• Title, Summary, Keyword: Real-time simulator

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Transient Stability Analysis using Large-Scale Real Time Digital Simulator

  • Yoon, Yong-Beum;Kim, Tae-Kyun;Won, Jong-Ryul;Shin, Jeong-Hoon;Kim, Yong-Hak;Cha, Seung-Tae;Choo, Jin-Boo
    • KIEE International Transactions on Power Engineering
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    • v.11A no.4
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2001
  • The KEPS(KEPCO's Enhanced Power system Simulator) Real Time Digital Simulator(RTDS) is the largest real time power system simulator ever built. A power system which includes 320 (3-phase) buses and 90 generators has been modeled and run in real time. Since such large-scale systems were involved, it was not practical to validate them using non-real time electro-magnetic transient programs such as EMTDC™ or EMTP. Instead, the results of the real time electromagnetic transient simulation were validated by comparing to transient stability simulations run using PTI's PSS/E™ program. The comparison of results from the two programs is very good in almost all cases. However, as expected, some differences did exist and were investigated. The differences in the results were primarily traced to the fact that the electromagnetic transient solution algorithm provides more detail solutions and therefore greater accuracy than the transient stability algorithm. After finding very good comparison of results between RTDS Simulator and PSS/E, and after investigating the discrepancies found, KEPCO gained the necessary confidence to use the large-scale real time simulator to analyze and develop their power system.

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A Study on the Application of the Real-Time Simulator (실시간 모의시험기의 적용에 관한 연구)

  • 장성욱;이진걸
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.191-191
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    • 2000
  • Hydraulic servo system is difficult to be made up and each component is very expensive, it takes long for actual system to make and test and it costs a high price. Because of these characteristics of hydraulic servo system, a real time simulator that could describe behavior of real system is highly demanded, without composing real hydraulic system. So, many studies have been (lone on these subjects and many simulators are developed with superiority. Since the nonlinearity of a hydraulic system common simulator have composed of many calculative times byusing DSP(Digital Signal processing) and have made it possible to find the situations of the system in real time, calculating hydraulic simulation and controller separately. In this study, we suggest real-time simulator that could describe real system without ordinary DSP card. This simulator is composed of 80196kc and personal computer. DSP card that has calculated complex numerical equation is supplanted by personal computer and 80196kc generates control signals independently out of the personal computer. In all process, personal computer is synchronized with one-board microprocessor within sampling time in the closed loop system. This makes it possible to be described in hydraulic servo system in real time. And to make a comparison between the result of the real-time simulator and a hydraulic servo system.

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Development of a Pneumatic Actuation System Real-Time Simulator Using a DSP Board and PC (DSP 카드 및 PC에 의한 공압구동장치의 실시간 모의시험기 개발)

  • Lee, Seong-Rae;Shin, Hyo-Pil
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.320-326
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    • 2000
  • The real-time simulator of a pneumatic actuation system that is composed of differential PWM signal generator, charge solenoid valve, discharge solenoid valve, actuator, load, and rotational potentiometer is developed using a DSP board and a PC. The simulator receives the control signals from the external controller through the A/D converter, updates the state and output variables of the Pneumatic actuation system responding to the input signals every sampling time, and sends out the output signals through the D/A converter in real time. The user can observe the displacements, velocities, pressures, and mass flows representing the operation of pneumatic actuation system through the PC monitor in real time. Also the user can see the moving images between the pistons and rotating arm realistically in real time. The accuracy of the real-time simulator is verified by the good agreement of the real-time simulation results and the experimental results of the pneumatic actuation system.

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Designing of real-time distributed simulator and controller architecture (실시간 분산처리 시뮬레이터 및 제어기 구조 설계)

  • 양광웅;박재현
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.744-747
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    • 1997
  • High performance digital computer technology enables the digital computer-based controllers to replace traditional analog controllers used for factory automations. This replacement, however, brings up the side effects caused by discrete quantization and non-real-time execution of control softwares. This paper describes the structure of real-time simulator and controller that can be used for design and verification of real-time digital controllers. The virtual machine concept adopted by real-time simulator make the proposed simulator be independent from the specific hardware platforms. The proposed system can also be used in the loosely coupled distributed environments connected through local area network using real-time message passing algorithm and virtual data table based on the shared memory mechanism.

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Development of Real-Time Distributed Simulator and Controller Based on Virtual Machine (가상머신을 이용한 실시간 분산처리 시뮬레이터 및 제어기)

  • 양광웅;박재현
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 1999
  • Advanced digital computer technology enables the computer-based controllers to replace the traditional analog controllers used in factory automations. This replacement, however, brings up the side effects caused by the quantization error and non-real-time execution of control software. This paper describes the structure of real-time simulator and controller that can be used for design and verification of real-time digital controllers. The virtual machine concept adopted by the proposed real-time simulator makes the proposed simulator be independent from the specific hardware platforms. The proposed system can also be used in the loosely coupled distributed environments connected through local area network using real-time message passing algorithm and virtual data table based on the shared memory mechanism.

