyunjun;Seo, Eun Seong;Hwang, Young Sup
    • KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.153-162
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    • 2019
  • Recently, it is necessary to develop a technology for quantitatively evaluating railway vibration to prevent civil complaints about orbital structures caused by railway noise and normal operation of ultra-precise equipment of orbital industrial complexes. The existing analytical method requires a very complicated dynamic response model, and it is difficult to secure the reliability of the result due to the inaccuracy of the demand model. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a railway vibration evaluation algorithm and system that deduce the vibration value generated from railway operation by using Linear Regression and Gradient Descent technique based on actual measurement railway vibration database that classifies factors affecting railway vibration. The prediction results obtained by the proposed algorithm show higher efficiency and accuracy than the existing analytical methods.

A Study on the Calculation of Vibration Transfer Formula for Ground Vibration (지반의 진동전달식 산정에 관한 연구)

  • 홍갑표;전호민
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.799-806
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    • 1998
  • Noise and vibration due to railway traffic are major causes of environmental pollution in the city. In course of judging, assessing and coping with the problem, it becomes imperative to predict the vibration level induced by railway traffic passing through downtown in the city. The vibration due to railway traffic is transferred to the neighbouring buildings through the ground. In this study, as a method predicting vibration level of the buildings near railway, a vibration transfer formula is suggested. This formula is used to calculate vibration level occuring at the bottom of the neighbouring buildings, which are located at a certain distance from railway.

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Reduction of Railway-induced Vibration using In-filled Trenches with Pipes

  • Hasheminezhad, Araz
    • International Journal of Railway
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.16-23
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    • 2014
  • Reduction in railway-induced vibrations in urban areas is a very challenging task in railway transportation. Many mitigation measures can be considered and applied. Among these, a little attention has been paid to trenches. In this study, a numerical investigation on the effectiveness of in-filled trenches with pipes in reducing railway vibrations due to passing trains is presented. Particularly, a series of two-dimensional dynamic analysis was performed to model the behavior of ballasted railway track under harmonic load with ABAQUS software as a Finite Element method. In so doing, two types of in-filled trenches with pipes with steel and concrete materials have been investigated in this paper. In addition, effectiveness of pipes made of steel and concrete, filled with loose sand and clay in railway-induced vibration reduction has been assessed. The results point out that using in-filled trench with pipes does not effective a lot on railway-induced vibration reduction in comparison to other railway-induced vibration reduction methods. However, in-filled trenches with steel pipes are much more effective than in-filled trenches with concrete pipes. Moreover, filling pipes with loose sand and clay does not have any effect on vibration reduction efficiency of these in-filled trenches.

Analysis of the Coupled Vibration for Traveling Wheel (주행 중 차륜의 연성 진동 해석)

  • 류윤선
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.352-357
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    • 1997
  • The coupled vibration of a wheel-railway track system has been considered as that of a moving mass on a beam. In this paper, an analytical model is proposed to analyze the coupled vibration when a wheel travels on a railway track. The railway track supported by sleepers is considered as a beam on Winkler's foundations, and the wheel traveling on railway track at constant speed is considered as a moving mass. Hertz's contact stiffness is assumed between the wheel and railway track. Numerical results are compared with experimental ones to verify the validity of the numerical method. The numerical method in found to be efficient to analyze this system. Based on the numerical simulation, the appropriate analysis range of the beam model and the characteristics of coupled vibration are discussed.

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Vibration Reduction of Pipe Line in Air-conditioner for Railway Vehicle (철도차량용 냉방기 배관계의 진동저감 연구)

  • You, Won-Hee;Jung, Yong-Ho;Koo, Jeong-Seo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.925-931
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    • 2012
  • The air-conditioner for railway vehicle should have vibration durability in order to operate normally in vehicle running situation. KS R 9144(vibration test methods for railway vehicle parts) is used to verify the vibration durability. The specifications of compressor, condenser and evaporator for air-conditioner in railway vehicle are standardized, but the shape and structure of pipe lines are not specified. Because the air-conditioner handler produces the pipe line arbitrarily, sometimes the pipe line is broken during the vibration durability test. In this research the cause identification and solution of pipe line breaking problem in during the vibration durability test were studied for air-conditioner of railway vehicle(diesel multiple unit). It was found that the natural frequency of pipe line is related to the pipe line breaking by experiment. A new pipe line shape was introduced by using FEA in order to avoid the resonance. The prototype new pipe line was applied to air-conditioner and the natural frequency was measured by experiment in order to verify the resonance avoidance. The vibration reduction of air-conditioner with new pipe line was reviewed by comparing to the air-conditioner with original one.

