• Title, Summary, Keyword: Reeling

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Effect of Reeling Velocity and Temperature on the Automatic Silk Reeling Process (조사속도 및 조사탕온도의 고저가 자동조사성적에 미치는 영향)

  • 최병희;송기언;이인전
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • no.11
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    • pp.69-72
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    • 1970
  • The purpose of this study is to find out reasonable automatic silk reeling method of the domestic cocoons Jar the improvement of its reeling ability. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The silk yield and the reelability percentage decreased according to increase of the reeling velocity and decrease of the reeling temperature. 2. The reeling tension increased according to increase of the reeling velocity and decrease of the reeling temperature. 3. The reeling accidance increased according to i I1crease of the reeling velocity and temperature. 4. In case of the automatic silk reeling with fixed denier system, the reeling velocity (90∼120m/min) md temperature (35∼45$^{\circ}C$) had no influence on the raw silk qualities. 5. As a conclusion, the reasonable reeling velocity is 3bout 120m per minutes and the bath temperature is about 40$^{\circ}C$ in the automatic silk reeling of the domestic cocoons.

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Studies on Silk Reeling Tension Control (생사의 조사장력관리에 대한 연구)

  • 최병희;정동웅
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 1973
  • Since automatic silk reeling machine has been used in the fold, silk reeling tension has been considered to be an important matter. Such silk reeling tension affects on the physical nature of silk which would be Wire Silk in case of super high reeling velocity. This will be a report regarding with the silk reeling tension used Korean cocoon and various analyses are carried out where reached to following results. 1. Korean silk is still far from Wire Silk yet produced as general silk. 2. There is more possibility to increase silk reeling velocity if cocoon nature is improved. 3. At present, it is considered that the optimum reeling velocity is to be about 190 r.p.m. which is corresponded with 0.4∼0.5 g/d silk reeling tension. 4. This report has prepared a silk reeling tension contolling diagram against reeling velocity as shown at Figure 7. The mathematical relations between them are; A. in case of total silk reeling tension; Y=5.0831+0.0381X(Y; total reeling tension, g/21d, X; reeling velocity, m/min) B. in case of initial silk reeling tension; Y=3.1922+0.0175X (Y; initial reeling tension, g/21d, X; reeling velocity, m/min) 5. The main problems for the increase of silk reeling velocity is considered to be Break Down of Silk Reeling Ends caused by Cocoon Jumping or Cocoon Layer Seperation during the silk reeling work. Such troubles are concerned with the produced cocoon nature.

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Studies on the Operation Control with Automatic Silk Reeling Process to be responded for Korean Silk Cocoon (한국원료견질에 적응하는 자동조사 공정관리의 구명에 관한 연구)

  • 송기언
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.1-26
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    • 1975
  • These studies were attempted to find out the optimum silk reeling system by use of automatic silk reeling machine to increase raw silk yield and reeling efficiency with various silk reelable cocoons. The obtained results are as follows; 1. The mean silk reelability ratio(X)of the Korean cocoons during the last ten years was 61 per cent, beside 64.7 per cent in autumn cocoon and 57.3 per cent in spring cocoon. However, the ratio variation of autumn cocoons was larger than that of spring cocoons. 2. A positive correlation between cocoon filament breaks during its process and silk reelability levels was shown to be significant. The cocoons of both poor and good reelability evidenced "J" shape distribution on the filament break graph by the order of reeling cocoon end. Many bave breaks were found at the inner shell of the cocoons, or in case of poor reelability cocoons. 3. The morphology of broken cocoon ends during the process was classified into A, B, C, D, E and F types, The occurrence of B type was majority, but that of F type was minority among them. 4. In case of the cocoon cooking, H-type ion-exchanged soft water was better for good reelability cocoons, Na and H-type ion exchanged neutral soft water for those of fair reelability, and alkaline (Na-type) soft water for those of poor reelability, respectively. 5. The modification of cooking water by mixing the above different types of water (50% Na-type and 50% H-type passed by standard natural water; 75% Na-type and 25% H-type passed by hard natural water; 25% Na-type and 75% H-type passed by soluble natural water) made higher yield of raw silk with tess breaks of thread. 6, In case cocoon ends groping water included sodium hexametaphosphate as much as 800 ppm. the groping efficiency and raw silk yield of cocoon was improved. The effect was pronounced in case of poor reelability cordons. 7. The most reasonable cocoon cooking and silk reeling condition for automatic silk reeling process were observed to be rather incomplete cook with good reelability cocoons and optimum cook with poor reelability cocoons succeeded by the reeling bath temperature of 45$^{\circ}C$, 8. The reasonable silk reeling velocities were observed to be about 150m per min. for good reelability cocoons, 120m per min. for fair reelability ones and 90 to 120m per min. for poor reelability ones. 9. In order to improve the raw silk yield of cocoons and reeling efficiency, the cocoon stand-by-ratio for reeling should be kept at the level of 40 per cent for good reelability cocoons or at 60 per cent for poor reelability ones beside necessary end found cocoon condition.