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Development of an Real-time Multi-machine Power System Simulator using Personal Computers and Fast Ethernet (개인용 컴퓨터와 고속 이더넷을 이용한 다기 다모선 전력 시스템 실시간 시뮬레이터 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Joong-Moon
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 2009
  • As the complexity of the power system becomes higher, tests of the new devices, such as exciter and PCS(Power Conversion System) of the distributed generation sources, in the real operating condition are more important. However tests of the unverified devices in the real power system may cause hazardous malfunction of the system. In order to avoid this problem, power devices may be tested with the real-time simulators instead of the real power system. This paper presents an real-time multi machine power system simulator using PCs(Personal Computer) and Fast Ethernet. Developed real-time simulator performs the electro-mechanical dynamic simulation of multi-machine power system by the network distributed computing technique. Because the simulator consists of usual PCs and Fast Ethernet, it is possible to make up a simulation system very cheaper than the conventional real-time simulator which consists of dedicated expensive hardware devices. The performance of the developed simulator is tested and verified with the scaled model excitation system. The test which adjust the control parameters of the exciter is performed with the well-known New England 10 generator 39 bus sample power system.

Development of a Hydraulic Leading System Real-Time Simulator Using a PC and I/O Interface Board (PC 와 I/O 인터페이스 보드를 이용한 유압식 하역장치의 실시간 모의시험기 개발)

  • Lee, Seong-Rae
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.426-432
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    • 2000
  • The hydraulic loading system real-time simulator using a PC and I/O interface board is developed to simulate the dynamic characteristics of hydraulic loading system in real time. The simulator receives the digital on-off control signals generated by the operator through the D/I channels, updates the state and output variables of the hydraulic loading system responding to the input signals and draw the moving pictuters of the lift cylinder, lift arm and loading box on the PC monitor in real time. Also, the operator can observe the displacement and pressure of cylinder, the rotatinal angle, reaction force, and safety factors of lift arm representing the operation of hydraulic loading system through the PC monitor in real time. The real-time simulator can be a very useful tool to design industrial dynamic systems and feel the goodness of the system operation since the operator can observe the moving pictures of the operating system in real time as he operates the real time simulator.

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Bimodal-tram Simulator using PXI Embedded Real-time Controllers (PXI embedded real-time controller를 이용한 Bimodal-tram Simulator)

  • Byun, Yeun-Sub;Kim, Young-Chol
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.59 no.3
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    • pp.645-650
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    • 2010
  • In this paper we present the Bimodal-tram simulator using the PXI embedded real-time controllers. The Bimodal-tram is developed in KRRI (Korea Railroad Research Institute). The vehicle can be automatically operated by navigation control system (NCS). For the automatic driving, the vehicle lanes will be marked with permanent magnets that are placed in the ground. The vehicle is controlled by NCS. NCS governs the manual mode and automatic mode driving. The simulator is designed by an identical conception with the real control condition. The dynamic motion of vehicle is simulated by the nonlinear dynamic model. The control computer calculates the control values. The signal interface is linked by CAN communication. The simulation is processed by real-time base. The test driver can see the graphic motion of vehicle and can operate the steering wheel, gas and brake pedal to control direction and velocity of vehicle during the simulation. At present, the simulator is only operated by manual mode. The automatic mode will be linked after the control algorithm is finished. We will use the simulator to develop the control algorithm in the automatic mode. This paper shows the simulator designed for Bimodal-tram using real-time based controller. The results of the test using the simulator are presented and discussed.

Study on Real-time Parallel Processing Simulator for Performance Analysis of Missiles (유도탄 성능분석을 위한 실시간 병렬처리 시뮬레이터 연구)

  • Kim Byeong-Moon;Jung Soon-Key
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.84-91
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, we describe the real-time parallel processing simulator developed for the use of performance analysis of rolling missiles. The real-time parallel processing simulator developed here consists of seeker emulator generating infrared image signal on aircraft, real-time computer, host computer, system unit, and actual equipments such as auto-pilot processor and seeker processor. Software is developed from mathematic models, 6 degree-of-freedom module, aerodynamic module which are resided in real-time computer, and graphic user interface program resided in host computer. The real-time computer consists of six TIC-40 processors connected in parallel. The seeker emulator is designed by using analog circuits coupled with mechanical equipments. The system unit provides interface function to match impedance between the components and processes very small electrical signals. Also real launch unit of missiles is interfaced to simulator through system unit. In order to apply the real-time parallel processing simulator to performance analysis equipment of rolling missiles it is essential to perform the performance verification test of simulator.

Verification of Hybrid Real Time HVDC Simulator in Cheju-Haenam HVDC System

  • Yang Byeong-Mo;Kim Chan-Ki;Jung Gil-Jo;Moon Young-Hyun
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.23-27
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    • 2006
  • In this paper a Hybrid Real Time HVDC Simulator fur both operator Training and Researching in the Cheju-Haenam HVDC System is proposed and its performance is studied by means of RTDS (Real Time Digital Simulator), EMTDC (Electro-Magnetic Transients system for DC), PSS/E (Power System Simulator for Engineering), and experienced scenarios. The objective of this paper is to represent the strategy in development for KEPCO's hybrid HVDC simulator for the Cheju-Haenam HVDC system. This simulator consists of two DC stations, DC cables, external digital/analog controllers, monitoring systems and control desk for education, and AC networks. Its suitability for operator's education is tested during startup/shutdown and normal state operations. Dynamic performances of it are also verified.