• Title, Summary, Keyword: Region innovation policy

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Fukuoka Next-generation Social System Creation Hub as a Regional Innovation Platform Strategy

  • Cha, Sang-Ryong
    • World Technopolis Review
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.125-134
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this article is to introduce and describe the case of Fukuoka Next-generation Social System Creation Hub based on the conceptual framework of regional innovation platform strategy. In short, it is a "government-issued" regional innovation platform strategy to improve innovativeness with limited creative capital through "borrowing" not money but network, wisdom, know-how, and ideas from each other between some stakeholder groups in a region. The Fukuoka Industry, Science & Technology Foundation, which is the coordinating institution of the whole program, plays the role of a platformer to unify various projects into the program crossing borders between stakeholder groups for building regional innovation platforms that lends intensive support to feedback loops between the program facilitator and its partners in the program. Thanks to being a government-issued one, it could be tied together with some wide ranging issues of policy on social innovations, such as the "low carbon society" or the "health and longevity society." But at the same time, it is a concern that many regional research institutions that have innovative potential and diverse ideas become governed by the platform without their noticing it and dealt with in the same way based on "selected" and "designated" strategic goals. Therefore, it seems that a regional innovation platform strategy is a kind of "double-edged sword" in public policy in the era of "panopticism of bureaucratic society" in Japan.

Governance of Regional Innovation Policies of the Lorraine Region in France (프랑스 로렌지역 지역혁신정책상의 거버넌스 구조: 혁신주체간 협력관계를 중심으로)

  • Bae, Jun-Gu
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.81-96
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    • 2006
  • The Lorraine region of France is one of the regions in the core of Europe that suffered most from the decline of its traditional industries. Since the 1970s, various levels of governments have attempted to solve the economic and social problems originating from de-industrialization with policies of regional innovation, e.g., establishing technopole, the creation of the technology transfer network, the launch of the RTP project, and business incubators to promote start-ups, technology transfers, and networks between governments, businesses, universities, public research institutes, and the public. In this context, this paper attempts to analyse governance of regional innovation policies of the Lorraine region, based on an analytical framework developed by a groups of researchers, i.e.. Bae et at (2006). The paper concludes that the roles of governments are important in creating and implementing regional innovation policies of the Lorraine region; the policies heavily rely on the R&D capacity of universities and public research institutes; and various levels of governments have different roles to play.

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What Does the Learning Region Mean for Economic Geography\ulcorner

  • Hassink, Robert
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.93-116
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    • 1999
  • Recently the concept of learning has become very fashionable among academics from different economic disciplines. Economic geographers and spatial planners joined this fashion by increasingly speaking about the 'learning region'. This paper makes clear that this learning region'. This paper makes clear that this learning region concept has been launched from three angles; as spatial outcome of grand societal changes, as spatial concentration of entrepreneurial learning for innovation and as regional development concept. Despite the deficits and flaws such a young concept is faced with, such as vague definitions, the lack of empirical research and an insufficiently clear separation from existing concepts, the learning region concept might provide economic geography with more insight in agglomeration effects, stronger links with policy-making and more knowledge on path dependency and thus on unravelling the distinction between 'good' and 'bad' industrial agglomerations.

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Model of Water, Energy and Waste Management for Development of Eco-Innovation Park ; A Case Study of Center for Research of Science and Technology "PUSPIPTEK," South Tangerang City, Indonesia