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The Experiment for the Technical Balance Work on the Automatic Silk Reeling Machine ( I ) (자동조사기 기술체계확립을 위한 시험 (I))

  • 최병희;송기언;유시환;김화연;이용우
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.155-160
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    • 1971
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the cocoon reeling condiditions required to technical balance work on the automatic silk reeling machine. The results obtained were as follows. 1) Reasonable reeling velocity with regard to raw silk yield and to reeling efficiency varied according to cocoon reelability. It was observed to be about 150m/min on good reelability cocoon (850m of nonbreaking bave length), about 120m/min on medium reelability cocoon (650m of nonbreaking bave length) and from 90m/min to 120m/min on bad reelability cocoon (500m of nonbreaking bave length) 2) Low temperature drying of cocoon (T$_3$) improved the reelability of cocoon, but increased the reeling accidance with deteriorating the quality of raw silk more than the control(T$_1$) or high temperature drying of cocoon (T$_2$). No significant difference was observed in its raw silk yield and silk by-product with regard to cocoon drying temperature. 3) Incomplete drying of cocoon (T$_3$) improved the reelability of cocoon, but increased the reeling accidance with deteriorating the quality of raw silk more than the control(T$_1$) or over drying of cocoon(T$_2$). No significant difference was observed in its raw silk yield and silk by-product with regard to cocoon drying degree. It was cocoon drying condition of cocoon was the control(T$_1$) or high temperature(T$_2$) rather than low temperature (T$_3$) in cocoon drying process. Control (T$_1$) or over drying of cocoon (T$_2$) was adequate rather than incomplete drying of cocoon (T$_3$) for the improvement of the quality of raw silk on the automatic silk reeling process. 4) It was found that the reasonable cooking condition of cocoon was optimum cooking with 4$0^{\circ}C$ of reeling temperature or incomplete cooking with 45$^{\circ}C$ of the reeling temperature in the automatic silk reeling of the domestic cocoon.

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Experiment for the tussah silk reeling method (작잠견 제사법에 대한 시험)

  • 박병희;최병희;김관극;송기언
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.3
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    • pp.33-36
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    • 1963
  • This experimental work is aimed to find that there is any industrial potentiality of tussah silk reeling service. The obtained results are as follows. (1) The physical nature of tussah cocoon and its silk was investigated as prelim. (2) The best silk and chemical reeling ratio of tussah cocoon was obtained in case of using 3,000 time diluted NaOH during one hour boiling process. (3) The reeling efficiency of dupion type silk (37.5g/hr) was found as a better process than that of the normal type of silk (10g/hr). (4) It is believed that there is still possibility to increase the silk reeling ratio of tussah cocoon and to industrialize the tussah silk reeling in case of processing as dupion type silk.

