• Title, Summary, Keyword: Region innovation policy

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Legal Foundation of Silicon Valley: Lessons for Asian Hi-Tech Districts

  • Timberman, Alex
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2014
  • Policy planners in Asia readily covet high technology districts and regional systems of innovation such as Silicon Valley. We examine the law's role, by way of covenants not to compete (競業禁止條項) in the development of Silicon Valley by reviewing the literature from 1999 through 2013. The research suggests that in certain high-tech districts such as Silicon Valley, there are greater gains in the innovation of a region by prohibiting CNCs. While we emphasize CNC law as the main legal determinant to Silicon Valley's success, the application of trade secret law and the inevitable disclosure doctrine are also factors that can aid or restrict the mobility and knowledge spillover of a region. Even with much explored, perspectives are lacking from a regional innovation systems analysis, and more so in the context of Asian nations. To tackle these gaps, three analytical frameworks are presented that entails labor law, law and economics, and law and innovation. And from within the law and innovation framework, research is introduced in the hope that future discussions on Asian regional innovation systems consider the legal foundation of Silicon Valley.

The Dynamics of University-Industry Linkage: The Case of Mekelle City, Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia

  • Tesfahunegn, Tedros Berhe;Miruts, Gebre
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.77-98
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    • 2018
  • In the past few decades, the importance of dynamics of University-Industry Linkage(UIL) in strengthening national and regional innovation competency and global competitiveness has been progressively more acknowledged. However, establishing an effective UIL for a better economic development is still a challenging endeavor in Ethiopia, particularly in Tigray region. This study is aimed at assessing the status of UIL and in order to achieve such aim it analyzed the determinants of firms' intensity of interaction with the Mekelle University (MU) and the effect of the intensity of interaction on the relevant firms' innovation performance. The findings of the study showed that the status of UIL between the firms and the university in Tigray region was at an infant stage. The study also found that firm size, firm age (startups) and government supports have had a significant effect on firms' intensity of interaction with the MU. However, the firms' intensity of interaction with the MU did not have any significant effect on the firms' innovation performance. In contrast, cooperation with customers, other groups and suppliers, firm size, firm age, and in-house R&D activities were found to have a significant effect on the firms' innovation performance. In conclusion, the acquisition of knowledge and technology from university does not have an important role in firms' innovation performance in the studied region. Consequently, the government should design effective strategies and assign responsible bodies to implement the strategies, create awareness, and organize both firms and university to meet and work together in order to enhance firms' innovation performance.

Innovation City and Competitiveness of Region and Nation (혁신도시와 지역 및 국가의 경쟁력)

  • Lee, Bo-Young
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2011
  • This paper explores changing concept of city in the context of globalization with innovation city and examines the characteristics of innovation city along with regional and national competitiveness. It is agreed that construction of innovation city by relocation of public institutions for balanced development of the country has valid logic. However, there are weak possibilities of innovation within the innovation city. Further more it is not a proper solution for the level up of national and regional competitiveness through this policy. The main logic is that physical relocation of institutions do not guarantee innovation of region through integration into globalization network resulting from the scale difference between nation and globe. Rather this paper suggests that regional innovation policy should performed in accordance with regional conditions and for the better competitiveness of nation and region, decentralization of power is needed. Then a region could have connection with global pipeline based on endogenous development power.

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Regional Innovation Policy and Venturing Clusters in Japan

  • Kendo Masayuki
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.167-181
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    • 2006
  • This paper reviews regional innovation policy in Japan. 'Technopolis' policy, the first technology-based regional development policy in the world, was implemented in Japan. Nonetheless, technology-based regional endogenous development did not occur. Then, regional technology transfer was pursued. In order to make use of universities and public research institutes in a region for development, university-industry collaboration and cross-over, such as university spin-offs, were promoted. Within this background, new technology-based regional development policies have been introduced based on a cluster approach. These policies are the knowledge cluster Initiative and the industrial cluster program. However, existing companies have difficulty in carrying out innovation. This paper argues that a cluster to create new start-ups that carry out innovation is also needed and explains a new concept of venturing cluster. Based on this new cluster concept, this paper analyzes the situation of Sapporo in Japan, where many university spin-offs are being created in the biotechnology field.

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Effects of Technical Cooperation Activities on the Innovation Performance of Firms in the Same Region (동일지역 내 기술협력 활동이 기업의 혁신성과에 미치는 영향 : 충청권 제조기업을 중심으로)

  • Jeong, Sun Young;Hong, Sung Pyo;Back, Minhee
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.1493-1507
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    • 2018
  • In this study, based on the results that cooperation increases innovation or increases innovation performance in the same region, the result is that the effects of cooperation in the same region will be more effective, thus starting with the assumption that the innovation performance will be higher. The analysis results showed that the collaborative experience in the same region greatly increases the results of innovation, indicating that the location of cooperative targets in cooperation could be an important decision factor. The implications of this result are that it could have a significant impact on a company's innovation performance. This means that the country's industrial policy should be established in the direction of cluster formation.