  • Setiawati, Sri;Alikodra, Hadi;Pramudya, Bambang;Dharmawan, Arya Hadi
    • World Technopolis Review
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2014
  • Center for Research of Science and Technology ("PUSPIPTEK") has 460 hectares land area, still maintained as a green area with more than 30% green space. There are 47 centers for research and testing technology, technology-based industries, and as well as public supporting facilities in PUSPIPTEK area. Based on the concepts developed to make this area as an ecological region, PUSPIPTEK can be seen as a model of eco-innovation. The purpose of this research is to develop a model of water, energy and waste management with eco-innovation concept. As a new approach in addressing environmental degradation and maintaining the sustainability of ecosystem, studies related to eco-innovation policy that combines the management of water, energy and waste in the region has not been done. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, a series of techniques for collecting data on PUSPIPTEK existing conditions will be carried out, which includes utilities data (water, electricity, sewage) and master plan of this area. The savings over the implementation of the concept of eco-innovation in water, energy, and waste management were calculated and analyzed using quatitative methods. The amount of cost savings and feasibility were then calculated. Eco innovation in water management among other innovations include the provision of alternative sources of water, overflow of rain water and water environments utilization, and use of gravity to replace the pumping function. Eco-innovation in energy management innovations include the use of LED and solar cell for air conditioning. Eco-innovation in waste management includes methods of composting for organic waste management. The research results: (1) The savings that can be achieved with the implementation of eco innovation in the water management is Rp. 3,032,640 daily, or Rp.1,106,913,600 annually; (2) The savings derived from the implementation of eco innovation through replacement of central AC to AC LiBr Solar Powered will be saved Rp.1,933,992,990 annually and the use of LED lights in the Public street lighting PUSPIPTEK saved Rp.163,454,433 annually; (3) Application of eco innovation in waste management will be able to raise awareness of the environment by sorting organic, inorganic and plastic waste. Composting and plastic waste obtained from the sale revenue of Rp. 44,016,000 per year; (4) Overall, implementation of the eco-innovation system in PUSPIPTEK area can saves Rp. 3,248,377,023 per year, compared to the existing system; and (5)The savings are obtained with implementation of eco-innovation is considered as income. Analysis of the feasibility of the implementation of eco-innovation in water, energy, and waste management in PUSPIPTEK give NPV at a 15% discount factor in Rp. 3,895,228,761; 23.20% of IRR and 4.48 years of PBP. Thus the model of eco-innovation in the area PUSPIPTEK is feasible to implement.

Impacts of the Digital Economy on Manufacturing in Emerging Asia

  • Kim, Jaewon;Abe, Masato;Valente, Fiona
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1-30
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    • 2019
  • The advent of digitalisation has transformed economies into more integrated, but increasingly complex systems. This new trend has brought dynamic changes in the manufacturing sector through advanced ICT infrastructure, smart factories, digitally-controlled logistics, and skilled ICT-labour. The impacts of the digital economy on manufacturing could be best illustrated through "Industry 4.0." With this wave of technological advancement, countries aim to establish an industrial ecosystem where every manufacturing process and function is connected and interacts through digital networks. Industry 4.0 presents opportunities for Emerging Asia, as the region has emerged as a fast-growing manufacturing hub and particularly a production base for ICT goods. However, growing production capacity, increased exports, and increases in FDI in the field of ICT goods manufacturing have so far contributed little to the development and diffusion of ICT. A huge gap exists in the ICT uptake amongst countries and between small and large firms. This paper highlights the level of Industry 4.0 readiness of Emerging Asia and key factors that determine its enhancement.

A Study on the Cluster Strategies of New Regional Innovation and West Great Development in China (중국의 서부대개발과 신공간혁신클러스터 전략)

  • Kim, Mie-Jung
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.245-268
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this paper is to acquire competitiveness faced with a global business so that Korea and China make them put ICT into practice through industrial policy of regional innovation clustering. In the Chapter 2, overall review of industrial spaces theory and the environment in Global-business is conducted. In the Chapter 3, current main economic issue and West Great Development of China are viewed. Chapter 4 proposes models and strategies for the target of regional innovation clustering and phasing in development. The results of this study is that both country should do more long-term cooperation and collecting intensive knowledge for the property of region and preparatory research of regional innovation clustering than do reckless investment.

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Analyzing Regional Characteristics of Producer service Networks: Comparing the Capital region with Gyeongsang region (생산자서비스 네트워크의 지역별 특성 연구: 수도권과 경상권의 비교 분석)

  • Kim, Hyung-Joo;Lee, Jeong-Hyop
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2010
  • This paper examines characteristics of producer service networks by comparing the Capital region with Gyeongsang region in Korea and provides implications for regional policies of producer services. We employ the data of the Korea Innovation Survey, compiled by Science & Technology Policy Institute in 2006 and analyze producer service networks in the two regions. According to the results of production networks analysis, producer service firms in Gyeongsang region serve to relatively limited areas of market whereas those in the Capital region serve to a larger market. No difference is found between producer service firms in the Capital region and those in Gyeongsang region for the types of major customers. Analysis of knowledge/information networks demonstrates that firms in the Capital region mostly count on informal networks while those in Gyeongsang region primarily rely on their suppliers as a source of key information. Firms in Gyeongsand region often gain key information from the Capital region. The results of Social Network Analysis show that both of the innovation networks for two regions are poorly connected. In order to promote producer services, each region needs strategic approach reflecting regional characteristics and demands of regional industries.