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Reeling of recombinant flourescence cocoons through low temperature decompressed cooking (저온감압 자견법에 의한 재조합 형광누에고치의 조사)

  • Park, Jong-Hwa;Kim, Sung-Wan;Jeong, Young-Hun;Lee, Jong-Kil;Go, Young-Mi;Lee, Sang-Chan;Choi, Kwang-Ho;Kim, Seong-Ryul;Goo, Tae-Won
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.142-146
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    • 2013
  • The fluorescent proteins are generally denatured by heat treatment and thus lose their color. The normal reeling method includes processing by drying and cooking the cocoons near $100^{\circ}C$ before reeling. Therefore, the usual processing method cannot be used for making colored fluorescent silks. To develop a method that is applicable to producing transgenic silk without color loss, we develop reeling methods adequate for a recombinant fluorescence cocoons. It was found that the fluorescence cocoons keep their native color when dried at temperatures lower than $60^{\circ}C$ for 15 h. Also, a new cooking method to soften the fluorescent cocoons was developed: the cocoons were soaked in a solution of 0.2% sodium carbonate ($Na_2CO_3$)/0.1% nonionic surfactant (Triton X100) at $60^{\circ}C$ and then placed under vacuum. The repeated vacuum treatments enabled complete penetration of the solution into the cocoons, and the cocoons were thus homogenously softened and ready for reeling. In this state, the cooked cocoons can be reeled by an automated reeling machine. Our results suggest that drying and cooking of the cocoons at low temperature enables the subsequent reeling of the colored fluorescent silks by an automatic reeling machine without color loss and can produce silks that can be used for making higher value-added silk materials.

Comparative Study of Commercial Characters of Cocoon Produced by Ripe and Unripe Bivoltine Larvae (Bombyx mori L.) Mounted at Different Maturation Levels

  • Rahmathulla, V.K.;Haque, S.Z.;Geetha Devi, R.G.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.79-82
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    • 2003
  • To study the effect of mounting fully ripe and unripe silkworms at different maturation percentage, the ripe and unripe silkworms were mounted separately and observed the cocoon and reeling characters. The significant difference in the cocoon and reeling parameters was observed between all ripe and unripe batches except for summer season. The silkworms collecting together and mounting at a time can be recommended only in summer season and at certain level during rainy season.

Study on the Tussah Silk Reeling Method (작잠견제사에 관한 연구 (제4보))

  • 박병희
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.5
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    • pp.63-66
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    • 1965
  • This experimental work is aimed to find out if there is a reasonable tussah silk reeling service. The results obtained are as follows, 1) The best silk reeling rate of tussah cocoon was 8.02% by dupion reeling machine, 7.44% by common with Autumn cocoons, and 7.23% by dupion machine, 6.79% by common with Spring. Those results are sup-erior to 6.00% of the former. 2) The cocoon grading ratio was 63∼68% with Autumn cocoons md 66∼70% with Spring. Spring cocoons showved more 2∼3% than Autumn in cocoon grading ratio. These seem to be resulted from the weather condition. 3) The reeling efficiency was 70g per labor for an hour. 4) The strength of tussah silk war 3g/d and elongation 26% The strength of tussah silk is weaker, and the elongation of it larger than those of raw silk. 5) As these results, the enterprise of the tussah silk reeling has become possible, and will develop as a new industry. Therefore. it is demanded that this new industry will be helped by the Government to get foreign money.

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Studies on Raw Silk Cohesion for Promotion (생사의 포합향상에 관한 연구)