Building an Innovation System for Industrial Development in a Knowledge based Economy (산업의 지식집약화를 위한 혁신체제 구축 방향)

  • 김선배
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.61-76
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    • 2001
  • The purposes of this research are to examine the theoretical background and industrial policy issues with regard to building a Innovation System for encouraging industrial competitiveness and fostering regional industry in Korea. Knowledge has become the driving force of economic growth and the primary source of competitiveness in the world market. So since 1990s, Innovation Systems have been put emphasis on as new industrial development strategy in a knowledge-based economy. It can be understood that Innovation System is composed of National Innovation System(NIS) and Regional Innovation System(RIS) and interrelated the concept of clusters and networks, which are contribute to industry development throughout boosting innovation. As for the Korean industrial policy, when the former centralized policy decision making process became decentralized through the implementation of local autonomy, the role of local or state government in relation to regional industrial promotion intensified. But with the impotance of for fostering strategic industry in the region. new industrial policy issues in Korea are needed as follows; $\circled1$ Building a market-oriented support system for industrial cluster through providing the resource of innovation. $\circled2$ Establishing agency for regional industrial development. $\circled3$ Making a evolutionary vision for broader region including 2 or 3 province, $\circled4$ Fostering strategic industry which is selected in term of specialization and potential of the region. The RIS model for industry development is outlined in this paper but policy initiatives for building a RIS have to be extracted from further case studies.

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Analysis on Regional Variation in Educational Community Formation of Rural Village - Case Analysis of Songak in Asan-si, Chungcheongnam-do - (농촌마을교육공동체 형성과정에서 나타나는 지역의 변화 분석 - 충남 아산시 송악지역 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Ko, Kyung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.307-325
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to analyze the regional variations in which appear during the formation process of educational community in rural villages from the perspective of regional innovation theory. The study results revealed that the activities to form an educational community of the Songak village significantly influenced the variations across the social, economic and environmental aspects beyond an innovation of public education within the region based on interrelation between schools and villages. In other words, the activities including interactions and group learnings have been actively promoted among the various relevant stakeholders, thereby resulting in a variety of positive variations such as expanded regional welfare base, activated voluntary residents community gatherings based on the unity and cooperation, broadened socioeconomic opportunities, satisfaction on educational and cultural desires, and construction of healthy ecological environment in the region. Therefore, it is thought that regional development policy suitable for each region needs to be established by embracing the fact that activities to form a village educational community entail significant implication and value as the comprehensive regional innovation activities across the entire domains in each region.

Industry specialization and wireless convergence in Daejeon (대전의 산업특화와 무선통신융합)

  • Park, Jae-Sue;Park, Jung-Yong
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.2739-2744
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    • 2015
  • Development of policy incentives and policy direction in the innovation economy is always important. Innovations policy have characterized industrial dynamics, leading to a transformation of the market structure of the specific industry. The paper explores the development of industry convergence for understanding the change of the wireless industry in Daejeon. Although its initial focus is R&D center, The business model has become the research and development of external demand than its own product research and development. For regional innovation, the wireless industry policy should be provided with their own product development pattern.

Classification of Regional Innovation Types and Region-based Innovation Policies (지역별 혁신형태 유형화와 지역 기반 혁신 정책)

  • Yoo, Gwangmin;Kim, Dongkwan;Han, Seongho
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.151-175
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    • 2015
  • The focus of regional innovation policies is shifting from a central government to local governments. No one denies the fact that the innovation will lead regional development and shall be created in such a way that it will be appropriate for regional circumstances. However, the central government and local governments have not arrived yet at a conclusion on what innovation policies are appropriate for regional circumstances. This leads to a consequence that is inefficient not only at a national level, but also at a regional level. This research, given this problem, aims to find out the characteristics and differences in innovation types among the regions in Korea and suggests appropriate policy implications by classifying such characteristics and differences. This research, given these objectives, classified regions in consideration of the various indicators that comprise the innovation suggested by existing related researches and illustrated policies based on such characteristics and differences. In this research clustering analysis based on multiple factor analysis was applied. Supplementary researches on dynamically analyzing stability in regional innovation types, establishing systematic indicators based on the regional innovation theory, and developing additional indicators are necessary in the future.

The Characteristics of Firms' Innovative Activities in the 'Ppuri Industries' of Daejeon: Focusing on Firms in Ppuri Industries that Participated in Daejeon Technopark's Supporting Programs (대전지역 뿌리산업 업체들의 혁신활동 특성과 정책적 시사점: 대전테크노파크 뿌리산업 지원사업 참여 업체에 대한 혁신활동 조사를 중심으로)

  • Lim, Jong Il;Ji, Ilyong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.308-320
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    • 2017
  • The national government, as well as many regional governments, have supported the 'Ppuri industries', and the Daejeon region is in need of developing these sectors. Various research studies have examined the ppuri industries. However, there are limited studies concerning innovative activities and difficulties in the industries. Therefore, this paper focuses on firms' innovative activities and difficulties in the ppuri industries in the Daejeon region and provides policy implications. For this purpose, we surveyed firms supported by Daejeon Technopark's Ppuri industries programs, utilizing an innovation survey questionnaire developed by STEPI. We assumed that these firms have high intention for innovation among firms in the Daejeon's ppruri industries, and tried to identify characteristics and problems of innovative activities by comparing results with those of STEPI's Korean Innovation Survey. The results show that the overall pattern of innovative activities of Daejeon's ppuri industry firms do not differ from those found in the Korean Innovation Survey. However, there are a few notable differences. The rate of aborted innovation in the Daejoen's ppuri industries was higher than those found in the Korean Innovation Survey. Lack of financing was a major factor hampering innovation. These results provide policy implications that industrial and regional characteristics of ppuri industries must be reflected in the policy, and also policy measures for lowering the rate of aborted innovation.