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The Opportunities and Limitations of Building an Innovation Cluster Based on Large Scale Research Facilities: Implications for Developing and Advancing the Korean International Science-Business Belt (거대연구장비 기반 혁신클러스터 건설의 가능성과 한계: 국제과학비즈니스벨트 조성 및 발전을 위한 시사점)

  • Ji, Ilyong;Kim, Byung-Keun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.165-174
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    • 2016
  • This paper examined opportunities and limitations of building an innovation cluster based on large scale research facilities (LSRF). For this purpose, success factors of innovation clusters were drawn from the literature, and categorized into knowledge & technology, transaction cost & agglomeration economies, hardware & software infrastructure, and government policy & strategy. Utilizing the categorization as an analytic framework, case studies of CERN and SPring-8 were performed. The results showed that there were various innovation processes for both cases, creating opportunities for developing innovation clusters in terms of knowledge and technology. On the other hand, in the case of SPring-8, there were disadvantages in the transaction cost and agglomeration economies, being located in a remote area due to the nature of the facility. Software & hardware infrastructure of SPring-8 limited its potential for innovation clusters. Regarding government policy and strategy, CERN, as a multinational institution, did not consider an innovation cluster in a specific region despite some advantages. An innovation cluster around SPring-8 was promoted by government policy despite some disadvantages. In other words, the advantages and disadvantages were enhanced or complemented by software & hardware infrastructure and government policy & strategy. Based on the results, this paper provides the implications for the Korean International Science-Business Belt.

Promoting Regional Innovation Projects and Cluster Formation in Korea (지역혁신사업 추진지역의 산업 클러스터 형성여건과 정책적 함의)

  • Kwon, Young-Sub
    • Journal of the Korean Academic Society of Industrial Cluster
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.29-46
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyses current status and issues of cluster formation and extract policy implications. To this end, the questionnaire which surveyed the level of cluster formation were executed targeting the actors of regional innovation projects(RIPs). The results show that the situations and development stage of the cluster formation between capital region and non-capital region, large cities and small and medium sized cites are different. The level of clustering is also satisfactory, which is a requirement for cluster formation at its early stage. However, the capacity for phase II of cluster growth is not sufficient yet in terns of relationships between ventures and large corporations, institutions supporting management, finance and marketing, researchers from each individual sector of strategic industries and spin-off fines. Therefore, RIPs should be promoted with different policy tools for various regions that are devised according to the varying development stage of each region. The location of RIPs should be determined considering efficiency rather than equity, clustering rather than decentralization, and specialization rather than multiple development. In the long term, developed regions should pursue balanced regional development, with underdeveloped regions targeting specialization.

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Study on Changes of the Regional Innovation Paradigm & the Structure of Regional Innovation System - Focused on Removal of Public Organization - (지역혁신 패러다임과 지역혁신체계의 변화에 관한 연구 - 공공기관 지역이전을 중심으로한 변화 -)

  • Sul, Gee-Hwan;Ryu, Seuc-Ho;Kyung, Byung-Pyo;Lee, Dong-Lyeor
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.373-381
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    • 2015
  • The public organization in the metropolitan area moved to regional province by Regional Innovation Policy in South Korea. This policy was settled to solve the problem of concentration in metropolitan areas and underdeveloped regions caused by industrial development strategy for 40 years from 1960s till 2000s. Government decided the plan under the judgement that moving public organization (or institutions) is one of National Innovation Strategy for balanced development. Furthermore, Central organizations/institutions were to be the subject of regional innovation by leading the regional innovation and building a new regional innovation system. The Purpose of this study is finding out the new direction of regional innovation paradigm and a new regional innovation system to be changed after previous public organization moving from metropolitan area to region province. And this study pointed up the problem between plan and process of Organization Removal, suggested the topics for success of New RIS, and prepared more details methods in future study.