Lateral Vibration Analysis for Design Parameter of the Scale Model of a Railway Vehicle (축소형 철도차량의 설계변수에 따른 횡진동 해석)

  • Lee, Seung-Il;Choi, Yeon-Sun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.1231-1237
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    • 2006
  • The vibration of a running railway vehicle can be classified on lateral, longitudinal and vertical motions. The important factor on the stability and ride quality of a railway vehicle is the lateral motion. The contact between wheel and rail with conicity influences strongly on the lateral motion. In this study, an experiment for the vibration of a running railway vehicle was performed using a of the scale model of a railway vehicle. Also, the effects on the car-body, bogie and wheelset were examined for the weight and the stiffness of the second suspension system. The experimental results showed that the lateral vibration increases as the wheel conicity and stiffness of the second suspension system increase. And the lateral vibration of the bogie increases as the mass ratio between car-body and bogie increases. Also, the lateral vibration of the wheel becomes high at low speed, while the wheel of 1/20 conicity makes severe vibration at high speed running.

Measuring the vibration and Vibration control of Railway Bridge (철도교량의 진동측정 및 방진대책)

  • 엄기영;정흥채;한성호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.929-934
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    • 2002
  • There are many reasons for occurring vibration when trains run on the railway, but the typical vibration are occurring when the trains run on the elevated Railway bridge. For the settlement of the problems form the vibration, it must be performed to analyze the effect of the vibration to human bodies and adjacent area. and to establish the countermeasures. In this paper, we analyzed the effects of the vibration to the bridge itself and to adjacent structures by measuring the vibration of Yong-Dang Elevated Railway Bridge on Jeolla Line and adjacent area.

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Lateral Vibration Analysis of a Small Scale Railway Vehicle Model (축소형 차량의 횡진동 해석)

  • Lee Seung-Il;Son Gun-Ho;Choi Yeon-Sun
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.417-422
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    • 2004
  • The vibration of a running vehicle can be classified on lateral, longitudinal and vertical motions. The important factor on the stability and ride quality of a railway vehicle is the lateral motion. The contact between wheel and rail with conicity influences strongly on the lateral motion. In this study, an experiment for the vibration of a running railway vehicle was performed using a small scale railway vehicle model. Also, the effects on the car body, bogie and wheelset were examined for the weight and the stiffness of the first and second suspension. The experimental results showed that the lateral vibration increases as the wheel conicity and stiffness of the second suspension increase. And the lateral vibration of the bogie increases as the mass ratio between car body and bogie increases. Also, the lateral vibration of the wheel becomes high at low speed, while the wheel of 1/20 conicity makes severe vibration at high speed running.

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Vibration simulation of a multi-story high-speed railway station

  • Gao, Mangmang;Xiong, Jianzhen;Xu, Zhaojun
    • Interaction and multiscale mechanics
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.365-372
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    • 2010
  • Station is an important building in high-speed railway, and its vibration and noise may significantly affect the comfort of waiting passengers. A coupling vibration model for train-structure system is established to analyze and evaluate the vibration level of a typical waiting hall under dynamic train load. The motion of a four-axle vehicle with two suspension system is modeled in multi-body dynamics with linear springs and dampers employed. The station is modeled as a whole finite element structure which is 113 m in longitudinal and 163.5 m in lateral, and the stiffness of the station foundation is considered. According to the assumptions that both wheel and rail are rigid bodies and keep contact to each other in vertical direction, and the wheel/rail interaction and displacement coordination in horizontal direction is defined by the simplified Kalker creep theory, the vehicle spatial vibration model has 27 degrees-of-freedom. An overall analysis procedure is made of the train moving through the station, by which the dynamic responses of the train and the station are calculated. According to the comparison between analysis and test results, the actual connection status between different parts of the station is estimated and the vibration level of the waiting hall is evaluated.