  • 최병희;김병호;원성희
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.37-48
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    • 1973
  • The purpose of this studies is to improve the cohesion of raw silk through various analyses on cocoon drying, cooking, reeling, re-reeling, and on the properties of water. Also we investigated the correlation between silk testing items which we have reached to the following results. 1. Drying of cocoon When cocoons were slowly dried with 100$^{\circ}C$, the results of cohesion became much better. On the other hand, the results were considerably decreased in case the temperature with 115$^{\circ}C$. 2. Cooking of cocoon In case of the cooking of cocoon, we found that the result of cohesion was best with incomplete cooking, that of the control was next, while in over cooking, the results were very low. Also the results of cohesion were much better when using the method of over cooking with sericin arrestive agent than that of incomplete cooking with sericin agglutinating agent. 3. Reeling of cocoon A) When the temperature of reeling bath was 25-45$^{\circ}C$, the results of cohesion test were much better, but at the temperature below 25$^{\circ}C$ or above 45$^{\circ}C$, the results became worse. B) With out the process of croissieur, the results of cohesion were too bad, but in case of croissieur more than 1cm, cohesion became better rapidly. Further more, we understood that the results of cohesion were improving slightly with longer length of croissieur. C) When the velocity of reeling was increased, the results of cohesion also improved. The best results were shown when reeling velocity was 180-220 r.p.m. But when the velocity was increased more than 220 r.p.m., the results of cohesion got worse more or less. D) When the temperature of the drying pipe in reeling machine was raised, the results of cohesion also showed a tendency to improve. 4. Re-reeling A) We could net reach a conclusion as to have correlation between the number of dipping repeat in vacuum tank and the results of cohesion before re-reeling process. B) When we used Seracol 500 as an agglutination protective agent with l/1000 to l/2000 of water, the results of cohesion test were better. C) When we used Pearl-lite as an agglutination protective agent with 1/1000 to 1/2000 of water, the results of cohesion were considerably better. D) We gained tile best results when used Cohesion Improving Chemical, A-80, with 500-1500 times diluted. 1) Results of cohesion was improved when humidity was low or temperature was high in the rereeling machine. 5. Filature water A) The water pH near the isoelectric point of protein showed the best cohesion, but the farther water pH, the worser results were obtained. B) With the increasing of M-alkalinity in filature water, the results of cohesion were worse. Above all, we understood the tendency of the results of cohesion get worse when the M-alkalinity is increased above 200 ppm. C) By increasing the total hardness of the filature water, it improved the results of cohesion. Especially, when the total hardness was above 300ppm, the results were extremely high. 6. Effects combination of each results A) The result of effects combination in filature processes with the obtained best conditions was distinctively improved. But the results could not reach in mathematicaly double effect. When reelied under worse conditions, the results of cohesion test were too bad. There was "effect limit" for the promotion. B) Generally the results of cohesion were bad when the filature conditions(the temperature, pressure and the properties of water, etc) are processed as sericin loss to be high. On the other hand, the results were very good when lower sericin loss was controlled in filature conditions. C) When filature conditions such as reeling velocity and croissieur length provide pysical cohesion ability and when raw silk dry fast during reeling and re-reeling, we found the result of cohesion was better. 7. Correlation of silk testing items. A) A negative correlation exists between the results of cohesion test and cleanness defect. Another word, the result of cohesion test was found to be worse as cleanness defect increased. B) In cleanness, cohesion has negative correlation against the number of slugs, but we could not find any correlation against long loops, loose ends. C) Cohesion has negative correlation against average neatness and low neatness defect. The better the results of neatness respectively, the better the results of cohesion found. D) There is no correlation between tenacity and the results of cohesion test, but there was high positive correlation between the results of elongation and those of cohesion test. The more elongation, the better the results of cohesion was found.

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The Analysis of the Profitability of Silk Reeling Industry in Korea (제사업의 수익성 결정요인 분석)

  • 남중희
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 1980
  • The purpose of this analysis is to collect the information on managerial aspects for improving the profitability of silk reeling industry in Korea. Various finacial statistics including balance sheet, profit and loss statement and manufacturing cost statement were analyzed by use of 21 randomly selected enterprise data prepared report by Korea sericultural association during 1972∼1974. The results are as follows. 1. The ratio of profit to sales is the most important factor affecting the profitability of silk reeling industry. 2. This ratio is controlled by the general management and selling cost. 3. The ratio of manufacturing expenses shows a high correlation to the production cost of raw silk.

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